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Finance Act 2014

Details of the Section

2.Subsection 1 inserts sections 55A to 55E into Income Tax Act 2007 to provide for the transfer of income tax personal allowances for married couples and civil partners.

3.New section 55A introduces the new provisions and provides that the transferred allowance is given effect as a deduction from an individual's income tax liability.

4.New section 55B provides the conditions that an individual must meet to receive the transferred allowance and sets out how the tax reduction is to be calculated. Where an individual or their spouse is entitled to the married couple's allowance (available to spouses and civil partners born before 6 April 1935) they are not entitled to a tax reduction under this section. For 2015-16, the transferable amount is £1,050. From 2016-17, the amount of the transfer for a tax year will be 10 per cent of the personal allowance for those born after          5 April 1938.

5.New section 55C provides the conditions that an individual must meet to make an election to surrender entitlement to the transferred amount of their personal allowance. If an individual is entitled to a personal allowance but is not a UK resident for the tax year, they must have a hypothetical income that is less than the personal allowance they are entitled to.

6.New section 55D provides the procedures for an individual to make an election. An election will have effect in subsequent tax years unless it is withdrawn. If the election is made after the end of the tax year to which it relates, the election only applies to that year. A transferor can only withdraw their election with effect from the tax year following the tax year in which they make the withdrawal. There is an exception where during a tax year their marriage or civil partnership comes to an end. The exception allows the transferor to withdraw their election with effect in the year they make the withdrawal. An election becomes ineffective where the recipient does not obtain a tax reduction.

7.New section 55E provides that an individual cannot have more than one tax reduction or election for a tax year. It also makes consequential amendments flowing from the new provisions.

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