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Finance Act 2014

Details of the Schedule

Rate bands for tax years 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18

2.Paragraph 2 disapplies section 8 of IHTA for the tax years 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18. Section 8 applies if the consumer prices index (CPI) for September is higher than it was for the previous September, and provides for an increase in the nil-rate band from the following April by the same percentage as the increase in CPI (rounded up to the nearest £1,000). The effect of the section is that the nil-rate band is not increased for the years     2015-16 to 2017-18 inclusive.

Treatment of certain liabilities

3.Paragraph 3(1) inserts new section 162AA into IHTA.

4.New section 162AA sets out how liabilities attributable to financing non-residents’ foreign currency accounts will be treated.

5.New section 162AA(1) explains that the section applies where a balance on a qualifying foreign currency account (the “relevant balance”) is to be left out of account under section 157 IHTA in determining the value of a deceased person’s estate, and that person had borrowed money which was held in that account or had a liability which indirectly financed the funds held in that account. Section 157 provides that balances on UK bank accounts denominated in a foreign currency held by an individual who is not domiciled and not resident in the UK immediately before death will not be taken into account in determining the value of that person’s estate.

6.New section 162AA(2) provides that the liability may only be allowed as a deduction to the extent permitted in subsection (3). This subsection therefore disallows the liability if the borrowed money financed the relevant balance, unless it is allowed by subsection (3).

7.New sections 162AA(3) and (4) provide that if the if the liability exceeds the relevant balance, the excess may be allowed as a deduction as long as the excess has not arisen as a result of tax avoidance arrangements as defined in subsection (5) or due to manipulation of the value of the liability.

8.Paragraph 3(2) makes amendments to section 162C of IHTA which contain supplementary provisions for sections 162A and 162B.

9.Paragraph 3(3) and (4) make consequential amendments as a result of the insertion of new section 162AA.

10.Paragraph 3(5) inserts new subsection 162C(1A) which provides a priority order for how a partial repayment of the liability before death should be applied when determining the value of an estate on death. The repayment is applied first to any part of the liability that was not attributable to excluded property or to property which qualifies for relief (relievable property) or to relevant balances, then to any part used to finance relievable property, then to any part attributable to relevant balances, and finally to any part attributable to excluded property. The effect of this subsection is that any part of the liability which might be allowable as a deduction is treated as paid off before any part which would be restricted or disallowed.

11.Paragraph 3(6) makes consequential amendments to section 162C(2) which provides a similar priority rule for partial repayment of the liability in cases other than on death.  In these cases, section 157 does not apply so any part of a liability that was attributed to financing a relevant balance is treated as paid off before any part which would be restricted or disallowed.

12.Paragraph 3(7) inserts new paragraph 175A(7)(aa) into section 175A of IHTA which deals with partial repayment of liabilities after death. Where a liability has been partially repaid after death, the new paragraph specifies that any part of the liability attributable to relevant balances is taken to be repaid after any part which is attributable to excluded property, but before any part which is attributable to relievable property.

13.Paragraph 3(8) explains that the amendments have effect for transfers of value made, or treated as made, on or after the date of Royal Assent to Finance Act 2014.

Ten year anniversary charge

14.Paragraph 4 adds new subsections (1A), (1B) and (1C) to section 64 of IHTA.

15.New subsection (1A) sets out the conditions for treating property held by the trustees of a settlement as part of the trust capital when calculating the ten year charge (the deeming rule). Those conditions are that the property is income of the settlement, it arose before the start of the five years ending immediately before the ten year anniversary, it arose from relevant property comprised in the settlement and when the income arose no person was beneficially entitled to an Interest in Possession in the underlying property.

16.New subsection (1B) excludes from the deeming rule (in the case of settlements made by persons not domiciled in the UK) income which arose from relevant property but is at the ten year charge represented by property situated outside the UK or is represented by a holding in an Authorised Unit Trust or Open-Ended Investment Company.

17.New subsection (1C) excludes from the deeming rule income which arose from relevant property but which is reinvested in exempt gilts which would (if properly treated as accumulated income) be excluded property.

18.New subsection (1C)(b) ensures that that exempt gilts within a settlement will only be excluded property where all the beneficiaries who could ever become entitled to capital or income from the settled property meet the necessary condition.

19.Paragraph 4(2) amends section 66 of IHTA and adds new subsection 2A. The effect of the amendment is that income brought within the charge as a result of s 64(1A) is charged to tax at the full rate in section 66(1).

20.Paragraph 4(3) provides for the changes to apply to tax charges arising under section 64 IHTA on or after 6 April 2014.

Delivery of account and payment of tax

21.Paragraph 5(1) adds a new paragraph (ad) to subsection 216(6) of IHTA. The effect of paragraph (ad) is that trustees of settlements on which tax is chargeable under Chapter 3 of Part 3 of IHTA, must deliver the IHT account six months after the end of the month in which the chargeable event occurs.

22.Paragraph 5(2) adds a new subsection (3C) to section 226 of IHTA. The effect of subsection (3C) is that the due date for payment of tax chargeable under Chapter 3 of Part 3 of IHTA 1984, is six months after the end of the month in which the chargeable transfer is made. Subsection (3C) does not affect the provision at section 226(3B) which sets out the payment date where a settlor dies within seven years of a transfer and additional liability arises under Chapter 3 of Part 3 IHTA.

23.Paragraph 5(3) amends section 233 IHTA (interest on unpaid tax) to bring it into line with the new payment date.

24.Paragraph 5(4) provides for the changes to apply to tax charges arising on or after    6 April 2014.

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