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Antarctic Act 2013

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Miscellaneous

14Application of offences to non-nationals

(1)The Antarctic Act 1994 is amended as follows.

(2)In the following provisions, after “United Kingdom national” insert “, and no non-national on a British expedition,”—

(a)section 7(1) (offence of damaging flora and fauna etc);

(b)section 8(1) (offence of introducing non-native animals and plants);

(c)section 9(1) (offence of entering or remaining in restricted areas);

(d)section 10(1) (offence of damaging etc certain sites and monuments);

(e)section 11(1) (offence of entering or remaining in protected place).

(3)In section 11 (protected places)—

(a)in subsection (3) (permits), after “United Kingdom national” insert “, or any non-national on a British expedition,”;

(b)after that subsection insert—

(4)The Secretary of State shall not grant a permit under this section in respect of a non-national on a British expedition unless he is satisfied that the activities authorised by the permit will be carried on only for the purposes of education or scientific research.

(4)In section 12 (permits for activities prohibited by sections 7, 8 and 9)—

(a)the existing provision becomes subsection (1);

(b)in that provision, after “United Kingdom national” insert “, or any non-national on a British expedition,”;

(c)after that provision insert—

(2)The Secretary of State shall not grant a permit under this section in respect of a non-national on a British expedition unless he is satisfied that the activities authorised by the permit will be carried on only for the purposes of education or scientific research.

(5)In section 31(1) (interpretation), at the appropriate place insert—

  • “non-national” means an individual who is not a United Kingdom national;.

Consequential

(6)In section 3 (permits for British expeditions), in subsection (3), for “section” substitute “Act”.

(7)In section 31(1) (interpretation), at the appropriate place insert—

  • “British expedition” has the meaning given by section 3;.

15Historic Sites and Monuments: permits

(1)The Antarctic Act 1994 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 10 (Historic Sites and Monuments)—

(a)in subsection (1), at the end insert “, except in accordance with a permit granted under this section or under the written authorisation of another Contracting Party”;

(b)at the end insert—

(3)The Secretary of State may on the application of any person grant to him a permit authorising any United Kingdom national, or any non-national on a British expedition, who is specified or of a description specified in the permit to do anything specified or of a description specified in the permit that would otherwise constitute a contravention of subsection (1).

(4)The Secretary of State shall not grant a permit under this section unless he is satisfied that the activities authorised by the permit will be carried on only for the purposes of conservation or repair of—

(a)the Antarctic Historic Site or Monument to which the permit relates, or

(b)any object within it.

Consequential

(3)In section 15 (duty to have regard to Protocol), in each of paragraphs (a), (b) and (c), after “5” insert “, 10”.

(4)In section 16 (delegation of powers)—

(a)in the heading, after “sections” insert “10,”;

(b)in subsection (1), after “section”, in both places, insert “10,”.

(5)In section 30 (evidence), in subsection (3), for “or 9(1)” substitute “, 9(1) or 10(1)”.

16Conservation of animals and plants

(1)The Antarctic Act 1994 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 7 (conservation of Antarctic fauna and flora), in subsection (1)(e), after “native plant” insert “or native invertebrate”.

(3)In that section, after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Accidental harm occurring in the course of—

(a)normal operations of a vessel, or

(b)the activity of fishing for profit,

shall not be regarded as a contravention of subsection (1)(e), (f) or (g).

(4)In section 8 (permits required for introducing non-native animals and plants) for subsection (2) substitute—

(2)The keeping of—

(a)a recognised assistance dog on board a vessel in Antarctica,

(b)another animal on board such a vessel where the vessel is travelling to an immediate destination outside Antarctica, or

(c)a plant on board a vessel in Antarctica,

shall not be regarded as a contravention of subsection (1).

(5)In that section, at the end insert—

(4)Nothing in this section prohibits the introduction of a microscopic organism.

(5)In this section—

  • “plant” means any terrestrial, marine or freshwater vegetation, including bryophytes, lichen, fungi and algae, and includes such vegetation at any stage of its life cycle (including seeds and other propagules of such vegetation);

  • “recognised assistance dog” means a dog which has been trained to assist a disabled person by a person, or a person of a description, prescribed in regulations.

(6)After that section insert—

8AIntroduction of microscopic organisms

(1)No United Kingdom national, and no non-national on a British expedition, may introduce into any part of Antarctica any microscopic organism of a species which is not indigenous to Antarctica, except in accordance with a permit granted under section 12 or under written authorisation of another Contracting Party.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if the person took reasonable precautions to prevent the introduction of the organism.

(3)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to an organism inhabiting the human body or the body of an animal.

(4)Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

(7)In section 12 (grant of permits for activities prohibited by sections 7, 8 and 9)—

(a)in the heading, for “sections 7, 8 and 9” substitute “sections 7 to 9”;

(b)after “8(1)” insert “, 8A(1)”.

(8)After section 8A (as inserted by subsection (6) above) insert—

8BIntroduction of non-sterile soil

(1)No United Kingdom national, and no non-national on a British expedition, may introduce non-sterile soil into any part of Antarctica.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to a person if the person took reasonable precautions to prevent the introduction of the non-sterile soil.

(3)Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

(9)In section 31 (interpretation), in subsection (1)—

(a)in the definitions of “native bird” and “native mammal” omit “or occurring there seasonally through natural migrations”;

(b)in the definition of “native invertebrate” after “terrestrial” insert “, marine”;

(c)in the definition of “native plant” after “terrestrial” insert “, marine”.

(10)In that section, after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)In this Act, references to a species “indigenous to Antarctica” include a species occurring in Antarctica through natural migration.

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