Search Legislation

Inheritance and Trustees' Powers Act 2014

 Help about what version

What Version

 Help about advanced features

Advanced Features

Changes over time for: Inheritance and Trustees' Powers Act 2014

 Help about opening options

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Inheritance and Trustees' Powers Act 2014. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

E+W

Inheritance and Trustees' Powers Act 2014

2014 CHAPTER 16

An Act to make further provision about the distribution of estates of deceased persons and to amend the law relating to the powers of trustees.

[14th May 2014]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1Intestacy: surviving spouse or civil partnerE+W

(1)Section 46 of the Administration of Estates Act 1925 (succession to real and personal estate on intestacy) is amended as follows.

(2)For the Table in paragraph (i) of subsection (1) substitute—

TABLE

The amount of the fixed net sum referred to in paragraph (B) of case (2) of this Table is to be determined in accordance with Schedule 1A.

(1) If the intestate leaves no issue:the residuary estate shall be held in trust for the surviving spouse or civil partner absolutely.
(2) If the intestate leaves issue:

(A)the surviving spouse or civil partner shall take the personal chattels absolutely;

(B)the residuary estate of the intestate (other than the personal chattels) shall stand charged with the payment of a fixed net sum, free of death duties and costs, to the surviving spouse or civil partner, together with simple interest on it from the date of the death at the rate provided for by subsection (1A) until paid or appropriated; and

(C)subject to providing for the sum and interest referred to in paragraph (B), the residuary estate (other than the personal chattels) shall be held—(a) as to one half, in trust for the surviving spouse or civil partner absolutely, and(b) as to the other half, on the statutory trusts for the issue of the intestate.

(3)For subsection (1A) substitute—

(1A)The interest rate referred to in paragraph (B) of case (2) of the Table in subsection (1)(i) is the Bank of England rate that had effect at the end of the day on which the intestate died.

(4)After subsection (4) insert—

(5)In subsection (1A) “Bank of England rate” means—

(a)the rate announced by the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England as the official bank rate, or

(b)where an order under section 19 of the Bank of England Act 1998 (reserve powers) is in force, any equivalent rate determined by the Treasury under that section.

(6)The Lord Chancellor may by order made by statutory instrument amend the definition of “Bank of England rate” in subsection (5) (but this subsection does not affect the generality of subsection (7)(b)).

(7)The Lord Chancellor may by order made by statutory instrument—

(a)amend subsection (1A) so as to substitute a different interest rate (however specified or identified) for the interest rate for the time being provided for by that subsection;

(b)make any amendments of, or repeals in, this section that may be consequential on or incidental to any amendment made by virtue of paragraph (a).

(8)A statutory instrument containing an order under subsection (6) is subject to annulment pursuant to a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(9)A statutory instrument containing an order under subsection (7) may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

2The fixed net sumE+W

(1)In the Administration of Estates Act 1925, after the First Schedule insert the Schedule set out in Schedule 1 to this Act (which provides for the determination of the fixed net sum).

(2)The Family Provision Act 1966 is repealed.

Commencement Information

I2S. 2 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

3Definition of “personal chattels”E+W

(1)For paragraph (x) of section 55(1) of the Administration of Estates Act 1925 (definitions) substitute—

(x)Personal chattels” means tangible movable property, other than any such property which—

  • consists of money or securities for money, or

  • was used at the death of the intestate solely or mainly for business purposes, or

  • was held at the death of the intestate solely as an investment:.

(2)If a will or codicil containing a reference to personal chattels defined (in whatever form of words) by reference to section 55(1)(x) of the Administration of Estates Act 1925 was executed before the coming into force of subsection (1), then unless the contrary intention appears subsection (1) is to be disregarded in interpreting the reference to personal chattels.

Commencement Information

I3S. 3 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

4Adoption and contingent interestsE+W

(1)In section 69 of the Adoption and Children Act 2002 (rules of interpretation for instruments concerning property), in subsection (4)—

(a)omit “or” after paragraph (a), and

(b)after paragraph (b) insert , or

(c)any contingent interest (other than a contingent interest in remainder) which the adopted person has immediately before the adoption in the estate of a deceased parent, whether testate or intestate.

