Search Legislation

Charities Act 2011

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes over time for: Part 17

 Help about opening options

Alternative versions:

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Charities Act 2011, Part 17 . Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

Part 17 E+WThe Tribunal

CHAPTER 1E+WGeneral

315The TribunalE+W

(1)In this Act, “the Tribunal” in relation to any appeal, application or reference, means—

(a)the Upper Tribunal, in any case where it is determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules that the Upper Tribunal is to hear the appeal, application or reference, or

(b)the First-tier Tribunal, in any other case.

(2)The Tribunal has jurisdiction to hear and determine—

(a)such appeals and applications as may be made to the Tribunal in accordance with Chapter 2, or any other enactment, in respect of decisions, orders or directions of the Commission, and

(b)such matters as may be referred to the Tribunal in accordance with Chapter 3 by the Commission or the Attorney General.

(3)Such appeals, applications and matters are to be heard and determined by the Tribunal in accordance with Chapters 2 and 3, or any such enactment, taken with—

(a)rules made under section 316(2), and

(b)Tribunal Procedure Rules.

316Rules relating to appeals, applications or referencesE+W

(1)This section applies in relation to appeals, applications or references to the Tribunal which are mentioned in section 315(2).

(2)The Lord Chancellor may make rules—

(a)specifying steps which must be taken before appeals, applications or references are made to the Tribunal (and the period within which any such steps must be taken);

(b)requiring the Commission to inform persons of their right to appeal or apply to the Tribunal following a final decision, direction or order of the Commission.

(3)Tribunal Procedure Rules may make any other provision regulating the exercise of rights to appeal or to apply to the Tribunal and matters relating to the making of references to it.

(4)Rules under subsection (2) or (3) may confer a discretion on—

(a)the Tribunal, or

(b)any other person.

(5)Rules of the Lord Chancellor under this section—

(a)are to be made by statutory instrument, and

(b)are subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(6)Rules of the Lord Chancellor under this section may make—

(a)different provision for different cases, and

(b)such supplemental, incidental, consequential or transitional provision or savings as the Lord Chancellor considers appropriate.

317Appeal from TribunalE+W

(1)For the purposes of sections 11(2)and 13(2) of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007, the Commission and the Attorney General are to be treated as parties to cases before the Tribunal in respect of any such appeal, application or reference as is mentioned in section 315(2).

(2)In the case of an appeal under section 11 or 13 of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 against a decision of the Tribunal which determines a question referred to it by the Commission or the Attorney General, the tribunal or court hearing the appeal—

(a)must consider afresh the question referred to the Tribunal, and

(b)may take into account evidence which was not available to the Tribunal.

318Intervention by Attorney GeneralE+W

(1)This section applies to any proceedings—

(a)before the Tribunal, or

(b)on an appeal from the Tribunal,

to which the Attorney General is not a party.

(2)The appropriate body may at any stage of the proceedings direct that all the necessary papers in the proceedings be sent to the Attorney General.

(3)A direction under subsection (2) may be made by the appropriate body—

(a)of its own motion, or

(b)on the application of any party to the proceedings.

(4)The Attorney General may—

(a)intervene in the proceedings in such manner as the Attorney General thinks necessary or expedient, and

(b)argue before the appropriate body any question in relation to the proceedings which the appropriate body considers it necessary to have fully argued.

(5)Subsection (4) applies whether or not a direction is given under subsection (2).

(6)In this section “the appropriate body” means the Tribunal or, in the case of an appeal from the Tribunal, the tribunal or court hearing the appeal.

CHAPTER 2E+WAppeals and applications to Tribunal

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 17 Ch. 2 applied by 1969 c. 22, s. 4(8A) (as substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 17(1) (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8))

C2Pt. 17 Ch. 2 applied by 1987 c. 3, s. 5(8B) (as substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 47(2) (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8))

C3Pt. 17 Ch. 2 applied by 1987 c. 15, s. 4(2) (as substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 48 (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8))

319Appeals: generalE+W

(1)Except in the case of a reviewable matter (see section 322) an appeal may be brought to the Tribunal against any decision, direction or order mentioned in column 1 of Schedule 6.

