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Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

131Transit of prisoners

This sectionnoteType=Explanatory Notes has no associated

(1)In the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984, after section 6 insert—

6ATransit

(1)The relevant Minister may issue a transit order where—

(a)the United Kingdom is a party to international arrangements providing for the transfer between the United Kingdom and a country or territory outside the British Islands of persons to whom subsection (2) applies; and

(b)the relevant Minister has received a request from the appropriate authority of that country or territory in accordance with those arrangements for the transit of a person to whom subsection (2) applies through a part of Great Britain.

(2)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)that person is for the time being required to be detained in a prison, a hospital or any other institution either—

(i)by virtue of an order made in the course of the exercise by a court or tribunal in a country or territory outside the British Islands of its criminal jurisdiction; or

(ii)by virtue of any provisions of the law of such a country or territory which are similar to any of the provisions of this Act; and

(b)except in a case where a transit request is made in the circumstances described in section 6D (1), that person is present in a country or territory outside the British Islands.

(3)The relevant Minister may issue a transit order where—

(a)international arrangements apply to any of the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man which provide for the transfer between that island and a country or territory outside the British Islands of persons to whom subsection (4) applies; and

(b)the relevant Minister has received a request from the appropriate authority of that island for the transit of a person to whom subsection (4) applies through a part of Great Britain.

(4)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)that person is for the time being required to be detained in a prison, a hospital or any other institution either—

(i)by virtue of an order made in the course of the exercise of its criminal jurisdiction by a court or tribunal in the island from which the transit request is made; or

(ii)by virtue of any provisions of the law of that island which are similar to any of the provisions of this Act; and

(b)except in a case where a transit request is made in the circumstances described in section 6D(1), that person is present in that island.

(5)Terms used in subsection (2)(a) or (4)(a) have the same meaning as in section 1(7).

(6)In this section and sections 6B, 6C and 6D “transit order” means an order issued by the relevant Minister, in respect of a person who has been the subject of a request within subsection (1)(b) or (3)(b), which authorises the detention of that person in any part of Great Britain at any time when that person is in transit.

(7)In subsection (6) “detention” includes detention while the person is being taken from one place to another place within Great Britain.

(8)A person may be detained pursuant to a transit order only for as long as is reasonable and necessary to allow the transit to take place.

(9)In this section and section 6B “relevant Minister” means—

(a)the Scottish Ministers, in a case where it is proposed that the person who is the subject of a request under subsection (1)(b) or (3)(b) will, whilst in transit—

(i)be present only in Scotland, or

(ii)arrive in Scotland before being taken to another part of Great Britain;

(b)the Secretary of State, in any other case.

(10)For the purposes of this section and sections 6B and 6C a person who is the subject of a transit order is “in transit” at any time during the period beginning with the arrival of that person in Great Britain and ending with the removal of that person from Great Britain.

6BTransit: supplementary

(1)A person who is the subject of a transit order is deemed to be in the legal custody of the relevant Minister at any time when that person is in transit.

(2)A constable may for the purposes of a transit order detain a person who is the subject of that order.

(3)The relevant Minister may, from time to time, designate any person as a person who is for the time being authorised for the purposes of a transit order to detain a person under the order.

(4)A person authorised under subsection (3) has all the powers, authority, protection and privileges of a constable in any part of Great Britain in which the person who is the subject of the transit order is for the time being.

(5)If a person who is the subject of a transit order escapes or is unlawfully at large, that person may be arrested without warrant by a constable.

(6)A constable may search a person who is the subject of a transit order, and any item in the possession of that person, for any item which that person might use—

(a)to cause physical injury to that person or to any other person; or

(b)to assist that person to escape from detention.

(7)The power conferred by subsection (6) does not authorise a constable to require a person to remove any clothing other than an outer coat, jacket, headgear or gloves.

(8)The power conferred by subsection (6) includes power to use reasonable force where necessary.

(9)A constable searching a person in the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (6) may seize any item found if the constable has reasonable grounds for believing that the person searched might use the item —

(a)to cause physical injury to that person or to any other person; or

(b)to assist that person to escape from detention.

(10)Any item seized from a person under subsection (9) may be retained while that person is in transit.

(11)In this section “constable” means—

(a)any person who is a constable in any part of Great Britain or who has, under any enactment (including subsection (4) above), the powers of a constable in any part of Great Britain, or

(b)any person who is a prison officer within the meaning of section 117(1) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.

(12)A person who is a constable by virtue of subsection (11)(a) has, for the purposes of section 6A, this section and section 6C, all the powers, authority, protection and privileges of a constable in any part of Great Britain in which a person who is the subject of a transit order is for the time being.

6CTransit through different parts of Great Britain

(1)Where the Scottish Ministers issue a transit order and it is proposed that the person who is the subject of the order will be taken to a part of Great Britain other than Scotland whilst in transit, they must notify the Secretary of State.

(2)The Scottish Ministers need not notify the Secretary of State where the Secretary of State has agreed in writing to the transit order.

(3)Unless the Secretary of State agrees in writing to the transit order, that order authorises the detention of the person subject to it in Scotland only.

(4)But where the person escapes or is unlawfully at large, the order also authorises—

(a)the arrest of the person under section 6B(5) in a part of Great Britain other than Scotland, and

(b)the detention of the person in that part by a constable (within the meaning of that section) for the purpose of taking the person to Scotland.

(5)Where the Secretary of State issues a transit order and it is proposed that the person who is the subject of the order will be taken to Scotland whilst in transit, the Secretary of State must notify the Scottish Ministers.

(6)The Secretary of State need not notify the Scottish Ministers where the Scottish Ministers have agreed in writing to the transit order.

(7)Unless the Scottish Ministers agree in writing to the transit order, that order authorises the detention of the person subject to it only in a part of Great Britain other than Scotland.

(8)But where the person escapes or is unlawfully at large, the order also authorises—

(a)the arrest of the person under section 6B(5) in Scotland, and

(b)the detention of the person in Scotland by a constable (within the meaning of that section) for the purpose of taking the person to a part of Great Britain other than Scotland.

6DTransit: unscheduled arrivals

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a person is being transferred between two countries or territories outside the United Kingdom in accordance with international arrangements between those two countries or territories providing for the transfer of persons within section 6A(2)(a) or (4)(a),

(b)the United Kingdom is a party to international arrangements of the kind mentioned in section 6A(1)(a) with at least one of those countries or territories such that the country or territory can make a request under section 6A(1)(b), and

(c)the person makes an unscheduled arrival in Great Britain.

(2)A constable may detain a person to whom subsection (1) applies until the expiry of the period of 72 hours beginning with the person’s arrival in Great Britain or until a transit order is issued under section 6A in respect of that person, whichever is the sooner.

(3)In this section “constable” means any person who is a constable in any part of Great Britain or who has, under any enactment (including section 6B(4) above), the powers of a constable in any part of Great Britain.

(4)A person who is a constable by virtue of subsection (3) has for the purposes of this section all the powers, authority, protection and privileges of a constable in the part of Great Britain in which the person mentioned in subsection (2) is for the time being.

(2)In section 9 of the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (short title, commencement and extent)—

(a)at the beginning of subsection (3) insert “Subject to subsection (3A),”, and

(b)after that subsection insert—

(3A)Sections 3A and 6A to 6D extend to England and Wales and Scotland only.

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