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Corporation Tax Act 2010

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Company's entitlement to profits or assets available for distribution: basic provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

165Proportion of profits available for distribution to which company is entitledE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies for the purpose of determining the proportion to which a company (“company A”) is, at any time, beneficially entitled of any profits available for distribution to the equity holders of another company (“company B”).

(2)The proportion is the proportion to which company A would, at that time, be beneficially entitled on a distribution in money to the equity holders of company B (“the profit distribution”) of—

(a)an amount of profits equal to company B's total profits of the relevant accounting period (see section 168), or

(b)if there are no such total profits, profits of £100.

(3)It does not matter for the purposes of subsection (2) if any of company B's total profits are not actually distributed.

(4)If company B is non-UK resident, company B's total profits are to be calculated as if it were UK resident.

(5)For the purposes of the profit distribution, it is to be assumed that no payment is made by way of repayment of share capital or of the principal secured by any loan unless that payment is a distribution.

(6)Subject to subsection (5), if an equity holder is entitled as such to a payment which (apart from this subsection) would not be a distribution, the equity holder is nevertheless to be treated as entitled to the payment on the profit distribution.

166Proportion of assets available for distribution to which company is entitledE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies for the purpose of determining the proportion to which a company (“company A”) would, at any time, be beneficially entitled of any assets available for distribution to the equity holders of another company (“company B”) on a winding up.

(2)The proportion is the proportion to which company A would, at that time, be beneficially entitled if company B were to be wound up and on that winding up (“the notional winding up”) the value of assets available for distribution to company B's equity holders were equal to—

(a)the assets amount minus the liabilities amount, or

(b)if the assets amount does not exceed the liabilities amount or if company B's balance sheet is prepared to a date other than the end of the relevant accounting period (see section 168), £100.

(3)The “assets amount” is the amount of company B's assets as shown in its balance sheet as at the end of the relevant accounting period.

(4)The “liabilities amount” is the amount of company B's liabilities as shown in that balance sheet but excluding liabilities to equity holders as such.

(5)If, on the notional winding up, an equity holder would be entitled as such to an amount of assets which (apart from this subsection) would not be a distribution of assets, the equity holder is nevertheless treated as entitled to the amount on the distribution of assets on the notional winding up.

(6)Subsection (7) applies if—

(a)an equity holder (“E”) of company B provided new consideration for any shares or securities in company B in relation to which E is an equity holder,

(b)company B makes a loan to E or any person connected with E or acquires shares or securities in E or any person so connected, and

(c)in making that loan or acquiring those shares or securities, company B applies, directly or indirectly, an amount (“the returned amount”) corresponding to the whole or any part of the new consideration.

(7)The following amounts are to be reduced by the returned amount—

(a)the assets amount, and

(b)the amount of assets to which E is beneficially entitled on the notional winding up.

167Profits or assets available for distribution and entitlement: supplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

(1)References to profits or assets available for distribution to equity holders of a company do not include references to any profits or assets available for distribution to any equity holder otherwise than as an equity holder.

(2)References to a company being beneficially entitled to profits or assets are references to the company being so entitled—

(a)directly,

(b)through another company or other companies, or

(c)partly directly and partly through another company or other companies.

(3)If a person is an equity holder in relation to shares or securities as a result of section 159, that person (and no other) is to be treated as being beneficially entitled to any distribution of profits or assets attributable to those shares or securities.

168Meaning of “the relevant accounting period”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purpose of determining the proportion of profits or assets to which company A would be beneficially entitled as mentioned in section 165(2) or 166(2) at any time, “the relevant accounting period” is the accounting period of company B in which that time falls.

(2)If company B is non-UK resident and is not within the charge to corporation tax, the relevant accounting period is to be determined using the assumption in subsection (3).

(3)The assumption is that company B became UK resident (and, therefore, within the charge to corporation tax) at the time it became a 75% subsidiary (as mentioned in section 136) ignoring section 151(4).

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