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Localism Act 2011

Chapter 3: Land of Community Value
Section 87: Lists of assets of community value

224.This section places a duty on local authorities in England and Wales to maintain a list of assets of community value. Listed assets will be removed from the list after 5 years (unless already removed) with a power to the appropriate authority (the Secretary of State for England and the Welsh Ministers for Wales) to amend that period. The local authority can determine the form and content of the list, subject to any specific requirements set out in regulations.

Sections 88 and 105: Land of community value

225.Section 88 defines land of community value. It also gives a power to set out in regulations types of land that are not of community value and includes a list of factors that may be referred to by the appropriate authority when exercising this power. Section 105 provides that this Chapter applies to the Crown.

Sections 89, 90 and 91: Procedures for including land in list

226.Section 89 provides that land may only be included on the list in response to a community nomination or where permitted in regulations made by the appropriate authority. It defines community nominations as nominations made by a parish council (in England) or community council (in Wales) or a voluntary or community body with a local connection. It provides for regulations to define voluntary and community body and set out the conditions for “local connection”, to prescribe the contents of community nominations, and to set out procedures that local authorities will be required to follow in considering whether to list. Section 90 requires a local authority to consider a community nomination, and to list the land if it is of community value and in the authority’s area. It also requires the local authority to give a community nominator written reasons for not listing the land. Section 91 requires local authorities to give notice to specified persons of inclusion on or removal from the list together with a description of the statutory provisions, or, where it does not seem to the local authority practical to give notice to a person, to take reasonable alternative steps to bring it to the attention of that person. When notifying parties about the removal of an asset, the reasons for removal must be given.

Section 92: Review of decision to include land in list

227.This section gives the owner of the land a right to have the decision to list it reviewed by the local authority, specifies what the local authority must do if the review reverses the decision, and provides for the appropriate authority in regulations to set out the procedure for carrying out such reviews. It also includes a power to provide for an appeal against the review decision.

Section 93: List of land nominated by unsuccessful community nominations

228.This section requires local authorities also to maintain a list of assets that have been nominated unsuccessfully through the community nomination process, and specifies that it should include the reasons why the nomination was unsuccessful. The local authority may (but does not have to) remove land from the list after it has been on it for five years. The local authority can determine the form and content of the list.

Section 94: Publication and inspection of the lists

229.This section places a duty on local authorities to publish both lists, to make them available for free inspection within its area, and provide one copy, free of charge, to anyone who asks for one.

Sections 95, 96 and 97: Moratorium on the disposal of listed assets

230.Section 95 prohibits the owner of listed land from entering into a relevant disposal of it except where specified conditions are satisfied. These conditions provide for notification to the local authority by the owner of an intention to make a relevant disposal, and for either a six week interim moratorium or a six month full moratorium (which may be triggered by a community interest group) to apply. They also provide for an eighteen month protected period when no further moratorium will apply. Types of relevant disposals that are exempted from the moratorium conditions are listed, with a power to specify further exemptions in regulations. ‘Community interest group’ is to be defined in regulations. Section 96 defines a relevant disposal as being a disposal with vacant possession of a freehold estate or the grant or assignment with vacant possession of a lease granted for at least 25 years. A power is included to amend the definition. Section 97 specifies what the local authority must do on receiving notice under section 95 from the owner.

Section 98: Informing owner of request to be treated as bidder

231.This section provides that where an owner has notified the local authority under section 95 of intending to sell, the local authority must as soon as practicable notify the owner of a written request from a community interest group to be treated as a potential bidder if the request is received during the interim moratorium.

Section 99: Compensation

232.This section gives the appropriate authority power to provide for payment of compensation.

Section 100: Local land charge

233.This section provides for the listing of an asset of community value to be a local land charge, administered by the listing local authority.

Section 101: Enforcement

234.Section 101 enables regulations to be made by the appropriate authority in order to reduce or prevent contravention of the provisions.

Section 102: Co-operation

235.This section specifies that local authorities must co-operate in instances where nominated land falls within different local authority areas.

Sections 103 and 104: Advice and assistance

236.Section 103 authorises the Secretary of State to do anything the Secretary of State considers appropriate for the purpose of providing advice or assistance to anyone in England in relation to Chapter 3 of Part 5 of the Localism Act. This includes doing anything the Secretary of State considers appropriate for giving advice or the making of arrangements to provide advice or assistance to community interest groups in connection with bidding for, or acquiring, land listed as being of community value (including considering whether to bid and preparing bids); or in connection with considering bringing, or preparating to bring, such land into effective use. Things that may be done under the section include direct financial assistance (such as grants, loans, guarantees or indemnities), or the making of arrangements for such assistance. Section 104 makes parallel provision in relation to assistance by the Welsh Ministers in Wales.

Sections 106 and 107: Definitions

237.These sections define “local authority” (in England and in Wales) and “owner” for the purposes of this Chapter. For any listed land the owner will be either the freeholder or the qualifying leaseholder most distant from the freeholder. A qualifying leasehold estate must have been granted for at least 25 years. Powers are included for the appropriate authority to amend both definitions.

Section 108: Interpretation of Chapter: general

238.“Appropriate authority” is defined as meaning the Secretary of State in relation to England, and the Welsh Ministers in relation to Wales. The definition of “land” needs to be read alongside the definition of “land” set out in Schedule 1 to the Interpretation Act 1978.

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