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Charities Act 2011

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Charities Act 2011, Cross Heading: Restrictions on dispositions of land in England and Wales is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 11 December 2017. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Restrictions on dispositions of land in England and WalesE+W

117Restrictions on dispositions of land: generalE+W

(1)No land held by or in trust for a charity is to be conveyed, transferred, leased or otherwise disposed of without an order of—

(a)the court, or

(b)the Commission.

But this is subject to the following provisions of this section, sections 119 to 121 (further provisions about restrictions on dispositions) and section 127 (release of charity rentcharges).

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to a disposition of such land if—

(a)the disposition is made to a person who is not—

(i)a connected person (as defined in section 118), or

(ii)a trustee for, or nominee of, a connected person, and

(b)the requirements of—

(i)section 119(1) (dispositions other than certain leases), or

(ii)section 120(2) (leases which are for 7 years or less etc.),

have been complied with in relation to it.

(3)The restrictions on disposition imposed by this section and sections 119 to 121 apply regardless of anything in the trusts of a charity; but nothing in this section or sections 119 to 121 applies to—

(a)any disposition for which general or special authority is expressly given (without the authority being made subject to the sanction of an order of the court) by—

(i)any statutory provision contained in or having effect under an Act, or

(ii)any scheme legally established,

(b)any disposition for which the authorisation or consent of the Secretary of State is required under the Universities and College Estates Act 1925,

(c)any disposition of land held by or in trust for a charity which—

(i)is made to another charity otherwise than for the best price that can reasonably be obtained, and

(ii)is authorised to be so made by the trusts of the first-mentioned charity, or

(d)the granting, by or on behalf of a charity and in accordance with its trusts, of a lease to any beneficiary under those trusts where the lease—

(i)is granted otherwise than for the best rent that can reasonably be obtained, and

(ii)is intended to enable the demised premises to be occupied for the purposes, or any particular purposes, of the charity.

(4)Nothing in this section or sections 119 to 121 applies to—

(a)any disposition of land held by or in trust for an exempt charity,

(b)any disposition of land by way of mortgage or other security, or

(c)any disposition of an advowson.

118Meaning of “connected person” in s.117(2)E+W

(1)In section 117(2) “connected person”, in relation to a charity, means any person who falls within subsection (2)—

(a)at the time of the disposition in question, or

(b)at the time of any contract for the disposition in question.

(2)The persons are—

(a)a charity trustee or trustee for the charity,

(b)a person who is the donor of any land to the charity (whether the gift was made on or after the establishment of the charity),

(c)a child, parent, grandchild, grandparent, brother or sister of any such trustee or donor,

(d)an officer, agent or employee of the charity,

(e)the spouse or civil partner of any person falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (d),

(f)a person carrying on business in partnership with any person falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (e),

(g)an institution which is controlled—

(i)by any person falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (f), or

(ii)by two or more such persons taken together, or

(h)a body corporate in which—

(i)any connected person falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (g) has a substantial interest, or

(ii)two or more such persons, taken together, have a substantial interest.

(3)Sections 350 to 352 (meaning of child, spouse and civil partner, controlled institution and substantial interest) apply for the purposes of subsection (2).

119Requirements for dispositions other than certain leasesE+W

(1)The requirements mentioned in section 117(2)(b) are that the charity trustees must, before entering into an agreement for the sale, or (as the case may be) for a lease or other disposition, of the land—

(a)obtain and consider a written report on the proposed disposition from a qualified surveyor instructed by the trustees and acting exclusively for the charity,

(b)advertise the proposed disposition for such period and in such manner as is advised in the surveyor's report (unless it advises that it would not be in the best interests of the charity to advertise the proposed disposition), and

(c)decide that they are satisfied, having considered the surveyor's report, that the terms on which the disposition is proposed to be made are the best that can reasonably be obtained for the charity.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply where the proposed disposition is the granting of such a lease as is mentioned in section 120(1).

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1) a qualified surveyor is a person who—

(a)is a fellow or professional associate of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors or satisfies such other requirement or requirements as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Minister, and

(b)is reasonably believed by the charity trustees to have ability in, and experience of, the valuation of land of the particular kind, and in the particular area, in question.

(4)Any report prepared for the purposes of subsection (1) must contain such information, and deal with such matters, as may be prescribed by regulations made by the [F1Secretary of State].

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Amendments (Textual)

120Requirements for leases which are for 7 years or less etc.E+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies where the proposed disposition is the granting of a lease for a term ending not more than 7 years after it is granted (other than one granted wholly or partly in consideration of a fine).

(2)The requirements mentioned in section 117(2)(b) are that the charity trustees must, before entering into an agreement for the lease—

(a)obtain and consider the advice on the proposed disposition of a person who is reasonably believed by the trustees to have the requisite ability and practical experience to provide them with competent advice on the proposed disposition, and

(b)decide that they are satisfied, having considered that person's advice, that the terms on which the disposition is proposed to be made are the best that can reasonably be obtained for the charity.

121Additional restrictions where land held for stipulated purposesE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)any land is held by or in trust for a charity, and

(b)the trusts on which it is so held stipulate that it is to be used for the purposes, or any particular purposes, of the charity.

(2)The land must not be conveyed, transferred, leased or otherwise disposed of unless the charity trustees have before the relevant time—

(a)given public notice of the proposed disposition, inviting representations to be made to them within a time specified in the notice, which must be not less than one month from the date of the notice, and

(b)taken into consideration any representations made to them within that time about the proposed disposition.

