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Finance Act 2014

Background Note

4.The rules that apply to loan relationships work on the principle that amounts taxed and relieved as credits and debits under those rules are the profits and losses arising in amounts drawn up in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice. When a debtor company is released from a debt it owes, its profit will be taxable as a loan relationship credit.

5.Section 322 of the Corporation Tax Act 2009 (CTA) exempts a company that is party as debtor to a loan relationship from a credit on the profit arising on the release of that debt if: the debt is accounted for on an amortised cost basis of accounting, the release is not a release of relevant rights, and one of three conditions A, B or C are met. The conditions are that the release is part of a statutory insolvency arrangement, in consideration of shares (or any entitlement to such shares) or the debtor meets one of the insolvency conditions in subsection (6).

6.Section 322 ensures that companies and creditors releasing debt to avoid or manage insolvency are not doubly punished with a tax charge. Resolution by the Bank of England is a new form of such measures.  It would be unwise to try and enable the rescue of financial institutions through the exercise of stabilisation powers and then undermine this rescue by levying a tax charge which could, in extreme cases, cause the institution to fail - resulting in the loss of all future possible tax revenues - and pose a threat to wider financial stability.

7.This change was announced during the passage of Financial Services (Banking Reform) Bill on 26 November 2013. It will be applied retrospectively to that date.

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