Search Legislation

Finance (No. 3) Act 2010

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 27

SCHEDULE 11Penalty for failure to make payments on time

1Schedule 56 to FA 2009 (penalty for failure to make payments on time) is amended as follows.

2(1)Paragraph 1 (penalty for failure) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (2), for “8” substitute “8J”.

(3)After sub-paragraph (4) insert—

(5)Sub-paragraph (4) is subject to paragraph 2A.

(4)The Table is amended as follows.

(5)In item 2, in column 3, omit “(except an amount falling within item 20)”.

(6)In item 4, in column 4, for “section 62” substitute “section 71”.

(7)After item 6 insert—

6AValue added taxAmount payable under section 25(1) of VATA 1994 (except an amount falling within item 6B, 13A, 23 or 24)

The date determined—

(a)

by or under regulations under section 25 of VATA 1994, or

(b)

in accordance with an order under section 28 of that Act,

as the date by which the amount must be paid

6BValue added taxAmount payable under section 25(1) of VATA 1994 which is an instalment of an amount due in respect of a period of 9 months or more (“amount A”)The date on or before which P must pay any balancing payment or other outstanding payment due in respect of amount A
6CInsurance premium taxAmount payable under regulations under section 54 of FA 1994 (except an amount falling within item 13B, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 54 of FA 1994 as the date by which the amount must be paid.

(8)After item 11 insert—

11AAggregates levyAmount payable under regulations under section 25 of FA 2001 (except an amount falling within item 16A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 25 of FA 2001 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11BClimate change levyAmount payable under regulations under paragraph 41 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000 (except an amount falling within item 16B, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under paragraph 41 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11CLandfill taxAmount payable under regulations under section 49 of FA 1996 (except an amount falling within item 16C, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 49 of FA 1996 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11DAir passenger dutyAmount payable under regulations under section 38 of FA 1994 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 38 of FA 1994 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11EAlcoholic liquor dutiesAmount payable under regulations under section 13, 49, 56 or 62 of ALDA 1979 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 13, 49, 56 or 62 of ALDA 1979 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11FTobacco products dutyAmount payable under regulations under section 7 of TPDA 1979 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 7 of TPDA 1979 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11GHydrocarbon oil dutiesAmount payable under regulations under section 21 or 24 of HODA 1979 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 21 or 24 of HODA 1979 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11HGeneral betting dutyAmount payable under section 5B of BGDA 1981 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)

The date determined—

(a)

under section 5B of BGDA 1981, or

(b)

by or under regulations under para-graph 2 of Schedule 1 to that Act,

as the date by which the amount must be paid

11IPool betting dutyAmount payable under section 8 of BGDA 1981 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)

The date determined—

(a)

under section 8 of BGDA 1981, or

(b)

by or under regulations under that section or directions under para-graph 3 of Schedule 1 to that Act,

as the date by which the amount must be paid

11JBingo dutyAmount payable under regulations under paragraph 9 of Schedule 3 to BGDA 1981 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under paragraph 9 of Schedule 3 to BGDA 1981 as the date by which the amount must be paid
11KLottery dutyAmount payable under section 26 of FA 1993 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)

The date determined—

(a)

by section 26 of FA 1993, or

(b)

by or under regulations under that section,

as the date by which the amount must be paid

11LGaming dutyAmount payable under section 12 of FA 1997 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)

The date determined by or under regulations under—

(a)

section 12 of FA 1997, or

(b)

paragraph 11 of Schedule 1 to that Act,

as the date by which the amount must be paid

11MRemote gaming dutyAmount payable under section 26I of BGDA 1981 (except an amount falling within item 17A, 23 or 24)The date determined by or under regulations under section 26I of BGDA 1981 as the date by which the amount must be paid.

(9)After item 13 insert—

13AValue added taxAmount assessed under section 73(1) of VATA 1994 in the absence of a returnThe date by which the amount would have been required to be paid if it had been shown in the return
13BInsurance premium taxAmount assessed under section 56(1) of FA 1994 in the absence of a returnThe date by which the amount would have been required to be paid if it had been shown in the return.

(10)After item 16 insert—

16AAggregates levyAmount assessed under paragraph 2 or 3 of Schedule 5 to FA 2001 in the absence of a returnThe date by which the amount would have been required to be paid if it had been shown in the return
16BClimate change levyAmount assessed under paragraph 78 or 79 of Schedule 6 to FA 2000 in the absence of a returnThe date by which the amount would have been required to be paid if it had been shown in the return
16CLandfill taxAmount assessed under section 50(1) of FA 1996 in the absence of a returnThe date by which the amount would have been required to be paid if it had been shown in the return.

(11)After item 17 insert—

17ATax falling within any of items 11D to 11MAmount assessed under section 12(1) of FA 1994 in the absence of a returnThe date by which the amount would have been required to be paid if it had been shown in the return.

(12)Omit item 20.

(13)In item 23—

(a)in columns 2 and 3, for “items 1 to 6, 9 or 10” substitute “items 1 to 6A, 6C, 9, 10 or 11A to 11M”, and

(b)in column 3, for “any of items 18 to 20” substitute “item 18 or 19”.

(14)In item 24—

(a)in column 2, for “items 1 to 6, 9 or 10” substitute “items 1 to 6A, 6C, 9, 10 or 11A to 11M”, and

(b)in column 3, for “any of items 18 to 20” substitute “item 18 or 19”.

3In paragraph 2 (assessments and determinations in default of return), in paragraph (c), for “10” substitute “11M”.

4After paragraph 2 insert—

Different penalty date for certain PAYE payments

2A(1)PAYE regulations may provide that, in relation to specified payments of tax falling within item 2, the penalty date is a specified date later than that determined in accordance with column 4 of the Table.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) “specified” means specified in the regulations.

5(1)Paragraph 3 (amount of penalty for occasional amounts and amounts due for periods of 6 months or more) is amended as follows.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) is amended as follows.

(3)In paragraph (a), for “items 1, 3 and 7 to 24” substitute “items 1, 3, 6B, 7 to 11 and 12 to 24”.

(4)In paragraph (b)—

(a)for “item 2 or 4” substitute “any of items 2, 4, 6A, 6C and 11A to 11M”, and

(b)omit the “and” at the end.

(5)After paragraph (c) insert , and

(d)a payment of tax falling within item 6A which relates to a transitional period for the purposes of the annual accounting scheme.

(6)After sub-paragraph (1) insert—

(1A)In sub-paragraph (1)(d), a transitional period for the purposes of the annual accounting scheme is a prescribed accounting period (within the meaning of section 25(1) of VATA 1994) which—

(a)ends on the day immediately preceding the date indicated by the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs in a notification of authorisation under regulation 50 of the Value Added Tax Regulations 1995 (S.I. 1995/2518) (admission to annual accounting scheme), or

(b)begins on the day immediately following the end of the last period of 12 months for which such an authorisation has effect.

6For paragraph 6 substitute—

6(1)P is liable to a penalty, in relation to each tax, of an amount determined by reference to—

(a)the number of defaults that P has made during the tax year (see sub-paragraphs (2) and (3)), and

(b)the amount of that tax comprised in the total of those defaults (see sub-paragraphs (4) to (7)).

(2)For the purposes of this paragraph, P makes a default when P fails to make one of the following payments (or to pay an amount comprising two or more of those payments) in full on or before the date on which it becomes due and payable—

(a)a payment under PAYE regulations;

(b)a payment of earnings-related contributions within the meaning of the Social Security (Contributions) Regulations 2001 (S.I. 2001/1004);

(c)a payment due under the Income Tax (Construction Industry Scheme) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/2045);

(d)a repayment in respect of a student loan due under the Education (Student Loans) (Repayments) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/470) or the Education (Student Loans) (Repayments) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000 (S.R. 2000 No. 121).

(3)But the first failure during a tax year to make one of those payments (or to pay an amount comprising two or more of those payments) does not count as a default for that tax year.

(4)If P makes 1, 2 or 3 defaults during the tax year, the amount of the penalty is 1% of the amount of the tax comprised in the total of those defaults.

(5)If P makes 4, 5 or 6 defaults during the tax year, the amount of the penalty is 2% of the amount of the tax comprised in the total of those defaults.

(6)If P makes 7, 8 or 9 defaults during the tax year, the amount of the penalty is 3% of the amount of the tax comprised in the total of those defaults.

(7)If P makes 10 or more defaults during the tax year, the amount of the penalty is 4% of the amount of the tax comprised in the total of those defaults.

(8)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)the amount of a tax comprised in a default is the amount of that tax comprised in the payment which P fails to make;

(b)a default counts for the purposes of sub-paragraphs (4) to (7) even if it is remedied before the end of the tax year.

(9)The Treasury may by order made by statutory instrument make such amendments to sub-paragraph (2) as they think fit in consequence of any amendment, revocation or re-enactment of the regulations mentioned in that sub-paragraph.

7After paragraph 8 insert—

Amount of penalty: amounts in respect of periods of between 2 and 6 months

8A(1)Paragraphs 8B to 8E apply in the case of a payment of tax falling within any of items 6A, 6C and 11A to 11M in the Table which relates to a period of less than 6 months but more than 2 months.

(2)But those paragraphs do not apply in the case of a payment mentioned in paragraph 3(1)(d).

(3)Paragraph 8K sets out how payments on account of VAT (item 6A) are to be treated for the purposes of paragraphs 8B to 8E.

8B(1)A penalty period begins to run on the penalty date for the payment of tax.

(2)The penalty period ends with the day 12 months after the date specified in or for the purposes of column 4 for the payment, unless it is extended under paragraph 8C(2)(c) or 8H(2)(c).

8C(1)This paragraph applies if—

(a)a penalty period has begun under paragraph 8B or 8G because P has failed to make a payment (“payment A”), and

(b)before the end of the period, P fails to make another payment (“payment B”) falling within the same item in the Table as payment A.

(2)In such a case—

(a)paragraph 8B(1) does not apply to the failure to make payment B,

(b)P is liable to a penalty under this paragraph for that failure, and

(c)the penalty period that has begun is extended so that it ends with the day 12 months after the date specified in or for the purposes of column 4 for payment B.

(3)The amount of the penalty under this paragraph is determined by reference to the number of defaults that P has made during the penalty period.

(4)If the default is P’s first default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 2% of the amount of the default.

(5)If the default is P’s second default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 3% of the amount of the default.

(6)If the default is P’s third or a subsequent default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 4% of the amount of the default.

(7)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)P makes a default when P fails to pay an amount of tax in full on or before the date on which it becomes due and payable;

(b)in accordance with sub-paragraph (1)(b), the references in sub-paragraphs (3) to (6) to a default are references to a default in relation to the tax to which payments A and B relate;

(c)a default counts for the purposes of those sub-paragraphs if (but only if) the period to which the payment relates is less than 6 months;

(d)the amount of a default is the amount which P fails to pay.

(8)A penalty period may be extended more than once under sub-paragraph (2)(c).

8DIf any amount of the tax is unpaid after the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the penalty date, P is liable to a penalty of 5% of that amount.

8EIf any amount of the tax is unpaid after the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the penalty date, P is liable to a penalty of 5% of that amount.

Amount of penalty: amounts in respect of periods of 2 months or less

8F(1)Paragraphs 8G to 8J apply in the case of a payment of tax falling within any of items 6A, 6C and 11A to 11M in the Table which relates to a period of 2 months or less.

(2)But those paragraphs do not apply in the case of a payment mentioned in paragraph 3(1)(d).

8G(1)A penalty period begins to run on the penalty date for the payment of tax.

(2)The penalty period ends with the day 12 months after the date specified in or for the purposes of column 4 for the payment, unless it is extended under paragraph 8C(2)(c) or 8H(2)(c).

8H(1)This paragraph applies if—

(a)a penalty period has begun under paragraph 8B or 8G because P has failed to make a payment (“payment A”), and

(b)before the end of the period, P fails to make another payment (“payment B”) falling within the same item in the Table as payment A.

(2)In such a case—

(a)paragraph 8G(1) does not apply to the failure to make payment B,

(b)P is liable to a penalty under this paragraph for that failure, and

(c)the penalty period that has begun is extended so that it ends with the day 12 months after the date specified in or for the purposes of column 4 for payment B.

(3)The amount of the penalty under this paragraph is determined by reference to the number of defaults that P has made during the penalty period.

(4)If the default is P’s first, second or third default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 1% of the amount of the default.

(5)If the default is P’s fourth, fifth or sixth default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 2% of the amount of the default.

(6)If the default is P’s seventh, eighth or ninth default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 3% of the amount of the default.

(7)If the default is P’s tenth or a subsequent default during the penalty period, P is liable, at the time of the default, to a penalty of 4% of the amount of the default.

(8)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)P makes a default when P fails to pay an amount of tax in full on or before the date on which it becomes due and payable;

(b)in accordance with sub-paragraph (1)(b), the references in sub-paragraphs (3) to (7) to a default are references to a default in relation to the tax to which payments A and B relate;

(c)a default counts for the purposes of those sub-paragraphs if (but only if) the period to which the payment relates is less than 6 months;

(d)the amount of a default is the amount which P fails to pay.

(9)A penalty period may be extended more than once under sub-paragraph (2)(c).

8IIf any amount of the tax is unpaid after the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the penalty date, P is liable to a penalty of 5% of that amount.

8JIf any amount of the tax is unpaid after the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the penalty date, P is liable to a penalty of 5% of that amount.

8After paragraph 8J insert—

Calculation of unpaid VAT: treatment of payments on account

8K(1)Where P is required, by virtue of an order under section 28 of VATA 1994, to make any payment on account of VAT—

(a)each payment is to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as relating to the prescribed accounting period in respect of which it is to be paid (and not as relating to the interval between the dates on which payments on account are required to be made), and

(b)the amount of tax unpaid in respect of the prescribed accounting period is the total of the amounts produced by paragraphs (a) and (b) of sub-paragraph (3).

(2)In determining that total—

(a)if there is more than one amount of POAD or POAT, those amounts are to be added together, and

(b)if the amount produced by sub-paragraph (3)(b) is less than zero, that amount is to be disregarded.

(3)The amounts are—

(a)POAD  POAT, and

(b)BPD  BPT.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • POAD is the amount of any payment on account due in respect of the prescribed accounting period,

  • POAT is the amount of any payment on account paid on time (that is, on or before the date on which it was required to be made),

  • BPD (which is the balancing payment due in respect of the prescribed accounting period) is equal to PAPD  POAD, and

  • BPT (which is the amount paid on time in satisfaction of any liability to pay BPD) is equal to PAPP  POAP.

(5)In sub-paragraph (4)—

  • PAPD is the amount of VAT due in respect of the prescribed accounting period,

  • PAPP is the total amount paid, on or before the last day on which P is required to make payments in respect of that period, in satisfaction of any liability to pay PAPD, and

  • POAP is the total amount paid, on or before that day (but whether or not paid on time), in satisfaction of any liability to pay POAD.

9(1)Paragraph 11 (assessment) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (4), for “unpaid tax” substitute “tax which was due or payable”.

(3)After sub-paragraph (4) insert—

(4A)A replacement assessment may be made in respect of a penalty if an earlier assessment operated by reference to an overestimate of an amount of tax which was due or payable.

10For paragraph 16(1) (no liability where there is reasonable excuse for failure) substitute—

(1)If P satisfies HMRC or (on appeal) the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal that there is a reasonable excuse for a failure to make a payment—

(a)liability to a penalty under any paragraph of this Schedule does not arise in relation to that failure, and

(b)the failure does not count as a default for the purposes of paragraphs 6, 8B, 8C, 8G and 8H.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enactedversion that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources