Search Legislation

Civil Aviation Act 2012

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Civil Aviation Act 2012. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

  1. Introductory Text

  2. PART 1 Airports

    1. CHAPTER 1 Regulation of operators of dominant airports

      1. General duties

        1. 1.CAA's general duty

        2. 2.Secretary of State's general duty

      2. Prohibition

        1. 3.Prohibition

        2. 4.Prohibition: exemption

      3. Dominant airports

        1. 5.Dominant areas and dominant airports

        2. 6.Market power test

        3. 7.Market power determinations

        4. 8.Publication of market power determinations

        5. 9.Operators of areas

        6. 10.Operator determinations

        7. 11.Publication of operator determinations

        8. 12.Advance determinations

        9. 13.Appeals against determinations

      4. Licences

        1. 14.Application for licence

        2. 15.Granting licence

        3. 16.Refusing to grant licence

        4. 17.Content and effect of licence

      5. Licence conditions

        1. 18.Licence conditions

        2. 19.Price control conditions

        3. 20.Conditions relating to CAA charges

        4. 21.Content and effect of licence conditions

      6. Modifying licences

        1. 22.Modifying licence conditions and licence area

        2. 23.Restriction on power to modify

      7. Appeals against licence conditions etc

        1. 24.Appeal to Competition and Markets Authority : conditions of new licences

        2. 25.Appeal to Competition and Markets Authority : modification of licence conditions