(3)Subsection (2)—

(a)is subject to subsections (5) and (6), and

(b)does not affect the operation of sections 117 to 120.

(4)In subsection (2) “the relevant time” means—

(a)where the charity trustees enter into an agreement for the sale, or (as the case may be) for the lease or other disposition, the time when they enter into that agreement, and

(b)in any other case, the time of the disposition.

(5)Subsection (2) does not apply to any such disposition of land as is there mentioned if—

(a)the disposition is to be effected with a view to acquiring by way of replacement other property which is to be held on the trusts referred to in subsection (1)(b), or

(b)the disposition is the granting of a lease for a term ending not more than 2 years after it is granted (other than one granted wholly or partly in consideration of a fine).

(6)The Commission may, if the condition in subsection (7) is met, direct—

(a)that subsection (2) is not to apply to dispositions of land held by or in trust for a charity or class of charities (whether generally or only in the case of a specified class of dispositions or land, or otherwise as may be provided in the direction), or

(b)that subsection (2) is not to apply to a particular disposition of land held by or in trust for a charity.

(7)The condition is that the Commission, on an application made to it in writing by or behalf of the charity or charities in question, is satisfied that it would be in the interests of the charity or charities for the Commission to give the direction.

122Instruments concerning dispositions of land: required statements, etc.E+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies to any of the following instruments—

(a)a contract for the sale, or for a lease or other disposition, of land which is held by or in trust for a charity, and

(b)a conveyance, transfer, lease or other instrument effecting a disposition of such land.

(2)An instrument to which this subsection applies must state—

(a)that the land is held by or in trust for a charity,

(b)whether the charity is an exempt charity and whether the disposition is one falling within section 117(3)(a), (b), (c) or (d), and

(c)if it is not an exempt charity and the disposition is not one falling within section 117(3)(a), (b), (c) or (d), that the land is land to which the restrictions on disposition imposed by sections 117 to 121 apply.

(3)Where any land held by or in trust for a charity is conveyed, transferred, leased or otherwise disposed of by a disposition to which section 117(1) or (2) applies, the charity trustees must certify in the instrument by which the disposition is effected—

(a)(where section 117(1) applies) that the disposition has been sanctioned by an order of the court or of the Commission (as the case may be), or

(b)(where section 117(2) applies) that the charity trustees have power under the trusts of the charity to effect the disposition and have complied with sections 117 to 121 so far as applicable to it.

(4)Where subsection (3) has been complied with in relation to any disposition of land, then in favour of a person who (whether under the disposition or afterwards) acquires an interest in the land for money or money's worth, it is conclusively presumed that the facts were as stated in the certificate.

(5)Subsection (6) applies where—

(a)any land held by or in trust for a charity is conveyed, transferred, leased or otherwise disposed of by a disposition to which section 117(1) or (2) applies, but

(b)subsection (3) has not been complied with in relation to the disposition.

(6)In favour of a person who (whether under the disposition or afterwards) in good faith acquires an interest in the land for money or money's worth, the disposition is valid whether or not—

(a)the disposition has been sanctioned by an order of the court or of the Commission, or

(b)the charity trustees have power under the trusts of the charity to effect the disposition and have complied with sections 117 to 121 so far as applicable to it.

(7)Subsection (8) applies to any of the following instruments—

(a)a contract for the sale, or for a lease or other disposition, of land which will, as a result of the disposition, be held by or in trust for a charity, and

(b)a conveyance, transfer, lease or other instrument effecting a disposition of such land.

(8)An instrument to which this subsection applies must state—

(a)that the land will, as a result of the disposition, be held by or in trust for a charity,

(b)whether the charity is an exempt charity, and

(c)if it is not an exempt charity, that the restrictions on disposition imposed by sections 117 to 121 will apply to the land (subject to section 117(3)).

(9)In this section and section 123 references to a disposition of land do not include references to—

(a)a disposition of land by way of mortgage or other security,

(b)any disposition of an advowson, or

(c)any release of a rentcharge falling within section 127(1).

123Charity land and land registrationE+W

(1)Where the disposition to be effected by any such instrument as is mentioned in section 122(1)(b) or (7)(b) will be—

(a)a registrable disposition, or

(b)a disposition which triggers the requirement of registration,

the statement which, by virtue of section 122(2) or (8), is to be contained in the instrument must be in such form as may be prescribed by land registration rules.

(2)Where the registrar approves an application for registration of—

(a)a disposition of registered land, or

(b)a person's title under a disposition of unregistered land,

and the instrument effecting the disposition contains a statement complying with section 122(8) and subsection (1), the registrar must enter in the register a restriction reflecting the limitation under sections 117 to 121 on subsequent disposal.

(3)Where—

(a)any such restriction is entered in the register in respect of any land, and

(b)the charity by or in trust for which the land is held becomes an exempt charity,

the charity trustees must apply to the registrar for the removal of the entry.

(4)On receiving any application duly made under subsection (3) the registrar must remove the entry.

(5)Where—

(a)any registered land is held by or in trust for an exempt charity and the charity ceases to be an exempt charity, or

(b)any registered land becomes, as a result of a declaration of trust by the registered proprietor, land held in trust for a charity (other than an exempt charity),

the charity trustees must apply to the registrar for such a restriction as is mentioned in subsection (2) to be entered in the register in respect of the land.

(6)On receiving any application duly made under subsection (5) the registrar must enter such a restriction in the register in respect of the land.

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