Financial Services (Banking Reform) Act 2013

36Offence relating to a decision causing a financial institution to fail

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)A person (“S”) commits an offence if—

(a)at a time when S is a senior manager in relation to a financial institution (“F”), S—

(i)takes, or agrees to the taking of, a decision by or on behalf of F as to the way in which the business of a group institution is to be carried on, or

(ii)fails to take steps that S could take to prevent such a decision being taken,

(b)at the time of the decision, S is aware of a risk that the implementation of the decision may cause the failure of the group institution,

(c)in all the circumstances, S’s conduct in relation to the taking of the decision falls far below what could reasonably be expected of a person in S’s position, and

(d)the implementation of the decision causes the failure of the group institution.

(2)A “group institution”, in relation to a financial institution (“F”), means F or any other financial institution that is a member of F’s group for the purpose of FSMA 2000 (see section 421 of that Act).

(3)Subsections (1) and (2) are to be read with the interpretative provisions in section 37.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction—

(i)in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months (or 6 months, if the offence was committed before the commencement of section 154(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003) or a fine, or both;

(ii)in Scotland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(iii)in Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years or a fine, or both.