(2)The amendments made by subsection (1) have effect only in relation to adoptions whose date is the day this section comes into force or later.

Commencement Information

I4S. 4 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

5Presumption of prior deathE+W

In section 18 of the Family Law Reform Act 1987 (succession on intestacy), after subsection (2) insert—

(2ZA)Subsection (2) does not apply if a person is recorded as the intestate's father, or as a parent (other than the mother) of the intestate—

(a)in a register of births kept (or having effect as if kept) under the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953, or

(b)in a record of a birth included in an index kept under section 30(1) of that Act (indexes relating to certain other registers etc).

Commencement Information

I5S. 5 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

6Amendments of Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975E+W

Schedule 2 amends the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975.

Commencement Information

I6S. 6 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

7Date when representation is first taken outE+W

Schedule 3 amends enactments relating to the determination, for various purposes, of the date on which representation with respect to the estate of a deceased person is first taken out.

Commencement Information

I7S. 7 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

8Power to apply income for maintenanceE+W

In section 31 of the Trustee Act 1925 (power to apply income for maintenance and to accumulate surplus income during a minority), in subsection (1)—

(a)in paragraph (i) for “as may, in all the circumstances, be reasonable,” substitute “ as the trustees may think fit, ” and

(b)omit the words from “Provided that” to the end.

Commencement Information

I8S. 8 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

9Power of advancementE+W

(1)Section 32 of the Trustee Act 1925 (power of advancement) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), in the words before the proviso—

(a)after “subject to a trust,” insert “ or transfer or apply any other property forming part of the capital of the trust property, ” and

(b)after “payment” insert “ , transfer ”.

(3)In subsection (1), in paragraph (a) of the proviso—

(a)for the words from the beginning to “amount” substitute “ property (including any money) so paid, transferred or applied for the advancement or benefit of any person must not, altogether, represent more than ”, and

(b)omit “one-half of”.

(4)In paragraph (b) of that proviso for “the money so paid or applied” substitute “ the money or other property so paid, transferred or applied ”.

(5)In paragraph (c) of that proviso—

(a)after “payment” (in both places) insert “ , transfer ”, and

(b)for “paid” substitute “ or other property paid, transferred ”.

(6)After subsection (1), insert—

(1A)In exercise of the foregoing power trustees may pay, transfer or apply money or other property on the basis (express or implied) that it shall be treated as a proportionate part of the capital out of which it was paid, transferred or applied, for the purpose of bringing it into account in accordance with proviso (b) to subsection (1) of this section.

Commencement Information

I9S. 9 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

10Application of sections 8 and 9E+W

(1)Section 8 applies in accordance with subsections (4) and (5).

(2)Section 9, apart from subsection (3)(b), applies in relation to trusts whenever created or arising.

(3)Section 9(3)(b) applies in accordance with subsections (4) and (5).

(4)Subject to subsection (5), the provisions mentioned in subsections (1) and (3) apply only in relation to trusts created or arising after the coming into force of those provisions.

(5)Those provisions also apply in relation to an interest under a trust (not falling within subsection (4)) if the interest is created or arises as a result of the exercise, after the coming into force of those provisions, of any power.

Commencement Information

I10S. 10 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

11Minor and consequential amendmentsE+W

Schedule 4 makes minor and consequential amendments.

Commencement Information

I11S. 11 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

12Short title, commencement, application and extentE+W

(1)This Act may be cited as the Inheritance and Trustees' Powers Act 2014.

(2)This section comes into force on the day on which this Act is passed, but otherwise this Act comes into force on such day as the Lord Chancellor may by order made by statutory instrument appoint.

(3)An order under subsection (2) may appoint different days for different purposes.

(4)The provisions of this Act, except sections 4 and 8 to 10, apply only in relation to deaths occurring after the coming into force of the provision concerned.

(5)Subject to subsection (6), this Act extends to England and Wales only.

(6)The repeals made by paragraph 4 of Schedule 4 extend to the United Kingdom.

