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Flood and Water Management Act 2010

Coast Protection Act 1949 (CPA)

154.Paragraphs 1 to 24 concern amendments to the CPA.

155.Under the CPA, the district council of each maritime district is the “coast protection authority” for that area unless a “coast protection board” has been constituted for the area under section 2 of the CPA. In practice no coast protection boards have been created and paragraph 2 repeals section 2 of the CPA removing this option.

156.The effect of paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Schedule is to insert section 2A into, and amend section 4 of the CPA so as to grant the Environment Agency the same powers to do coast protection work that are held by coast protection authorities. In conjunction with the definition of coast protection work inserted by paragraph 24 (see below) the new provisions also widen the scope of works which can be done under the Act by both the Environment Agency and coast protection authorities, to include anything done for the purpose of maintaining or restoring natural processes. This enables coastal erosion risk management works to be undertaken. However, there are additional conditions that apply before the wider power can be used. These are that the Environment Agency or authority must think the work is desirable, having regard to the national flood and coastal risk management strategies under sections 7 and 8, and that, in relation to a coast protection authority, the purpose of the work must be to manage a coastal erosion risk in its area.

157.Paragraphs 5(5) and 5(6) provide for the Environment Agency to approve coast protection works under section 5 of the CPA rather than the Minister. Paragraph 5 also contains consequential amendments needed to ensure that the powers which are being extended to the Environment Agency are accompanied by an extension of the notification and objection provisions and protections. It also ensures that the extra works powers that coast protection authorities are acquiring are similarly accompanied by these protections.

158.Paragraphs 6 to 9 make consequential amendments to sections 6, 8, 9 and 10 of the CPA to extend to the Environment Agency (and coast protection authorities in respect of their wider powers) the powers of coast protection authorities to make works schemes.

159.Paragraphs 10 and 11 make consequential amendments to sections 12 and 13 of the CPA, to extend to the Environment Agency (and coast protection authorities in respect of their wider powers) the general powers of coast protection authorities to maintain and repair works, and to allow them the same cost recovery provisions with the same inbuilt protections.

160.Paragraph 12 makes consequential amendments to section 14 of the CPA to extend to the Environment Agency (and coast protection authorities in respect of their wider powers) the existing powers of coast protection authorities to compulsorily acquire land, and with the same inbuilt protections (such as the requirement for ministerial consent and dispute, appeal and compensation provisions).

161.Paragraph 13 makes consequential amendments to section 19 of the CPA to ensure that the Environment Agency (and coast protection authorities in respect of their wider powers) are subject to the compensation provisions which apply to people affected by the exercise of the powers being acquired.

162.Paragraphs 14 and 15 repeal sections 20 and 21 of the CPA, which provide for funding to coast protection authorities in respect of coast protection work, from exchequer grants and contributions from certain county councils. These sections are no longer needed by virtue of the funding power in section 16 of this Act, which allows the Environment Agency and Welsh Ministers to make grants in respect of coastal erosion risk management expenditure.

163.Paragraphs 16 to 21 make further consequential amendments to sections 23 to 28 of the CPA to apply to the Environment Agency (and coast protection authorities in respect of their wider powers) the provisions made by those sections (such as power of entry provisions).

164.Paragraphs 22 and 23 make consequential amendments to the technical provisions in sections 44 and 45 of the CPA to extend their effect to the Environment Agency (and coast protection authorities in respect of their wider powers).

165.Paragraph 24 inserts a definition of “coast protection work” into section 49 of the CPA. This has the effect of widening the scope of works which can be done under the Act, by both the Environment Agency and coast protection authorities to include anything done for the purpose of maintaining or restoring natural processes.

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