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Finance Act 2012

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Income tax

1Charge for 2012-13 and rates for 2012-13 and subsequent tax years

(1)Income tax is charged for the tax year 2012-13, and for that tax year—

(a)the basic rate is 20%,

(b)the higher rate is 40%, and

(c)the additional rate is 50%.

(2)For the tax year 2013-14—

(a)the basic rate is 20%,

(b)the higher rate is 40%, and

(c)the additional rate is 45%.

(3)In Chapter 2 of Part 2 of ITA 2007 (rates at which income tax is charged)—

(a)in section 8(3) (dividend additional rate), for “42.5%” substitute “37.5%”,

(b)in section 9(1) (trust rate), for “50%” substitute “45%”, and

(c)in section 9(2) (dividend trust rate), for “42.5%” substitute “37.5%”.

(4)In section 394 of ITEPA 2003 (charge on relevant benefits provided under employer-financed retirement benefits scheme), in subsection (4) for “50%” substitute “45%”.

(5)In section 640 of ITTOIA 2005 (capital sums treated as income of the settlor: grossing-up of deemed income), in subsection (6)(b)—

(a)omit the “and” at the end of sub-paragraph (ii),

(b)in sub-paragraph (iii) for “or any subsequent tax year.” substitute “, 2011-12 or 2012-13, and”, and

(c)after that sub-paragraph insert—

(iv)45%, if the relevant year is the year 2013-14 or any subsequent tax year.

(6)The amendments made by subsections (3) to (5) have effect for the tax year 2013-14 and subsequent tax years.

2Basic rate limit for 2012-13

(1)For the tax year 2012-13 the amount specified in section 10(5) of ITA 2007 (basic rate limit) is replaced with “£34,370”.

(2)Accordingly section 21 of that Act (indexation of limits), so far as relating to the basic rate limit, does not apply for that tax year.

3Personal allowance for 2012-13 for those aged under 65

(1)For the tax year 2012-13 the amount specified in section 35(1) of ITA 2007 (personal allowance for those aged under 65) is replaced with “£8,105”.

(2)Accordingly section 57 of that Act (indexation of allowances), so far as relating to the amount specified in section 35(1) of that Act, does not apply for that tax year.

4Personal allowances from 2013

(1)Chapter 2 of Part 3 of ITA 2007 (personal allowance etc) is amended in accordance with subsections (2) to (6).

(2)In section 35 (personal allowance for those aged under 65)—

(a)in subsection (1), for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)was born after 5 April 1948, and, and

(b)in the heading for “aged under 65” substitute “born after 5 April 1948”.

(3)In section 36 (personal allowance for those aged 65 to 74)—

(a)for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)An individual who makes a claim is entitled to a personal allowance of £10,500, or (if greater) the section 35 amount, for a tax year if the individual—

(a)was born after 5 April 1938 but before 6 April 1948, and

(b)meets the requirements of section 56 (residence etc).,

(b)in subsection (2)—

(i)for “For” substitute “If the allowance under subsection (1) is greater than the section 35 amount, for”,

(ii)in paragraph (a), for “half the excess” substitute “an amount equal to half of that excess income”, and

(iii)in paragraph (b), for the words from “amount” to the end substitute “section 35 amount.”,

(c)after that subsection insert—

(2A)In this section “the section 35 amount” means the amount of any allowance to which the individual would be entitled under section 35 for the tax year if the individual had been born after 5 April 1948., and

(d)in the heading for “aged 65 to 74” substitute “born after 5 April 1938 but before 6 April 1948”.

(4)In section 37 (personal allowance for those aged 75 and over)—

(a)for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)An individual who makes a claim is entitled to a personal allowance of £10,660, or (if greater) the section 35 amount, for a tax year if the individual—

(a)was born before 6 April 1938, and

(b)meets the requirements of section 56 (residence etc).,

(b)in subsection (2)—

(i)for “For” substitute “If the allowance under subsection (1) is greater than the section 35 amount, for”,

(ii)in paragraph (a), for “half the excess” substitute “an amount equal to half of that excess income”, and

(iii)in paragraph (b), for the words from “amount” to the end substitute “section 35 amount.”,

(c)after that subsection insert—

(2A)In this section “the section 35 amount” means the amount of any allowance to which the individual would be entitled under section 35 for the tax year if the individual had been born after 5 April 1948., and

(d)in the heading for “aged 75 and over” substitute “born before 6 April 1938”.

(5)In section 41 (allowances in year of death), omit subsections (2) and (3).

(6)In section 57 (indexation of allowances)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)in paragraph (a) for “aged under 65” substitute “born after 5 April 1948”, and

(ii)omit paragraphs (b) and (c), and

(b)in subsection (3)(a), for “, 36(1), 37(1),” substitute “and”.

(7)In section 508A of ICTA (contemplative religious communities: profits exempt from corporation tax), in subsections (5) and (9)(b) for “under 65” substitute “born after 5 April 1948”.

(8)The amendments made by this section have effect for the tax year 2013-14 and subsequent tax years.

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