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Finance Act 2012

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 20

SCHEDULE 3Relief for expenditure on R&D

This schedulenoteType=Explanatory Notes has no associated

Introductory

1Part 13 of CTA 2009 (additional relief for expenditure on research and development) is amended as follows.

Amount of relief for expenditure on R&D by small or medium-sized enterprises (“SMEs”)

2(1)Chapter 2 (relief for SMEs: cost of R&D incurred by SME) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1044 (additional deduction in calculating profits of trade), in subsection (8), for “100%” substitute “125%”.

(3)In section 1045 (alternative treatment for pre-trading expenditure: deemed trading loss), in subsection (7), for “200%” substitute “225%”.

(4)In section 1055 (tax credit: meaning of “Chapter 2 surrenderable loss”), in subsection (2)(b), for “200%” substitute “225%”.

(5)In section 1058 (amount of tax credit), in subsection (1)(a), for “12.5%” substitute “11%”.

Removal of R&D threshold

3(1)Chapter 2 (relief for SMEs: cost of R&D incurred by SME) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1043 (overview of Chapter), in subsection (3), omit paragraph (e) (but not the “and” after it).

(3)In section 1044 (additional deduction in calculating profits of trade), omit subsection (3).

(4)In section 1045 (alternative treatment for pre-trading expenditure: deemed trading loss)—

(a)in subsection (1), omit “, B”, and

(b)omit subsection (3).

(5)Omit section 1050 (R&D threshold).

4(1)Chapter 3 (relief for SMEs: R&D sub-contracted to SME) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1063 (additional deduction in calculating profits of trade)—

(a)in subsection (1), omit “, B”, and

(b)omit subsection (3).

(3)Omit section 1064 (R&D threshold).

5(1)Chapter 4 (relief for SMEs: subsidised and capped expenditure on R&D) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1068 (additional deduction in calculating profits of trade)—

(a)in subsection (1), omit “, B”, and

(b)omit subsection (3).

(3)Omit section 1069 (R&D threshold).

6(1)Chapter 5 (relief for large companies) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1074 (additional deduction in calculating profits of trade)—

(a)in subsection (1), omit “, B”, and

(b)omit subsection (3).

(3)Omit section 1075 (R&D threshold).

7(1)Chapter 7 (relief for SMEs and large companies: vaccine research etc) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1085 (overview of Chapter), in subsection (5), omit paragraph (c).

(3)In section 1087 (deduction in calculating profits of trade)—

(a)in subsection (1), omit “, B”, and

(b)omit subsection (3).

(4)In section 1092 (SMEs: deemed trading loss for pre-trading expenditure), omit subsection (3).

(5)Omit section 1097 (R&D threshold).

8In consequence of the amendments made by paragraphs 3 to 7, in Schedule 4 to CTA 2009 omit each of the entries for “R&D threshold”.

Company not a going concern when in administration or liquidation

9Chapter 2 (relief for SMEs: cost of R&D incurred by SME) is amended as follows.

10(1)Section 1046 (relief only available where company is going concern) is amended as follows.

(2)At the end of subsection (2) insert—

This is subject to subsection (2A).

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)A company is not a going concern at any time if it is in administration or liquidation at that time.

(2B)For the purposes of this section a company is in administration if—

(a)it is in administration under Part 2 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or Part 3 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)), or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

(2C)For the purposes of this section a company is in liquidation if—

(a)it is in liquidation within the meaning of section 247 of that Act or Article 6 of that Order, or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

11(1)Section 1057 (tax credit only available where company is going concern) is amended as follows.

(2)At the end of subsection (4) insert—

This is subject to subsection (4A).

(3)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)A company is not a going concern at any time if it is in administration or liquidation at that time.

(4B)For the purposes of this section a company is in administration if—

(a)it is in administration under Part 2 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or Part 3 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)), or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

(4C)For the purposes of this section a company is in liquidation if—

(a)it is in liquidation within the meaning of section 247 of that Act or Article 6 of that Order, or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

12Chapter 7 (relief for SMEs and large companies: vaccine research etc) is amended as follows.

13(1)Section 1094 (relief only available to SME where company is going concern) is amended as follows.

(2)At the end of subsection (2) insert—

This is subject to subsection (2A).

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)A company is not a going concern at any time if it is in administration or liquidation at that time.

(2B)For the purposes of this section a company is in administration if—

(a)it is in administration under Part 2 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or Part 3 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)), or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

(2C)For the purposes of this section a company is in liquidation if—

(a)it is in liquidation within the meaning of section 247 of that Act or Article 6 of that Order, or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

14(1)Section 1106 (tax credit only available where company is going concern) is amended as follows.

(2)At the end of subsection (4) insert—

This is subject to subsection (4A).

(3)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)A company is not a going concern at any time if it is in administration or liquidation at that time.

(4B)For the purposes of this section a company is in administration if—

(a)it is in administration under Part 2 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or Part 3 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)), or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

(4C)For the purposes of this section a company is in liquidation if—

(a)it is in liquidation within the meaning of section 247 of that Act or Article 6 of that Order, or

(b)a corresponding situation under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom exists in relation to the company.

Removal of limit on amount of tax credit based on PAYE and NIC liabilities

15(1)Chapter 2 (relief for SMEs: cost of R&D incurred by SME) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1058 (amount of tax credit), in subsection (1), omit paragraph (b) (and the “or” before it).

(3)Omit section 1059 (total amount of company’s PAYE and NIC liabilities).

Abolition of vaccine research relief for SMEs

16(1)Section 1039 (overview of Part 13) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (6), for the words from “companies” to “companies)” substitute “large companies”.

(3)In subsection (7)—

(a)for “Chapters 2 and 7 also provide” substitute “Chapter 2 also provides”, and

(b)in paragraph (a), omit “or 7”.

17In section 1042 (“relevant research and development”), in subsection (3), omit “SMEs and”.

18In section 1046 (relief only available where company is going concern), in subsection (2)(b), omit “or Chapter 7”.

19In section 1057 (tax credit only available where company is going concern), in subsection (4)(b), omit “or Chapter 7”.

20Chapter 7 (relief for SMEs and large companies: vaccine research etc) is amended as set out in paragraphs 21 to 30.

21(1)Section 1085 (overview of Chapter) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for the words from “companies” to “companies)” substitute “large companies”.

(3)For subsection (3) substitute—

(3)The relief available is a deduction under section 1087 (the amount of which is determined under section 1091).

(4)Omit subsection (4).

(5)For subsection (5) substitute—

(5)Sections 1098 to 1102 contain provision about when a company’s expenditure is “qualifying Chapter 7 expenditure” for the purposes of obtaining relief and when such expenditure is “for” an accounting period.

(6)Omit subsection (6).

(7)In subsection (7), omit “or R&D tax credits”.

22(1)Section 1087 (deduction in calculating profits of trade) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for “and C” substitute “, C and D”.

(3)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)Condition D is that the company is a large company throughout the period.

(4)For subsection (7) substitute—

(7)For the amount of the deduction see section 1091.

(5)In subsection (9)—

(a)in paragraph (a), omit “large”,

(b)omit paragraph (b), and

(c)in paragraph (d), for “sections 1099 and 1100” substitute “section 1100”.

23(1)In section 1088 (large companies: declaration about effect of relief), in subsection (1), omit “large”.

(2)Accordingly, the heading of that section becomes “Declaration about effect of relief”.

24Omit sections 1089 and 1090 (which relate only to SMEs).

25(1)In section 1091 (large companies: amount of deduction), in subsection (1), omit paragraph (b) (and the “and” before it).

(2)Accordingly, the heading of that section becomes “Amount of deduction”.

26Omit sections 1092 to 1096 and 1099 (which relate only to SMEs).

27(1)In section 1100 (large companies: qualifying expenditure “for” an accounting period), for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)A company’s qualifying Chapter 7 expenditure is “for” an accounting period if it is allowable as a deduction in calculating for corporation tax purposes the profits for the period of a trade carried on by the company.

(2)Accordingly, the heading of that section becomes “Qualifying expenditure “for” an accounting period”.

28Omit sections 1103 to 1111 (tax credits).

29(1)Section 1112 (artificially inflated claims for relief or tax credit) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for “the purposes mentioned in subsection (2)” substitute “the purpose of determining for an accounting period relief to which a company is entitled under this Chapter”.

(3)Omit subsection (2).

(4)In subsection (3)—

(a)at the end of paragraph (a) insert “or”, and

(b)omit paragraphs (c) and (d).

(5)Accordingly, the heading of that section becomes “Artificially inflated claims for relief”.

30The heading of Chapter 7 becomes “Relief for large companies: vaccine research etc”.

31(1)Chapter 8 (cap on aid for R&D) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1113 (cap on R&D aid under Chapter 2 or 7), in subsection (4)(b), omit “SMEs and”.

(3)In section 1115 (“the tax credits”), in subsection (1), omit “or 7”.

32In consequence of the amendments made by paragraphs 16 to 31—

(a)in Schedule 4 to CTA 2009 (index of defined expressions), omit the entry for “Chapter 7 surrenderable loss”,

(b)in Schedule 1 to CTA 2010, omit paragraphs 672 to 674, and

(c)in section 43 of FA 2011, omit subsections (7) to (11).

Qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers

33Chapter 9 (supplementary) is amended as follows.

34(1)Section 1128 (“externally provided worker”) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (7), for “the staff provider” substitute “a person other than the company (the “staff controller”)”.

(3)After subsection (8) insert—

(9)In sections 1129 to 1131 references to “staff controller” are to be read in accordance with subsection (7).

35(1)Section 1129 (connected persons) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for paragraphs (b) and (c) substitute—

(b)the company, the staff provider and (if different) the staff controller (or staff controllers) are all connected, and

(c)in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice—

(i)the whole of the staff provision payment has been brought into account in determining the staff provider’s profit or loss for a relevant period, and

(ii)all of the relevant expenditure of each staff controller has been brought into account in determining the staff controller’s profit or loss for a relevant period.

(3)In subsection (2)(b), for “the staff provider’s relevant expenditure” substitute “the aggregate of the relevant expenditure of each staff controller”.

(4)In subsection (3)—

(a)for “of the staff provider” substitute “, in relation to a staff controller,”, and

(b)in paragraph (a), for “staff provider” substitute “staff controller”.

(5)In subsection (4)—

(a)after ““Relevant period”” insert “, in relation to a person,”, and

(b)in paragraph (a), for “staff provider” substitute “person”.

(6)In subsection (5)—

(a)for “the staff provider’s expenditure” substitute “the expenditure of a staff controller”, and

(b)for “the staff provider” substitute “a staff controller”.

(7)In subsection (7), for “staff provider” substitute “a staff controller”.

36(1)Section 1130 (election for connected persons treatment) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) substitute—

(1)If—

(a)a company makes a staff provision payment, and

(b)the company, the staff provider and (if different) the staff controller (or staff controllers) are not all connected,

they may jointly elect that section 1129 is to apply to them as if they were all connected.

(3)In subsection (2), for “must be made” substitute “has effect”.

37In section 1131 (qualifying expenditure on externally provided workers: other cases), in subsection (1), for paragraph (b) (but not the “and” following it) substitute—

(b)the company, the staff provider and (if different) the staff controller (or staff controllers) are not all connected,.

Application

38The amendments made by paragraphs 2 and 16 to 37 have effect in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 1 April 2012.

39The amendments made by paragraphs 3 to 8 and 15 have effect in relation to accounting periods ending on or after 1 April 2012.

40The amendments made by paragraphs 9 to 14 have effect in relation to claims or elections made on or after 1 April 2012.

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