SCHEDULES

Section 2

SCHEDULE 1E+WDetermination of the fixed net sum

Commencement Information

I12Sch. 1 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

The following is the Schedule inserted after the First Schedule to the Administration of Estates Act 1925—

SCHEDULE 1AE+WDetermination of the fixed net sum

1This Schedule has effect for determining the fixed net sum referred to in paragraph (B) of case (2) of the Table in section 46(1)(i).

2On the coming into force of this Schedule, the amount of the fixed net sum is the amount fixed by order under section 1(1)(a) of the Family Provision Act 1966 immediately before the coming into force of this Schedule.

3(1)The Lord Chancellor may from time to time by order made by statutory instrument specify the amount of the fixed net sum.

(2)An order under sub-paragraph (1) relates only to deaths occurring after the coming into force of the order.

(3)The first order under sub-paragraph (1) supersedes paragraph 2 of this Schedule.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order under sub-paragraph (1) is subject to annulment pursuant to a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(5)Sub-paragraph (4) does not apply in the case mentioned in paragraph 6(3), or in the case of an instrument which also contains provision made by virtue of paragraph 8.

4(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)a figure for the consumer prices index for a month has become available, and

(b)the consumer prices index for that month is more than 15% higher than the consumer prices index for the base month.

(2)The Lord Chancellor must, before the end of the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the figure mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(a) becomes available ( “ the publication date ”), make an order under paragraph 3(1).

(3)But if the Lord Chancellor determines under paragraph 6 that the order should specify an amount other than that mentioned in paragraph 6(1), the Lord Chancellor is to be taken to have complied with sub-paragraph (2) if, within the period of 21 days beginning with the publication date—

(a)a draft of a statutory instrument containing the order is laid before each House of Parliament, and

(b)paragraph 6(4) is complied with.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • the base month” means—

    (a)

    the month in which this Schedule came into force, or

    (b)

    if one or more orders under paragraph 3(1) have been made before the publication date, the most recent month for which a figure for the consumer prices index was available when the Lord Chancellor made the most recent of those orders;

  • consumer prices index” means—

    (a)

    the all items consumer prices index published by the Statistics Board, or

    (b)

    if that index is not published for a relevant month, any substituted index or index figures published by the Statistics Board.

5The Lord Chancellor must ensure that the power under paragraph 3(1) is exercised in such a way that an order is made—

(a)before the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date this Schedule comes into force, and then

(b)before the end of the period of 5 years since the date on which the last order under paragraph 3(1) was made, and so on.

6(1)Unless the Lord Chancellor otherwise determines, an order under paragraph 3(1) must specify the amount given by paragraph 7(2) or (as the case requires) 7(3).

(2)If the Lord Chancellor does otherwise determine—

(a)an order under paragraph 3(1) may provide for the fixed net sum to be of any amount (including an amount equal to or lower than the previous amount), and

(b)the Lord Chancellor must prepare a report stating the reason for the determination.

(3)A statutory instrument containing an order under paragraph 3(1) that specifies an amount other than that mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(4)The Lord Chancellor must lay the report before Parliament no later than the date on which the draft of the instrument containing the order is laid before Parliament.

7(1)The amount mentioned in paragraph 6(1) is found as follows.

(2)If the consumer prices index for the current month is higher than that for the base month, the amount to be specified in the order is found by—

(a)increasing the amount of the previous fixed net sum by the same percentage as the percentage increase in the consumer prices index between the base month and the current month, and

(b)if the resulting figure is not a multiple of £1,000, rounding it up to the nearest multiple of £1,000.

(3)If the consumer prices index for the current month is the same as, or lower than, that for the base month, the amount specified in the order is to be the same as the amount of the previous fixed net sum.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • the base month” means—

    (a)

    in the case of the first order under paragraph 3(1), the month in which this Schedule came into force, and

    (b)

    in the case of each subsequent order, the month which was the current month in relation to the previous order;

  • the current month” means the most recent month for which a figure for the consumer prices index is available when the Lord Chancellor makes the order;

  • consumer prices index” has the same meaning as in paragraph 4.

8(1)The Lord Chancellor may by order made by statutory instrument amend paragraphs 4 and 7 so as to—

(a)substitute for references to the consumer prices index (as defined) references to another index, and

(b)make amendments in those paragraphs consequential on that substitution.

(2)A statutory instrument containing an order under sub-paragraph (1) may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

Section 6

SCHEDULE 2E+WAmendments of Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975

1The Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I13Sch. 2 para. 1 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Children of the familyE+W

2(1)Section 1 (application for financial provision from deceased's estate) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In subsection (1)(d), for the words from “who” to the end substitute “ who in relation to any marriage or civil partnership to which the deceased was at any time a party, or otherwise in relation to any family in which the deceased at any time stood in the role of a parent, was treated by the deceased as a child of the family; ”.

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)The reference in subsection (1)(d) above to a family in which the deceased stood in the role of a parent includes a family of which the deceased was the only member (apart from the applicant).

Commencement Information

I14Sch. 2 para. 2 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

MaintenanceE+W

3In section 1 (application for financial provision from deceased's estate), for subsection (3) substitute—

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(e) above, a person is to be treated as being maintained by the deceased (either wholly or partly, as the case may be) only if the deceased was making a substantial contribution in money or money's worth towards the reasonable needs of that person, other than a contribution made for full valuable consideration pursuant to an arrangement of a commercial nature.

Commencement Information

I15Sch. 2 para. 3 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Powers of courtE+W

4(1)Section 2 (powers of court to make orders) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In subsection (1), at the end insert—

(h)an order varying for the applicant's benefit the trusts on which the deceased's estate is held (whether arising under the will, or the law relating to intestacy, or both).

(3)After subsection (3) insert—

(3A)In assessing for the purposes of an order under this section the extent (if any) to which the net estate is reduced by any debts or liabilities (including any inheritance tax paid or payable out of the estate), the court may assume that the order has already been made.

Commencement Information

I16Sch. 2 para. 4 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Matters to which court is to have regardE+W

5(1)Section 3 (matters to which court is to have regard when exercising powers under section 2) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In subsection (2), at the end of each of the final two sentences insert “ ; but nothing requires the court to treat such provision as setting an upper or lower limit on the provision which may be made by an order under section 2. ”

(3)In subsection (3)—

(a)for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)to whether the deceased maintained the applicant and, if so, to the length of time for which and basis on which the deceased did so, and to the extent of the contribution made by way of maintenance;

(aa)to whether and, if so, to what extent the deceased assumed responsibility for the maintenance of the applicant;;

(b)in paragraph (b) for “assuming and discharging that responsibility” substitute “ maintaining or assuming responsibility for maintaining the applicant ”.

(4)In subsection (4), for the words from “regard” to the end substitute regard—

(a)to the length of time for which and basis on which the deceased maintained the applicant, and to the extent of the contribution made by way of maintenance;

(b)to whether and, if so, to what extent the deceased assumed responsibility for the maintenance of the applicant.

Commencement Information

I17Sch. 2 para. 5 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Time limit for applicationsE+W

6In section 4 (time-limit for applications), at the end insert “ (but nothing prevents the making of an application before such representation is first taken out) ”.

Commencement Information

I18Sch. 2 para. 6 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Joint tenanciesE+W

7(1)Section 9 (property held on joint tenancy) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In subsection (1)—

(a)omit the words from “, before the end” to “first taken out,” and

(b)omit “, at the value thereof immediately before his death,”.

(3)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Where an order is made under subsection (1) the value of the deceased's severable share of the property concerned is taken for the purposes of this Act to be the value that the share would have had at the date of the hearing of the application for an order under section 2 had the share been severed immediately before the deceased's death, unless the court orders that the share is to be valued at a different date.

Commencement Information

I19Sch. 2 para. 7 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Section 7

SCHEDULE 3E+WDetermination of date when representation is first taken out

1In section 31 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (variation, discharge, etc, of certain orders for financial relief), for subsection (9) substitute—

(9)The following are to be left out of account when considering for the purposes of subsection (6) above when representation was first taken out—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see subsection (9A) below).

(9A)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of subsection (9) above, but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

Commencement Information

I20Sch. 3 para. 1 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

2For section 23 of the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (determination of date on which representation was first taken out) substitute—

23Determination of date on which representation was first taken out

(1)The following are to be left out of account when considering for the purposes of this Act when representation with respect to the estate of a deceased person was first taken out—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see subsection (2) below).

(2)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of this section, but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

Commencement Information

I21Sch. 3 para. 2 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

3In section 20 of the Administration of Justice Act 1982 (rectification of wills), for subsection (4) substitute—

(4)The following are to be left out of account when considering for the purposes of this section when representation with respect to the estate of a deceased person was first taken out—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see subsection (5)).

(5)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of subsection (4), but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

Commencement Information

I22Sch. 3 para. 3 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

4(1)Schedule 1 to the Children Act 1989 (financial provision for children) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)In paragraph 7 (variation of orders for secured periodical payments after death of parent), for sub-paragraph (6) substitute—

(6)The following are to be left out of account when considering for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) when representation was first taken out—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see sub-paragraph (6A)).

(6A)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of sub-paragraph (6), but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

(3)In paragraph 11 (alteration of maintenance agreements after death of one of the parties), for sub-paragraph (4) substitute—

(4)The following are to be left out of account when considering for the purposes of sub-paragraph (3) when representation was first taken out—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see sub-paragraph (4A)).

(4A)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4), but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

Commencement Information

I23Sch. 3 para. 4 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

5In Schedule 5 to the Civil Partnership Act 2004, in paragraph 60 (variation of secured periodical payments order where person liable has died), for sub-paragraph (6) substitute—

(6)The following are to be left out of account when considering for the purposes of sub-paragraph (3) when representation was first taken out—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see sub-paragraph (7)).

(7)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of sub-paragraph (6), but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

Commencement Information

I24Sch. 3 para. 5 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Section 11

SCHEDULE 4E+WMinor and consequential amendments

Administration of Estates Act 1925E+W

1(1)The Administration of Estates Act 1925 is amended as follows.E+W

(2)Omit section 46(3) (which relates to deaths in circumstances where it is uncertain which of two people survived the other).

(3)Omit section 47A (right of surviving spouse to have own life interest redeemed).

(4)In section 48 (powers of personal representative in respect of interests of surviving spouse), in subsection (2), omit the following—

(a)paragraph (b), and the word “and” after paragraph (a), and

(b)the words “in either case”.

(5)In section 49 (application of Part 4 of Act to partial intestacies), omit subsection (4).

Commencement Information

I25Sch. 4 para. 1 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Intestates' Estates Act 1952E+W

2(1)Schedule 2 to the Intestates' Estates Act 1952 (rights of surviving spouse or civil partner as respects home) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)Omit paragraph 1(4).

(3)In paragraph 3, for sub-paragraph (3) substitute—

(3)The court may extend the period of 12 months referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) if the surviving spouse or civil partner applies for it to be extended and satisfies the court that a period limited to 12 months would operate unfairly—

(a)in consequence of the representation first taken out being probate of a will subsequently revoked on the ground that the will was invalid, or

(b)in consequence of a question whether a person had an interest in the estate, or as to the nature of an interest in the estate, not having been determined at the time when representation was first taken out, or

(c)in consequence of some other circumstances affecting the administration or distribution of the estate.

(4)For the purposes of the construction of the references in this paragraph to the first taking out of representation, there shall be left out of account—

(a)a grant limited to settled land or to trust property,

(b)any other grant that does not permit any of the estate to be distributed,

(c)a grant limited to real estate or to personal estate, unless a grant limited to the remainder of the estate has previously been made or is made at the same time,

(d)a grant, or its equivalent, made outside the United Kingdom (but see sub-paragraph (5)).

(5)A grant sealed under section 2 of the Colonial Probates Act 1892 counts as a grant made in the United Kingdom for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4), but is to be taken as dated on the date of sealing.

Commencement Information

I26Sch. 4 para. 2 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Administration of Justice Act 1977E+W

3In section 28 of the Administration of Justice Act 1977, omit subsection (1).

Commencement Information

I27Sch. 4 para. 3 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Inheritance Tax Act 1984E+W

4In the Inheritance Tax Act 1984—

(a)in section 17 (changes in distribution of deceased's estate, etc.), omit paragraph (c);

(b)omit section 145 (redemption of surviving spouse's or civil partner's life interest).

Commencement Information

I28Sch. 4 para. 4 in force at 1.10.2014 by S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources