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Finance Act 2014

Part 1

2.Paragraph 2 sets out that subsections (2A) to (2C) of section 6 of the Income Tax Act 2007 (ITA) will be omitted.  This  removes the rates of income tax applied to the non-savings income of a Scottish taxpayer that were inserted by the Scotland Act 2012  and inserts a new subsection (2)(za) which signposts the Scottish, basic, higher and additional rates.

3.Paragraph 3 inserts new section 6A(1) setting out the calculation to determine the Scottish basic, higher and additional rates of income tax.  The UK basic, higher and additional rates will be reduced by 10 percentage points and the Scottish rate, set by the Scottish Parliament, added across the (reduced) rates.  (This is exactly the same calculation method as was inserted by the Scotland Act 2012.)  So a Scottish rate of 10 per cent would mean the rates paid by Scottish taxpayers were the same as elsewhere in the UK, a rate of      9 per cent would mean the rates were slightly lower and a rate of 11 per cent would mean they were slightly higher.  Section 6A(2) points to Chapter 2 of Part 4A of the Scotland Act 1998, which describes how the Scottish rate is set.

4.Paragraph 4 inserts an entry for new section 11A in section 10 of ITA, which signposts provisions that apply different rates of tax to certain types of income.

5.Paragraph 5 inserts new section 11A into ITA which sets out income liable to the Scottish basic, higher and additional rates of income tax.

6.New section 11A(1)-(3) sets out that the Scottish basic, higher and additional rates apply to "non-savings income" that would otherwise be chargeable at the main basic, higher and additional rates if the individual were not a Scottish taxpayer.

7.New section 11A(4) defines "non-savings income" for the purposes of this section. The effect is that the Scottish basic, higher and additional rates do not apply to savings income as defined in section 18.

8.New section 11A(5) and (6) makes new section 6A subject to section 13 of ITA and other cases where income may be charged at a different rate.

9.Paragraph 6 amends section 13 of ITA, which applies the dividend rates to dividend income. The effect is that dividend income continues to be charged at the dividend ordinary, upper and additional rates rather than the Scottish rates.

10.Paragraph 7 confirms that section 16 of ITA has effect for determining which rate applies to a Scottish taxpayer's non-savings income. Section 16 provides the ordering rules for income tax rates.  In essence section 16 determines that income that is not savings or dividends is the first slice of taxable income; savings income is the second slice; dividend income is the third slice. The effect of paragraph 7 is that a Scottish taxpayer's non-savings income will be subject to the Scottish rates first; their savings income will then be subject to the appropriate UK main rate(s) and then their dividend income will be subject to the appropriate UK dividend rate(s).

11.Paragraph 8 amends section 809H of ITA to exclude the Scottish rates of income tax in calculating the charge on non-UK residents for using the remittance basis.

12.Paragraph 9 amends section 828B of ITA. Sections 828A-828D of ITA provide for an income tax exemption for low income employees working in the UK who are resident (but not domiciled) in the UK and meet certain conditions (set out in section 828B). Such individuals will typically be migrant workers employed in seasonal work in the agricultural or service sectors in the UK and in other countries in the same tax year and whose overseas income is subject to tax where it is earned. This amendment ensures that any such individuals who are Scottish taxpayers will continue to benefit from that exemption

13.Paragraphs 10 and 11 amend section 989 of and Schedule 4 to ITA to include the definitions of the Scottish basic, higher and additional rates of income tax as separate entries. This means that, unless otherwise provided for, references to the basic, higher and additional rates mean the UK main rates in section 6 of ITA. The paragraphs also clarify that the definition of a Scottish taxpayer is the one set out in the Scotland Act 1998.

14.Paragraph 12 sets out the commencement of these amended provisions – they will be introduced alongside the rest of the Scottish rate of income tax provisions, which are expected to be implemented in April 2016.

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