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Immigration Act 2014

Section 20: Residential tenancy agreement

107.This section identifies the type of arrangements to which the restriction on letting applies.

108.Subsections (2), (3) and (4) provide that all arrangements where a person is permitted to occupy a property as their only or main residence in return for the payment of rent are residential tenancy agreements, unless the arrangement falls into one of the exclusions set out in Schedule 3. Accommodation for which no rent is paid, such as convents or monasteries, does not fall within this definition, and so is not subject to the restriction on letting, nor is accommodation which is not used by a person as their only or main home. So, for example, holiday accommodation will not ordinarily be captured, as for most people it will not provide their only or main home, but if somebody chooses to live in a hotel, the arrangements for that person will be captured. Subsection (2) and subsection (3) also identify the range of agreements that will be considered to be a “residential tenancy agreement” for the purposes of the Chapter and who the landlord will be in the various cases. The effect is that where a landlord (L1) grants a tenancy to a tenant (T1) who then grants a licence to a lodger (T2), L1 will be the landlord in respect of T1 and T1 will be the landlord in respect of T2.

109.Certain occupancy agreements are excluded from the scheme and the landlord will be exempt from the requirement to conduct checks. These are listed in Schedule 3.

110.Subsection (7) creates a power to amend Schedule 3, in case further categories of agreement need to be excluded from these provisions, or some should be brought within the scope of the restriction. The order is subject to the affirmative resolution procedure (see section 74(2)).

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