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Localism Act 2011

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

CHAPTER 6Other housing matters

Housing ombudsman

180Housing complaints

(1)In Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1996 (social rented sector: housing complaints) after paragraph 7 insert—

Complaints must be referred by designated person unless paragraph 7B applies

7A(1)A complaint against a social landlord is not “duly made” to a housing ombudsman under an approved scheme unless it is made in writing to the ombudsman by a designated person by way of referral of a complaint made to the designated person.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) is subject to paragraph 7B (complaints that need not be made by way of referral).

(3)For the purposes of this paragraph “designated person” means—

(a)a member of the House of Commons,

(b)a member of the local housing authority for the district in which the property concerned is located, or

(c)a designated tenant panel (see paragraph 7C(1)) for the social landlord.

(4)Before making a referral under sub-paragraph (1), a designated person must obtain written consent from the complainant or the complainant’s representative.

(5)Sub-paragraphs (6) and (7) apply if under sub-paragraph (1) a designated person refers a complaint to a housing ombudsman.

(6)If the ombudsman decides—

(a)not to investigate the complaint, or

(b)to discontinue investigation of the complaint,

the ombudsman must prepare a statement of reasons for that decision and send a copy of the statement to the designated person.

(7)If the ombudsman completes investigation of the complaint, the ombudsman must inform the designated person of—

(a)the results of the investigation, and

(b)any determination made.

(8)In sub-paragraph (3)(b) “district” in relation to a local housing authority has the same meaning as in the Housing Act 1985.

Complaints that need not be made by way of referral by designated person

7B(1)Paragraph 7A(1) does not apply in relation to a complaint against a social landlord made to a housing ombudsman under an approved scheme if the ombudsman is satisfied that—

(a)the social landlord has procedures for considering complaints against the social landlord,

(b)the matter that forms the subject of the complaint has been submitted to those procedures,

(c)those procedures have been exhausted, and

(d)the complaint has been made to the ombudsman after the end of the eight weeks beginning with the day on which those procedures were exhausted.

(2)Paragraph 7A(1) does not apply in relation to a complaint against a social landlord made to a housing ombudsman under an approved scheme if—

(a)the ombudsman is satisfied that a designated person—

(i)has refused to refer the complaint to a housing ombudsman under an approved scheme, or

(ii)has agreed to the complaint being made otherwise than by way of a referral by a designated person, and

(b)the refusal, or agreement, is in writing or the ombudsman is satisfied that it has been confirmed in writing.

(3)Paragraph 7A(3) (meaning of “designated person”) applies also for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2).

Designated tenant panels

7C(1)In paragraph 7A(3)(c) “designated tenant panel” means a group of tenants which is recognised by a social landlord for the purpose of referring complaints against the social landlord.

(2)There may be more than one designated tenant panel for a social landlord.

(3)Where a social landlord becomes a member of an approved scheme, the social landlord must give to the person administering the scheme contact details for any designated tenant panel for the social landlord.

(4)Where a group becomes a designated tenant panel for a social landlord, the social landlord must, as respects each approved scheme of which the social landlord is a member, give to the person administering the scheme contact details for the panel.

(5)Where a group ceases to be a designated tenant panel for a social landlord, the social landlord must inform the person administering each approved scheme of which the social landlord is a member.

(6)A complaint referred to a housing ombudsman under an approved scheme by a designated tenant panel for a social landlord is not affected by the group concerned ceasing to be a designated tenant panel for the social landlord.

Enforcement of a housing ombudsman’s determinations

7D(1)The Secretary of State may by order make provision for, or in connection with, authorising a housing ombudsman under an approved scheme to apply to a court or tribunal for an order that a determination made by the ombudsman may be enforced as if it were an order of a court.

(2)Before the Secretary of State makes an order under sub-paragraph (1), the Secretary of State must consult—

(a)one or more bodies appearing to the Secretary of State to represent the interests of social landlords,

(b)one or more bodies appearing to the Secretary of State to represent the interests of other members of approved schemes,

(c)one or more bodies appearing to the Secretary of State to represent the interests of tenants, and

(d)such other persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(3)The Secretary of State’s power to make an order under sub-paragraph (1) is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order made by the Secretary of State under sub-paragraph (1) is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(2)Section 239(2) of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (regulator may award compensation if compensation awarded by housing ombudsman has not been paid) is omitted.

(3)Subsection (1), so far as it inserts paragraph 7A of Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1996, applies only in relation to complaints made to a housing ombudsman after the coming into force of that subsection so far as it makes that insertion.

(4)Subsection (1), so far as it inserts paragraph 7D of that Schedule, applies only in relation to determinations made after the coming into force of that subsection so far as it makes that insertion.

(5)Subsection (2) applies only in relation to determinations made after the coming into force of that subsection.

181Transfer of functions to housing ombudsman

(1)In Schedule 5 to the Local Government Act 1974 (matters not subject to investigation by a Local Commissioner)—

(a)after paragraph 5 insert—

5AAction which—

(a)is taken by or on behalf of a local authority in its capacity as a registered provider of social housing, and

(b)is action in connection with its housing activities so far as they relate to the provision or management of social housing (and here “social housing” has the same meaning as in Part 2 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008).

5BIn the case of a local authority which is a registered provider of social housing, action taken by or on behalf of the authority in connection with the management of dwellings owned by the authority and let on a long lease (and here “long lease” has the meaning given by section 59(3) of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1987)., and

(b)in paragraph 6 for the words from “not action” to the end substitute

(a)action in connection with functions in relation to social housing (and here “social housing” has the same meaning as in Part 2 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), or

(b)action in connection with functions in relation to anything other than housing.

(2)The Housing Act 1996 is amended as follows.

(3)In section 51(2) (investigation of complaints against social landlords) before paragraph (a) insert—

(za)a local authority in England which is a registered provider of social housing,

(4)In Schedule 2 (schemes for the investigation of housing complaints)—

(a)in paragraph 1(1) after “social landlord” insert “, other than a local housing authority,”,

(b)after paragraph 1(1) insert—

(1A)A social landlord which is a local housing authority must be a member of an approved scheme covering, or more than one scheme which together cover—

(a)action which—

(i)is taken by or on behalf of the authority in its capacity as a registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)is action in connection with its housing activities so far as they relate to the provision or management of social housing (and here “social housing” has the same meaning as in Part 2 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), and

(b)action taken by or on behalf of the authority in connection with the management of dwellings owned by the authority and let on a long lease (and here “long lease” has the meaning given by section 59(3) of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1987)., and

(c)after paragraph 11(1) insert—

(1A)If a change in the method of calculation under sub-paragraph (1) would result in a member’s subscription being more than it would otherwise be, the change may be made only if the Secretary of State approves it.

(1B)An approved scheme’s total defrayable expenses for a period may be more than the scheme’s total defrayable expenses for the immediately-preceding corresponding period only if the Secretary of State approves the increase.

(1C)In sub-paragraph (1B) “defrayable expenses”, in relation to a scheme, means expenses of the scheme that are to be defrayed by subscriptions from members of the scheme.

(5)The Secretary of State may, in consequence of the amendments made by this section, make a scheme (“a transfer scheme”) transferring property, rights and liabilities of the Commission for Local Administration in England to a person administering a scheme approved under Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1996.

(6)The things that may be transferred under a transfer scheme include—

(a)property, rights and liabilities that could not otherwise be transferred, and

(b)property acquired, and rights and liabilities arising, after the making of the scheme.

(7)A transfer scheme may make consequential, supplementary, incidental or transitional provision and may in particular—

(a)create rights, or impose liabilities, in relation to property or rights transferred,

(b)make provision about the continuing effect of things done by or in relation to the transferor in respect of anything transferred,

(c)make provision about the continuation of things (including legal proceedings) in the process of being done by, on behalf of or in relation to the transferor in respect of anything transferred,

(d)make provision for references to the transferor in an instrument or other document in respect of anything transferred to be treated as references to the transferee,

(e)make provision for the shared ownership or use of property, and

(f)if the TUPE regulations do not apply in relation to the transfer, make provision which is the same or similar.

(8)A transfer scheme may provide—

(a)for modification by agreement, and

(b)for modifications to have effect from the date when the original scheme came into effect.

(9)In this section—

  • “TUPE regulations” means the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/246),

  • references to rights and liabilities include rights and liabilities relating to a contract of employment, and

  • references to the transfer of property include the grant of a lease.

(10)Subsection (1) applies only in relation to complaints made to a Local Commissioner after the coming into force of that subsection.

(11)Subsection (3) or (4) applies only in relation to complaints made to a housing ombudsman after the coming into force of that subsection.

182Transfer of functions to housing ombudsman: supplementary

(1)The Local Government Act 1974 is amended in accordance with subsections (2) to (7).

(2)In section 33 (consultation between Local Commissioners and other Commissioners)—

(a)in subsection (1) after paragraph (b) insert—

(bza)by a housing ombudsman under the Housing Act 1996,,

(b)in subsection (2) after “Parliamentary Commissioner,” insert “a housing ombudsman,”,

(c)after subsection (3) insert—

(3A)If at any stage in the course of conducting an investigation under the Housing Act 1996, a housing ombudsman forms the opinion that the complaint relates partly to a matter which could be the subject of an investigation under this Part of the Act, the ombudsman must consult with the appropriate Local Commissioner about the complaint and, if the ombudsman considers it necessary, inform the person initiating the complaint of the steps necessary to initiate a complaint under this Part of this Act.,

(d)in subsection (4) after “subsection (3)” insert “or (3A)”, and

(e)in that subsection after “1967” insert “or under the Housing Act 1996”.

(3)Section 33ZA (collaborative working between Local Commissioners and other Commissioners) is amended as follows.

(4)In subsection (1) (power to conduct joint investigations)—

(a)in paragraph (c) for “both” substitute “a housing ombudsman”, and

(b)for the words from “jointly” to the end substitute “jointly with any also-involved ombudsman or jointly with any two or more also-involved ombudsmen.”

(5)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)In subsection (1) “also-involved ombudsman” means a person within subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) who, in the opinion of the Local Commissioner concerned, has jurisdiction in relation to a matter that is included among the matters which are the subject of the Local Commissioner’s investigation.

(6)In subsection (3) (power to conduct joint investigations)—

(a)in paragraph (c) for “both” substitute “a housing ombudsman”, and

(b)for the words from “jointly” to the end substitute “jointly with a person within paragraph (a), (b) or (c) who is investigating the complaint or jointly with any two or more such persons.”

(7)In section 34(1) (interpretation of Part 3) insert at the appropriate place—

  • “housing ombudsman” means a housing ombudsman under a scheme approved under Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1996,.

(8)In Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1996 (housing ombudsman schemes) after paragraph 10 insert—

Collaborative working with Local Commissioners

10A(1)If at any stage in the course of conducting an investigation under this Act a housing ombudsman forms the opinion that the complaint relates partly to a matter within the jurisdiction of a Local Commissioner, the ombudsman may, subject to sub-paragraph (2), conduct an investigation under this Act jointly with that Commissioner.

(2)A housing ombudsman must obtain the consent of the complainant or the complainant’s representative before agreeing to a joint investigation referred to in sub-paragraph (1).

(3)If a housing ombudsman forms the opinion that a complaint which is being investigated by a Local Commissioner relates partly to a matter within the jurisdiction of the ombudsman, the ombudsman may conduct an investigation jointly with that Commissioner.

(4)If a housing ombudsman conducts an investigation jointly with a Local Commissioner, the requirements of paragraph 7 may be satisfied by a report made jointly with that person.

(5)A joint report made under this paragraph must distinguish determinations of a housing ombudsman from other findings or recommendations.

Home information packs

183Abolition of home information packs

(1)Part 5 of the Housing Act 2004 (home information packs) is repealed.

(2)Schedule 18 (home information packs: consequential amendments) has effect.

Tenants’ deposits

184Tenancy deposit schemes

(1)The Housing Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 213 (requirements relating to tenancy deposits)—

(a)in subsection (3) (landlord’s requirement to comply with initial requirements within 14 days of receipt of deposit) for “14” substitute “30”, and

(b)in subsection (6)(b) (landlord’s requirement to give tenant information within 14 days of receipt of deposit) for “14” substitute “30”.

(3)Section 214 (proceedings relating to tenancy deposits) is amended as follows.

(4)In subsection (1) (grounds for an application to a county court) for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)that section 213(3) or (6) has not been complied with in relation to the deposit, or.

(5)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Subsection (1) also applies in a case where the tenancy has ended, and in such a case the reference in subsection (1) to the tenant is to a person who was a tenant under the tenancy.

(6)In subsection (2) (conditions for a remedy)—

(a)in the opening words for “if on such an application” substitute “in the case of an application under subsection (1) if the tenancy has not ended and”, and

(b)for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)is satisfied that section 213(3) or (6) has not been complied with in relation to the deposit, or.

(7)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Subsections (3A) and (4) apply in the case of an application under subsection (1) if the tenancy has ended (whether before or after the making of the application) and the court—

(a)is satisfied that section 213(3) or (6) has not been complied with in relation to the deposit, or

(b)is not satisfied that the deposit is being held in accordance with an authorised scheme,

as the case may be.

(8)After subsection (3) insert—

(3A)The court may order the person who appears to the court to be holding the deposit to repay all or part of it to the applicant within the period of 14 days beginning with the date of the making of the order.

(9)In subsection (4) (amount of penalty payment)—

(a)omit “also”, and

(b)for “equal to” substitute “not less than the amount of the deposit and not more than”.

(10)Section 215 (sanctions for non-compliance) is amended as follows.

(11)In subsection (1) (prevention of service of notice under section 21 of the Housing Act 1988)—

(a)at the beginning insert “Subject to subsection (2A),”, and

(b)for paragraph (b) substitute—

(b)section 213(3) has not been complied with in relation to the deposit.

(12)In subsection (2) (prevention of service of notice under section 21 of the Housing Act 1988) at the beginning insert “Subject to subsection (2A),”.

(13)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in a case where—

(a)the deposit has been returned to the tenant in full or with such deductions as are agreed between the landlord and tenant, or

(b)an application to a county court has been made under section 214(1) and has been determined by the court, withdrawn or settled by agreement between the parties.

(14)In Schedule 10 (provisions relating to tenancy deposit schemes) in paragraph 5A(9)(b) (modification of section 213(3)) for “14” substitute “30”.

Houses in multiple occupation

185Exemption from HMO licensing for buildings run by co-operatives

(1)In Schedule 14 to the Housing Act 2004 (buildings which are not HMOs for the purposes of that Act (excluding Part 1)) after paragraph 2A insert—

Buildings controlled or managed by a co-operative society

2B(1)A building where—

(a)the person managing or having control of it is a co-operative society whose rules are such as to secure that each of the conditions set out in sub-paragraph (2) is met, and

(b)no person who occupies premises in the building does so by virtue of an assured tenancy, a secure tenancy or a protected tenancy.

(2)The conditions are—

(a)that membership of the society is restricted to persons who are occupiers or prospective occupiers of buildings managed or controlled by the society,

(b)that all management decisions of the society are made by the members (or a specified quorum of members) at a general meeting which all members are entitled to, and invited to, attend,

(c)that each member has equal voting rights at such a meeting, and

(d)that, if a person occupies premises in the building and is not a member, that person is an occupier of the premises only as a result of sharing occupation of them with a member at the member’s invitation.

(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) “co-operative society” means a body that—

(a)is registered—

(i)as a co-operative society under section 1 of the 1965 Act, or

(ii)is a pre-2010 Act society (as defined by section 4A(1) of the 1965 Act) which meets the condition in section 1(2) of the 1965 Act, and

(b)is neither—

(i)a non-profit registered provider of social housing, nor

(ii)registered as a social landlord under Part 1 of the Housing Act 1996.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • “the 1965 Act” means the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies and Credit Unions Act 1965;

  • “assured tenancy” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988;

  • “protected tenancy” has the same meaning as in the Rent Act 1977;

  • “secure tenancy” has the same meaning as in Part 4 of the Housing Act 1985.

(2)Until the coming into force of section 1 of the 2010 Act, the paragraph 2B inserted by subsection (1) of this section has effect as if for sub-paragraph (3)(a) of that paragraph there were substituted—

(a)is a society registered, or treated as registered, under section 1 of the 1965 Act in the case of which the condition in section 1(2)(a) of that Act is fulfilled (bona fide co-operative society),.

(3)Until the coming into force of section 2 of the 2010 Act, the paragraph 2B inserted by subsection (1) of this section has effect as if in sub-paragraph (4) of that paragraph “Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965” were substituted for “Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies and Credit Unions Act 1965”.

(4)In subsections (2) and (3) “the 2010 Act” means the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies and Credit Unions Act 2010.

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