        3. 26.When appeals may be allowed

        4. 27.Determination of appeal

        5. 28.Determination of appeal: time limits

        6. 29.Determination of appeal: publication etc

        7. 30.Procedure on appeals

      8. Enforcement of licence conditions

        1. 31.Contravention notice

        2. 32.Restrictions on giving contravention notices

        3. 33.Enforcement order

        4. 34.Enforcement order: modification and revocation

        5. 35.Urgent enforcement order

        6. 36.Urgent enforcement order: confirmation

        7. 37.Urgent enforcement order: modification and revocation

        8. 38.Civil proceedings

        9. 39.Penalty for contravention of licence condition

        10. 40.Penalty for contravention of order

        11. 41.Procedure before imposing penalty

        12. 42.Procedure after imposing penalty

        13. 43.Amount of penalty

        14. 44.Amount of penalty: fixed amount

        15. 45.Amount of penalty: daily amounts

        16. 46.Use of powers under Competition Act 1998

        17. 47.Appeals against orders and penalties

      9. Revocation of licence

        1. 48.Revocation of licence

        2. 49.Appeals against revocation of licence

      10. Obtaining information

        1. 50.Power to obtain information

        2. 51.Enforcement of information notice

        3. 52.Penalty for providing false information, destroying documents etc

        4. 53.Procedure before imposing penalty

        5. 54.Procedure after imposing penalty

        6. 55.Appeals against penalties

      11. Penalties

        1. 56.Imposing penalties

        2. 57.Recovering penalties

        3. 58.Statement of policy on penalties

      12. Disclosing information

        1. 59.Disclosing information

    2. CHAPTER 2 Competition

      1. 60.Functions under Part 4 of Enterprise Act 2002

      2. 61.Enterprise Act 2002: supplementary

      3. 62.Functions under Competition Act 1998

      4. 63.Competition Act 1998: supplementary

      5. 64.Review etc of airport operation services

      6. 65.Power to modify CAA's competition powers

    3. CHAPTER 3 General provision

      1. Interpretation

        1. 66.Airports

        2. 67.Airports: supplementary

        3. 68.Airport operation services

        4. 69.Air transport services

        5. 70.Joint operators of areas

        6. 71.Connected persons

        7. 72.Minor definitions and index

      2. Other general provision

        1. 73.Regulations

        2. 74.Publication and production of documents

        3. 75.Sending documents

        4. 76.Minor, consequential and transitional provision

        5. 77.Crown application

  3. PART 2 Other aviation matters

    1. Aviation security

      1. 78.Aviation security directions etc

      2. 79.Approved providers of aviation security services

      3. 80.Advice and assistance in connection with aviation security

      4. 81.Power to modify functions of CAA etc relating to aviation security

      5. 82.Transfer schemes

    2. Provision of information about aviation

      1. 83.Information for benefit of users of air transport services

      2. 84.Environmental information

      3. 85.Power to obtain information

      4. 86.Enforcement of information notice

      5. 87.Penalty for providing false information, destroying documents etc

      6. 88.Procedure before imposing penalty

      7. 89.Procedure after imposing penalty

      8. 90.Appeals

      9. 91.Recovering penalties

      10. 92.Statement of policy

      11. 93.Minor definitions

    3. Regulation of provision of flight accommodation

      1. 94.Regulation of provision of flight accommodation

    4. CAA membership

      1. 95.CAA membership

      2. 96.Non-executive members of CAA

      3. 97.Executive members of CAA

      4. 98.CAA's air navigation functions

      5. 99.Transitional and saving provision

    5. Further provision about CAA

      1. 100.CAA charges

      2. 101.Criminal proceedings

      3. 102.CAA efficiency

      4. 103.Civil sanctions

      5. 104.Regulatory burdens

      6. 105.Disclosure of medical information

    6. Miscellaneous

      1. 106.Dangerous flying

      2. 107.Offences under Civil Aviation Act 1982

  4. PART 3 Final provisions

    1. 108.Power to make consequential and transitional provision

    2. 109.Financial provision

    3. 110.Commencement

    4. 111.Extent

    5. 112.Channel Islands, Isle of Man and British overseas territories

    6. 113.Short title

  5. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Appeals against determinations

      1. Appeals against determinations

        1. 1.(1) The following may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      2. Notice of appeal

        1. 2.(1) An appeal under paragraph 1 against a determination must...

      3. Decisions on appeal

        1. 3.(1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under...

      4. Effect of suspending or setting aside market power determination

        1. 4.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) the CAA publishes a...

      5. Appeals to Competition Appeal Tribunal: supplementary

        1. 5.(1) When deciding an appeal under paragraph 1 (including giving...

      6. Further appeals

        1. 6.(1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a...

    2. SCHEDULE 2

      Appeals under sections 24 and 25

      1. PART 1 Permission to appeal

        1. Application for permission to appeal

          1. 1.(1) An application for permission to appeal under section 24...

        2. Determination of application for permission to appeal

          1. 2.(1) The decision of the Competition and Markets Authority on...

        3. Time limit for CAA to make representations

          1. 3.(1) This paragraph applies where the CAA wishes to make...

      2. PART 2 Intervention in appeal

        1. Application for permission to intervene in appeal

          1. 4.(1) Where an application is made under paragraph 1 for...

        2. Determination of application for permission to intervene

          1. 5.(1) The decision of the Competition and Markets Authority on...

      3. PART 3 Automatic suspension of condition of new licence or modification

        1. Automatic suspension of condition of new licence including exception for certain financial arrangements

          1. 6.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where— (a) the CAA decides to...

        2. Automatic suspension of modification of existing licence involving exception for certain financial arrangements

          1. 7.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where— (a) the CAA decides under...

          2. 8.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies where— (a) the CAA decides under...

      4. PART 4 Application for suspension of condition of new licence or modification

        1. Application for direction suspending condition of new licence

          1. 9.(1) Where an application is made for permission to appeal...

        2. Effect of early application for direction under paragraph 9

          1. 10.(1) This paragraph applies if— (a) an application is made...

        3. Direction following application under paragraph 9

          1. 11.(1) The functions of the Competition and Markets Authority in...

        4. Application for direction suspending licence modification

          1. 12.(1) Where an application for permission to appeal against a...

        5. Effect of early application for direction under paragraph 12

          1. 13.(1) This paragraph applies if— (a) an application is made...

        6. Direction following application under paragraph 12

          1. 14.(1) The functions of the Competition and Markets Authority in...

        7. Publication of decisions about directions

          1. 15.(1) An authorised member of the Competition and Markets Authority...

        8. Time limit for CAA to make representations

          1. 16.(1) This paragraph applies where the CAA wishes to make...

      5. PART 5 Appeals

        1. Determination of appeal by group

          1. 17.

        2. Replacing members of group

          1. 18.(1) The Chairman may select a member of the Competition...

        3. Representations made by the CAA

          1. 19.(1) This paragraph applies where an application for permission to...

        4. Matters that may be disregarded

          1. 20.(1) The Competition and Markets Authority may disregard matters raised...

        5. Remitting decision to CAA

          1. 21.(1) This paragraph applies where the Competition and Markets Authority...

        6. Substituting CAA's decision

          1. 22.(1) This paragraph applies where the Competition and Markets Authority...

      6. PART 6 General

        1. Consideration of new matters

          1. 23.(1) This paragraph applies to— (a) an authorised member of...

        2. Production of documents

          1. 24.(1) The Competition and Markets Authority may by notice require...

        3. Oral hearings

          1. 25.(1) For the purposes of this Schedule the following persons...

        4. Written evidence

          1. 26.(1) The Competition and Markets Authority may by notice require...

        5. Expert advice

          1. 27.Where permission to appeal is granted under paragraph 2, the...

        6. Enforcement of requirements in relation to evidence etc

          1. 28.(1) This paragraph applies where a person (“P”)—

        7. Destruction of documents

          1. 29.(1) A person who intentionally alters, suppresses or destroys a...

        8. Withdrawal of applications and appeals

          1. 30.(1) An application under paragraph 1 for permission to appeal...

        9. Appeal rules

          1. 31.(1) The CMA Board may make rules regulating the conduct...

        10. Costs

          1. 32.(1) Where an application under this Schedule or an appeal...

        11. Secretary of State's power to modify time limits

          1. 33.The Secretary of State may by regulations modify any period...

        12. Publication etc

          1. 34.Where the CAA or the Competition and Markets Authority or...

        13. Interpretation

          1. 35.(1) In this Schedule— “appeal” means an appeal under section...

    3. SCHEDULE 3

      Appeals against orders and penalties

      1. Appeals against enforcement orders and urgent enforcement orders

        1. 1.(1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      2. Appeals against modification and revocation of orders

        1. 2.(1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      3. Appeals against penalties

        1. 3.(1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      4. Decisions on appeal

        1. 4.(1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under...

      5. Further appeals

        1. 5.(1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a...

    4. SCHEDULE 4

      Appeals against revocation of licence

      1. Appeals against revocation of licence

        1. 1.(1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      2. Notice of appeal

        1. 2.(1) An appeal under paragraph 1 must be made by...

      3. Decisions on appeal

        1. 3.(1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under...

      4. Further appeals

        1. 4.(1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a...

    5. SCHEDULE 5

      Appeals against penalties: information

      1. Appeals against penalties

        1. 1.(1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      2. Decisions on appeal

        1. 2.(1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under...

      3. Further appeals

        1. 3.(1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a...

    6. SCHEDULE 6

      Restrictions on disclosing information

      1. Prohibition on disclosure

        1. 1.(1) This paragraph applies to information if—

      2. Disclosure with consent

        1. 2.Paragraph 1(2) does not apply to a disclosure made with...

      3. Disclosure of information already available to public

        1. 3.Paragraph 1(2) does not apply to information that has been...

      4. Other permitted disclosures

        1. 4.(1) Paragraph 1(2) does not apply where information is disclosed—...

        2. 5.Paragraph 1(2) does not apply where information is disclosed—

        3. 6.The Secretary of State may by regulations amend paragraph 4...

      5. Offence

        1. 7.A person who discloses information in contravention of paragraph 1(2)...

      6. Criminal liability of officers of bodies corporate etc

        1. 8.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies if an offence under this Schedule...

    7. SCHEDULE 7

      Index of defined expressions

      1. This Table lists expressions defined in Part 1 of this...

    8. SCHEDULE 8

      Status of airport operators as statutory undertakers etc

      1. PART 1 Great Britain

        1. Airports Act 1986 (c. 31)

          1. 1.The Airports Act 1986 is amended as follows.

          2. 2.For section 57 (scope of Part 5: status of certain...

          3. 3.(1) Section 79 (orders and regulations) is amended as follows....

        2. Consequential repeal

          1. 4.In Schedule 4 to the Local Transport Act 2008, omit...

        3. Power to make provision in relation to operators of airport areas

          1. 5.(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision...

      2. PART 2 Northern Ireland

        1. Airports (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/426 (N.I. 1))

          1. 6.The Airports (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 is amended as follows....

          2. 7.In Article 2(2) (interpretation), for the definition of “regulated airport”...

          3. 8.In Part 2 (powers in relation to land exercisable in...

          4. 9.(1) Article 70 (regulations and orders) is amended as follows....

          5. 10.The amendments in paragraphs 7 to 9 are without prejudice...

        2. Power to make provision in relation to operators of airport areas

          1. 11.(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision...

    9. SCHEDULE 9

      Regulation of operators of dominant airports: consequential provision

      1. Fair Trading Act 1973 (c. 41)

        1. 1.Omit section 93B (false or misleading information provided to Competition...

      2. Airports Act 1986 (c. 31)

        1. 2.The Airports Act 1986 is amended as follows.

        2. 3.(1) Section 74 (restriction on disclosure of information) is amended...

        3. 4.(1) Section 82 (general interpretation) is amended as follows.

      3. Water Act 1989 (c. 15)

        1. 5.In section 174(3) of the Water Act 1989 (exceptions from...

      4. Water Industry Act 1991 (c. 56)

        1. 6.In Part 2 of Schedule 15 to the Water Industry...

      5. Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57)

        1. 7.In Part 2 of Schedule 24 to the Water Resources...

      6. Railways Act 1993 (c. 43)

        1. 8.In section 145(3) of the Railways Act 1993 (exceptions from...

      7. Competition Act 1998 (c. 41)

        1. 9.In paragraph 19A of Schedule 7 to the Competition Act...

      8. Greater London Authority Act 1999 (c. 29)

        1. 10.In section 235(3) of the Greater London Authority Act 1999...

      9. Utilities Act 2000 (c. 27)

        1. 11.In section 105(6) of the Utilities Act 2000 (exceptions from...

      10. Transport Act 2000 (c. 38)

        1. 12.In paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 9 to the Transport Act...

      11. Enterprise Act 2002 (c. 40)

        1. 13.The Enterprise Act 2002 is amended as follows.

        2. 14.(1) Section 168 (regulated markets) is amended as follows.

        3. 15.In Schedule 15 (enactments conferring functions for the purposes of...

      12. Civil Contingencies Act 2004 (c. 36)

        1. 16.(1) Schedule 1 to the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 (category...

      13. Further repeals and revocations

        1. 17.The following repeals and revocations are consequential on section 76(1)...

    10. SCHEDULE 10

      Regulation of operators of dominant airports: transitional provision

      1. PART 1 Regulation

        1. Definitions

          1. 1.In this Part of this Schedule— “the 1986 Act” means...

        2. Market power determinations: designated airports

          1. 2.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement day,...

        3. Exemption from prohibition for designated airports during interim period

          1. 3.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement day,...

        4. Designation and de-designation before commencement day

          1. 4.(1) In section 7(5) (disapplication of CAA's duty to make...

        5. Designation and de-designation during interim period

          1. 5.(1) During the interim period, an order may not be...

        6. Modification of preceding paragraphs

          1. 6.(1) This paragraph applies where an airport as defined in...

        7. Power to amend this Schedule

          1. 7.The power under section 108 may not be used—

      2. PART 2 Status of airport operators as statutory undertakers etc

        1. Great Britain

          1. 8.In paragraphs 9 to 12 “the commencement day” means the...

          2. 9.(1) This paragraph applies where, in relation to an airport,...

          3. 10.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement day,...

          4. 11.Paragraphs 9 and 10 do not apply where the airport...

          5. 12.Nothing in this Act affects any rights or liabilities accruing...

          6. 13.In paragraphs 9 to 11, “airport” has the same meaning...

        2. Northern Ireland

          1. 14.In paragraphs 15 to 17 “the commencement day” means the...

          2. 15.(1) This paragraph applies where, in relation to an airport,...

          3. 16.(1) This paragraph applies where, immediately before the commencement day,...

          4. 17.Nothing in this Act affects any rights or liabilities accruing...

          5. 18.In paragraphs 15 to 17, “airport” has the same meaning...

    11. SCHEDULE 11

      Aviation security directions etc: minor and consequential amendments

      1. Civil Aviation Act 1982 (c. 16)

        1. 1.Part 1 of the Civil Aviation Act 1982 (administration) is...

        2. 2.In section 11 (charges by CAA) at the end insert—...

        3. 3.In section 20 (supplementary provisions with respect to functions of...

      2. Aviation Security Act 1982 (c. 36)

        1. 4.Part 2 of the Aviation Security Act 1982 (protection of...

        2. 5.For the heading before section 11 substitute “ Information ”....

        3. 6.(1) Section 11 (power to require information) is amended as...

        4. 7.Before section 11A insert— “ Designation of security restricted areas...

        5. 8.(1) Section 11A (designation of security restricted area) is amended...

        6. 9.Before section 12 insert— “ Directions ”.

        7. 10.In section 12(3) (power to impose restrictions in relation to...

        8. 11.In section 15(2) (matters which may be included in directions...

        9. 12.(1) After section 17 insert— Copies of directions etc for...

        10. 13.(1) Section 18A (enforcement notices) is amended as follows.

        11. 14.(1) Section 18D (objections to enforcement notices) is amended as...

        12. 15.(1) Section 20B (detention directions) is amended as follows.

        13. 16.In section 21 (application of provisions to air navigation installations),...

        14. 17.(1) Section 21G (duty to report certain occurrences) is amended...

      3. Application of Part 3 of Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (“the RESA 2008”)

        1. 18.The offences under section 11 of the Aviation Security Act...

    12. SCHEDULE 12

      Aviation security: further provision about transfer schemes

      1. Transfer

        1. 1.(1) The property, rights and liabilities that may be transferred...

      2. Employment

        1. 2.(1) This paragraph has effect where rights, powers, duties and...

        2. 3.(1) This paragraph has effect where— (a) a transfer scheme...

        3. 4.(1) If a transfer scheme contains provision for the transfer...

      3. Civil servants treated as employed under a contract of employment etc

        1. 5.(1) This Schedule applies with the following modifications in relation...

      4. Certificate

        1. 6.A certificate issued by the Secretary of State that any...

      5. Validity

        1. 7.A transfer under a transfer scheme does not affect the...

      6. Continuity

        1. 8.(1) A transfer scheme may provide for things done by...

    13. SCHEDULE 13

      Appeals against penalties

      1. Appeals against penalties

        1. 1.(1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal...

      2. Decisions on appeal

        1. 2.(1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under...

      3. Further appeals

        1. 3.(1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a...

    14. SCHEDULE 14

      CAA membership: transitional and saving provision

      1. Commencement day

        1. 1.In this Schedule “the commencement day” means the day after...

      2. Executive members of CAA

        1. 2.(1) This paragraph applies where a person—

      3. Chief executive of CAA

        1. 3.If the notice given to a person under paragraph 2(1)(b)...

      4. Non-executive members of CAA

        1. 4.(1) This paragraph applies where a person—

      5. Chair of CAA

        1. 5.The person who is the chairman of the CAA immediately...

      6. Pensions

        1. 6.(1) This paragraph applies where, before the commencement day, the...

        2. 7.(1) This paragraph applies where, before the commencement day, the...

      7. Nominee under section 66 of Transport Act 2000

        1. 8.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) a nomination of a...

      8. Nominee under section 67 of Transport Act 2000

        1. 9.(1) This paragraph applies where— (a) a nomination of a...

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Impact Assessments

Impact Assessments generally accompany all UK Government interventions of a regulatory nature that affect the private sector, civil society organisations and public services. They apply regardless of whether the regulation originates from a domestic or international source and can accompany primary (Acts etc) and secondary legislation (SIs). An Impact Assessment allows those with an interest in the policy area to understand:

  • Why the government is proposing to intervene;
  • The main options the government is considering, and which one is preferred;
  • How and to what extent new policies may impact on them; and,
  • The estimated costs and benefits of proposed measures.
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources