Welfare Reform Act 2012
2012 CHAPTER 5
Commentary on Sections
Part 5: Social security: General
Section 98: Claims and awards
480.Section 98 amends section 5(1) of SSAA 1992, which makes common provision about claims for all relevant social security benefits dealt with under the Act.
481.Subsection (2) amends section 5(1)(d) of SSAA 1992. Section 5(1)(d) allows advance claims to benefit to be made. An advance claim may be made in a situation where a claimant does not presently but soon will meet the conditions of entitlement for a benefit. This might be used, for example, in cases where a person is working out a notice period and is shortly to become unemployed.
482.This amendment ensures that the power at section 5(1)(d) includes the power to make an advance award of benefit, where a claimant would not be entitled to benefit at the point of claim, but would become entitled at a prescribed time after the award were made. This provides for situations where a person may become entitled to a higher amount of benefit at a certain point in a benefit award, which would mean that an award became payable only at that stage. For example, a person with income above a certain level may not be entitled to income-related ESA during the assessment phase until they have completed the work capability assessment and become entitled to either the work-related activity or support components.
483.The effect of subsection (2) is that the power under section 5(1)(d) allows for a claim to be made and an award to arise at a future date where a claimant meets the conditions of entitlement at a prescribed time after the making of the award, or where other prescribed conditions are met.
484.Subsection (3) allows for an advance award to be reviewed if these conditions are not met. It is consequential upon the amendment made by subsection (2).
485.Subsection (4) amends section 5(1)(g) to allow regulations to provide for one member of a couple to make a claim for benefit on the behalf of both members jointly.
486.Subsection (5) amends section 5(1)(j) of SSAA 1992 to allow the Secretary of State to prescribe in regulations changes of circumstances that must be reported by claimants and others.
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