Search Legislation

Finance Act 2014

Treatment of certain liabilities

3.Paragraph 3(1) inserts new section 162AA into IHTA.

4.New section 162AA sets out how liabilities attributable to financing non-residents’ foreign currency accounts will be treated.

5.New section 162AA(1) explains that the section applies where a balance on a qualifying foreign currency account (the “relevant balance”) is to be left out of account under section 157 IHTA in determining the value of a deceased person’s estate, and that person had borrowed money which was held in that account or had a liability which indirectly financed the funds held in that account. Section 157 provides that balances on UK bank accounts denominated in a foreign currency held by an individual who is not domiciled and not resident in the UK immediately before death will not be taken into account in determining the value of that person’s estate.

6.New section 162AA(2) provides that the liability may only be allowed as a deduction to the extent permitted in subsection (3). This subsection therefore disallows the liability if the borrowed money financed the relevant balance, unless it is allowed by subsection (3).

7.New sections 162AA(3) and (4) provide that if the if the liability exceeds the relevant balance, the excess may be allowed as a deduction as long as the excess has not arisen as a result of tax avoidance arrangements as defined in subsection (5) or due to manipulation of the value of the liability.

8.Paragraph 3(2) makes amendments to section 162C of IHTA which contain supplementary provisions for sections 162A and 162B.

9.Paragraph 3(3) and (4) make consequential amendments as a result of the insertion of new section 162AA.

10.Paragraph 3(5) inserts new subsection 162C(1A) which provides a priority order for how a partial repayment of the liability before death should be applied when determining the value of an estate on death. The repayment is applied first to any part of the liability that was not attributable to excluded property or to property which qualifies for relief (relievable property) or to relevant balances, then to any part used to finance relievable property, then to any part attributable to relevant balances, and finally to any part attributable to excluded property. The effect of this subsection is that any part of the liability which might be allowable as a deduction is treated as paid off before any part which would be restricted or disallowed.

11.Paragraph 3(6) makes consequential amendments to section 162C(2) which provides a similar priority rule for partial repayment of the liability in cases other than on death.  In these cases, section 157 does not apply so any part of a liability that was attributed to financing a relevant balance is treated as paid off before any part which would be restricted or disallowed.

12.Paragraph 3(7) inserts new paragraph 175A(7)(aa) into section 175A of IHTA which deals with partial repayment of liabilities after death. Where a liability has been partially repaid after death, the new paragraph specifies that any part of the liability attributable to relevant balances is taken to be repaid after any part which is attributable to excluded property, but before any part which is attributable to relievable property.

13.Paragraph 3(8) explains that the amendments have effect for transfers of value made, or treated as made, on or after the date of Royal Assent to Finance Act 2014.

Back to top


Print Options


Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.


More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources