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Crime and Security Act 2010

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Prospective

Police powers of stop and searchE+W

1Records of searchesE+W

(1)Section 3 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (duty to make records concerning searches) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for “he shall make a record of it” there is substituted “ a record of the search shall be made ”.

(3)For subsection (2) there is substituted—

(2)If a record of a search is required to be made by subsection (1) above—

(a)in a case where the search results in a person being arrested and taken to a police station, the constable shall secure that the record is made as part of the person's custody record;

(b)in any other case, the constable shall make the record on the spot, or, if that is not practicable, as soon as practicable after the completion of the search.

(4)Subsections (3) to (5) (record of search to include person's name and description of person or vehicle) are repealed.

(5)In subsection (6)—

(a)in paragraph (a), for sub-paragraphs (v) and (vi) there is substituted—

(v)except in the case of a search of an unattended vehicle, the ethnic origins of the person searched or the person in charge of the vehicle searched (as the case may be); and;;

(b)in paragraph (b), for “making it” there is substituted “ who carried out the search ”.

(6)After subsection (6) there is inserted—

(6A)The requirement in subsection (6)(a)(v) above for a record to state a person's ethnic origins is a requirement to state—

(a)the ethnic origins of the person as described by the person, and

(b)if different, the ethnic origins of the person as perceived by the constable.

(7)In subsection (7), for the words from the beginning to “it,” there is substituted “ If a record of a search of a person has been made under this section, ”.

(8)In subsection (8), for paragraph (b) there is substituted—

(b)a record of the search of the vehicle has been made under this section,.

(9)In subsection (9) (time within which copy of search may be requested) for “12 months” there is substituted “ 3 months ”.

Prospective

Taking of fingerprints and samples: England and WalesE+W+N.I.

2Powers to take material in relation to offencesE+W

Fingerprinting

(1)In the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, in section 61 (fingerprinting), after subsection (5) there is inserted—

(5A)The fingerprints of a person may be taken without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this subsection) he has been arrested for a recordable offence and released and—

(a)in the case of a person who is on bail, he has not had his fingerprints taken in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)in any case, he has had his fingerprints taken in the course of that investigation but subsection (3A)(a) or (b) above applies.

(2)In that section, after subsection (5A) (as inserted by subsection (1) above) there is inserted—

(5B)The fingerprints of a person not detained at a police station may be taken without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this subsection) he has been charged with a recordable offence or informed that he will be reported for such an offence and—

(a)he has not had his fingerprints taken in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)he has had his fingerprints taken in the course of that investigation but subsection (3A)(a) or (b) above applies.

(3)In that section, for subsection (6) there is substituted—

(6)Subject to this section, the fingerprints of a person may be taken without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this subsection)—

(a)he has been convicted of a recordable offence,

(b)he has been given a caution in respect of a recordable offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(c)he has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for a recordable offence, and

either of the conditions mentioned in subsection (6ZA) below is met.

(6ZA)The conditions referred to in subsection (6) above are—

(a)the person has not had his fingerprints taken since he was convicted, cautioned or warned or reprimanded;

(b)he has had his fingerprints taken since then but subsection (3A)(a) or (b) above applies.

(6ZB)Fingerprints may only be taken as specified in subsection (6) above with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(6ZC)An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (6ZB) above if the officer is satisfied that taking the fingerprints is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

(4)In that section, for subsection (8B) there is substituted—

(8B)Any power under this section to take the fingerprints of a person without the appropriate consent, if not otherwise specified to be exercisable by a constable, shall be exercisable by a constable.

Non-intimate samples

(5)In section 63 of that Act (non-intimate samples), after subsection (3) there is inserted—

(3ZA)A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this subsection) he has been arrested for a recordable offence and released and—

(a)in the case of a person who is on bail, he has not had a non-intimate sample of the same type and from the same part of the body taken from him in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)in any case, he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of that investigation but—

(i)it was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient.

(6)In that section, for subsection (3A) there is substituted—

(3A)A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person (whether or not he is in police detention or held in custody by the police on the authority of a court) without the appropriate consent if he has been charged with a recordable offence or informed that he will be reported for such an offence and—

(a)he has not had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of that investigation but—

(i)it was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient; or

(c)he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of that investigation and—

(i)the sample has been destroyed pursuant to section 64ZA below or any other enactment, and

(ii)it is disputed, in relation to any proceedings relating to the offence, whether a DNA profile relevant to the proceedings is derived from the sample.

(7)In that section, for subsection (3B) there is substituted—

(3B)Subject to this section, a non-intimate sample may be taken from a person without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this subsection)—

(a)he has been convicted of a recordable offence,

(b)he has been given a caution in respect of a recordable offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(c)he has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for a recordable offence, and

either of the conditions mentioned in subsection (3BA) below is met.

(3BA)The conditions referred to in subsection (3B) above are—

(a)a non-intimate sample has not been taken from the person since he was convicted, cautioned or warned or reprimanded;

(b)such a sample has been taken from him since then but—

(i)it was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient.

(3BB)A non-intimate sample may only be taken as specified in subsection (3B) above with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(3BC)An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (3BB) above if the officer is satisfied that taking the sample is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

(8)In that section, in subsection (9A)—

(a)after “shall not apply to” there is inserted “ (a) ”;

(b)at the end there is inserted

; or

(b)a person given a caution before 10th April 1995.

(9)In section 1 of the Criminal Evidence (Amendment) Act 1997 (persons imprisoned or detained by virtue of pre-existing conviction for sexual offence etc)—

(a)in subsection (3)(b), at the beginning there is inserted “ he has at any time served or ”;

(b)in subsection (4)(b)—

(i)at the beginning there is inserted “ he has at any time been detained or ”;

(ii)sub-paragraph (ii) and the preceding “or” are repealed.

(10)In section 2 of that Act (persons detained following acquittal on grounds of insanity or finding of unfitness to plead), in subsections (3)(a) and (4)(a), at the beginning there is inserted “ he has at any time been detained or ”.

3Powers to take material in relation to offences outside England and WalesE+W

Fingerprinting

(1)In section 61 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (fingerprinting), after subsection (6C) there is inserted—

(6D)Subject to this section, the fingerprints of a person may be taken without the appropriate consent if—

(a)under the law in force in a country or territory outside England and Wales the person has been convicted of an offence under that law (whether before or after the coming into force of this subsection and whether or not he has been punished for it);

(b)the act constituting the offence would constitute a qualifying offence if done in England and Wales (whether or not it constituted such an offence when the person was convicted); and

(c)either of the conditions mentioned in subsection (6E) below is met.

(6E)The conditions referred to in subsection (6D)(c) above are—

(a)the person has not had his fingerprints taken on a previous occasion under subsection (6D) above;

(b)he has had his fingerprints taken on a previous occasion under that subsection but subsection (3A)(a) or (b) above applies.

(6F)Fingerprints may only be taken as specified in subsection (6D) above with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(6G)An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (6F) above if the officer is satisfied that taking the fingerprints is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

Intimate samples

(2)In section 62 of that Act (intimate samples), after subsection (2) there is inserted—

(2A)An intimate sample may be taken from a person where—

(a)two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken from the person under section 63(3E) below (persons convicted of offences outside England and Wales etc) but have proved insufficient;

(b)a police officer of at least the rank of inspector authorises it to be taken; and

(c)the appropriate consent is given.

(2B)An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (2A) above if the officer is satisfied that taking the sample is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

(3)In that section, in subsection (3), after “or (1A)” there is inserted “ or (2A) ”.

Non-intimate samples

(4)In section 63 of that Act (non-intimate samples), after subsection (3D) there is inserted—

(3E)Subject to this section, a non-intimate sample may be taken without the appropriate consent from a person if—

(a)under the law in force in a country or territory outside England and Wales the person has been convicted of an offence under that law (whether before or after the coming into force of this subsection and whether or not he has been punished for it);

(b)the act constituting the offence would constitute a qualifying offence if done in England and Wales (whether or not it constituted such an offence when the person was convicted); and

(c)either of the conditions mentioned in subsection (3F) below is met.

(3F)The conditions referred to in subsection (3E)(c) above are—

(a)the person has not had a non-intimate sample taken from him on a previous occasion under subsection (3E) above;

(b)he has had such a sample taken from him on a previous occasion under that subsection but—

(i)the sample was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient.

(3G)A non-intimate sample may only be taken as specified in subsection (3E) above with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(3H)An officer may only give an authorisation under subsection (3G) above if the officer is satisfied that taking the sample is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

Interpretation

(5)In section 65 of that Act (interpretation), in subsection (1), after the definition of “non-intimate sample” there is inserted—

offence”, in relation to any country or territory outside England and Wales, includes an act punishable under the law of that country or territory, however it is described;.

(6)In that section, at the end there is inserted—

(3)For the purposes of this Part, a person has in particular been convicted of an offence under the law of a country or territory outside England and Wales if—

(a)a court exercising jurisdiction under the law of that country or territory has made in respect of such an offence a finding equivalent to a finding that the person is not guilty by reason of insanity; or

(b)such a court has made in respect of such an offence a finding equivalent to a finding that the person is under a disability and did the act charged against him in respect of the offence.

4Information to be given on taking of materialE+W

Fingerprinting

(1)In section 61 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (fingerprinting), for subsection (7) there is substituted—

(7)Where a person's fingerprints are taken without the appropriate consent by virtue of any power conferred by this section—

(a)before the fingerprints are taken, the person shall be informed of—

(i)the reason for taking the fingerprints;

(ii)the power by virtue of which they are taken; and

(iii)in a case where the authorisation of the court or an officer is required for the exercise of the power, the fact that the authorisation has been given; and

(b)those matters shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the fingerprints are taken.

(2)In that section, in subsection (7A)—

(a)for “subsection (6A)”, in the first place, there is substituted “ subsection (4A), (6A) ”;

(b)in paragraph (a), for the words from “(or” to “constable)” there is substituted “ (or, where by virtue of subsection (4A), (6A) or (6BA) the fingerprints are taken at a place other than a police station, the constable taking the fingerprints) ”.

(3)In that section, in subsection (8) (requirement to record reason for taking fingerprints on custody record), for “the reason for taking them” there is substituted “ the matters referred to in subsection (7)(a)(i) to (iii) above ”.

Intimate samples

(4)In section 62 of that Act (intimate samples), for subsections (5) to (7A) there is substituted—

(5)Before an intimate sample is taken from a person, an officer shall inform him of the following—

(a)the reason for taking the sample;

(b)the fact that authorisation has been given and the provision of this section under which it has been given; and

(c)if the sample was taken at a police station, the fact that the sample may be the subject of a speculative search.

(6)The reason referred to in subsection (5)(a) above must include, except in a case where the sample is taken under subsection (2A) above, a statement of the nature of the offence in which it is suspected that the person has been involved.

(7)After an intimate sample has been taken from a person, the following shall be recorded as soon as practicable—

(a)the matters referred to in subsection (5)(a) and (b) above;

(b)if the sample was taken at a police station, the fact that the person has been informed as specified in subsection (5)(c) above; and

(c)the fact that the appropriate consent was given.

(5)In that section, in subsection (8), the words “or (7A)” are repealed.

(6)In the Police Reform Act 2002, in Part 3 of Schedule 4 (powers exercisable by detention officers), in paragraph 30 (warnings about intimate samples), for “section 62(7A)(a)” there is substituted “ section 62(5)(c) ”.

Non-intimate samples

(7)In section 63 of that Act (non-intimate samples), for subsections (6) to (8A) there is substituted—

(6)Where a non-intimate sample is taken from a person without the appropriate consent by virtue of any power conferred by this section—

(a)before the sample is taken, an officer shall inform him of—

(i)the reason for taking the sample;

(ii)the power by virtue of which it is taken; and

(iii)in a case where the authorisation of an officer is required for the exercise of the power, the fact that the authorisation has been given; and

(b)those matters shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample is taken.

(7)The reason referred to in subsection (6)(a)(i) above must include, except in a case where the non-intimate sample is taken under subsection (3B) or (3E) above, a statement of the nature of the offence in which it is suspected that the person has been involved.

(8)In that section, in subsection (9) (requirement to record matters on custody record), for “subsection (8) or (8A) or (8B)” there is substituted “ subsection (6) or (8B) ”.

5Speculative searchesE+W+N.I.

(1)In section 63A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (supplementary), after subsection (1D) there is inserted—

(1E)Where fingerprints or samples have been taken from any person under section 61(6) or 63(3B) above (persons convicted etc), the fingerprints or samples, or information derived from the samples, may be checked against any of the fingerprints, samples or information mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above.

(1F)Where fingerprints or samples have been taken from any person under section 61(6D), 62(2A) or 63(3E) above (offences outside England and Wales etc), the fingerprints or samples, or information derived from the samples, may be checked against any of the fingerprints, samples or information mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above.

(2)In Schedule 4 to the International Criminal Court Act 2001 (taking of fingerprints or non-intimate samples), in paragraph 7(3)(a), after “section 63A(1)” there is inserted “ , (1E) or (1F) ”.

6Power to require attendance at police stationE+W

(1)In section 63A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (fingerprinting and samples: supplementary provisions), for subsections (4) to (8) there is substituted—

(4)Schedule 2A (fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at police station) shall have effect.

(2)In that Act, after Schedule 2 there is inserted—

Section 63A(4)

SCHEDULE 2AE+WFingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at police station

Part 1 E+WFingerprinting
Persons arrested and releasedE+W

1(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under section 61(5A).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised in a case falling within section 61(5A)(b) (fingerprints taken on previous occasion insufficient etc) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which the appropriate officer was informed that section 61(3A)(a) or (b) applied.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2) above “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was arrested.

Persons charged etcE+W

2(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under section 61(5B).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised after the end of the period of six months beginning with—

(a)in a case falling within section 61(5B)(a) (fingerprints not taken previously), the day on which the person was charged or informed that he would be reported, or

(b)in a case falling within section 61(5B)(b) (fingerprints taken on previous occasion insufficient etc), the day on which the appropriate officer was informed that section 61(3A)(a) or (b) applied.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2)(b) above “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was charged or informed that he would be reported.

Persons convicted etc of an offence in England and WalesE+W

3(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under section 61(6).

(2)Where the condition in section 61(6ZA)(a) is satisfied (fingerprints not taken previously), the power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which the person was convicted, cautioned or warned or reprimanded, or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(3)Where the condition in section 61(6ZA)(b) is satisfied (fingerprints taken on previous occasion insufficient etc), the power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which an appropriate officer was informed that section 61(3A)(a) or (b) applied, or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3)(a) above “appropriate officer” means an officer of the police force which investigated the offence in question.

(5)Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) above do not apply where the offence is a qualifying offence (whether or not it was such an offence at the time of the conviction, caution or warning or reprimand).

Persons subject to a control orderE+W

4A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under section 61(6BA).

Persons convicted etc of an offence outside England and WalesE+W

5A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under section 61(6D).

Multiple attendanceE+W

6(1)Where a person's fingerprints have been taken under section 61 on two occasions in relation to any offence, he may not under this Schedule be required to attend a police station to have his fingerprints taken under that section in relation to that offence on a subsequent occasion without the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(2)Where an authorisation is given under sub-paragraph (1) above—

(a)the fact of the authorisation, and

(b)the reasons for giving it,

shall be recorded as soon as practicable after it has been given.

Part 2 E+WIntimate samples
Persons suspected to be involved in an offenceE+W

7A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking an intimate sample from him under section 62(1A) if, in the course of the investigation of an offence, two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken from him but have proved insufficient.

Persons convicted etc of an offence outside England and WalesE+W

8A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a sample from him under section 62(2A) if two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken from him under section 63(3E) but have proved insufficient.

Part 3 E+WNon-intimate samples
Persons arrested and releasedE+W

9(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under section 63(3ZA).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised in a case falling within section 63(3ZA)(b) (sample taken on a previous occasion not suitable etc) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which the appropriate officer was informed of the matters specified in section 63(3ZA)(b)(i) or (ii).

(3)In sub-paragraph (2) above, “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was arrested.

Persons charged etcE+W

10(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under section 63(3A).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised in a case falling within section 63(3A)(a) (sample not taken previously) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which he was charged or informed that he would be reported.

(3)The power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised in a case falling within section 63(3A)(b) (sample taken on a previous occasion not suitable etc) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which the appropriate officer was informed of the matters specified in section 63(3A)(b)(i) or (ii).

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) above “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was charged or informed that he would be reported.

Persons convicted etc of an offence in England and WalesE+W

11(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under section 63(3B).

(2)Where the condition in section 63(3BA)(a) is satisfied (sample not taken previously), the power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which the person was convicted, cautioned or warned or reprimanded, or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(3)Where the condition in section 63(3BA)(b) is satisfied (sample taken on a previous occasion not suitable etc), the power under sub-paragraph (1) above may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which an appropriate officer was informed of the matters specified in section 63(3BA)(b)(i) or (ii), or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3)(a) above “appropriate officer” means an officer of the police force which investigated the offence in question.

(5)Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) above do not apply where—

(a)the offence is a qualifying offence (whether or not it was such an offence at the time of the conviction, caution or warning or reprimand), or

(b)he was convicted before 10th April 1995 and is a person to whom section 1 of the Criminal Evidence (Amendment) Act 1997 applies.

Persons subject to a control orderE+W

12A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under section 63(3D).

Persons convicted etc of an offence outside England and WalesE+W

13A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under section 63(3E).

Multiple exercise of powerE+W

14(1)Where a non-intimate sample has been taken from a person under section 63 on two occasions in relation to any offence, he may not under this Schedule be required to attend a police station to have another such sample taken from him under that section in relation to that offence on a subsequent occasion without the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(2)Where an authorisation is given under sub-paragraph (1) above—

(a)the fact of the authorisation, and

(b)the reasons for giving it,

shall be recorded as soon as practicable after it has been given.

Part 4 E+WGeneral and supplementary
Requirement to have power to take fingerprints or sampleE+W

15A power conferred by this Schedule to require a person to attend a police station for the purposes of taking fingerprints or a sample under any provision of this Act may be exercised only in a case where the fingerprints or sample may be taken from the person under that provision (and, in particular, if any necessary authorisation for taking the fingerprints or sample under that provision has been obtained).

Date and time of attendanceE+W

16(1)A requirement under this Schedule—

(a)shall give the person a period of at least seven days within which he must attend the police station; and

(b)may direct him so to attend at a specified time of day or between specified times of day.

(2)In specifying a period or time or times of day for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above, the constable shall consider whether the fingerprints or sample could reasonably be taken at a time when the person is for any other reason required to attend the police station.

(3)A requirement under this Schedule may specify a period shorter than seven days if—

(a)there is an urgent need for the fingerprints or sample for the purposes of the investigation of an offence; and

(b)the shorter period is authorised by an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(4)Where an authorisation is given under sub-paragraph (3)(b) above—

(a)the fact of the authorisation, and

(b)the reasons for giving it,

shall be recorded as soon as practicable after it has been given.

(5)If the constable giving a requirement under this Schedule and the person to whom it is given so agree, it may be varied so as to specify any period within which, or date or time at which, the person must attend; but a variation shall not have effect unless confirmed by the constable in writing.

EnforcementE+W

17A constable may arrest without warrant a person who has failed to comply with a requirement under this Schedule.

(3)In that Act, in section 27 (fingerprinting of certain offenders), subsections (1) to (3) are repealed.

(4)In the Police Reform Act 2002, in Part 3 of Schedule 4 (powers exercisable by detention officers)—

(a)in paragraph 25 (attendance at police station for fingerprinting), for “section 27(1) of the 1984 Act (fingerprinting of suspects)” there is substituted “ Schedule 2A to the 1984 Act (fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at a police station) ”;

(b)in paragraph 32 (attendance at police station for the taking of a sample), for the words from “subsection (4)” to “samples)” there is substituted “ Schedule 2A to the 1984 Act (fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at a police station) ”.

7“Qualifying offence”E+W

After section 65 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 there is inserted—

65AQualifying offence”

(1)In this Part, “qualifying offence” means—

(a)an offence specified in subsection (2) below, or

(b)an ancillary offence relating to such an offence.

(2)The offences referred to in subsection (1)(a) above are—

(a)murder;

(b)manslaughter;

(c)false imprisonment;

(d)kidnapping;

(e)an offence under section 4, 16, 18, 20 to 24 or 47 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861;

(f)an offence under section 2 or 3 of the Explosive Substances Act 1883;

(g)an offence under section 1 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933;

(h)an offence under section 4(1) of the Criminal Law Act 1967 committed in relation to murder;

(i)an offence under sections 16 to 18 of the Firearms Act 1968;

(j)an offence under section 9 or 10 of the Theft Act 1968 or an offence under section 12A of that Act involving an accident which caused a person's death;

(k)an offence under section 1 of the Criminal Damage Act 1971 required to be charged as arson;

(l)an offence under section 1 of the Protection of Children Act 1978;

(m)an offence under section 1 of the Aviation Security Act 1982;

(n)an offence under section 2 of the Child Abduction Act 1984;

(o)an offence under section 9 of the Aviation and Maritime Security Act 1990;

(p)an offence under any of sections 1 to 19, 25, 26, 30 to 41, 47 to 50, 52, 53, 57 to 59, 61 to 67, 69 and 70 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003;

(q)an offence under section 5 of the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004;

(r)an offence for the time being listed in section 41(1) of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument amend subsection (2) above.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order under subsection (3) above shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, each House of Parliament.

(5)In subsection (1)(b) above “ancillary offence”, in relation to an offence, means—

(a)aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of the offence;

(b)an offence under Part 2 of the Serious Crime Act 2007 (encouraging or assisting crime) in relation to the offence (including, in relation to times before the commencement of that Part, an offence of incitement);

(c)attempting or conspiring to commit the offence.

Prospective

Taking of fingerprints and samples: Northern IrelandE+W+N.I.

8Powers to take material in relation to offencesN.I.

Fingerprinting

(1)In the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/1341 (N.I.12)), in Article 61 (fingerprinting), after paragraph (5) there is inserted—

(5A)The fingerprints of a person may be taken without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this paragraph) he has been arrested for a recordable offence and released and—

(a)in the case of a person who is on bail, he has not had his fingerprints taken in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)in any case, he has had his fingerprints taken in the course of that investigation but paragraph (4A)(a) or (b) applies.

(2)In that Article, after paragraph (5A) (as inserted by subsection (1) above) there is inserted—

(5B)The fingerprints of a person not detained at a police station may be taken without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this paragraph) he has been charged with a recordable offence or informed that he will be reported for such an offence and—

(a)he has not had his fingerprints taken in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)he has had his fingerprints taken in the course of that investigation but paragraph (4A)(a) or (b) applies.

(3)In that Article, for paragraph (6) there is substituted—

(6)Subject to this Article, the fingerprints of a person may be taken without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this paragraph)—

(a)he has been convicted of a recordable offence, or

(b)he has been given a caution in respect of a recordable offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, and

either of the conditions mentioned in paragraph (6ZA) is met.

(6ZA)The conditions referred to in paragraph (6) are—

(a)the person has not had his fingerprints taken since he was convicted or cautioned;

(b)he has had his fingerprints taken since then but paragraph (4A)(a) or (b) applies.

(6ZB)Fingerprints may only be taken as specified in paragraph (6) with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(6ZC)An officer may only give an authorisation under paragraph (6ZB) if the officer is satisfied that taking the fingerprints is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

(6ZD)Paragraph (6) shall not apply to a person who, in relation to a sentence in respect of an offence, is released on licence under the Northern Ireland (Sentences) Act 1998 (or has been so released and the licence has lapsed).

(4)In that Article, for paragraph (8A) there is substituted—

(8A)Any power under this Article to take the fingerprints of a person without the appropriate consent, if not otherwise specified to be exercisable by a constable, shall be exercisable by a constable.

Non-intimate samples

(5)In Article 63 of that Order (non-intimate samples), after paragraph (3) there is inserted—

(3ZA)A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this paragraph) he has been arrested for a recordable offence and released and—

(a)in the case of a person who is on bail, he has not had a non-intimate sample of the same type and from the same part of the body taken from him in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)in any case, he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of that investigation but—

(i)it was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient.

(6)In that Article, for paragraph (3A) there is substituted—

(3A)A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person (whether or not he is in police detention or held in custody by the police on the authority of a court) without the appropriate consent if he has been charged with a recordable offence or informed that he will be reported for such an offence and—

(a)he has not had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police; or

(b)he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of that investigation but—

(i)it was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient; or

(c)he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of that investigation and—

(i)the sample has been destroyed pursuant to Article 64ZA or any other enactment, and

(ii)it is disputed, in relation to any proceedings relating to the offence, whether a DNA profile relevant to the proceedings is derived from the sample.

(7)In that Article (non-intimate samples), for paragraph (3B) there is substituted—

(3B)Subject to this Article, a non-intimate sample may be taken from a person without the appropriate consent if (before or after the coming into force of this paragraph)—

(a)he has been convicted of a recordable offence, or

(b)he has been given a caution in respect of a recordable offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, and

either of the conditions mentioned in paragraph (3BA) is met.

(3BA)The conditions referred to in paragraph (3B) are—

(a)a non-intimate sample has not been taken from the person since he was convicted or cautioned;

(b)such a sample has been taken from him since then but—

(i)it was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient.

(3BB)A non-intimate sample may only be taken as specified in paragraph (3B) with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(3BC)An officer may only give an authorisation under paragraph (3BB) if the officer is satisfied that taking the sample is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

(3BD)Paragraph (3B) shall not apply to—

(a)a person convicted of an offence before 29 July 1996, unless the offence is a qualifying offence by virtue of being—

(i)an offence specified in any of paragraphs (a) to (n) of Article 53A(2), or

(ii)an ancillary offence, within the meaning given by Article 53A(4), in relation to such an offence;

(b)a person given a caution before 29 July 1996;

(c)a person who, in relation to a sentence in respect of an offence, is released on licence under the Northern Ireland (Sentences) Act 1998 (or has been so released and the licence has lapsed).

(8)In that Article, paragraph (10) is repealed.

9Powers to take material in relation to offences outside Northern IrelandN.I.

Fingerprinting

(1)In Article 61 of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (fingerprinting), after paragraph (6C) there is inserted—

(6D)Subject to this Article, the fingerprints of a person may be taken without the appropriate consent if—

(a)under the law in force in a country or territory outside Northern Ireland the person has been convicted of an offence under that law (whether before or after the coming into force of this paragraph and whether or not he has been punished for it);

(b)the act constituting the offence would constitute a qualifying offence if done in Northern Ireland (whether or not it constituted such an offence when the person was convicted); and

(c)either of the conditions mentioned in paragraph (6E) is met.

(6E)The conditions referred to in paragraph (6D)(c) are—

(a)the person has not had his fingerprints taken on a previous occasion under that paragraph;

(b)he has had his fingerprints taken on a previous occasion under that paragraph but paragraph (4A)(a) or (b) applies.

(6F)Fingerprints may only be taken as specified in paragraph (6D) with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(6G)An officer may only give an authorisation under paragraph (6F) if the officer is satisfied that taking the fingerprints is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

Intimate samples

(2)In Article 62 of that Order (intimate samples), after paragraph (2) there is inserted—

(2A)An intimate sample may be taken from a person where—

(a)two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken from the person under Article 63(3D) (persons convicted of offences outside Northern Ireland etc) but have proved insufficient;

(b)a police officer of at least the rank of inspector authorises it to be taken; and

(c)the appropriate consent is given.

(2B)An officer may only give an authorisation under paragraph (2A) if the officer is satisfied that taking the sample is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

(3)In that Article, in paragraph (3), after “or (1A)” there is inserted “ or (2A) ”.

Non-intimate samples

(4)In Article 63 of that Order (other samples), after paragraph (3C) there is inserted—

(3D)Subject to this Article, a non-intimate sample may be taken without the appropriate consent from a person if—

(a)under the law in force in a country or territory outside Northern Ireland the person has been convicted of an offence under that law (whether before or after the coming into force of this paragraph and whether or not he has been punished for it);

(b)the act constituting the offence would constitute a qualifying offence if done in Northern Ireland (whether or not it constituted such an offence when the person was convicted); and

(c)either of the conditions mentioned in paragraph (3E) is met.

(3E)The conditions referred to in paragraph (3D) are—

(a)the person has not had a non-intimate sample taken from him on a previous occasion under that paragraph;

(b)he has had such a sample taken from him on a previous occasion under that paragraph but—

(i)the sample was not suitable for the same means of analysis, or

(ii)it proved insufficient.

(3F)A non-intimate sample may only be taken as specified in paragraph (3D) with the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(3G)An officer may only give an authorisation under paragraph (3F) if the officer is satisfied that taking the sample is necessary to assist in the prevention or detection of crime.

Interpretation

(5)In Article 53 of that Order (interpretation), in paragraph (1), after the definition of “non-intimate sample” there is inserted—

offence”, in relation to any country or territory outside Northern Ireland, includes an act punishable under the law of that country or territory, however it is described;.

(6)In that Article, at the end there is inserted—

(4)For the purposes of this Part, a person has in particular been convicted of an offence under the law of a country or territory outside Northern Ireland if—

(a)a court exercising jurisdiction under the law of that country or territory has made in respect of such an offence a finding equivalent to a finding that the person is not guilty by reason of insanity; or

(b)such a court has made in respect of such an offence a finding equivalent to a finding that the person is under a disability and did the act charged against him in respect of the offence.

10Information to be given on taking of materialN.I.

Fingerprinting

(1)In Article 61 of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (fingerprinting), for paragraph (7) there is substituted—

(7)Where a person's fingerprints are taken without the appropriate consent by virtue of any power conferred by this Article—

(a)before the fingerprints are taken, the person shall be informed of—

(i)the reason for taking the fingerprints;

(ii)the power by virtue of which they are taken; and

(iii)in a case where the authorisation of the court or an officer is required for the exercise of the power, the fact that the authorisation has been given; and

(b)those matters shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the fingerprints are taken.

(2)In that Article, in paragraph (7A)—

(a)for “paragraph (6A)”, in the first place, there is substituted “ paragraph (4AA), (6A) ”;

(b)in paragraph (a), for the words from “(or” to “constable)” there is substituted “ (or, where by virtue of paragraph (4AA), (6A) or (6BA) the fingerprints are taken at a place other than a police station, the constable taking the fingerprints) ”.

(3)In that Article, in paragraph (8) (requirement to record reason for taking fingerprints on custody record), for “the reason for taking them” there is substituted “ the matters referred to in paragraph (7)(a)(i) to (iii) ”.

Intimate samples

(4)In Article 62 of that Order (intimate samples), for paragraphs (5) to (7A) there is substituted—

(5)Before an intimate sample is taken from a person, an officer shall inform him of the following—

(a)the reason for taking the sample;

(b)the fact that authorisation has been given and the provision of this Article under which it has been given; and

(c)if the sample was taken at a police station, the fact that the sample may be the subject of a speculative search.

(6)The reason referred to in paragraph (5)(a) must include, except in a case where the intimate sample is taken under paragraph (2A), a statement of the nature of the offence in which it is suspected that the person has been involved.

(7)After an intimate sample has been taken from a person, the following shall be recorded as soon as practicable—

(a)the matters referred to in paragraph (5)(a) and (b);

(b)if the sample was taken at a police station, the fact that the person has been informed as specified in paragraph (5)(c); and

(c)the fact that the appropriate consent was given.

(5)In that Article, in paragraph (8), the words “or (7A)” are repealed.

(6)In the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 2003, in Part 2 of Schedule 2 (powers exercisable by detention officers), in paragraph 16 (warnings about intimate samples), for “Article 62(7A)(a)” there is substituted “ Article 62(5)(c) ”.

Non-intimate samples

(7)In Article 63 of that Order (non-intimate samples), for paragraphs (6) to (8A) there is substituted—

(6)Where a non-intimate sample is taken from a person without the appropriate consent by virtue of any power conferred by this Article—

(a)before the sample is taken, an officer shall inform him of—

(i)the reason for taking the sample;

(ii)the power by virtue of which it is taken; and

(iii)in a case where the authorisation of an officer is required for the exercise of the power, the fact that the authorisation has been given; and

(b)those matters shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample is taken.

(7)The reason referred to in paragraph (6)(a)(i) must include, except in a case where the non-intimate sample is taken under paragraph (3B) or (3D), a statement of the nature of the offence in which it is suspected that the person has been involved.

(8)In that Article, in paragraph (9) (requirement to record matters on custody record), for “paragraph (8), (8A) or (8B)” there is substituted “ paragraph (6) or (8B) ”.

11Speculative searchesE+W+N.I.

(1)In Article 63A of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (supplementary), after paragraph (1D) there is inserted—

(1E)Where fingerprints or samples have been taken from any person under Article 61(6) or 63(3B) (persons convicted etc), the fingerprints or samples, or information derived from the samples, may be checked against any of the fingerprints, samples or information mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b).

(1F)Where fingerprints or samples have been taken from any person under Article 61(6D), 62(2A) or 63(3D) (offences outside Northern Ireland), the fingerprints or samples, or information derived from the samples, may be checked against any of the fingerprints, samples or information mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b).

(2)In Schedule 4 to the International Criminal Court Act 2001 (taking of fingerprints or non-intimate samples), in paragraph 7(3)(b), after “Article 63A(1)” there is inserted “ , (1E) or (1F) ”.

12Power to require attendance at police stationN.I.

(1)In Article 63A of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (fingerprinting and samples: supplementary provisions), for paragraphs (4) to (8) there is substituted—

(4)Schedule 2A (fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at police station) shall have effect.

(2)In that Order, after Schedule 2 there is inserted—

SCHEDULE 2AN.I.Fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at police station

Part 1 N.I.Fingerprinting
Persons arrested and releasedN.I.

1(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under Article 61(5A).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised in a case falling within Article 61(5A)(b) (fingerprints taken on previous occasion insufficient etc) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which the appropriate officer was informed that Article 61(4A)(a) or (b) applied.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2) “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was arrested.

Persons charged etcN.I.

2(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under Article 61(5B).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised after the end of the period of six months beginning with—

(a)in a case falling within Article 61(5B)(a) (fingerprints not taken previously), the day on which the person was charged or informed that he would be reported, or

(b)in a case falling within Article 61(5B)(b) (fingerprints taken on previous occasion insufficient etc), the day on which the appropriate officer was informed that Article 61(4A)(a) or (b) applied.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2)(b) “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was charged or informed that he would be reported.

Persons convicted etc of an offence in Northern IrelandN.I.

3(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under Article 61(6).

(2)Where the condition in Article 61(6ZA)(a) is satisfied (fingerprints not taken previously), the power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which the person was convicted or cautioned, or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(3)Where the condition in Article 61(6ZA)(b) is satisfied (fingerprints taken on previous occasion insufficient etc), the power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which an appropriate officer was informed that Article 61(4A)(a) or (b) applied, or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3)(a) “appropriate officer” means an officer of the police force which investigated the offence in question.

(5)Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) do not apply where the offence is a qualifying offence (whether or not it was such an offence at the time of the conviction or caution).

Persons subject to a control orderN.I.

4A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under Article 61(6BA).

Persons convicted etc of an offence outside Northern IrelandN.I.

5A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking his fingerprints under Article 61(6D).

Multiple attendanceN.I.

6(1)Where a person's fingerprints have been taken under Article 61 on two occasions in relation to any offence, he may not under this Schedule be required to attend a police station to have his fingerprints taken under that Article in relation to that offence on a subsequent occasion without the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(2)Where an authorisation is given under sub-paragraph (1) —

(a)the fact of the authorisation, and

(b)the reasons for giving it,

shall be recorded as soon as practicable after it has been given.

Part 2 N.I.Intimate samples
Persons suspected to be involved in an offenceN.I.

7A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking an intimate sample from him under Article 62(1A) if, in the course of the investigation of an offence, two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken from him but have proved insufficient.

Persons convicted etc of an offence outside Northern IrelandN.I.

8A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a sample from him under Article 62(2A) if two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken from him under Article 63(3D) but have proved insufficient.

Part 3 N.I.Non-intimate samples
Persons arrested and releasedN.I.

9(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under Article 63(3ZA).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised in a case falling within Article 63(3ZA)(b) (sample taken on a previous occasion not suitable etc) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which the appropriate officer was informed of the matters specified in Article 63(3ZA)(b)(i) or (ii).

(3)In sub-paragraph (2) “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was arrested.

Persons charged etcN.I.

10(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under Article 63(3A).

(2)The power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised in a case falling within Article 63(3A)(a) (sample not taken previously) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which he was charged or informed that he would be reported.

(3)The power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised in a case falling within Article 63(3A)(b) (sample taken on a previous occasion not suitable etc) after the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which the appropriate officer was informed of the matters specified in Article 63(3A)(b)(i) or (ii).

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) “appropriate officer” means the officer investigating the offence for which the person was charged or informed that he would be reported.

Persons convicted etc of an offence in Northern IrelandN.I.

11(1)A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under Article 63(3B).

(2)Where the condition in Article 63(3BA)(a) is satisfied (sample not taken previously), the power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which the person was convicted or cautioned, or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(3)Where the condition in Article 63(3BA)(b) is satisfied (sample taken on a previous occasion not suitable etc), the power under sub-paragraph (1) may not be exercised after the end of the period of two years beginning with—

(a)the day on which an appropriate officer was informed of the matters specified in Article 63(3BA)(b)(i) or (ii), or

(b)if later, the day on which this Schedule comes into force.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3)(a) “appropriate officer” means an officer of the police force which investigated the offence in question.

(5)Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) do not apply where the offence is a qualifying offence (whether or not it was such an offence at the time of the conviction or caution).

Persons subject to a control orderN.I.

12A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under Article 63(3C).

Persons convicted etc of an offence outside Northern IrelandN.I.

13A constable may require a person to attend a police station for the purpose of taking a non-intimate sample from him under Article 63(3D).

Multiple exercise of powerN.I.

14(1)Where a non-intimate sample has been taken from a person under Article 63 on two occasions in relation to any offence, he may not under this Schedule be required to attend a police station to have another such sample taken from him under that Article in relation to that offence on a subsequent occasion without the authorisation of an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(2)Where an authorisation is given under sub-paragraph (1) —

(a)the fact of the authorisation, and

(b)the reasons for giving it,

shall be recorded as soon as practicable after it has been given.

Part 4 N.I.General and supplementary
Requirement to have power to take fingerprints or sampleN.I.

15A power conferred by this Schedule to require a person to attend a police station for the purposes of taking fingerprints or a sample under any provision of this Order may be exercised only in a case where the fingerprints or sample may be taken from the person under that provision (and, in particular, if any necessary authorisation for taking the fingerprints or sample under that provision has been obtained).

Date and time of attendanceN.I.

16(1)A requirement under this Schedule—

(a)shall give the person a period of at least seven days within which he must attend the police station; and

(b)may direct him so to attend at a specified time of day or between specified times of day.

(2)In specifying a period or time or times of day for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1), the constable shall consider whether the fingerprints or sample could reasonably be taken at a time when the person is for any other reason required to attend the police station.

(3)A requirement under this Schedule may specify a period shorter than seven days if—

(a)there is an urgent need for the fingerprints or sample for the purposes of the investigation of an offence; and

(b)the shorter period is authorised by an officer of at least the rank of inspector.

(4)Where an authorisation is given under sub-paragraph (3)(b)—

(a)the fact of the authorisation, and

(b)the reasons for giving it,

shall be recorded as soon as practicable after it has been given.

(5)If the constable giving a requirement under this Schedule and the person to whom it is given so agree, it may be varied so as to specify any period within which, or date or time at which, the person must attend; but a variation shall not have effect unless confirmed by the constable in writing.

EnforcementN.I.

17A constable may arrest without warrant a person who has failed to comply with a requirement under this Schedule.

(3)In that Order, in Article 29 (fingerprinting of certain offenders), paragraphs (1) to (3) are repealed.

(4)In the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 2003, in Part 2 of Schedule 2 (powers exercisable by detention officers)—

(a)in paragraph 11 (attendance at police station for fingerprinting), for “Article 29(1) of the 1989 Order (fingerprinting of offenders)” there is substituted “ Schedule 2A to the 1989 Order (fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at a police station) ”;

(b)in paragraph 19 (attendance at police station for the taking of a sample), for the words from “paragraph (4)” to “samples)” there is substituted “ Schedule 2A to the 1989 Order (fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at a police station) ”.

13“Qualifying offence”N.I.

(1)After Article 53 of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (interpretation) there is inserted—

53AQualifying offence” etc

(1)In this Part, “qualifying offence” means—

(a)an offence specified in paragraph (2), or

(b)an ancillary offence relating to such an offence.

(2)The offences referred to in paragraph (1)(a) are—

(a)murder;

(b)manslaughter;

(c)false imprisonment;

(d)kidnapping;

(e)an offence under section 4, 16, 18, 20 to 24 or 47 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861;

(f)an offence under section 2 or 3 of the Explosive Substances Act 1883;

(g)an offence under section 20 of the Children and Young Persons Act (Northern Ireland) 1968 (c. 34 (N.I.));

(h)an offence under section 9 or 10 of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 (c. 16 (N.I.));

(i)an offence under Article 3 of the Criminal Damage (Northern Ireland) Order 1977 (S.I. 1977/426 (N.I. 4)) required to be charged as arson;

(j)an offence under Article 3 of the Protection of Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I.1978/1047 (N.I. 17);

(k)an offence under Article 172B of the Road Traffic (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/154 (N.I. 1)) involving an accident which caused a person's death;

(l)an offence under section 1 of the Aviation Security Act 1982;

(m)an offence under Article 4 of the Child Abduction (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 (S.I. 1985/1638 (N.I. 17));

(n)an offence under section 9 of the Aviation and Maritime Security Act 1990;

(o)an offence under sections 57 to 59 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003;

(p)an offence under section 5 of the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004;

(q)an offence under Article 58, 59 or 60 of the Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/702 (N.I. 3));

(r)an offence for the time being listed in section 41(1) of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008;

(s)an offence under any of Articles 5 to 26, 32, 33, 37 to 40, 43 to 54, 62, 63, 65 to 71, 73 and 74 of the Sexual Offences (Northern Ireland) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/1769 (N.I. 2)).

(3)The Secretary of State may by order amend paragraph (2) (subject to Article 89).

(4)In paragraph (1)(b) “ancillary offence”, in relation to an offence, means—

(a)aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of the offence;

(b)an offence under Part 2 of the Serious Crime Act 2007 (encouraging or assisting crime) in relation to the offence (including, in relation to times before the commencement of that Part, an offence of incitement);

(c)attempting or conspiring to commit the offence.

(2)In Article 89 of that Order (orders and regulations subject to annulment), before “60” there is inserted “ 53A, ”.

Prospective

Retention, destruction and use of fingerprints and samples etcE+W+S+N.I.

14Material subject to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984E+W

(1)For section 64 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (destruction of fingerprints and samples) there is substituted—

64Retention of samples and fingerprints, etc generally

(1)This section applies to the following material—

(a)fingerprints, samples or impressions of footwear—

(i)taken from a person under any power conferred by this Part of this Act, or

(ii)taken in connection with the investigation of an offence with the consent of the person from whom they were taken, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample falling within paragraph (a).

(2)Material to which this section applies may be retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived.

(3)This section is subject to sections 64ZA to 64ZJ.

(4)This section and sections 64ZA to 64ZH do not apply to material to which paragraph 14 of Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 applies.

(5)Any reference in those sections to a person being arrested for or charged with an offence does not include a reference to a person—

(a)being arrested under section 41 of the Terrorism Act 2000, or

(b)being charged with an offence following an arrest under that section.

(6)Nothing in this section, or sections 64ZA to 64ZN, affects any power conferred by—

(a)paragraph 18(2) of Schedule 2 to the Immigration Act 1971 (power to take reasonable steps to identify a person detained), or

(b)section 20 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (disclosure of police information to the Secretary of State for use for immigration purposes).

(2)After section 64 of that Act (as substituted by subsection (1) above) there is inserted—

64ZADestruction of samples

(1)A DNA sample to which section 64 applies must be destroyed—

(a)as soon as a DNA profile has been derived from the sample, or

(b)if sooner, before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the sample was taken.

(2)Any other sample to which section 64 applies must be destroyed before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which it was taken.

64ZBDestruction of data given voluntarily

(1)This section applies to—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken in connection with the investigation of an offence with the consent of the person from whom they were taken, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken in connection with the investigation of an offence with the consent of the person from whom the sample was taken.

(2)Material to which this section applies must be destroyed as soon as it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived, unless it is—

(a)material relating to a person who is convicted of the offence,

(b)material relating to a person who has previously been convicted of a recordable offence, other than a person who has only one exempt conviction,

(c)material in relation to which any of sections 64ZC to 64ZH applies, or

(d)material which is not required to be destroyed by virtue of consent given under section 64ZL.

(3)If material to which this section applies leads to the person to whom the material relates being arrested for or charged with an offence other than the offence under investigation—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, and

(b)sections 64ZD to 64ZH have effect in relation to the material as if the material was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, was derived from material taken) in connection with the investigation of the offence in respect of which the person is arrested or charged.

64ZCDestruction of data relating to a person subject to a control order

(1)This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction, and

(b)is subject to a control order.

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a)fingerprints taken from the person, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the person.

(3)The material must be destroyed before the end of the period of 2 years beginning with the date on which the person ceases to be subject to a control order.

(4)This section ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted—

(a)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence, or

(b)in Scotland of an offence which is punishable by imprisonment,

before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted—

(i)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence, or

(ii)in Scotland of an offence which is punishable by imprisonment, and

(b)if the person has been previously convicted of a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(6)For the purposes of that subsection—

(a)a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence if—

(i)he has been given a caution in England and Wales or Northern Ireland in respect of the offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(ii)he has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for the offence, and

(b)if a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction.

(7)In this section—

(a)“recordable offence” has, in relation to a conviction in Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 2(2) of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, and

(b)“qualifying offence” has, in relation to a conviction in respect of a recordable offence committed in Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 53A of that Order.

64ZDDestruction of data relating to persons not convicted

(1)This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence, and

(c)is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This section ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of a recordable offence before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section.

64ZEDestruction of data relating to persons under 18 not convicted: recordable offences other than qualifying offences

(1)This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(e)where—

(i)the person is convicted of the offence,

(ii)the offence is not a qualifying offence,

(iii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(iv)the person has no previous convictions,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This section ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person—

(a)is convicted of a recordable offence and is aged 18 or over at the time of the offence,

(b)is convicted of a qualifying offence, or

(c)having a previous exempt conviction, is convicted of a recordable offence.

64ZFDestruction of data relating to persons under 16 not convicted: qualifying offences

(1)This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(e)where—

(i)the person is convicted of the offence,

(ii)the offence is not a qualifying offence,

(iii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(iv)the person has no previous convictions,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This section ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person—

(a)is convicted of a recordable offence and is aged 18 or over at the time of the offence,

(b)is convicted of a qualifying offence, or

(c)having a previous exempt conviction, is convicted of a recordable offence.

64ZGDestruction of data relating to persons aged 16 or 17 not convicted: qualifying offences

(1)This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the person is convicted of the offence,

(ii)the offence is not a qualifying offence,

(iii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(iv)the person has no previous convictions,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This section ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person—

(a)is convicted of a recordable offence and is aged 18 or over at the time of the offence,

(b)is convicted of a qualifying offence, or

(c)having a previous exempt conviction, is convicted of a recordable offence.

64ZHDestruction of data relating to persons under 18 convicted of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence

(1)This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions,

(b)is convicted of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged under 18 at the time of the offence.

(2)Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This section ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of a further recordable offence before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section.

64ZISections 64ZB to 64ZH: supplementary provision

(1)Any reference in section 64ZB or sections 64ZD to 64ZH to a person being charged with an offence includes a reference to a person being informed that he will be reported for an offence.

(2)For the purposes of those sections—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted of a recordable offence, and

(b)if the person has been previously convicted of a recordable offence, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(3)For the purposes of those sections, a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence if—

(a)he has been given a caution in respect of the offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(b)he has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for the offence.

(4)If a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction for the purpose of any provision of those sections relating to an exempt, first or subsequent conviction.

(5)Subject to the completion of any speculative search that the responsible chief officer of police considers necessary or desirable, material falling within any of sections 64ZD to 64ZH must be destroyed immediately if it appears to the chief officer that—

(a)the arrest was unlawful,

(b)the taking of the fingerprints, impressions of footwear or DNA sample concerned was unlawful,

(c)the arrest was based on mistaken identity, or

(d)other circumstances relating to the arrest or the alleged offence mean that it is appropriate to destroy the material.

(6)Responsible chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the samples, fingerprints or impressions of footwear were taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, in which the sample from which the DNA profile was derived was taken.

64ZJDestruction of fingerprints taken under section 61(6A)

Fingerprints taken from a person by virtue of section 61(6A) (taking fingerprints for the purposes of identification) must be destroyed as soon as they have fulfilled the purpose for which they were taken.

64ZKRetention for purposes of national security

(1)Subsection (2) applies if the responsible chief officer of police determines that it is necessary for—

(a)a DNA profile to which section 64 applies, or

(b)fingerprints to which section 64 applies, other than fingerprints taken under section 61(6A),

to be retained for the purposes of national security.

(2)Where this subsection applies—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with sections 64ZB to 64ZH, and

(b)section 64ZN(2) does not apply to the material,

for as long as the determination has effect.

(3)A determination under subsection (1) has effect for a maximum of 2 years beginning with the date on which the material would otherwise be required to be destroyed, but a determination may be renewed.

(4)Responsible chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the fingerprints were taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, in which the sample from which the DNA profile was derived was taken.

64ZLRetention with consent

(1)If a person consents in writing to the retention of fingerprints, impressions of footwear or a DNA profile to which section 64 applies, other than fingerprints taken under section 61(6A)—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with sections 64ZB to 64ZH, and

(b)section 64ZN(2) does not apply to the material.

(2)It is immaterial for the purposes of subsection (1) whether the consent is given at, before or after the time when the entitlement to the destruction of the material arises.

(3)Consent given under this section can be withdrawn at any time.

64ZMDestruction of copies, and notification of destruction

(1)If fingerprints or impressions of footwear are required to be destroyed by virtue of any of sections 64ZB to 64ZJ, any copies of the fingerprints or impressions of footwear must also be destroyed.

(2)If a DNA profile is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of those sections, no copy may be kept except in a form which does not include information which identifies the person to whom the DNA profile relates.

(3)If a person makes a request to the responsible chief officer of police to be notified when anything relating to the person is destroyed under any of sections 64ZA to 64ZJ, the responsible chief officer of police or a person authorised by the chief officer or on the chief officer's behalf must within three months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

(4)Responsible chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the samples, fingerprints or impressions of footwear which have been destroyed were taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile which has been destroyed, in which the samples from which the DNA profile was derived were taken.

64ZNUse of retained material

(1)Any material to which section 64 applies which is retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security,

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation,

(c)for purposes related to the prevention or detection of crime, the investigation of an offence or the conduct of a prosecution, or

(d)for purposes related to the identification of a deceased person or of the person to whom the material relates.

(2)Material which is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of sections 64ZA to 64ZJ, or of section 64ZM, must not at any time after it is required to be destroyed be used—

(a)in evidence against the person to whom the material relates, or

(b)for the purposes of the investigation of any offence.

(3)In this section—

(a)the reference to using material includes a reference to allowing any check to be made against it and to disclosing it to any person,

(b)the reference to crime includes a reference to any conduct which—

(i)constitutes one or more criminal offences (whether under the law of a part of the United Kingdom or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom), or

(ii)is, or corresponds to, any conduct which, if it all took place in any one part of the United Kingdom, would constitute one or more criminal offences, and

(c)the references to an investigation and to a prosecution include references, respectively, to any investigation outside the United Kingdom of any crime or suspected crime and to a prosecution brought in respect of any crime in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(3)In section 65 of that Act, in subsection (1)—

(a)after the definition of “appropriate consent” there is inserted—

DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample;

DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells;;

(b)after the definition of “terrorism” there is inserted—

terrorist investigation” has the meaning given by section 32 of the Terrorism Act 2000.

(4)In that section, after subsection (2) there is inserted—

(2A)In subsection (2), the reference to the destruction of a sample does not include a reference to the destruction of a sample under section 64ZA (requirement to destroy samples).

15Material subject to the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989N.I.

(1)For Article 64 of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/1341 (N.I.12)) (destruction of fingerprints and samples) there is substituted—

64Retention of samples and fingerprints, etc generally

(1)This Article applies to the following material—

(a)fingerprints, samples or impressions of footwear—

(i)taken from a person under any power conferred by this Part of this Order, or

(ii)taken in connection with the investigation of an offence with the consent of the person from whom they were taken, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample falling within paragraph (a).

(2)Material to which this Article applies may be retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived.

(3)This Article is subject to Articles 64ZA to 64ZJ.

(4)This Article and Articles 64ZA to 64ZH do not apply to material to which paragraph 14 of Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 applies.

(5)Any reference in those Articles to a person being arrested for or charged with an offence does not include a reference to a person—

(a)being arrested under section 41 of the Terrorism Act 2000, or

(b)being charged with an offence following an arrest under that section.

(6)Nothing in this Article, or Articles 64ZA to 64ZN, affects any power conferred by—

(a)paragraph 18(2) of Schedule 2 to the Immigration Act 1971 (power to take reasonable steps to identify a person detained), or

(b)section 20 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 (disclosure of police information to the Secretary of State for use for immigration purposes).

(2)After Article 64 of that Order (as substituted by subsection (1) above) there is inserted—

64ZADestruction of samples

(1)A DNA sample to which Article 64 applies must be destroyed—

(a)as soon as a DNA profile has been derived from the sample, or

(b)if sooner, before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the sample was taken.

(2)Any other sample to which Article 64 applies must be destroyed before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which it was taken.

64ZBDestruction of data given voluntarily

(1)This Article applies to—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken in connection with the investigation of an offence with the consent of the person from whom they were taken, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken in connection with the investigation of an offence with the consent of the person from whom the sample was taken.

(2)Material to which this Article applies must be destroyed as soon as it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived, unless it is—

(a)material relating to a person who is convicted of the offence,

(b)material relating to a person who has previously been convicted of a recordable offence, other than a person who has only one exempt conviction,

(c)material in relation to which any of Articles 64ZC to 64ZH applies, or

(d)material which is not required to be destroyed by virtue of consent given under Article 64ZL.

(3)If material to which this Article applies leads to the person to whom the material relates being arrested for or charged with an offence other than the offence under investigation—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, and

(b)Articles 64ZD to 64ZH have effect in relation to the material as if the material was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, was derived from material taken) in connection with the investigation of the offence in respect of which the person is arrested or charged.

64ZCDestruction of data relating to a person subject to a control order

(1)This Article applies to material falling within paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction, and

(b)is subject to a control order.

(2)Material falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints taken from the person, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the person.

(3)The material must be destroyed before the end of the period of 2 years beginning with the date on which the person ceases to be subject to a control order.

(4)This Article ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted—

(a)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence, or

(b)in Scotland of an offence which is punishable by imprisonment,

before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article.

(5)For the purposes of paragraph (1)—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted—

(i)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence, or

(ii)in Scotland of an offence which is punishable by imprisonment, and

(b)if the person has been previously convicted of a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(6)For the purposes of that paragraph—

(a)a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence if—

(i)he has been given a caution in England and Wales or Northern Ireland in respect of the offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(ii)he has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for the offence, and

(b)if a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction.

(7)In this Article—

(a)“recordable offence” has, in relation to a conviction in England and Wales, the meaning given by section 118(1) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, and

(b)“qualifying offence” has, in relation to a conviction in respect of a recordable offence committed in England and Wales, the meaning given by section 65A of that Act.

64ZDDestruction of data relating to persons not convicted

(1)This Article applies to material falling within paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence, and

(c)is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This Article ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of a recordable offence before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article.

64ZEDestruction of data relating to persons under 18 not convicted: recordable offences other than qualifying offences

(1)This Article applies to material falling within paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(e)where—

(i)the person is convicted of the offence,

(ii)the offence is not a qualifying offence,

(iii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(iv)the person has no previous convictions,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This Article ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person—

(a)is convicted of a recordable offence and is aged 18 or over at the time of the offence,

(b)is convicted of a qualifying offence, or

(c)having a previous exempt conviction, is convicted of a recordable offence.

64ZFDestruction of data relating to persons under 16 not convicted: qualifying offences

(1)This Article applies to material falling within paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(e)where—

(i)the person is convicted of the offence,

(ii)the offence is not a qualifying offence,

(iii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(iv)the person has no previous convictions,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This Article ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person—

(a)is convicted of a recordable offence and is aged 18 or over at the time of the offence,

(b)is convicted of a qualifying offence, or

(c)having a previous exempt conviction, is convicted of a recordable offence.

64ZGDestruction of data relating to persons aged 16 or 17 not convicted: qualifying offences

(1)This Article applies to material falling within paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is arrested for or charged with a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence.

(2)Material falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the person is convicted of the offence,

(ii)the offence is not a qualifying offence,

(iii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(iv)the person has no previous convictions,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This Article ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person—

(a)is convicted of a recordable offence and is aged 18 or over at the time of the offence,

(b)is convicted of a qualifying offence, or

(c)having a previous exempt conviction, is convicted of a recordable offence.

64ZHDestruction of data relating to persons under 18 convicted of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence

(1)This Article applies to material falling within paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions,

(b)is convicted of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, and

(c)is aged under 18 at the time of the offence.

(2)Material falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints or impressions of footwear taken from the person in connection with the investigation of the offence, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints or impressions of footwear, before the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints or impressions were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article, the person is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over at the time of the alleged offence, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(b)where—

(i)the alleged offence is not a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(c)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge,

(d)where—

(i)the alleged offence is a qualifying offence, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 at the time of the alleged offence,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date of the arrest or charge.

(5)This Article ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of a further recordable offence before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this Article.

64ZIArticles 64ZB to 64ZH: supplementary provision

(1)Any reference in Article 64ZB or Articles 64ZD to 64ZH to a person being charged with an offence includes a reference to a person being informed that he will be reported for an offence.

(2)For the purposes of those Articles—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted of a recordable offence, and

(b)if the person has been previously convicted of a recordable offence, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(3)For the purposes of those Articles, a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence if he has been given a caution in respect of the offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted.

(4)If a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction for the purpose of any provision of those Articles relating to an exempt, first or subsequent conviction.

(5)Subject to the completion of any speculative search that the Chief Constable considers necessary or desirable, material falling within any of Articles 64ZD to 64ZH must be destroyed immediately if it appears to the Chief Constable that—

(a)the arrest was unlawful,

(b)the taking of the fingerprints, impressions of footwear or DNA sample concerned was unlawful,

(c)the arrest was based on mistaken identity, or

(d)other circumstances relating to the arrest or the alleged offence mean that it is appropriate to destroy the material.

64ZJDestruction of fingerprints taken under Article 61(6A)

Fingerprints taken from a person by virtue of Article 61(6A) (taking fingerprints for the purposes of identification) must be destroyed as soon as they have fulfilled the purpose for which they were taken.

64ZKRetention for purposes of national security

(1)Paragraph (2) applies if the Chief Constable determines that it is necessary for—

(a)a DNA profile to which Article 64 applies, or

(b)fingerprints to which Article 64 applies, other than fingerprints taken under Article 61(6A),

to be retained for the purposes of national security.

(2)Where this paragraph applies—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with Articles 64ZB to 64ZH, and

(b)Article 64ZN(2) does not apply to the material,

for as long as the determination has effect.

(3)A determination under paragraph (1) has effect for a maximum of 2 years beginning with the date on which the material would otherwise be required to be destroyed, but a determination may be renewed.

64ZLRetention with consent

(1)If a person consents in writing to the retention of fingerprints, impressions of footwear or a DNA profile to which Article 64 applies, other than fingerprints taken under Article 61(6A)—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with Articles 64ZB to 64ZH, and

(b)Article 64ZN(2) does not apply to the material.

(2)It is immaterial for the purposes of paragraph (1) whether the consent is given at, before or after the time when the entitlement to the destruction of the material arises.

(3)Consent given under this Article can be withdrawn at any time.

64ZMDestruction of copies, and notification of destruction

(1)If fingerprints or impressions of footwear are required to be destroyed by virtue of any of Articles 64ZB to 64ZJ, any copies of the fingerprints or impressions of footwear must also be destroyed.

(2)If a DNA profile is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of those Articles, no copy may be kept except in a form which does not include information which identifies the person to whom the DNA profile relates.

(3)If a person makes a request to the Chief Constable to be notified when anything relating to the person is destroyed under any of Articles 64ZA to 64ZJ, the Chief Constable or a person authorised by the Chief Constable or on the Chief Constable's behalf must within 3 months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

64ZNUse of retained material

(1)Any material to which Article 64 applies which is retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security,

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation,

(c)for purposes related to the prevention or detection of crime, the investigation of an offence or the conduct of a prosecution, or

(d)for purposes related to the identification of a deceased person or of the person to whom the material relates.

(2)Material which is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of Articles 64ZA to 64ZJ, or of Article 64ZM, must not at any time after it is required to be destroyed be used—

(a)in evidence against the person to whom the material relates, or

(b)for the purposes of the investigation of any offence.

(3)In this Article—

(a)the reference to using material includes a reference to allowing any check to be made against it and to disclosing it to any person,

(b)the reference to crime includes a reference to any conduct which—

(i)constitutes one or more criminal offences (whether under the law of a part of the United Kingdom or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom), or

(ii)is, or corresponds to, any conduct which, if it all took place in any one part of the United Kingdom, would constitute one or more criminal offences, and

(c)the references to an investigation and to a prosecution include references, respectively, to any investigation outside the United Kingdom of any crime or suspected crime and to a prosecution brought in respect of any crime in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(3)In Article 53 of that Order, in paragraph (1)—

(a)after the definition of “control order” there is inserted—

DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample;

DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells;;

(b)after the definition of “sufficient” and “insufficient” there is inserted—

terrorist investigation” has the meaning given by section 32 of the Terrorism Act 2000.

(4)In that Article, after paragraph (3) there is inserted—

(3A)In paragraph (3), the reference to the destruction of a sample does not include a reference to the destruction of a sample under Article 64ZA (requirement to destroy samples).

16Material subject to the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995S

(1)This section applies to the following material—

(a)relevant physical data or samples taken under section 18(2), (6) or (6A) of the 1995 Act (prints, samples etc. in criminal investigations), and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample falling within paragraph (a).

(2)Material retained under this section must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security, or

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation.

(3)Material to which this section applies may be retained—

(a)if the chief constable determines that it is necessary for the material to be retained for the purposes of national security, and

(b)for as long as the determination has effect.

(4)A determination mentioned in subsection (3)—

(a)has effect for a maximum of 2 years beginning with the date on which the material would (but for this section) first become liable for destruction under the 1995 Act,

(b)may be renewed.

(5)The reference in subsection (3) to the chief constable is a reference to the chief constable of the police force—

(a)of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the material was a member, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the sample from which the profile was derived was a member.

(6)Subsection (3) has effect despite any provision to the contrary in the 1995 Act.

(7)The reference in subsection (2) to using material includes a reference to allowing any check to be made against it and to disclosing it to any person.

(8)In this section—

  • “the 1995 Act” is the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995,

  • DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample,

  • DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells,

  • terrorist investigation” has the meaning given by section 32 of the Terrorism Act 2000.

17Material subject to the Terrorism Act 2000E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 (treatment of persons detained under section 41 or Schedule 7 of that Act) is amended as follows.

(2)For paragraph 14 there is substituted—

14(1)This paragraph applies to—

(a)fingerprints or samples taken under paragraph 10 or 12, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(2)Material to which this paragraph applies may be retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived.

(3)This paragraph is subject to paragraphs 14A to 14E.

14A(1)A DNA sample to which paragraph 14 applies must be destroyed—

(a)as soon as a DNA profile has been derived from the sample, or

(b)if sooner, before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the sample was taken.

(2)Any other sample to which paragraph 14 applies must be destroyed before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which it was taken.

14B(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41, and

(c)is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints taken from the person under paragraph 10, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the person under paragraph 10 or 12.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of—

(a)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, or

(b)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment,

before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph.

14C(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under Schedule 7, and

(c)is aged under 18 on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints taken from the person under paragraph 10, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the person under paragraph 10 or 12.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date he is detained,

(b)where—

(i)the person is detained under Schedule 7, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date he is detained,

(c)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(d)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of—

(a)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, or

(b)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment,

before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph.

14D(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under section 41, and

(c)is aged under 16 on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints taken from the person under paragraph 10, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the person under paragraph 10 or 12.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(b)where—

(i)the person is detained under Schedule 7, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(c)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(d)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of—

(a)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, or

(b)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment,

before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph.

14E(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under section 41, and

(c)is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)fingerprints taken from the person under paragraph 10, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the person under paragraph 10 or 12.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of fingerprints, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the fingerprints were taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(b)where—

(i)the person is detained under Schedule 7, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(c)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if the person is convicted of—

(a)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, or

(b)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment,

before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph.

14F(1)For the purposes of paragraphs 14B to 14E—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted—

(i)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence, or

(ii)in Scotland of an offence which is punishable by imprisonment, and

(b)if the person has been previously convicted of a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), “qualifying offence” has—

(a)in relation to a conviction in respect of a recordable offence committed in England and Wales, the meaning given by given by section 65A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, and

(b)in relation to a conviction in respect of a recordable offence committed in Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 53A of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

(3)For the purposes of paragraphs 14B to 14E, a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence if—

(a)he has been given a caution in England and Wales or Northern Ireland in respect of the offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(b)he has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for the offence.

(4)If a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction for the purpose of any provision of those paragraphs relating to an exempt, first or subsequent conviction.

(5)Subject to the completion of any search by virtue of paragraph 14I(2) that the responsible chief officer of police considers necessary or desirable, material falling within any of paragraphs 14B to 14E must be destroyed immediately if it appears to the chief officer that—

(a)the arrest under section 41 was unlawful,

(b)the taking of the fingerprints or DNA sample concerned was unlawful,

(c)the arrest under section 41 was based on mistaken identity, or

(d)other circumstances relating to the arrest under section 41 or the detention under Schedule 7 mean that it is appropriate to destroy the material.

(6)Responsible chief officer of police” means, in relation to fingerprints or samples taken in England or Wales, or a DNA profile derived from such a sample, the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the samples or fingerprints were taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, in which the samples from which the DNA profile was derived were taken.

(7)Responsible chief officer of police” means, in relation to fingerprints or samples taken in Northern Ireland, or a DNA profile derived from such a sample, the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

14G(1)If the responsible chief officer of police determines that it is necessary for fingerprints or a DNA profile to which paragraph 14 applies to be retained for the purposes of national security—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with paragraphs 14B to 14E, and

(b)paragraph 14I(3) does not apply to the material,

for as long as the determination has effect.

(2)A determination under sub-paragraph (1) has effect for a maximum of two years beginning with the date on which the material would otherwise be required to be destroyed, but a determination may be renewed.

(3)Responsible chief officer of police” means, in relation to fingerprints taken in England or Wales, or a DNA profile derived from a sample taken in England and Wales, the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the fingerprints were taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, in which the sample from which the DNA profile was derived was taken.

(4)Responsible chief officer of police” means, in relation to fingerprints taken in Northern Ireland, or a DNA profile derived from a sample taken in Northern Ireland, the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

14H(1)If fingerprints are required to be destroyed by virtue of any of paragraphs 14B to 14E, any copies of the fingerprints must also be destroyed.

(2)If a DNA profile is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of those paragraphs, no copy may be kept except in a form which does not include information which identifies the person to whom the DNA profile relates.

(3)Sub-paragraph (4) applies if a person makes a request to the responsible chief officer of police to be notified when any of the following material is destroyed under any of paragraphs 14A to 14E—

(a)fingerprints or a sample taken in England or Wales, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from such a sample.

(4)The responsible chief officer of police or a person authorised by the chief officer or on the chief officer's behalf must within 3 months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

(5)For the purposes of this paragraph “responsible chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the fingerprints were or sample was taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, in which the sample from which the DNA profile was derived was taken.

(6)Sub-paragraph (7) applies if a person makes a request to the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland to be notified when any of the following material is destroyed under any of paragraphs 14A to 14E—

(a)fingerprints or a sample taken in Northern Ireland, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from such a sample.

(7)The Chief Constable or a person authorised by the Chief Constable or on the Chief Constable's behalf must within 3 months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

14I(1)Any material to which paragraph 14 applies which is retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security,

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation,

(c)for purposes related to the prevention or detection of crime, the investigation of an offence or the conduct of a prosecution, or

(d)for purposes related to the identification of a deceased person or of the person to whom the material relates.

(2)Subject to sub-paragraph (1), the material may be checked against—

(a)other fingerprints or samples taken under paragraph 10 or 12 or a DNA profile derived from such a sample,

(b)material to which paragraph 20(3) applies,

(c)material to which section 18 of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 applies,

(d)any of the fingerprints, samples and information mentioned in section 63A(1)(a) and (b) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (checking of fingerprints and samples), and

(e)any of the fingerprints, samples and information mentioned in Article 63A(1)(a) and (b) of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (checking of fingerprints and samples).

(3)Material which is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of paragraphs 14A to 14E, or paragraph 14H, must not at any time after it is required to be destroyed be used—

(a)in evidence against the person to whom the material relates, or

(b)for the purposes of the investigation of any offence.

(4)In this paragraph—

(a)the reference to using material includes a reference to allowing any check to be made against it and to disclosing it to any person,

(b)the reference to crime includes a reference to any conduct which—

(i)constitutes one or more criminal offences (whether under the law of a part of the United Kingdom or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom), or

(ii)is, or corresponds to, any conduct which, if it all took place in any one part of the United Kingdom, would constitute one or more criminal offences, and

(c)the reference to an investigation and to a prosecution include references, respectively, to any investigation outside the United Kingdom of any crime or suspected crime and to a prosecution brought in respect of any crime in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(3)In paragraph 11(1)(a), for “paragraph 14(4)” there is substituted “ paragraph 14I(2) ”.

(4)In paragraph 15(1)—

(a)for “paragraphs 10 to 14” there is substituted “ paragraphs 10 to 14I ”;

(b)after paragraph (a) there is inserted—

(aa)DNA profile”,

(ab)“DNA sample”,.

(5)After paragraph 15(1) there is inserted—

(1A)In the application of section 65(2A) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph, the reference to the destruction of a sample under section 64ZA of that Act is a reference to the destruction of a sample under paragraph 14A of this Schedule.

(6)In paragraph 15(2), for “paragraphs 10 to 14” there is substituted “ paragraphs 10 to 14I ”.

(7)After paragraph 15(2) there is inserted—

(2A)In the application of Article 53(3A) of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) of this paragraph, the reference to the destruction of a sample under Article 64ZA of that Order is a reference to the destruction of a sample under paragraph 14A of this Schedule.

(8)After paragraph 15(3) there is inserted—

(4)In paragraphs 14B to 14F, “recordable offence” has—

(a)in relation to a conviction in England and Wales, the meaning given by section 118(1) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, and

(b)in relation to a conviction in Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 2(2) of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

18Material subject to the Terrorism Act 2000 (Scotland)E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 is amended as follows.

(2)In paragraph 20—

(a)for sub-paragraph (3) there is substituted—

(3)Material to which this sub-paragraph applies may be retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived.

(3A)Sub-paragraph (3) applies to the following material—

(a)relevant physical data or samples taken by virtue of this paragraph, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample so taken.

(3B)Sub-paragraph (3)—

(a)in the case to which sub-paragraph (1) relates, has effect despite any provision to the contrary in the Act referred to in that sub-paragraph,

(b)in any case, is subject to paragraphs 20A to 20E.

(3C)In this paragraph and paragraphs 20A to 20I—

  • DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample,

  • DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells.;

(b)sub-paragraph (4) is repealed.

(3)After paragraph 20 there is inserted—

20A(1)A DNA sample to which paragraph 20(3) applies must be destroyed—

(a)as soon as a DNA profile has been derived from the sample, or

(b)if sooner, before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the sample was taken.

(2)Any other sample to which paragraph 20(3) applies must be destroyed before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which it was taken.

20B(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41, and

(c)is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)relevant physical data to which paragraph 20(3) applies, or

(b)a DNA profile to which that paragraph applies.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of relevant physical data, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which it was taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is convicted of—

(a)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment, or

(b)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

20C(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under Schedule 7, and

(c)is aged under 18 on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)relevant physical data to which paragraph 20(3) applies, or

(b)a DNA profile to which that paragraph applies.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of relevant physical data, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the material was taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date he is detained,

(b)where—

(i)the person is detained under Schedule 7, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date he is detained,

(c)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(d)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is convicted of—

(a)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment, or

(b)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

20D(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under section 41, and

(c)is aged under 16 on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)relevant physical data to which paragraph 20(3) applies, or

(b)a DNA profile to which that paragraph applies.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of relevant physical data, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the material was taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(b)where—

(i)the person is detained under Schedule 7, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(c)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged under 16 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(d)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is convicted of—

(a)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment, or

(b)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

20E(1)This paragraph applies to material falling within sub-paragraph (2) relating to a person who—

(a)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction,

(b)is detained under section 41, and

(c)is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained.

(2)Material falls within this sub-paragraph if it is—

(a)relevant physical data to which paragraph 20(3) applies, or

(b)a DNA profile to which that paragraph applies.

(3)The material must be destroyed—

(a)in the case of relevant physical data, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the material was taken,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those samples was taken).

(4)But if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is detained under Schedule 7 or section 41—

(a)where the person is aged 18 or over on the date he is detained, the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(b)where—

(i)the person is detained under Schedule 7, and

(ii)the person is aged under 18 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date the person is detained,

(c)where—

(i)the person is detained under section 41, and

(ii)the person is aged 16 or 17 on the date he is detained,

the material may be further retained until the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date the person is detained.

(5)This paragraph ceases to have effect in relation to the material if, before the material is required to be destroyed by virtue of this paragraph, the person is convicted of—

(a)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment, or

(b)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

20F(1)For the purposes of paragraphs 20B to 20E—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted—

(i)in Scotland of an offence which is punishable by imprisonment, or

(ii)in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence; and

(b)if a person has been previously so convicted of a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(2)For the purposes of paragraphs 20B to 20E, “qualifying offence” and “recordable offence” have the meanings given by paragraphs 14F(2) and 15(4) respectively.

(3)For the purposes of paragraphs 20B to 20E, a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland if he has been given a caution, or has been warned or reprimanded, as mentioned in paragraph 14F(3).

(4)If a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction for the purpose of any provision of those paragraphs relating to an exempt, first or subsequent conviction.

(5)Subject to the completion of any search by virtue of paragraph 20I(2) that the chief constable considers necessary or desirable, material to which any of paragraphs 20B to 20E applies must be destroyed immediately if it appears to the chief constable that—

(a)the arrest under section 41 was unlawful,

(b)the taking of the material concerned was unlawful,

(c)the arrest under section 41 was based on mistaken identity, or

(d)other circumstances relating to the arrest under section 41 or the detention under Schedule 7 mean that it is appropriate to destroy the material.

(6)The reference in sub-paragraph (5) to the chief constable is a reference to the chief constable of the police force—

(a)of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the material was a member, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the sample from which the profile was derived was a member.

20G(1)If the chief constable determines that it is necessary for relevant physical data or a DNA profile to which paragraph 20(3) applies to be retained for the purposes of national security—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with paragraphs 20B to 20E, and

(b)paragraph 20I(3) does not apply to the material,

for as long as the determination has effect.

(2)A determination under sub-paragraph (1) has effect for a maximum of two years beginning with the date on which the material would otherwise be required to be destroyed, but a determination may be renewed.

(3)The reference in sub-paragraph (1) to the chief constable is a reference to the chief constable of the police force—

(a)of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the material was a member, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the sample from which the profile was derived was a member.

20H(1)If material is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of paragraphs 20B to 20E, any copies of the material must also be destroyed.

(2)If a DNA profile is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of those paragraphs, no copy may be kept except in a form which does not include information which identifies the person to whom the DNA profile relates.

(3)Sub-paragraph (4) applies if a person makes a request to the chief constable to be notified when any of the following material is destroyed under any of paragraphs 20A to 20E—

(a)material taken in Scotland, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from such material.

(4)The chief constable or a person authorised by the chief constable (or on the chief constable's behalf) must within three months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

(5)The references in sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) to the chief constable are references to the chief constable of the police force—

(a)of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the material was a member, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the sample from which the profile was derived was a member.

20I(1)Any material to which paragraph 20(3) applies which is retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security,

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation,

(c)for purposes related to the prevention or detection of crime, the investigation of an offence or the conduct of a prosecution, or

(d)for purposes related to the identification of a deceased person or of the person to whom the material relates.

(2)Subject to sub-paragraph (1), the material may be checked against—

(a)other material to which paragraph 20(3) applies,

(b)material to which paragraph 14 applies,

(c)material to which section 18 of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 applies,

(d)any of the relevant physical data, samples and information to which section 20 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 applies, and

(e)any of the fingerprints, samples and information mentioned in—

(i)section 63A(1)(a) and (b) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, or

(ii)Article 63A(1)(a) and (b) of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

(3)Material which is required to be destroyed by virtue of any of paragraphs 20A to 20E and 20H must not at any time after it is required to be destroyed be used—

(a)in evidence against the person to whom the material relates, or

(b)for the purposes of the investigation of any offence.

(4)In this paragraph—

(a)the reference to using material includes a reference to allowing any check to be made against it and to disclosing it to any person,

(b)the reference to crime includes a reference to any conduct which—

(i)constitutes one or more criminal offences (whether under the law of a part of the United Kingdom or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom), or

(ii)is, or corresponds to, any conduct which, if it all took place in any one part of the United Kingdom, would constitute one or more criminal offences, and

(c)the reference to an investigation and to a prosecution include references respectively to any investigation outside the United Kingdom of any crime or suspected crime and to a prosecution brought in respect of any crime in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(4)Paragraph 21 (as inserted by section 17(3) of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008) is repealed.

19Material subject to the International Criminal Court Act 2001E+W+N.I.

In the International Criminal Court Act 2001, in Schedule 4 (taking of fingerprints or non-intimate samples), for paragraph 8 there is substituted—

8(1)This paragraph applies to the following material—

(a)fingerprints and samples taken under this Schedule, and

(b)DNA profiles derived from such samples.

(2)The material must be destroyed—

(a)before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the material was transmitted to the ICC (see paragraph 6(2)), or

(b)if later, as soon as it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived.

(3)If fingerprints are required to be destroyed by virtue of sub-paragraph (2), any copies of the fingerprints must also be destroyed.

(4)If a DNA profile is required to be destroyed by virtue of sub-paragraph (2), no copy may be kept except in a form which does not include information from which the person to whom the DNA profile relates can be identified.

(5)Sub-paragraph (6) applies if a person makes a request to the responsible chief officer of police to be notified when any of the following material is destroyed under this paragraph—

(a)fingerprints or a sample taken in England and Wales, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from such a sample.

(6)The responsible chief officer of police or a person authorised by the chief officer or on the chief officer's behalf must within 3 months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

(7)For the purposes of this paragraph “responsible chief officer of police” means the chief officer of police for the police area—

(a)in which the fingerprints were or sample was taken, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, in which the sample from which the DNA profile was derived was taken.

(8)Sub-paragraph (9) applies if a person makes a request to the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland to be notified when any of the following material is destroyed under this paragraph—

(a)fingerprints or a sample taken in Northern Ireland, or

(b)a DNA profile derived from such a sample.

(9)The Chief Constable or a person authorised by the Chief Constable or on the Chief Constable's behalf must within 3 months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

(10)In this paragraph—

  • DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample;

  • DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells.

20Material subject to the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 (Scotland)E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 11—

(a)in subsection (6), for the words from “may be retained” to the end there is substituted “ must be destroyed before the end of the period of 2 years beginning with the date on which the person ceases to be subject to a control order ”;

(b)after subsection (6) there is inserted—

(6A)Subsection (6) applies only if the person to whom the data, sample or information relates has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction.

(6B)For the purpose of subsection (6A), a person has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction if the person would have no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction for the purposes of paragraphs 20B to 20E of Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 (see paragraph 20F of that Schedule).

(6C)Where something is required to be destroyed under subsection (6)—

(a)in any case (except a DNA profile), any copies of the thing must also be destroyed,

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, no copy may be kept except in a form that does not include information which identifies the person to whom the profile relates.

(6D)If a person makes a request to the chief constable to be notified when anything relating to the person is destroyed under subsection (6), the chief constable or a person authorised by the chief constable (or on the chief constable's behalf) must within 3 months of the request issue the person with a certificate recording the destruction.

(6E)The references in subsection (6D) to the chief constable are to be construed in accordance with section 11A(6).;

(c)in subsection (7), after paragraph (a) there is inserted—

(aa)any material to which paragraph 14 or 20(3) of Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 applies,;

(d)in subsection (8)—

(i)after the opening words there is inserted—

DNA profile” has the meaning given by section 11A(9);

(ii)the definition of “terrorist investigation” is repealed.

(3)After section 11 there is inserted—

11ARetention and use of material: Scotland

(1)This section applies to the following material if it is required to be destroyed under section 11(6)—

(a)relevant physical data or samples, and

(b)a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample falling within paragraph (a).

(2)Material to which this section applies may be retained—

(a)if (at any time) the person to whom it relates consents in writing to its retention, and

(b)for as long as the consent is not withdrawn.

(3)Material to which this section applies may be retained without limit of time if, before the material would (but for this section) be required to be destroyed under section 11(6), the person to whom it relates is convicted of—

(a)an offence in Scotland which is punishable by imprisonment, or

(b)a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland (as falling to be construed for the purposes of paragraphs 20B to 20E of Schedule 8 to the Terrorism Act 2000 (see paragraph 20F(2) of that Schedule)).

(4)Material to which this section applies may be retained—

(a)if the chief constable determines that it is necessary for the material to be retained for the purposes of national security, and

(b)for as long as the determination has effect.

(5)A determination mentioned in subsection (4)—

(a)has effect for a maximum of 2 years beginning with the date on which the material would (but for this section) be required to be destroyed under section 11(6), and

(b)may be renewed.

(6)The reference in subsection (4) to the chief constable is a reference to the chief constable of the police force—

(a)of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the material was a member, or

(b)in the case of a DNA profile, of which the constable who took (or directed the taking of) the sample from which the profile derived was a member.

(7)Material retained under section 11 or this section must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security, or

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation.

(8)Section 11(6) is subject to this section.

(9)In this section—

  • DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample;

  • DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells;

  • terrorist investigation” has the meaning given by section 32 of the Terrorism Act 2000.

21Other materialE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 18 of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 (material not subject to existing statutory restrictions) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (2) there is substituted—

(2)Subject to subsections (3A) to (3C), material to which this section applies that is held by a law enforcement authority in England and Wales or Northern Ireland may be retained by that authority after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was obtained or acquired by the authority if the following condition is met.

(2)In subsection (3)(c) for “subsection (2)” there is substituted “ subsection (3J) ”.

(4)After subsection (3) there is inserted—

(3A)A DNA sample to which this section applies must be destroyed—

(a)as soon as a DNA profile has been derived from the sample, or

(b)if sooner, before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which the sample was obtained or acquired.

(3B)DNA profiles and fingerprints—

(a)to which this section applies,

(b)relating to a person who, at the time they were obtained or acquired by the authority retaining them—

(i)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction, and

(ii)is aged under 16, and

(c)which are held in a form which includes information which identifies the person to whom they relate,

must be destroyed before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date on which they were obtained or acquired by the authority.

(3C)DNA profiles and fingerprints—

(a)to which this section applies,

(b)relating to a person who, at the time they were obtained or acquired by the authority retaining them—

(i)has no previous convictions or only one exempt conviction, and

(ii)is aged 16 or over, and

(c)which are held in a form which includes information which identifies the person to whom they relate,

must be destroyed before the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which they were obtained or acquired by the authority.

(3D)If, before material is required to be destroyed by virtue of subsection (3B) or (3C), the person to whom the material relates is convicted of a recordable offence in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, that subsection ceases to have effect in relation to the material.

(3E)If the responsible officer determines that it is necessary for any material to which subsection (3B) or (3C) applies to be retained for the purposes of national security—

(a)the material is not required to be destroyed in accordance with that subsection, and

(b)subsection (4A) does not apply to the material,

for as long as the determination has effect.

(3F)A determination under subsection (3E) has effect for a maximum of two years beginning with the date on which the material would otherwise be required to be destroyed, but a determination may be renewed.

(3G)Responsible officer” means—

(a)in relation to material obtained or acquired by a police force in England and Wales, the chief officer of the police force;

(b)in relation to material obtained or acquired by the Police Service of Northern Ireland or the Police Service of Northern Ireland Reserve, the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland;

(c)in relation to material obtained or acquired by the Ministry of Defence Police, the Chief Constable of the Ministry of Defence Police;

(d)in relation to material obtained or acquired by the Royal Navy Police, the Royal Military Police or the Royal Air Force Police, the Provost Marshal for the police force which obtained or acquired the material;

(e)in relation to material obtained or acquired by the British Transport Police, the Chief Constable of the British Transport Police;

(f)in relation to material obtained or acquired by the Serious Organised Crime Agency, the Director General of the Serious Organised Crime Agency;

(g)in relation to material obtained or acquired by the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs, any of those Commissioners.

(3H)If fingerprints are required to be destroyed by virtue of subsection (3B) or (3C), any copies of the fingerprints must also be destroyed.

(3I)If a DNA profile is required to be destroyed by virtue of subsection (3B) or (3C), no copy may be kept except in a form which does not include information which identifies the person to whom the DNA profile relates.

(3J)Any material to which this section applies which is retained after it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was obtained or acquired must not be used other than—

(a)in the interests of national security,

(b)for the purposes of a terrorist investigation,

(c)for purposes related to the prevention or detection of crime, the investigation of an offence or the conduct of a prosecution, or

(d)for purposes related to the identification of a deceased person or of the person to whom the material relates.

(5)For subsection (4) there is substituted—

(4)Subject to subsection (3J), checks may be made against material to which this section applies and it may be disclosed to any person.

(4A)Material which is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section must not at any time after it is required to be destroyed be used—

(a)in evidence against the person to whom the material relates, or

(b)for the purposes of the investigation of any offence.

(4B)In this section—

(a)the reference to using material includes a reference to allowing any check to be made against it and to disclosing it to any person,

(b)the reference to crime includes a reference to any conduct which—

(i)constitutes one or more criminal offences (whether under the law of a part of the United Kingdom or of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom), or

(ii)is, or corresponds to, any conduct which, if it all took place in any one part of the United Kingdom, would constitute one or more criminal offences, and

(c)the references to an investigation and to a prosecution include references, respectively, to any investigation outside the United Kingdom of any crime or suspected crime and to a prosecution brought in respect of any crime in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(6)In subsection (5), at the end there is inserted—

terrorist investigation” has the meaning given by section 32 of the Terrorism Act 2000.

(7)In subsection (6)—

(a)in paragraph (a), after “64” there is inserted “ to 64ZN ”;

(b)in paragraph (b), after “64” there is inserted “ to 64ZN ”;

(c)in paragraph (c), for “paragraph 14” there is substituted “ paragraphs 14 to 14I ”.

(8)After section 18 of that Act there is inserted—

18ASection 18: supplementary provisions

(1)In section 18 and this section, “recordable offence” has—

(a)in relation to a conviction in England and Wales, the meaning given by section 118(1) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, and

(b)in relation to a conviction in Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 2(2) of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

(2)For the purposes of subsections (3B) and (3C) of section 18—

(a)a person has no previous convictions if the person has not previously been convicted in England and Wales or Northern Ireland of a recordable offence, and

(b)if the person has been previously so convicted of a recordable offence, the conviction is exempt if it is in respect of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence, committed when the person is aged under 18.

(3)In subsection (2), “qualifying offence” has—

(a)in relation to a conviction in respect of a recordable offence committed in England and Wales, the meaning given by given by section 65A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, and

(b)in relation to a conviction in respect of a recordable offence committed in Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 53A of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

(4)For the purposes of subsections (3B) and (3C) of section 18, a person is to be treated as having been convicted of an offence if the person—

(a)has been given a caution in respect of the offence which, at the time of the caution, he has admitted, or

(b)has been warned or reprimanded under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for the offence.

(5)For the purposes of those subsections, if a person is convicted of more than one offence arising out of a single course of action, those convictions are to be treated as a single conviction.

22Destruction of material taken before commencementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State must by order make provision for the destruction of—

(a)fingerprints, samples and impressions of footwear taken prior to the commencement of each of sections 14, 15 and 17 to 21 which would have been destroyed if that section had been in force at the time they were taken, and

(b)any DNA profile which would been destroyed if that section had been in force at the time the profile was derived.

(2)If an order under section 113(1) of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (application of that Act to Armed Forces) makes provision equivalent to sections 64 to 64ZN of that Act as substituted by section 14 above, the Secretary of State must by order make provision for the destruction of—

(a)fingerprints, samples and impressions of footwear taken prior to the commencement of that order which would have been destroyed if that order had been in force at the time they were taken, and

(b)any DNA profile which would been destroyed if that order had been in force at the time the profile was derived.

(3)In this section—

  • DNA profile” means any information derived from a DNA sample;

  • DNA sample” means any material that has come from a human body and consists of or includes human cells;

  • fingerprints” means a record (in any form and produced by any method) of the skin pattern and other physical characteristics or features of a person's fingers or either of a person's palms.

(4)An order under this section must be made by statutory instrument.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

23National DNA Database Strategy BoardE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State must make arrangements for a National DNA Database Strategy Board to oversee the operation of the National DNA Database.

(2)The National DNA Database Strategy Board must issue guidance about the immediate destruction of DNA samples and DNA profiles which are, or may be, retained under—

(a)the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, or

(b)the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989.

(3)The following must act in accordance with any guidance issued under this section—

(a)any chief officer of a police force in England and Wales;

(b)the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

(4)The Secretary of State must publish the governance rules of the National DNA Database Strategy Board and lay a copy of the rules before Parliament.

(5)The National DNA Database Strategy Board must make an annual report to the Secretary of State about the exercise of its functions.

(6)The Secretary of State must publish the report and must lay a copy of the published report before Parliament.

(7)The Secretary of State may exclude from publication any part of the report if in the opinion of the Secretary of State the publication of that part would be against the interests of national security.

Domestic violenceE+W

Prospective

24Power to issue a domestic violence protection noticeE+W

(1)A member of a police force not below the rank of superintendent (“the authorising officer”) may issue a domestic violence protection notice (“a DVPN”) under this section.

(2)A DVPN may be issued to a person (“P”) aged 18 years or over if the authorising officer has reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)P has been violent towards, or has threatened violence towards, an associated person, and

(b)the issue of the DVPN is necessary to protect that person from violence or a threat of violence by P.

(3)Before issuing a DVPN, the authorising officer must, in particular, consider—

(a)the welfare of any person under the age of 18 whose interests the officer considers relevant to the issuing of the DVPN (whether or not that person is an associated person),

(b)the opinion of the person for whose protection the DVPN would be issued as to the issuing of the DVPN,

(c)any representations made by P as to the issuing of the DVPN, and

(d)in the case of provision included by virtue of subsection (8), the opinion of any other associated person who lives in the premises to which the provision would relate.

(4)The authorising officer must take reasonable steps to discover the opinions mentioned in subsection (3).

(5)But the authorising officer may issue a DVPN in circumstances where the person for whose protection it is issued does not consent to the issuing of the DVPN.

(6)A DVPN must contain provision to prohibit P from molesting the person for whose protection it is issued.

(7)Provision required to be included by virtue of subsection (6) may be expressed so as to refer to molestation in general, to particular acts of molestation, or to both.

(8)If P lives in premises which are also lived in by a person for whose protection the DVPN is issued, the DVPN may also contain provision—

(a)to prohibit P from evicting or excluding from the premises the person for whose protection the DVPN is issued,

(b)to prohibit P from entering the premises,

(c)to require P to leave the premises, or

(d)to prohibit P from coming within such distance of the premises as may be specified in the DVPN.

(9)An “associated person” means a person who is associated with P within the meaning of section 62 of the Family Law Act 1996.

(10)Subsection (11) applies where a DVPN includes provision in relation to premises by virtue of subsection (8)(b) or (8)(c) and the authorising officer believes that—

(a)P is a person subject to service law in accordance with sections 367 to 369 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, and

(b)the premises fall within paragraph (a) of the definition of “service living accommodation” in section 96(1) of that Act.

(11)The authorising officer must make reasonable efforts to inform P's commanding officer (within the meaning of section 360 of the Armed Forces Act 2006) of the issuing of the notice.

Prospective

25Contents and service of a domestic violence protection noticeE+W

(1)A DVPN must state—

(a)the grounds on which it has been issued,

(b)that a constable may arrest P without warrant if the constable has reasonable grounds for believing that P is in breach of the DVPN,

(c)that an application for a domestic violence protection order under section 27 will be heard within 48 hours of the time of service of the DVPN and a notice of the hearing will be given to P,

(d)that the DVPN continues in effect until that application has been determined, and

(e)the provision that a magistrates' court may include in a domestic violence protection order.

(2)A DVPN must be in writing and must be served on P personally by a constable.

(3)On serving P with a DVPN, the constable must ask P for an address for the purposes of being given the notice of the hearing of the application for the domestic violence protection order.

Prospective

26Breach of a domestic violence protection noticeE+W

(1)A person arrested by virtue of section 25(1)(b) for a breach of a DVPN must be held in custody and brought before the magistrates' court which will hear the application for the DVPO under section 27—

(a)before the end of the period of 24 hours beginning with the time of the arrest, or

(b)if earlier, at the hearing of that application.

(2)If the person is brought before the court by virtue of subsection (1)(a), the court may remand the person.

(3)If the court adjourns the hearing of the application by virtue of section 27(8), the court may remand the person.

(4)In calculating when the period of 24 hours mentioned in subsection (1)(a) ends, Christmas Day, Good Friday, any Sunday and any day which is a bank holiday in England and Wales under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 are to be disregarded.

Prospective

27Application for a domestic violence protection orderE+W

(1)If a DVPN has been issued, a constable must apply for a domestic violence protection order (“a DVPO”).

(2)The application must be made by complaint to a magistrates' court.

(3)The application must be heard by the magistrates' court not later than 48 hours after the DVPN was served pursuant to section 25(2).

(4)In calculating when the period of 48 hours mentioned in subsection (3) ends, Christmas Day, Good Friday, any Sunday and any day which is a bank holiday in England and Wales under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 are to be disregarded.

(5)A notice of the hearing of the application must be given to P.

(6)The notice is deemed given if it has been left at the address given by P under section 25(3).

(7)But if the notice has not been given because no address was given by P under section 25(3), the court may hear the application for the DVPO if the court is satisfied that the constable applying for the DVPO has made reasonable efforts to give P the notice.

(8)The magistrates' court may adjourn the hearing of the application.

(9)If the court adjourns the hearing, the DVPN continues in effect until the application has been determined.

(10)On the hearing of an application for a DVPO, section 97 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (summons to witness and warrant for his arrest) does not apply in relation to a person for whose protection the DVPO would be made, except where the person has given oral or written evidence at the hearing.

Prospective

28Conditions for and contents of a domestic violence protection orderE+W

(1)The court may make a DVPO if two conditions are met.

(2)The first condition is that the court is satisfied on the balance of probabilities that P has been violent towards, or has threatened violence towards, an associated person.

(3)The second condition is that the court thinks that making the DVPO is necessary to protect that person from violence or a threat of violence by P.

(4)Before making a DVPO, the court must, in particular, consider—

(a)the welfare of any person under the age of 18 whose interests the court considers relevant to the making of the DVPO (whether or not that person is an associated person), and

(b)any opinion of which the court is made aware—

(i)of the person for whose protection the DVPO would be made, and

(ii)in the case of provision included by virtue of subsection (8), of any other associated person who lives in the premises to which the provision would relate.

(5)But the court may make a DVPO in circumstances where the person for whose protection it is made does not consent to the making of the DVPO.

(6)A DVPO must contain provision to prohibit P from molesting the person for whose protection it is made.

(7)Provision required to be included by virtue of subsection (6) may be expressed so as to refer to molestation in general, to particular acts of molestation, or to both.

(8)If P lives in premises which are also lived in by a person for whose protection the DVPO is made, the DVPO may also contain provision—

(a)to prohibit P from evicting or excluding from the premises the person for whose protection the DVPO is made,

(b)to prohibit P from entering the premises,

(c)to require P to leave the premises, or

(d)to prohibit P from coming within such distance of the premises as may be specified in the DVPO.

(9)A DVPO must state that a constable may arrest P without warrant if the constable has reasonable grounds for believing that P is in breach of the DVPO.

(10)A DVPO may be in force for—

(a)no fewer than 14 days beginning with the day on which it is made, and

(b)no more than 28 days beginning with that day.

(11)A DVPO must state the period for which it is to be in force.

Prospective

29Breach of a domestic violence protection orderE+W

(1)A person arrested by virtue of section 28(9) for a breach of a DVPO must be held in custody and brought before a magistrates' court within the period of 24 hours beginning with the time of the arrest.

(2)If the matter is not disposed of when the person is brought before the court, the court may remand the person.

(3)In calculating when the period of 24 hours mentioned in subsection (1) ends, Christmas Day, Good Friday, any Sunday and any day which is a bank holiday in England and Wales under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 are to be disregarded.

Prospective

30Further provision about remandE+W

(1)This section applies for the purposes of the remand of a person by a magistrates' court under section 26(2) or (3) or 29(2).

(2)In the application of section 128(6) of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 for those purposes, the reference to the “other party” is to be read—

(a)in the case of a remand prior to the hearing of an application for a DVPO, as a reference to the authorising officer,

(b)in any other case, as a reference to the constable who applied for the DVPO.

(3)If the court has reason to suspect that a medical report will be required, the power to remand a person may be exercised for the purpose of enabling a medical examination to take place and a report to be made.

(4)If the person is remanded in custody for that purpose, the adjournment may not be for more than 3 weeks at a time.

(5)If the person is remanded on bail for that purpose, the adjournment may not be for more than 4 weeks at a time.

(6)If the court has reason to suspect that the person is suffering from a mental disorder within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983, the court has the same power to make an order under section 35 of that Act (remand to hospital for medical report) as it has under that section in the case of an accused person (within the meaning of that section).

(7)The court may, when remanding the person on bail, require the person to comply, before release on bail or later, with such requirements as appear to the court to be necessary to secure that the person does not interfere with witnesses or otherwise obstruct the course of justice.

Prospective

31GuidanceE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may from time to time issue guidance relating to the exercise by a constable of functions under sections 24 to 30.

(2)A constable must have regard to any guidance issued under subsection (1) when exercising a function to which the guidance relates.

(3)Before issuing guidance under this section, the Secretary of State must consult—

(a)the Association of Chief Police Officers,

(b)the National Policing Improvement Agency, and

(c)such other persons as the Secretary of State thinks fit.

Prospective

32Ministry of Defence PoliceE+W

(1)A member of the Ministry of Defence Police not below the rank of superintendent may issue a DVPN under section 24 for the protection of an associated person if either P or the associated person lives in premises which fall within paragraph (a) of the definition of “service living accommodation” in section 96(1) of the Armed Forces Act 2006.

(2)If a DVPN is issued by a member of the Ministry of Defence Police by virtue of subsection (1), provision may be included in the DVPN by virtue of section 24(8) in relation to any other premises in England or Wales lived in by P and the associated person.

33Pilot schemesE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument provide for any provision of sections 24 to 32 to come into force for a period of time to be specified in or under the order for the purpose of assessing the effectiveness of the provision.

(2)Such an order may make different provision for different areas.

(3)More than one order may be made under this section.

(4)Provision included in an order under this section does not affect the provision that may be included in relation to sections 24 to 32 in an order under section 59 (commencement).

Prospective

Gang-related violenceE+W

34Grant of injunction: minimum ageE+W

In section 34 of the Policing and Crime Act 2009 (injunctions to prevent gang-related violence), in subsection (1), after “grant an injunction” there is inserted “ against a respondent aged 14 or over ”.

35Review on respondent to injunction becoming 18E+W

(1)The Policing and Crime Act 2009 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 36 (contents of injunctions: supplemental), after subsection (4) there is inserted—

(4A)Where—

(a)the respondent is under the age of 18 on the injunction date, and

(b)any prohibition or requirement in the injunction is to have effect after the respondent reaches that age and for at least the period of four weeks beginning with the respondent's 18th birthday,

the court must order the applicant and the respondent to attend a review hearing on a specified date within that period.

(3)In section 42 (variation or discharge of injunctions), after subsection (4) there is inserted—

(4A)Section 36(4A) does not apply where an injunction is varied to include a prohibition or requirement which is to have effect as mentioned in that provision but the variation is made within (or at any time after) the period of four weeks ending with the respondent's 18th birthday.

36Consultation of youth offending teamE+W

(1)In the Policing and Crime Act 2009, section 38 (consultation by applicants for injunctions) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2), after paragraph (a) there is inserted—

(aa)where the respondent is under the age of 18 (and will be under that age when the application is made), the youth offending team established under section 39 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 in whose area it appears to the applicant that the respondent resides, and.

(3)After that subsection there is inserted—

(3)If it appears to the applicant that the respondent resides in the area of two or more youth offending teams, the obligation in subsection (2)(aa) is to consult such of those teams as the applicant thinks appropriate.

37Application for variation or discharge of injunctionE+W

In the Policing and Crime Act 2009, in section 42 (variation or discharge of injunctions), at the end there is inserted—

(6)If an application to vary or discharge an injunction under this Part is dismissed, no further application to vary or discharge it may be made by any person without the consent of the court.

38Powers of court to remandE+W

In the Policing and Crime Act 2009, in Schedule 5 (injunctions: powers to remand), in paragraph 2(1)(a) (power to remand in custody), at the beginning there is inserted “ in the case of a person aged 18 or over ”.

39Powers of court on breach of injunction by respondent under 18E+W

(1)The Policing and Crime Act 2009 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 46 (and after the heading “miscellaneous”) there is inserted—

46ABreach of injunction: supplementary powers in respect of under-18s

Schedule 5A (which makes provision about the powers of the court in relation to breach of an injunction by a respondent aged under 18) has effect.

(3)After Schedule 5 there is inserted—

Section 46A

SCHEDULE 5AE+WBreach of injunction: powers of court in respect of under-18s

Part 1 E+WIntroductory
Power to make supervision order or detention orderE+W

1(1)Where—

(a)an injunction under Part 4 is granted against a person under the age of 18, and

(b)on an application made by the injunction applicant, the court is satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that the person is in breach of any provision of the injunction,

the court may make one of the orders specified in sub-paragraph (2) in respect of the person.

(2)Those orders are—

(a)a supervision order (see Part 2 of this Schedule);

(b)a detention order (see Part 3 of this Schedule).

(3)The powers conferred by this paragraph are in addition to any other power of the court in relation to the breach of the injunction.

(4)Before making an application under paragraph 1(1)(b) the injunction applicant must consult—

(a)the youth offending team consulted under section 38(1) or 39(5) in relation to the injunction, and

(b)any other person previously so consulted.

(5)In considering whether and how to exercise its powers under this paragraph, the court must consider a report made to assist the court in that respect by the youth offending team referred to in sub-paragraph (4)(a).

(6)An order under sub-paragraph (1) may not be made in respect of a person aged 18 or over.

(7)The court may not make a detention order under sub-paragraph (1) unless it is satisfied, in view of the severity or extent of the breach, that no other power available to the court is appropriate.

(8)Where the court makes a detention order under sub-paragraph (1) it must state in open court why it is satisfied as specified in sub-paragraph (7).

(9)In this Schedule—

  • defaulter”, in relation to an order under this Schedule, means the person in respect of whom the order is made;

  • injunction applicant”, in relation to an injunction under Part 4 or an order under this Schedule made in respect of such an injunction, means the person who applied for the injunction;

  • appropriate court”, in relation to an order under this Schedule, means—

    (a)

    where the order is made by the High Court, the High Court;

    (b)

    where the order is made by a county court, a county court.

Part 2 E+WSupervision orders
Supervision ordersE+W

2(1)A supervision order is an order imposing on the defaulter one or more of the following requirements—

(a)a supervision requirement;

(b)an activity requirement;

(c)a curfew requirement.

(2)Before making a supervision order the court must obtain and consider information about the defaulter's family circumstances and the likely effect of such an order on those circumstances.

(3)Before making a supervision order imposing two or more requirements, the court must consider their mutual compatibility.

(4)The court must ensure, as far as practicable, that any requirement imposed by a supervision order is such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the defaulter's religious beliefs,

(b)any interference with the times, if any, at which the defaulter normally works or attends school or any other educational establishment, and

(c)any conflict with the requirements of any other court order or injunction to which the defaulter may be subject.

(5)A supervision order must for the purposes of this Schedule specify a maximum period for the operation of any requirement contained in the order.

(6)The period specified under sub-paragraph (5) may not exceed six months beginning with the day after that on which the supervision order is made.

(7)A supervision order must for the purposes of this Schedule specify a youth offending team established under section 39 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.

(8)The youth offending team specified under sub-paragraph (7) is to be—

(a)the youth offending team in whose area it appears to the court that the respondent will reside during the period specified under sub-paragraph (5), or

(b)where it appears to the court that the respondent will reside in the area of two or more such teams, such one of those teams as the court may determine.

Supervision requirementsE+W

3(1)In this Schedule, “supervision requirement”, in relation to a supervision order, means a requirement that the defaulter attend appointments with—

(a)the responsible officer, or

(b)another person determined by the responsible officer,

at such times and places as may be instructed by the responsible officer.

(2)The appointments must be within the period for the time being specified in the order under paragraph 2(5).

Activity requirementsE+W

4(1)In this Schedule, “activity requirement”, in relation to a supervision order, means a requirement that the defaulter do any or all of the following within the period for the time being specified in the order under paragraph 2(5)—

(a)participate, on such number of days as may be specified in the order, in activities at a place, or places, so specified;

(b)participate in an activity or activities specified in the order on such number of days as may be so specified;

(c)participate in one or more residential exercises for a continuous period or periods comprising such number or numbers of days as may be specified in the order;

(d)in accordance with sub-paragraphs (6) to (9), engage in activities in accordance with instructions of the responsible officer on such number of days as may be specified in the order.

(2)The number of days specified in a supervision order in relation to an activity requirement must not, in aggregate, be less than 12 or more than 24.

(3)A requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) or (b) operates to require the defaulter, in accordance with instructions given by the responsible officer, on the number of days specified in the order in relation to the requirement—

(a)in the case of a requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a), to present himself or herself at a place specified in the order to a person of a description so specified, or

(b)in the case of a requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b), to participate in an activity specified in the order,

and, on each such day, to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place or the activity (as the case may be).

(4)Where the order includes a requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(c) to participate in a residential exercise, it must specify, in relation to the residential exercise—

(a)a place, or

(b)an activity.

(5)A requirement under sub-paragraph (1)(c) to participate in a residential exercise operates to require the defaulter, in accordance with instructions given by the responsible officer—

(a)if a place is specified under sub-paragraph (4)(a)—

(i)to present himself or herself at the beginning of the period specified in the order in relation to the exercise, at the place so specified to a person of a description specified in the instructions, and

(ii)to reside there for that period;

(b)if an activity is specified under sub-paragraph (4)(b), to participate, for the period specified in the order in relation to the exercise, in the activity so specified,

and, during that period, to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place or the activity (as the case may be).

(6)Subject to sub-paragraph (8), instructions under sub-paragraph (1)(d) relating to any day must require the defaulter to do either of the following—

(a)present himself or herself to a person of a description specified in the instructions at a place so specified;

(b)participate in an activity specified in the instructions.

(7)Any such instructions operate to require the defaulter, on that day or while participating in that activity, to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place or, as the case may be, the activity.

(8)If the supervision order so provides, instructions under sub-paragraph (1)(d) may require the defaulter to participate in a residential exercise for a period comprising not more than seven days, and, for that purpose—

(a)to present himself or herself at the beginning of that period to a person of a description specified in the instructions at a place so specified and to reside there for that period, or

(b)to participate for that period in an activity specified in the instructions.

(9)Instructions such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (8)—

(a)may not be given except with the consent of a parent or guardian of the defaulter, and

(b)operate to require the defaulter, during the period specified under that sub-paragraph, to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place or activity specified under paragraph (a) or (b) of that sub-paragraph.

(10)Instructions given by, or under the authority of, a person in charge of a place under sub-paragraph (3), (5), (7) or (9)(b) may require the defaulter to engage in activities otherwise than at that place.

(11)Where a supervision order contains an activity requirement, the appropriate court may on the application of the injunction applicant or the defaulter amend the order by substituting for any number of days, place, activity, period or description of persons specified in the order a new number of days, place, activity, period or description (subject, in the case of a number of days, to sub-paragraph (2)).

(12)A court may only include an activity requirement in a supervision order or vary such a requirement under sub-paragraph (11) if—

(a)it has consulted the youth offending team which is to be, or is, specified in the order,

(b)it is satisfied that it is feasible to secure compliance with the requirement or requirement as varied,

(c)it is satisfied that provision for the defaulter to participate in the activities proposed can be made under the arrangements for persons to participate in such activities which exist in the area of the youth offending team which is to be or is specified in the order, and

(d)in a case where the requirement or requirement as varied would involve the co-operation of a person other than the defaulter and the responsible officer, that person consents to its inclusion or variation.

(13)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (9) “guardian” has the same meaning as in the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (subject to sub-paragraph (14)).

(14)If a local authority has parental responsibility for a defaulter who is in its care or provided with accommodation by it in the exercise of any social services functions, the reference to “guardian” in sub-paragraph (9) is to be read as a reference to that authority.

(15)In sub-paragraph (14)—

(a)parental responsibility” has the same meaning as it has in the Children Act 1989 by virtue of section 3 of that Act;

(b)social services functions” has the same meaning as it has in the Local Authority Social Services Act 1970 by virtue of section 1A of that Act.

Curfew requirementsE+W

5(1)In this Schedule, “curfew requirement”, in relation to a supervision order, means a requirement that the defaulter remain, for periods specified in the order, at a place so specified.

(2)A supervision order imposing a curfew requirement may specify different places or different periods for different days.

(3)The periods specified under sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)must be within the period for the time being specified in the order under paragraph 2(5);

(b)may not amount to less than two or more than eight hours in any day.

(4)Before specifying a place under sub-paragraph (1) in a supervision order, the court making the order must obtain and consider information about the place proposed to be specified in the order (including information as to the attitude of persons likely to be affected by the enforced presence there of the defaulter).

(5)Where a supervision order contains a curfew requirement, the appropriate court may, on the application of the injunction applicant or the defaulter amend the order by—

(a)substituting new periods for the periods specified in the order under this paragraph (subject to sub-paragraph (3)); or

(b)substituting a new place for the place specified in the order under this paragraph (subject to sub-paragraph (4)).

Electronic monitoring requirementsE+W

6(1)A supervision order containing a curfew requirement may also contain a requirement (an “electronic monitoring requirement”) for securing the electronic monitoring of compliance with the curfew requirement during a period—

(a)specified in the order, or

(b)determined by the responsible officer in accordance with the order.

(2)In a case referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b), the responsible officer must, before the beginning of the period when the electronic monitoring requirement is to take effect, notify—

(a)the defaulter,

(b)the person responsible for the monitoring, and

(c)any person falling within sub-paragraph (3)(b),

of the time when that period is to begin.

(3)Where—

(a)it is proposed to include an electronic monitoring requirement in a supervision order, but

(b)there is a person (other than the defaulter) without whose co-operation it will not be practicable to secure that the monitoring takes place,

the requirement may not be included in the order without that person's consent.

(4)A supervision order imposing an electronic monitoring requirement must include provision for making a person responsible for the monitoring.

(5)The person who is made responsible for the monitoring must be of a description specified in an order under paragraph 26(5) of Schedule 1 to the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008.

(6)An electronic monitoring requirement may not be included in a supervision order unless the court making the order—

(a)has been notified by the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order that arrangements for electronic monitoring are available in the area where the place which the court proposes to specify in the order for the purposes of the curfew requirement is situated, and

(b)is satisfied that the necessary provision can be made under the arrangements currently available.

(7)Where a supervision order contains an electronic monitoring requirement, the appropriate court may, on the application of the injunction applicant or the defaulter, amend the order by substituting a new period for the period specified in the order under this paragraph.

(8)Sub-paragraph (3) applies in relation to the variation of an electronic monitoring requirement under sub-paragraph (7) as it applies in relation to the inclusion of such a requirement.

“Responsible officer” E+W

7(1)For the purposes of this Part of this Schedule, the “responsible officer”, in relation to a supervision order, means—

(a)in a case where the order imposes a curfew requirement and an electronic monitoring requirement, but does not impose an activity or supervision requirement, the person who under paragraph 6(4) is responsible for the electronic monitoring;

(b)in any other case, the member of the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order who, as respects the defaulter, is for the time being responsible for discharging the functions conferred by this Schedule on the responsible officer.

(2)Where a supervision order has been made, it is the duty of the responsible officer—

(a)to make any arrangements that are necessary in connection with the requirements contained in the order, and

(b)to promote the defaulter's compliance with those requirements.

(3)In giving instructions in pursuance of a supervision order, the responsible officer must ensure, so far as practicable, that any instruction is such as to avoid the matters referred to in paragraph 2(4).

(4)A defaulter in respect of whom a supervision order is made must—

(a)keep in touch with the responsible officer in accordance with such instructions as the responsible officer may from time to time give to the defaulter, and

(b)notify the responsible officer of any change of address.

(5)The obligations imposed by sub-paragraph (4) have effect as a requirement of the supervision order.

Amendment of operative periodE+W

8(1)The appropriate court may, on the application of the injunction applicant or the defaulter, amend a supervision order by substituting a new period for that for the time being specified in the order under paragraph 2(5) (subject to paragraph 2(6)).

(2)The court may, on amending a supervision order pursuant to sub-paragraph (1), make such other amendments to the order in relation to any requirement imposed by the order as the court considers appropriate.

Amendment on change of area of residenceE+W

9(1)This paragraph applies where, on an application made by the injunction applicant or the defaulter in relation to a supervision order, the appropriate court is satisfied that the defaulter proposes to reside, or is residing, in the area of a youth offending team other than the team for the time being specified in the order.

(2)If the application is made by the defaulter, the court to which it is made may amend the order by substituting for the youth offending team specified in the order the youth offending team for the area referred to in sub-paragraph (1) (or, if there is more than one such team for that area, such of those teams as the court may determine).

(3)If the application is made by the injunction applicant, the court to which it is made must, subject as follows, so amend the order.

(4)Where a court amends the supervision order pursuant to sub-paragraph (2) or (3) but the order contains a requirement which, in the opinion of the court, cannot reasonably be complied with if the defaulter resides in the area referred to in sub-paragraph (1), the court must also amend the order by—

(a)removing that requirement, or

(b)substituting for that requirement a new requirement which can reasonably be complied with if the defaulter resides in that area.

(5)Sub-paragraph (3) does not require a court to amend the supervision order if in its opinion sub-paragraph (4) would produce an inappropriate result.

(6)The injunction applicant must consult the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order before making an application under sub-paragraph (1).

Revocation of supervision orderE+W

10(1)Where a supervision order is made, the injunction applicant or the defaulter may apply to the appropriate court—

(a)to revoke the order, or

(b)to amend the order by removing any requirement from it.

(2)If it appears to the court to which an application under sub-paragraph (1)(a) or (b) is made to be in the interests of justice to do so, having regard to circumstances which have arisen since the supervision order was made, the court may grant the application and revoke or amend the order accordingly.

(3)The circumstances referred to in sub-paragraph (2) include the conduct of the defaulter.

(4)If an application made under sub-paragraph (1) in relation to a supervision order is dismissed, no further such application may be made in relation to the order by any person without the consent of the appropriate court.

(5)The injunction applicant must consult the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order before making an application under sub-paragraph (1).

Compliance with supervision orderE+W

11If the responsible officer considers that the defaulter has complied with all the requirements of the supervision order, the responsible officer must inform the injunction applicant.

Non-compliance with supervision orderE+W

12(1)If the responsible officer considers that the defaulter has failed to comply with any requirement of the supervision order, the responsible officer must inform the injunction applicant.

(2)On being informed as specified in sub-paragraph (1) the injunction applicant may apply to the appropriate court.

(3)Before making an application under sub-paragraph (2) the injunction applicant must consult—

(a)the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order, and

(b)any person consulted by virtue of section 38(2)(a) or (b).

(4)If on an application under sub-paragraph (2) the court to which it is made is satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that the defaulter has without reasonable excuse failed to comply with any requirement of the supervision order, the court may—

(a)revoke the supervision order and make a new one; or

(b)revoke the order and make a detention order (see Part 3 of this Schedule).

(5)The powers in sub-paragraph (4) may not be exercised at any time after the defaulter reaches the age of 18.

(6)The powers conferred by sub-paragraph (4) are in addition to any other power of the court in relation to the breach of the supervision order.

(7)The court to which an application under sub-paragraph (2) is made must consider representations made by the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order before exercising its powers under this paragraph.

Copies of supervision order etcE+W

13(1)The court by which a supervision order is made must forthwith provide a copy of the order to—

(a)the defaulter, and

(b)the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order.

(2)Where a supervision order is made, the injunction applicant must forthwith provide a copy of so much of the order as is relevant—

(a)in a case where the order includes an activity requirement specifying a place under paragraph 4(1)(a), to the person in charge of that place;

(b)in a case where the order includes an activity requirement specifying an activity under paragraph 4(1)(b), to the person in charge of that activity;

(c)in a case where the order includes an activity requirement specifying a residential exercise under paragraph 4(1)(c), to the person in charge of the place or activity specified under paragraph 4(4) in relation to that residential exercise;

(d)in a case where the order contains an electronic monitoring requirement, to—

(i)any person who by virtue of paragraph 6(4) will be responsible for the electronic monitoring, and

(ii)any person without whose consent that requirement could not have been included in the order.

(3)The court by which a supervision order is revoked or amended must forthwith provide a copy of the revoking order, or of the order as amended, to—

(a)the defaulter, and

(b)the youth offending team for the time being specified in the order.

(4)Where—

(a)a copy of a supervision order (or part of a supervision order) has been given to a person under sub-paragraph (2) by virtue of any requirement contained in the order, and

(b)the order is revoked, or amended in respect of that requirement,

the injunction applicant must forthwith give a copy of the revoking order, or of so much of the order as amended as is relevant, to that person.

Part 3 E+WDetention orders
Detention ordersE+W

14(1)A detention order is an order that the defaulter be detained for a period specified in the order in such youth detention accommodation as the Secretary of State may determine.

(2)The period specified under sub-paragraph (1) may not exceed the period of three months beginning with the day after that on which the order is made.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “youth detention accommodation” means—

(a)a secure training centre;

(b)a young offender institution;

(c)secure accommodation, as defined by section 23(12) of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969.

(4)The function of the Secretary of State under sub-paragraph (1) is exercisable concurrently with the Youth Justice Board.

(5)A person detained under a detention order is in legal custody.

Revocation of detention orderE+W

15(1)Where a detention order is made, the injunction applicant or the defaulter may apply to the appropriate court to revoke it.

(2)If it appears to the court to which an application under sub-paragraph (1) is made to be in the interests of justice to do so, having regard to circumstances which have arisen since the detention order was made, the court may grant the application and revoke the order accordingly.

(3)The circumstances referred to in sub-paragraph (2) include the conduct of the defaulter.

(4)If an application made under sub-paragraph (1) in relation to a detention order is dismissed, no further such application may be made in relation to the order by any person without the consent of the appropriate court.

(5)Before making an application under sub-paragraph (1) the injunction applicant must consult—

(a)in the case of a detention order made under paragraph 1(1), the youth offending team referred to in paragraph 1(4)(a); or

(b)in the case of a detention order made under paragraph 12(4)(b), the youth offending team referred to in paragraph 12(3)(a).

(4)In section 41 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (Youth Justice Board), in subsection (5)(i), at the end there is inserted—

(vii)accommodation referred to in paragraph 14(3) of Schedule 5A to the Policing and Crime Act 2009 which is or may be used for the purpose of detaining persons subject to a detention order under that Schedule;.

Prospective

Anti-social behaviour ordersE+W

40Report on family circumstancesE+W

(1)The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 1 (anti-social behaviour orders), after subsection (1B) there is inserted—

(1C)Before making an application under subsection (1) in respect of a person under the age of 16, the relevant authority must prepare a report on the person's family circumstances in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)In section 9 (parenting orders: supplemental), in subsection (2), after “information” there is inserted “ (including any report prepared under section 1(1C)) ”.

(4)In section 114 (orders and regulations), in subsection (2), for “section 6” there is substituted “ section 1(1C), 6 ”.

41Parenting orders on breachE+W

(1)The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 8 (parenting orders), in subsection (1)(c), after “an offence” there is inserted “ , except in a case where section 8A below applies (parenting order on breach of anti-social behaviour order) ”.

(3)After that section, there is inserted—

8AParenting order on breach of anti-social behaviour order

(1)This section applies where a person under the age of 16 is convicted of an offence under section 1(10) above in respect of an anti-social behaviour order.

(2)The court by or before which the person is so convicted must make a parenting order in respect of a person who is a parent or guardian of the person convicted, unless it is of the opinion that there are exceptional circumstances that would make a parenting order inappropriate.

(3)The parenting order must specify such requirements as the court considers would be desirable in the interests of preventing—

(a)any repetition of the kind of behaviour which led to the anti-social behaviour order being made; or

(b)the commission of any further offence by the person convicted.

(4)If the court does not make a parenting order because it is of the opinion that there are exceptional circumstances that would make it inappropriate, it must state in open court that it is of that opinion and what those circumstances are.

(5)The following subsections of section 8 above apply to parenting orders made under this section—

(a)subsection (3) (court not to make parenting order unless arrangements available in local area);

(b)subsection (4) (definition of parenting order);

(c)subsection (5) (counselling or guidance programme not necessary if previous parenting order);

(d)subsection (7A) (residential courses).

(6)The following subsections of section 9 below apply to parenting orders made under this section—

(a)subsection (3) (court to explain effect of parenting order);

(b)subsection (4) (parenting order not to conflict with religious beliefs, work or education);

(c)subsections (5) and (6) (applications to vary or discharge parenting order);

(d)subsection (7) (failure to comply with parenting order).

(4)In section 9 (parenting orders: supplemental)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “offence” there is inserted “ , other than an offence under section 1(10) above in respect of an anti-social behaviour order, ”;

(b)in subsection (2), the word “or” immediately preceding paragraph (c) is repealed, and after that paragraph there is inserted “; or

(d)in a case falling within section 8A above,;

(c)after subsection (2A) there is inserted—

(2AA)Subsection (2A) does not apply where the child or young person is convicted of an offence under section 1(10) above in respect of an anti-social behaviour order.

(5)In section 10 (appeals against parenting orders), in subsection (4), after “section 8(1)(c)” there is inserted “ or 8A ”.

(6)In section 7A of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (powers of non-legal staff of Crown Prosecution Service), in subsection (5), in the definition of “preventative civil orders”, in paragraph (c), after “section 8” there is inserted “ or 8A ”.

Prospective

Private security industryE+W+S+N.I.

42Extension of licensing schemeE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Private Security Industry Act 2001 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 4 there is inserted—

Licensing of businesses etcE+W+S+N.I.

4ARequirement to license businesses etc

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this Act, it shall be an offence for any person to engage in any conduct licensable under this section except under and in accordance with a licence under this section.

(2)For the purposes of this Act a person engages in conduct licensable under this section if the person carries out—

(a)any activities to which paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 applies (immobilisation of vehicles);

(b)any activities to which paragraph 3A of Schedule 2 applies (restriction and removal of vehicles); or

(c)such other activities of a security operative as are for the time being designated for the purposes of this section by an order made by the Secretary of State.

(3)In the application of this section to Scotland—

(a)the reference in subsection (2)(c) to the Secretary of State must be construed as a reference to the Scottish Ministers; but

(b)before making any order under subsection (2)(c) the Scottish Ministers are to consult the Secretary of State.

(4)Where an individual carries out an activity referred to in subsection (2) on behalf of another person—

(a)the individual is not to be regarded as carrying out the activity for the purposes of this section (and other provisions of this Act so far as relating to this section), and

(b)the other person is to be regarded as carrying out the activity for those purposes (subject to subsection (7)(a)).

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4), an individual carries out an activity on behalf of another in particular if—

(a)the individual is, and is acting as, that person's employee,

(b)the other person is a body corporate and the individual is, and is acting as, a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body,

(c)the other person is a Scottish partnership and the individual is, and is acting as, a partner of the partnership, or

(d)the other person is an unincorporated association and the individual is, and is acting as, a member of the association,

but an individual does not carry out an activity on behalf of another for those purposes if he is acting pursuant to a contract for the supply of services with that person.

(6)Subsection (7) applies where—

(a)pursuant to a contract for the supply of services, a person (“the main contractor”) is or may be required to secure that an activity referred to in subsection (2) is carried out, and

(b)pursuant to a further contract for the supply of services the main contractor secures the carrying out of the activities by another person (“the sub-contractor”).

(7)In a case where this subsection applies—

(a)if the sub-contractor is an individual, the sub-contractor is not to be regarded as carrying out the activities;

(b)the main contractor is to be regarded as carrying out the activities, whether or not the sub-contractor is also regarded as carrying out the activities.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine or to both.

(9)In the application of this section—

(a)in England and Wales, in relation to an offence committed before the commencement of section 154(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, or

(b)in Northern Ireland,

the reference in subsection (8)(a) to twelve months is to be read as a reference to six months.

4BExemptions from requirement to license businesses etc

(1)If—

(a)it appears to the Secretary of State that there are circumstances in which conduct licensable under section 4A is engaged in only by persons to whom suitable alternative arrangements will apply, and

(b)the Secretary of State is satisfied that, as a consequence, it is unnecessary for persons engaging in any such conduct in those circumstances to be required to be licensed under that section,

the Secretary of State may by regulations prescribing those circumstances provide that a person shall not be guilty of an offence under section 4A in respect of any conduct engaged in by that person in those circumstances.

(2)In subsection (1)(a), the reference to suitable alternative arrangements is a reference to arrangements that the Secretary of State is satisfied are equivalent, for all practical purposes so far as the protection of the public is concerned, to those applying to persons applying for and granted licences under section 4A.

(3)In section 6 (offence of using unlicensed wheel-clampers), after subsection (1) there is inserted—

(1A)A person who is an occupier of any premises is guilty of an offence if—

(a)another person carries out, in relation to vehicles on those premises, any activities to which paragraph 3 or 3A of Schedule 2 applies;

(b)the carrying out of those activities involves that other person engaging in conduct licensable under section 4A in respect of which he is not the holder of a licence under that section; and

(c)those activities are carried out with the permission of that occupier or for the purposes of, or in connection with, any contract for the supply of services to him.

(4)In section 9 (licence conditions), after subsection (2) there is inserted—

(2A)The conditions that may be prescribed or imposed in relation to any description of licence under section 4A include conditions requiring the person to whom the licence is granted to be a member of a nominated body or scheme.

(2B)In subsection (2A) “nominated body or scheme” means such body or scheme as is for the time being nominated for the purposes of that subsection by the Authority with the approval of the Secretary of State (and different bodies or schemes may be appointed in relation to different descriptions of licence).

(2C)The Secretary of State must consult the Scottish Ministers before approving a nomination under subsection (2B) affecting persons carrying out activities in Scotland.

(5)In section 19 (powers of entry and inspection), in subsection (1)—

(a)after “enter” there is inserted “ (a) ”;

(b)at the end there is inserted

; and

(b)any premises which appear to him to be premises on which a person engages in conduct licensable under section 4A, other than premises occupied exclusively for residential purposes as a private dwelling.

(6)In section 23 (criminal liability of directors etc), at the end there is inserted—

(3)Where an offence under any provision of this Act is committed by an unincorporated association and is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of—

(a)in the case of an unincorporated association which is a partnership, a partner or a person purporting to be a partner,

(b)in the case of any other unincorporated association, an officer of the association or any member of its governing body or a person purporting to act in any such capacity,

he (as well as the association) shall be guilty of that offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(7)In section 25 (interpretation), after subsection (1) there is inserted—

(1A)References in this Act to an unincorporated association include a partnership which is not regarded as a legal person under the law of the country or territory under which it is formed; and references to a member of an unincorporated association are to be construed, in relation to such a partnership, as references to a partner.

(8)Schedule 1 (which makes minor and consequential amendments to the Private Security Industry Act 2001) is part of this section.

43Extension of approval schemeE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Private Security Industry Act 2001 is amended as follows.

(2)For the italic heading before section 14 (“Approved contractors”) there is substituted “ Approval scheme ”.

(3)In section 14 (register of approved contractors)—

(a)in the heading, for “contractors” there is substituted “ persons ”;

(b)in subsection (1), for “approved providers of security industry services” there is substituted “ approved persons undertaking security activities ”;

(c)after that subsection there is inserted—

(1A)For the purposes of this section, the following undertake security activities—

(a)a person providing security industry services; and

(b)a person who employs an individual to carry out the activities of a security operative on his behalf.;

(d)in subsection (3)(c), after “services” there is inserted “ or activities ”.

(4)In section 15 (arrangements for the grant of approvals), for subsection (1) there is substituted—

(1)It shall be the duty of the Authority to secure that there are arrangements in force for granting approvals to persons to whom this section applies.

(1A)This section applies to—

(a)a person who provides security industry services and seeks approval in respect of any such services that he is providing or proposes to provide; and

(b)a person who employs an individual to carry out the activities of a security operative on his behalf and seeks approval in respect of those activities or other such activities that he proposes to employ an individual to carry out.

(5)In that section, in subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraphs (a) and (b), after “services” there is inserted “ or activities ”;

(b)in paragraph (c), after “services” there is inserted “ or carrying out of the activities ”.

(6)In that section, in subsection (3)—

(a)in paragraph (a), after “services” there is inserted “ or securing the carrying out of the activities ”;

(b)in paragraph (d), at the end there is inserted “ or activities ”.

(7)In section 16 (right to use approved status)—

(a)in subsection (1) the words “as an approved provider of security industry services” are repealed;

(b)in subsection (2)(a), the words “as an approved provider of any security industry services” are repealed.

(8)In section 17 (imposition of requirements for approval), in subsection (1)—

(a)after “provide that” there is inserted “ (a) ”;

(b)at the end there is inserted “; and

(b)persons of prescribed descriptions are to be prohibited from securing that activities of a security operative are carried out on their behalf by an employee unless they are for the time being approved in respect of those activities in accordance with arrangements under section 15.

(9)In that section, in subsection (3)—

(a)in paragraph (a), after “services” there is inserted “ or activities ”;

(b)in paragraph (b), after “services” there is inserted “ or employing an individual to carry out those activities ”;

(c)after “in respect of those services” there is inserted “ or activities ”.

(10)In that section, in subsection (5)—

(a)after “any services” there is inserted “ or activities ”;

(b)in paragraph (a), after “those services” there is inserted “ or the carrying out of those activities ”.

44Charges for vehicle release: appealsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Private Security Industry Act 2001 is amended as follows.

(2)Before section 23 there is inserted—

22ACharges for vehicle release: appeals

(1)The Secretary of State shall by regulations make provision for the purpose specified in subsection (2) in a case where, in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, a person carries out—

(a)an activity to which paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 applies by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(c) of that paragraph (demanding or collecting a charge as a condition of the removal of an immobilisation device); or

(b)an activity to which paragraph 3A of Schedule 2 applies by virtue of sub-paragraph (1)(d) of that paragraph (demanding or collecting a charge as a condition of the release of a vehicle).

(2)The purpose referred to in subsection (1) is to entitle a person otherwise entitled to remove the vehicle to appeal against the charge.

(3)Regulations under this section shall specify the grounds on which an appeal may be made.

(4)The grounds may include in particular—

(a)contravention of a code of practice issued by the Authority;

(b)contravention of any requirement imposed by or under this Act (including a condition contained in a licence granted under this Act).

(5)Regulations under this section shall make provision for and in connection with the person to whom an appeal may be made.

(6)That person may in particular be—

(a)a person exercising functions of adjudication or the hearing of appeals under another enactment;

(b)a body established by the Secretary of State under the regulations;

(c)an individual appointed under the regulations by the Secretary of State or by another person specified in the regulations.

(7)Regulations under this section may also include provision—

(a)as to the procedural conditions to be satisfied by a person before an appeal may be made;

(b)as to the payment of a fee by the appellant;

(c)as to the procedure (including time limits) for making an appeal;

(d)as to the procedure for deciding an appeal;

(e)as to the payment to the appellant by the respondent of—

(i)the charge against which the appeal is made;

(ii)other costs incurred by the appellant in consequence of the activity referred to in subsection (1);

(f)as to the payment by a party to an appeal of—

(i)costs of the other party in relation to the adjudication;

(ii)other costs in respect of the adjudication;

(g)as to the payment by the respondent to an appeal, in a case where the appeal is granted, of a charge in respect of the costs of adjudications under the regulations;

(h)as to the effect and enforcement of a decision of the person to whom an appeal is made;

(i)requiring or authorising the person to whom an appeal is made to provide information relating to the appeal to the Authority;

(j)to the effect that a person who makes a representation that is false in a material particular, and does so recklessly or knowing it to be false, commits an offence triable summarily and punishable with a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(8)The provision specified in paragraphs (e), (f) and (g) of subsection (7) includes provision authorising the person to whom an appeal is made to require payment of the matters specified in those paragraphs.

(3)In section 24 (orders and regulations), in subsection (4), after “section 3(2)(j)” there is inserted “ or 22A ”.

Prospective

Prison securityE+W

45Offences relating to electronic communications devices in prisonE+W

In the Prison Act 1952, in section 40D (other offences relating to prison security)—

(a)in subsection (1)(b), for “or any sound” there is substituted “ , sound or information ”;

(b)in subsection (3), paragraph (b) and the preceding “or” are repealed;

(c)after subsection (3) there is inserted—

(3A)A person who, without authorisation, is in possession of any of the items specified in subsection (3B) inside a prison is guilty of an offence.

(3B)The items referred to in subsection (3A) are—

(a)a device capable of transmitting or receiving images, sounds or information by electronic communications (including a mobile telephone);

(b)a component part of such a device;

(c)an article designed or adapted for use with such a device (including any disk, film or other separate article on which images, sounds or information may be recorded).

Prospective

Air weaponsE+W+S

46Offence of allowing minors access to air weaponsE+W+S

(1)The Firearms Act 1968 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 24 there is inserted—

24ZAFailing to prevent minors from having air weapons

(1)It is an offence for a person in possession of an air weapon to fail to take reasonable precautions to prevent any person under the age of eighteen from having the weapon with him.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply where by virtue of section 23 of this Act the person under the age of eighteen is not prohibited from having the weapon with him.

(3)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (1) it is a defence to show that the person charged with the offence—

(a)believed the other person to be aged eighteen or over; and

(b)had reasonable ground for that belief.

(4)For the purposes of this section a person shall be taken to have shown the matters specified in subsection (3) if—

(a)sufficient evidence of those matters is adduced to raise an issue with respect to them; and

(b)the contrary is not proved beyond a reasonable doubt.

(3)In section 57 (interpretation), in subsection (3) (offences relating to air weapons), for “and 24(4)” there is substituted “ , 24(4) and 24ZA(1) ”.

(4)In the table in Part 1 of Schedule 6 (prosecution and punishment of offences), after the entry for section 24(4), there is inserted—

Section 24ZA(1)Failing to prevent minors from having air weaponsSummaryA fine of level 3 on the standard scale.Paragraphs 7 and 8 of Part II of this Schedule apply.

(5)In Part 2 of Schedule 6 (supplementary provisions as to trial and punishment of offences), in paragraphs 7 and 8 (forfeiture and disposal of firearms), for “or 24(4)” there is substituted “ , 24(4) or 24ZA(1) ”.

Compensation of victims of overseas terrorismE+W+S+N.I.

47IntroductoryE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may make arrangements for making payments to, or in respect of, persons who are injured as a result of an act designated under subsection (2).

(2)The Secretary of State may designate an act under this subsection if—

(a)it took place outside the United Kingdom,

(b)it took place on or after 18 January 2010,

(c)in the view of the Secretary of State the act constitutes terrorism within the meaning of the Terrorism Act 2000 (see section 1 of that Act), and

(d)having regard to all the circumstances, the Secretary of State considers that it would be appropriate to designate it.

(3)Nothing in this section affects any power of the Secretary of State to make payments to, or in respect of, persons who are injured as a result of terrorism outside the United Kingdom.

(4)In sections 47 to 54, “injury” includes fatal injury (and “injured” is to be construed accordingly).

48Compensation schemeE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Arrangements under section 47 may include the making of a scheme providing, in particular, for—

(a)the circumstances in which payments may be made, and

(b)the categories of person to whom payments may be made.

(2)The scheme is to be known as the Victims of Overseas Terrorism Compensation Scheme (“the Scheme”).

(3)Sums required for payments to be made in accordance with the Scheme are to be provided by the Secretary of State.

(4)Schedule 2 (which makes consequential amendments relating to the Scheme) is part of this section.

49Eligibility and applicationsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scheme may make provision about a person's eligibility for a payment under it by reference to any or all of the following factors—

(a)the nationality of the person (or the injured person);

(b)the place of residence of the person (or the injured person);

(c)the length of time the person (or the injured person) has resided there;

(d)any other factors that the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(2)The Scheme may provide that applications for payments under it may only be made—

(a)by eligible persons;

(b)within a period specified in the Scheme (and the Scheme may specify different periods for different descriptions of act);

(c)in a manner or form specified in the Scheme.

50PaymentsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scheme may make provision determining the amount of payments to be made under it to, or in respect of, persons injured as a result of an act designated under section 47(2) by reference to any or all of the following factors—

(a)the nature of the injury;

(b)loss of earnings resulting from the injury;

(c)expenses that have been or will be incurred as a result of the injury;

(d)any other factors that the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(2)The Scheme may make provision—

(a)as to the circumstances in which a payment may be withheld or the amount of a payment reduced;

(b)for payments to be repayable in circumstances specified in the Scheme;

(c)for payments to be made subject to conditions;

(d)for payments not to exceed such maximum amounts as may be specified in the Scheme.

(3)Any amount which falls to be repaid by virtue of subsection (2)(b) is recoverable as a debt due to the Crown.

(4)Any sums received by the Secretary of State under any provision of the Scheme made by virtue of subsection (2)(b) are to be paid by the Secretary of State into the Consolidated Fund.

(5)Any assignment (or, in Scotland, assignation) of, or charge on, a payment made under the Scheme, and any agreement to assign or charge such a payment, is void.

(6)On the bankruptcy of an individual to whom a payment is made under the Scheme (or in Scotland, on the sequestration of such an individual's estate), the payment shall not pass to any trustee or other person acting on behalf of the individual's creditors.

51Claims officers etcE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scheme may include provision for applications to be determined and payments to be made by persons (“claims officers”) appointed for the purpose by the Secretary of State.

(2)A claims officer—

(a)is to be appointed on such terms and conditions as the Secretary of State considers appropriate;

(b)is not to be regarded as having been appointed to exercise functions of the Secretary of State or to act on behalf of the Secretary of State.

(3)No decision taken by a claims officer shall be regarded as having been taken by, or on behalf of, the Secretary of State.

(4)The Secretary of State may pay such remuneration, allowances or gratuities to or in respect of claims officers and other persons exercising functions in relation to the Scheme as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

52Reviews and appealsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scheme must include provision for the review, in such circumstances as it may specify, of any decision taken in respect of an application made under it.

(2)The Scheme must secure that such a review is conducted by a person other than the person who made the decision under review.

(3)The Scheme must include provision for rights of appeal to the First-tier Tribunal against decisions taken on reviews under provisions of the Scheme made by virtue of subsection (1).

(4)The power conferred by section 50(2)(a) to provide for the reduction of an amount of a payment includes power to provide for a reduction where, in the opinion of the First-tier Tribunal determining an appeal, the appeal is frivolous or vexatious.

53Reports, accounts and financial recordsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scheme must include provision for such person as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to make a report to the Secretary of State as soon as possible after the end of each financial year on the operation of the Scheme during that year.

(2)The Secretary of State must lay a copy of every such report before Parliament.

(3)The Scheme must also include provision—

(a)for such person as the Secretary of State considers appropriate—

(i)to keep proper accounts and proper records in relation to the accounts;

(ii)to prepare a statement of accounts in each financial year in such form as the Secretary of State may direct;

(b)requiring such a statement of accounts to be submitted to the Secretary of State at such time as the Secretary of State may direct.

(4)Where a statement of accounts is submitted to the Secretary of State, the Secretary of State must send a copy of it to the Comptroller and Auditor General as soon as is reasonably practicable.

(5)The Comptroller and Auditor General must—

(a)examine, certify and report on any statement of accounts received under subsection (4);

(b)lay copies of the statement and of the report made under paragraph (a) before Parliament.

(6)In this section “financial year” means the period beginning with the day on which this section comes into force and ending with the following 31st March and each successive period of 12 months.

54Parliamentary controlE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Before making the Scheme, the Secretary of State must lay a draft of it before Parliament.

(2)The Secretary of State must not make the Scheme unless the draft has been approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(3)Before making any alteration to a provision of the Scheme made by virtue of—

(a)section 49(1) (eligibility for payments under the scheme),

(b)section 50(1) (determination of amount of payment),

(c)section 50(2)(a) (circumstances in which payment may be withheld or reduced),

(d)section 50(2)(d) (payments not to exceed specified maximum amount), or

(e)section 52 (reviews and appeals),

the Secretary of State must lay before Parliament a draft of the provision as proposed to be altered.

(4)The Secretary of State must not give effect to the proposal concerned unless the draft has been approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(5)Before making any other alteration to the Scheme the Secretary of State must lay a statement of the altered provision before Parliament.

(6)If a statement laid before either House of Parliament under subsection (5) is disapproved by a resolution of that House passed before the end of the period of 40 days beginning with the date on which the statement was laid, the Secretary of State must—

(a)make such alterations in the Scheme as appear to the Secretary of State to be required in the circumstances, and

(b)before the end of the period of 40 days beginning with the date on which the resolution was made, lay a statement of those alterations before Parliament.

(7)In calculating the period of 40 days mentioned in subsection (6), any period during which Parliament is dissolved or prorogued or during which both Houses are adjourned for more than 4 days is to be disregarded.

Prospective

Sale and supply of alcoholE+W

55Power to restrict sale and supply of alcoholE+W

(1)The Licensing Act 2003 is amended as follows.

(2)In Part 9 (miscellaneous and supplementary), after section 172 there is inserted—

Early morning alcohol restriction ordersE+W

172APower to make early morning alcohol restriction order

(1)If a licensing authority considers it necessary for the promotion of the licensing objectives, it may, subject as follows, make an order under this section.

(2)An order under this section is an order providing that —

(a)premises licences and club premises certificates granted by the authority, and temporary event notices given to the authority, shall not have effect to the extent that they authorise the sale of alcohol between 3am and 6am, and

(b)club premises certificates granted by the authority shall not have effect to the extent that they authorise the supply of alcohol by or on behalf of a club to, or to the order of, a member of the club between 3am and 6am.

(3)It is immaterial for the purposes of an order under this section whether a premises licence or club premises certificate is granted, or a temporary event notice is given, before or after the order is made.

(4)An order under this section may provide that it is to apply—

(a)every day or only on particular days (for example, particular days of the week or year),

(b)in relation to the whole or part of a licensing authority's area, or

(c)for a limited or unlimited period.

(5)An order under this section must specify—

(a)the days in relation to which it is to apply,

(b)the area in relation to which it is to apply,

(c)if it is to apply for a limited period, that period, and

(d)the date from which it is to apply.

(6)An order under this section must—

(a)be in the prescribed form, and

(b)have the prescribed content.

172BProcedural requirements for early morning alcohol restriction order

(1)A licensing authority proposing to make an order under section 172A must—

(a)advertise the proposed order in the prescribed manner, and

(b)hold a hearing to consider any relevant representations, unless the authority and each person who has made such representations agree that a hearing is unnecessary.

(2)In this section “relevant representations” means representations which—

(a)are about the likely effect of the making of the proposed order on the promotion of the licensing objectives,

(b)are made to the licensing authority by—

(i)an affected person,

(ii)an interested party, or

(iii)a responsible authority,

(c)are made in the prescribed form and manner and within the prescribed period,

(d)have not been withdrawn, and

(e)in the case of representations made by an affected person or an interested party (who is not also a responsible authority), that they are not, in the opinion of the licensing authority, frivolous or vexatious.

(3)In subsection (2)(b)(i) “affected person” means—

(a)the holder of a premises licence or club premises certificate in respect of affected premises,

(b)the premises user in relation to a temporary event notice in respect of affected premises,

(c)a person who has applied for a premises licence or club premises certificate in respect of affected premises (where the application has not been determined), and

(d)a person to whom a provisional statement has been issued in respect of affected premises.

(4)In subsection (2)(b)(ii) “interested party” means—

(a)a person living in the vicinity of affected premises,

(b)a body representing persons who live in that vicinity,

(c)a person involved in a business in that vicinity,

(d)a body representing persons involved in such businesses, and

(e)a member of the licensing authority.

(5)In subsection (2)(b)(iii) “responsible authority” means—

(a)the chief officer of police for a police area any part of which is in the area specified in the order,

(b)the fire and rescue authority for an area any part of which is in the area specified in the order,

(c)the local weights and measures authority for any such area,

(d)the enforcing authority within the meaning given by section 18 of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 for any such area,

(e)the local planning authority within the meaning given by the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 for any such area,

(f)the local authority by which statutory functions are exercisable in the area specified in the order in relation to minimising or preventing the risk of pollution of the environment or of harm to human health,

(g)a body which—

(i)represents those who, in relation to the area specified in the order, are responsible for, or interested in, matters relating to the protection of children from harm, and

(ii)is recognised by the licensing authority for the purposes of this section as being competent to advise on such matters,

(h)any other licensing authority in whose area part of any affected premises is situated,

(i)where affected premises are a vessel—

(i)a navigation authority (within the meaning of section 221(1) of the Water Resources Act 1991) having functions in relation to the waters where the vessel is usually moored or berthed or any waters where it is navigated at a time when it is used for licensable activities to which the proposed order relates,

(ii)the Environment Agency,

(iii)the British Waterways Board, and

(iv)the Secretary of State, and

(j)a prescribed person.

(6)Where a licensing authority determines for the purposes of subsection (2)(e) that any representations are frivolous or vexatious, it must notify the person who made them of its reasons for its determination.

(7)In this section—

  • affected premises”, in relation to a proposed order, means premises in respect of which it applies from the date specified in it;

  • statutory function” means a function conferred by or under an enactment.

172CMaking of early morning alcohol restriction order

(1)A licensing authority may not make an order under section 172A applying in relation to—

(a)an area not specified in the proposed order advertised under section 172B, or

(b)a day not specified in that proposed order.

(2)After making an order under section 172A a licensing authority must publish it or otherwise make it available—

(a)in the prescribed form and manner, and

(b)within the prescribed period.

172DVariation and revocation of early morning alcohol restriction order

(1)A licensing authority may vary or revoke an order under section 172A.

(2)Sections 172B and 172C apply in relation to the variation or revocation of an order under section 172A as in relation to the making of such an order.

172EExceptions from effect of early morning alcohol restriction order

(1)An order under section 172A does not apply in prescribed cases or circumstances.

(2)The cases referred to in subsection (1) may in particular be defined by reference to—

(a)particular kinds of premises, or

(b)particular days.

(3)An order under section 172A is subject to an order under section 172 (whether made before or afterwards), unless and to the extent that the order under section 172 provides otherwise.

(3)In section 7 (exercise and delegation of functions), in subsection (2), after paragraph (a) (but before the final “or”) there is inserted—

(aa)the functions of making, and varying or revoking, an order under section 172A (early morning alcohol restriction order),.

Prospective

Searches of controlled personsE+W+S+N.I.

56Persons subject to control order: powers of search and seizureE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005, after section 7C there is inserted—

7DPowers of personal search and seizure

(1)A constable may—

(a)search a controlled person (in his place of residence or elsewhere) for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2);

(b)detain a person for the purpose of such a search.

(2)The purpose is—

(a)in a case where the search is carried out in connection with a journey for which the controlled person is escorted by a constable, that of ascertaining that the controlled person is not in possession of anything that could be used to threaten or harm any person;

(b)in any case, that of ascertaining whether obligations imposed by or under the control order have been, are being, or are about to be contravened.

(3)The power conferred by subsection (1) may be exercised at any time when a constable is in the presence of a controlled person (including following entry onto premises under section 7A, 7B or 7C).

(4)A constable may seize anything that he finds in the course of a search under subsection (1)—

(a)for the purpose of ascertaining whether obligations imposed by or under the control order have been, are being, or are about to be contravened;

(b)for the purpose of securing that the controlled person complies with the control order;

(c)if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting that the thing may be used to threaten or harm any person; or

(d)if he has reasonable grounds for suspecting that—

(i)the thing is or contains evidence in relation to an offence; and

(ii)it is necessary to seize it in order to prevent it being concealed, lost, damaged, altered or destroyed.

(5)A constable may use reasonable force for the purpose of exercising a power conferred on him by this section.

7ERetention of things seized under section 7D

(1)Anything that is seized under section 7D(4) may be—

(a)subjected to tests;

(b)retained for as long as is necessary in all the circumstances (which may be beyond the period for which the control order remains in force).

(2)In particular (and regardless of the ground on which the thing was seized)—

(a)if a constable has reasonable grounds for believing that the thing is or contains evidence in relation to an offence, it may be retained—

(i)for use as evidence at a trial for an offence; or

(ii)for forensic examination or for investigation in connection with an offence; and

(b)if a constable has reasonable grounds for believing that the thing has been obtained in consequence of the commission of an offence, it may be retained in order to establish its lawful owner.

(3)Nothing may be retained for either of the purposes mentioned in subsection (2)(a) if a photograph or copy would be sufficient for that purpose.

(4)Nothing in this section affects any power of a court to make an order under section 1 of the Police (Property) Act 1897.

(2)In section 1 of that Act (power to make control orders)—

(a)in subsection (4)(l) (removal following search of premises) after “tests or” there is inserted “ (subject to subsections (5A) to (5C)) ”;

(b)after subsection (5) there is inserted—

(5A)If a constable has reasonable grounds for believing that something removed by virtue of a requirement under subsection (4)(l) (removal following search of premises) is or contains evidence in relation to an offence, it may be seized and retained for as long as is necessary in all the circumstances (which may be beyond the period for which the control order remains in force).

(5B)In particular—

(a)the thing may be retained—

(i)for use as evidence at a trial for an offence; or

(ii)for forensic examination or for investigation in connection with an offence; and

(b)if a constable has reasonable grounds for believing that the thing has been obtained in consequence of the commission of an offence, it may be retained in order to establish its lawful owner.

(5C)Nothing may be retained for either of the purposes mentioned in subsection (5B)(a) if a photograph or copy would be sufficient for that purpose.

(3)In the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008, in section 1 (power to remove documents for examination), in subsection (1)(e), for “or 7C” there is substituted “ , 7C or 7D ”.

FinalE+W+S+N.I.

57Financial provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

The following are to be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a)expenditure incurred by the Secretary of State by virtue of this Act;

(b)any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable under any other Act out of money so provided.

58ExtentE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 1 (police powers: stop and search) extends to England and Wales only.

(2)Sections 2 to 7 (taking of fingerprints and samples: England and Wales) extend to England and Wales only, except that section 5(2) extends also to Northern Ireland.

(3)Sections 8 to 13 (taking of fingerprints and samples: Northern Ireland) extend to Northern Ireland only, except that section 11(2) extends also to England and Wales.

(4)Section 14 (material subject to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984) extends to England and Wales only.

(5)Section 15 (material subject to the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989) extends to Northern Ireland only.

(6)Section 16 (material subject to the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995) extends to Scotland only.

(7)Sections 17 and 18 (material subject to the Terrorism Act 2000) extend to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

(8)Section 19 (material subject to the International Criminal Court Act 2001) extends to England and Wales and Northern Ireland only.

(9)Sections 20 to 23 (further provision relating to the retention, destruction and use of fingerprints and samples etc) extend to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

(10)Sections 24 to 41 (domestic violence, gang-related violence and anti-social behaviour orders) extend to England and Wales only.

(11)Sections 42 to 44 (private security industry) extend to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

(12)Section 45 (prison security) extends to England and Wales only.

(13)Section 46 (air weapons) extends to England and Wales and Scotland only.

(14)Sections 47 to 54 (compensation of victims of overseas terrorism) extend to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

(15)Section 55 (sale and supply of alcohol) extends to England and Wales only.

(16)Section 56 (persons subject to control order: powers of search and seizure) extends to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

(17)Sections 57 to 60 (final) extend to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

59CommencementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The provisions of this Act come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint, subject to subsections (2) and (3).

(2)The following provisions come into force on the day on which this Act is passed—

(a)section 33 (pilot schemes relating to domestic violence provisions);

(b)sections 47 to 54 (compensation of victims of overseas terrorism);

(c)sections 57 to 60 (final).

(3)Sections 42 and 43 (private security industry) come into force, so far as extending to Scotland, on such day as the Scottish Ministers may by order appoint after consulting the Secretary of State.

(4)An order made by the Secretary of State under subsection (1) may—

(a)appoint different days for different purposes;

(b)make transitional provision and savings;

(c)appoint different days in relation to different areas in respect of any of the following—

(i)section 1 (records of searches);

(ii)sections 24 to 32 (domestic violence);

(iii)sections 34 to 39 (gang-related violence).

(5)An order made by the Scottish Ministers under subsection (3) may—

(a)appoint different days for different purposes;

(b)make transitional provision and savings.

(6)An order under this section is to be made by statutory instrument.

60Short titleE+W+S+N.I.

This Act may be cited as the Crime and Security Act 2010.

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