(2)Such an appeal may be brought by—

(a)the Attorney General, or

(b)any person specified in the corresponding entry in column 2 of Schedule 6.

(3)The Commission is to be the respondent to such an appeal.

(4)In determining such an appeal the Tribunal—

(a)must consider afresh the decision, direction or order appealed against, and

(b)may take into account evidence which was not available to the Commission.

(5)The Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss the appeal, or

(b)if it allows the appeal, exercise any power specified in the corresponding entry in column 3 of Schedule 6.

320Appeals: orders under s.52E+W

(1)Section 319(4)(a) does not apply in relation to an appeal against an order made under section 52 (power to call for documents).

(2)On such an appeal the Tribunal must consider whether the information or document in question—

(a)relates to a charity;

(b)is relevant to the discharge of the functions of the Commission or the official custodian.

(3)The Tribunal may allow such an appeal only if it is satisfied that the information or document in question does not fall within subsection (2)(a) or (b).

321ReviewsE+W

(1)An application may be made to the Tribunal for the review of a reviewable matter.

(2)Such an application may be made by—

(a)the Attorney General, or

(b)any person mentioned in the entry in column 2 of Schedule 6 which corresponds to the entry in column 1 which relates to the reviewable matter.

(3)The Commission is to be the respondent to such an application.

(4)In determining such an application the Tribunal must apply the principles which would be applied by the High Court on an application for judicial review.

(5)The Tribunal may—

(a)dismiss the application, or

(b)if it allows the application, exercise any power mentioned in the entry in column 3 of Schedule 6 which corresponds to the entry in column 1 which relates to the reviewable matter.

322Reviewable mattersE+W

(1)In this Chapter references to reviewable matters are to—

(a)decisions to which subsection (2) applies, and

(b)orders to which subsection (3) applies.

(2)This subsection applies to decisions of the Commission—

(a)to institute an inquiry under section 46 with regard to a particular institution;

(b)to institute an inquiry under section 46 with regard to a class of institutions;

(c)not to make a common investment scheme under section 96;

(d)not to make a common deposit scheme under section 100;

(e)not to make an order under section 105 (power to authorise dealings with charity property etc.) in relation to a charity;

(f)not to make an order under section 117 (restrictions on dispositions of land) in relation to land held by or in trust for a charity;

(g)not to make an order under section 124 (restrictions on mortgages) in relation to a mortgage of land held by or in trust for a charity.

(3)This subsection applies to an order made by the Commission under section 147(2) (investigation and audit) in relation to a charitable company.

323Remission of matters to CommissionE+W

References in column 3 of Schedule 6 to the power to remit a matter to the Commission are to the power to remit the matter—

(a)generally, or

(b)for determination in accordance with a finding made or direction given by the Tribunal.

324Power to amend provisions relating to appeals and applications to TribunalE+W

(1)The Minister may by order—

(a)amend or otherwise modify an entry in Schedule 6,

(b)add an entry to Schedule 6, or

(c)remove an entry from Schedule 6.

(2)An order under subsection (1) may make such amendments, repeals or other modifications of—

(a)sections 319 to 323, or

(b)an enactment which applies this Chapter and Schedule 6,

as the Minister considers appropriate in consequence of any change in Schedule 6 made by the order.

(3)Subsections (1) and (2) apply (with the necessary modifications) in relation to section 57 of the Charities Act 2006 as if—

(a)that section were contained in this Chapter, and

(b)the reference in subsection (2) to sections 319 to 323 included a reference to any other provision relating to appeals to the Tribunal which is contained in Chapter 1 of Part 3 of the Charities Act 2006.

CHAPTER 3E+WReferences to Tribunal

325References by CommissionE+W

(1)A question which—

(a)has arisen in connection with the exercise by the Commission of any of its functions, and

(b)involves either the operation of charity law in any respect or its application to a particular state of affairs,

may be referred to the Tribunal by the Commission if the Commission considers it desirable to refer the question to the Tribunal.

(2)The Commission may make such a reference only with the consent of the Attorney General.

(3)The Commission is to be a party to proceedings before the Tribunal on the reference.

(4)The following are entitled to be parties to proceedings before the Tribunal on the reference—

(a)the Attorney General, and

(b)with the Tribunal's permission—

(i)the charity trustees of any charity which is likely to be affected by the Tribunal's decision on the reference,

(ii)any such charity which is a body corporate, and

(iii)any other person who is likely to be so affected.

326References by Attorney GeneralE+W

(1)A question which involves—

(a)the operation of charity law in any respect, or

(b)the application of charity law to a particular state of affairs,

may be referred to the Tribunal by the Attorney General if the Attorney General considers it desirable to refer the question to the Tribunal.

(2)The Attorney General is to be a party to proceedings before the Tribunal on the reference.

(3)The following are entitled to be parties to proceedings before the Tribunal on the reference—

(a)the Commission, and

(b)with the Tribunal's permission—

(i)the charity trustees of any charity which is likely to be affected by the Tribunal's decision on the reference,

(ii)any such charity which is a body corporate, and

(iii)any other person who is likely to be so affected.

327Powers of Commission in relation to matters referred to TribunalE+W

(1)This section applies where a question which involves the application of charity law to a particular state of affairs has been referred to the Tribunal under section 325 or 326.

(2)The Commission must not take any steps in reliance on any view as to the application of charity law to that state of affairs until—

(a)proceedings on the reference (including any proceedings on appeal) have been concluded, and

(b)any period during which an appeal (or further appeal) may ordinarily be made has ended.

(3)Where—

(a)paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) are satisfied, and

(b)the question has been decided in proceedings on the reference,

the Commission must give effect to that decision when dealing with the particular state of affairs to which the reference related.

328Suspension of time limits while reference is in progressE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)section 327(2) prevents the Commission from taking any steps which it would otherwise be permitted or required to take, and

(b)the steps in question may be taken only during a period specified in an enactment (“the specified period”).

(2)The running of the specified period is suspended for the period which—

(a)begins with the date on which the question is referred to the Tribunal, and

(b)ends with the date on which paragraphs (a) and (b) of section 327(2) are satisfied.

(3)Nothing in—

(a)this section, or

(b)section 271 or 278 (suspension of period during which Commission may object to resolution of unincorporated charity),

prevents the specified period being suspended concurrently by virtue of subsection (2) and any of the provisions of sections 271 and 278.

329Agreement for Commission to act while reference is in progressE+W

(1)Section 327(2) does not apply in relation to any steps taken by the Commission with the agreement of—

(a)the persons who are parties to the proceedings on the reference at the time when those steps are taken, and

(b)(if not within paragraph (a)) the charity trustees of any charity which—

(i)is likely to be directly affected by the taking of those steps, and

(ii)is not a party to the proceedings at that time.

(2)The Commission may take those steps despite the suspension in accordance with section 328(2) of any period during which it would otherwise be permitted or required to take them.

(3)Section 327(3) does not require the Commission to give effect to a decision as to the application of charity law to a particular state of affairs to the extent that the decision is inconsistent with any steps already taken by the Commission in relation to that state of affairs in accordance with this section.

330Appeals and applications in respect of matters determined on referencesE+W

(1)No appeal or application may be made to the Tribunal by a person to whom subsection (2) applies in respect of an order or decision made, or direction given, by the Commission in accordance with section 327(3).

(2)This subsection applies to a person who was at any stage a party to the proceedings in which the question referred to the Tribunal was decided.

(3)Any enactment (including one contained in this Act) which provides for an appeal or application to be made to the Tribunal has effect subject to subsection (1).

331InterpretationE+W

(1)In this Chapter—

  • charity law” means—

    (a)

    any enactment contained in, or made under, this Act or the Charities Act 2006,

    (b)

    any other enactment specified in regulations made by the Minister, and

    (c)

    any rule of law which relates to charities, and

  • enactment” includes an enactment comprised in subordinate legislation (within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1978), and includes an enactment whenever passed or made.

(2)The exclusions contained in section 10(2) (ecclesiastical corporations etc.) do not have effect for the purposes of this Chapter.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act without Schedules as a PDF

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enactedversion that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources