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Equality Act 2010

  • Explanatory Notes Table of contents

Please note:

All reference to 'Parts' and 'sections' are from the Equality Act 2010. For other versions of these Explanatory Notes, see More Resources.

  1. REVISION NOTES

  2. Introduction

    1. Background and summary

      1. Background

      2. Summary

    2. Overview of the structure of the Act

    3. Territorial extent and application

      1. General

    4. Scotland

    5. Wales

    6. Northern Ireland

    7. Transposition of EU Directives

    8. Commencement

  3. Commentary on Sections

    1. Part 1: Socio-Economic Inequalities

      1. Section 1: Public sector duty regarding socio-economic inequalities

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      2. Section 2: Power to amend section 1

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      3. Section 3: Enforcement

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

    2. Part 2: Equality: Key Concepts

      1. Chapter 1: Protected characteristics

        1. Section 4: The protected characteristics

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        2. Section 5: Age

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 6: Disability

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        4. Section 7: Gender reassignment

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        5. Section 8: Marriage and civil partnership

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        6. Section 9: Race

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        7. Section 10: Religion or belief

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        8. Section 11: Sex

          1. Effect

        9. Section 12: Sexual orientation

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      2. Chapter 2: Prohibited conduct

        1. Section 13: Direct discrimination

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 14: Combined discrimination: dual characteristics

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 15: Discrimination arising from disability

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        4. Section 16: Gender reassignment discrimination: cases of absence from work

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 17: Pregnancy and maternity discrimination: non-work cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        6. Section 18: Pregnancy and maternity discrimination: work cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        7. Section 19: Indirect discrimination

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        8. Section 20: Duty to make adjustments

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        9. Section 21: Failure to comply with duty

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        10. Section 22: Regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        11. Section 23: Comparison by reference to circumstances

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        12. Section 24: Irrelevance of alleged discriminator's characteristics

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        13. Section 25: References to particular strands of discrimination

          1. Effect

        14. Section 26: Harassment

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        15. Section 27: Victimisation

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

    3. Part 3: Services and Public Functions

      1. Section 28: Application of this Part

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      2. Section 29: Provision of services,

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      3. Section 30:  Ships and hovercraft

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      4. Section 31: Interpretation and exceptions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

    4. Part 4: Premises

      1. Section 32: Application of this Part

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      2. Section 33: Disposals,

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      3. Section 34: Permission for disposal

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      4. Section 35: Management

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      5. Section 36: Leasehold and commonhold premises and common parts

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      6. Section 37: Adjustments to common parts in Scotland

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      7. Section 38: Interpretation and exceptions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

    5. Part 5: Work

      1. Chapter 1: Employment,

        1. Section 39: Employees and applicants

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 40: Employees and applicants: harassment

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 41: Contract workers

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        4. Section 42: Identity of employer

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 43: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        6. Section 44: Partnerships

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        7. Section 45: Limited liability partnerships

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        8. Section 46: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Example

        9. Section 47: Barristers

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        10. Section 48: Advocates

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        11. Section 49: Personal offices: appointments,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        12. Section 50: Public offices: appointments,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        13. Section 51: Public offices: recommendations for appointments,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        14. Section 52: Interpretation and exceptions

          1. Effect

        15. Section 53: Qualifications bodies

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        16. Section 54: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        17. Section 55: Employment service-providers

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        18. Section 56: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Example

        19. Section 57: Trade organisations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        20. Section 58: Official business of members

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        21. Section 59: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Example

        22. Section 60:  Enquiries about disability and health

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      2. Chapter 2: Occupational pension schemes

        1. Section  61: Non-discrimination rule

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        2. Section 62: Non-discrimination alterations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 63: Communications

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      3. Chapter 3: Equality of terms

        1. Section 64: Relevant types of work

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 65: Equal work

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 66: Sex equality clause

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        4. Section 67: Sex equality rule

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 68: Sex equality rule: consequential alteration of schemes

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        6. Section 69: Defence of material factor

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        7. Section 70: Exclusion of sex discrimination provisions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        8. Section 71: Sex discrimination in relation to contractual pay

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        9. Section 72: Relevant types of work

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        10. Section 73: Maternity equality clause

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        11. Section 74: Maternity equality clause: pay

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        12. Section 75: Maternity equality rule

          1. Background

          2. Examples

        13. Section 76: Exclusion of pregnancy and maternity discrimination provisions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        14. Section 77: Discussions about pay

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        15. Section 78: Gender pay gap information

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        16. Section 79: Comparators

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        17. Section 80: Interpretation and exceptions

          1. Effect

      4. Chapter 4: Supplementary

        1. Section 81: Ships and hovercraft

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        2. Section 82: Offshore work

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 83: Interpretation and exceptions

          1. Effect

    6. Part 6: Education

      1. Chapter 1: Schools

        1. Section 84: Application of this Chapter

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 85: Pupils: admission and treatment,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 86: Victimisation of pupils, for conduct of parents,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        4. Section 87: Application of certain powers under Education Act 1996

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 88: Disabled pupils: accessibility

          1. Effect

        6. Section 89: Interpretation and exceptions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      2. Chapter 2: Further and higher education

        1. Section 90: Application of this Chapter

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        2. Section 91: Students: admission and treatment,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 92: Further and higher education courses

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        4. Section 93: Recreational or training facilities

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 94: Interpretation and exceptions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      3. Chapter 3: General qualifications bodies

        1. Section 95: Application of this Chapter

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        2. Section 96: Qualifications bodies

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 97: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      4. Chapter 4: Miscellaneous

        1. Section 98: Reasonable adjustments

          1. Effect

        2. Section 99: Educational charities and endowments

          1. Effect

    7. Part 7: Associations

      1. Section 100: Application of this Part

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      2. Section 101: Members and associates

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      3. Section 102: Guests

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      4. Section 103: Sections 101 and 102: further provision

        1. Effect

      5. Section 104: Selection of candidates

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      6. Section 105: Time-limited provision

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      7. Section 106: Information about diversity in range of candidates,

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      8. Section 107: Interpretation and exceptions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

    8. Part 8: Prohibited Conduct: Ancillary

      1. Section 108: Relationships that have ended

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      2. Section 109: Liability of employers and principals

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      3. Section 110: Liability of employees and agents

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      4. Section 111: Instructing, causing or inducing contraventions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      5. Section 112: Aiding contraventions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

    9. Part 9: Enforcement

      1. Chapter 1: Introductory

        1. Section 113: Proceedings

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      2. Chapter 2: Civil courts

        1. Section 114: Jurisdiction

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 115: Immigration cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        3. Section 116: Education cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        4. Section 117: National security

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        5. Section 118: Time limits

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        6. Section 119: Remedies

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      3. Chapter 3: Employment tribunals

        1. Section 120: Jurisdiction

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 121: Armed forces cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 122: References by court to tribunal,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        4. Section 123: Time limits

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        5. Section 124: Remedies: general

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        6. Section 125: Remedies: national security

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        7. Section 126: Remedies: occupational pension schemes

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      4. Chapter 4: Equality of terms

        1. Section 127: Jurisdiction

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        2. Section 128: References by court to tribunal,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 129: Time limits

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        4. Section 130: Section 129: supplementary

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        5. Section 131: Assessment of whether work is of equal value

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        6. Section 132: Remedies in non-pensions cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        7. Section 133: Remedies in pensions cases

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        8. Section 134: Remedies in claims for arrears brought by pensioner members

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        9. Section 135: Supplementary

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      5. Chapter 5: Miscellaneous

        1. Section 136: Burden of proof

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        2. Section 137: Previous findings

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        3. Section 138: Obtaining information,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        4. Section 139: Interest

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 140: Conduct giving rise to separate proceedings

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        6. Section 141: Interpretation,

          1. Effect

    10. Part 10: Contracts, Etc.

      1. Section 142: Unenforceable terms

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      2. Section 143: Removal or modification of unenforceable terms

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      3. Section 144: Contracting out

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      4. Section 145: Void and unenforceable terms

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      5. Section 146: Declaration in respect of void term,

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      6. Section 147: Meaning of “qualifying compromise contract”

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      7. Section 148: Interpretation

        1. Effect

    11. Part 11: Advancement of Equality

      1. Chapter 1: Public sector equality duty

        1. Section 149: Public sector equality duty

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 150: Public authorities and public functions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        3. Section 151: Power to specify public authorities

          1. Effect

          2. Examples

        4. Section 152: Power to specify public authorities: consultation and consent

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        5. Section 153: Power to impose specific duties

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        6. Section 154: Power to impose specific duties: cross-border authorities

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        7. Section 155: Power to impose specific duties: supplementary

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        8. Section 156: Enforcement

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        9. Section 157: Interpretation

          1. Effect

      2. Chapter 2: Positive action

        1. Section 158: Positive action: general

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 159: Positive action: recruitment and promotion

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

    12. Part 12: Disabled Persons: Transport

      1. Chapter 1: Taxis,

        1. Section 160: Taxi accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Section 161: Control of numbers of licensed taxis: exception

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Section 162: Designated transport facilities

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        4. Section 163: Taxi licence conditional on compliance with taxi accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        5. Section 164: Exemption from taxi accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        6. Section 165: Passengers in wheelchairs

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        7. Section 166: Passengers in wheelchairs: exemption certificates

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        8. Section 167: Lists of wheelchair-accessible vehicles

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        9. Section 168: Assistance dogs in taxis

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        10. Section 169: Assistance dogs in taxis: exemption certificates

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        11. Section 170: Assistance dogs in private hire vehicles

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        12. Section 171: Assistance dogs in private hire vehicles: exemption certificates

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        13. Section 172: Appeals

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        14. Section 173: Interpretation

          1. Effect

      2. Chapter 2: Public service vehicles

        1. Section 174: PSV accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        2. Section 175:  Offence of contravening PSV accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 176: Accessibility certificates

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        4. Section 177: Approval certificates

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        5. Section 178: Special authorisations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        6. Section 179: Reviews and appeals

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        7. Section 180: Fees

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        8. Section 181: Interpretation

          1. Effect

      3. Chapter 3: Rail vehicles

        1. Section 182: Rail vehicle accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        2. Section 183: Exemptions from rail vehicle accessibility regulations

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        3. Section 184: Procedure for making

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        4. Section 185: Annual report on

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        5. Section 186: Rail vehicle accessibility: compliance

          1. Effect

          2. Background

        6. Section 187: Interpretation

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      4. Chapter 4: Supplementary

        1. Section 188: Forgery,

          1. Effect

          2. Background

    13. Part 13: Disability: Miscellaneous

      1. Section 189: Reasonable adjustments

        1. Effect

      2. Section 190: Improvements to let dwelling houses

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

    14. Part 14: General Exceptions

      1. Section 191: Statutory provisions

        1. Effect

      2. Section 192: National security

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      3. Section 193: Charities

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      4. Section 194: Charities: supplementary

        1. Effect

      5. Section 195: Sport

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      6. Section 196: General

        1. Effect

      7. Section 197: Age

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

    15. Part 15: Family Property

      1. Section 198: Abolition of husband’s duty to maintain wife

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      2. Section 199: Abolition of presumption of advancement

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      3. Section 200: Amendment of Married Women’s Property Act 1964

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      4. Section 201: Civil partners: housekeeping allowance

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

    16. Part 16: General and Miscellaneous

      1. Section 202: Civil partnerships on religious premises

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      2. Section 203:  Harmonisation

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      3. Section 204: Harmonisation: procedure

        1. Effect

      4. Section 205: Crown application

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      5. Section 206: Information society services

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      6. Section 207: Exercise of power

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      7. Section 208: Ministers of the Crown,

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      8. Section 209: The Welsh Ministers

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      9. Section 210: The Scottish Ministers

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      10. Section 211: Amendments, repeals and revocations

        1. Effect

      11. Section 212: General interpretation

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      12. Section 213: References to maternity leave,

        1. Effect

        2. Background

      13. Section 214: Index of defined expressions

        1. Effect

      14. Section 215: Money

        1. Effect

      15. Section 216: Commencement

        1. Effect

      16. Section 217: Extent

        1. Effect

      17. Section 218: Short title

        1. Effect

      18. Schedule 1: Disability: supplementary provision

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      19. Schedule 2: Services and public functions: reasonable adjustments

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      20. Schedule 3: Services and public functions: exceptions

        1. Part 1: Constitutional matters: paragraphs 1-5

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Education: paragraph 6

          Part 2: Education

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

          4. Education: paragraph 7

            1. Effect

          5. Education: paragraph 8

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          6. Education: paragraph 9

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          7. Education: paragraph 10

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          8. Education: paragraph 11

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        3. Blood services: paragraph 13

          Part 3: Health and care

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

          4. Health and safety: paragraph 14

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          5. Care within the family: paragraph 15

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        4. Disability: paragraph 16

          Part 4: Immigration

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Nationality and ethnic or national origins: paragraph 17

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          4. Religion or belief: paragraph 18

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        5. Services arranged by employer: paragraph 20

          Part 5: Insurance, etc.

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

          4. Disability: paragraph 21

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          5. Sex, gender reassignment, pregnancy and maternity: paragraph 22

            1. Background

            2. Example

          6. Existing insurance policies: paragraph 23

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        6. Gender reassignment: England and Wales: paragraph 24

          Part 6: Marriage

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

          4. Gender reassignment: Scotland: paragraph 25

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

        7. Separate services for the sexes: paragraph 26

          Part 7:  Separate and single services

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

          4. Single-sex services: paragraph 27

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          5. Gender reassignment: paragraph 28

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

          6. Services relating to religion: paragraph 29

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

          7. Services generally provided only for persons who share a protected characteristic: paragraph 30

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        8. Part 8: Television, radio and on-line broadcasting and distribution

          1. Paragraph 31

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        9. Application to disability: paragraph 32

          Part 9: Transport

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Transport by air: paragraph 33

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          4. Transport by land: paragraph 34

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

        10. Power to amend: paragraph 35

          Part 10: Supplementary

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      21. Schedule 4: Premises: reasonable adjustments

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      22. Schedule 5: Premises: exceptions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      23. Schedule 6: Office-holders: excluded offices

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      24. Schedule 7: Equality of terms: exceptions

        1. Compliance with laws regulating employment of women,

          Part 1: Terms of work

          1. Background

        2. Part 2: Occupational pension schemes

          1. Effect

          2. Background

      25. Schedule 8: Work: reasonable adjustments

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      26. Schedule 9: Work: exceptions

        1. Part 1: Occupational requirements

          1. General: paragraph 1

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          2. Religious requirements relating to sex, marriage , sexual orientation: paragraph 2

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

            4. Effect

            5. Background

            6. Example

          3. Armed forces: paragraph 4

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

          4. Employment services: paragraph 5

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

          5. Interpretation: paragraph 6

            1. Effect

        2. Retirement: paragraph 8

          Part 2: Exceptions relating to age

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

          4. Applicants at or approaching retirement age: paragraph 9

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          5. Benefits based on length of service: paragraph 10

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          6. The national minimum wage: young workers: paragraph 11

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          7. The national minimum wage: apprentices: paragraph 12

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          8. Redundancy: paragraph 13

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          9. Life assurance: paragraph 14

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          10. Child care: paragraph 15

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          11. Contributions to personal pension schemes: paragraph 16

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Part 3: Other exceptions

              1. Non-contractual payments to women on maternity leave: paragraph 17

                1. Effect

                2. Background

                3. Examples

          12. Benefits dependent on marital status: paragraph 18

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          13. Provision of services, to the public: paragraph 19

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          14. Insurance contracts : paragraph 20

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

      27. Schedule 10: Accessibility for disabled pupils

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Example

      28. Schedule 11: Schools: exceptions

        1. Part 1: Sex discrimination

          1. Background

          2. Admission to single-sex schools: paragraph 1

            1. Effect

            2. Examples

          3. Single-sex boarding at schools: paragraph 2

            1. Effect

            2. Example

          4. Single-sex schools turning co-educational: paragraphs 3 and 4

            1. Effect

            2. Examples

        2. Part 2: Religious or belief-related discrimination

          1. Background

          2. Schools with religious character, : paragraph 5

            1. Effect

            2. Examples

          3. Curriculum, worship : paragraph 6

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

          4. Power to amend: paragraph 7

            1. Effect

            2. Background

        3. Permitted form of selection: paragraph 8

          Part 3: Disability discrimination

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

      29. Schedule 12: Further and higher education exceptions

        1. Part 1: Single-sex institutions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Admission to single-sex institutions: paragraph 1

            1. Effect

            2. Examples

          4. Single-sex institutions turning co-educational: paragraphs 2 and 3.

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Examples

        2. Occupational requirements: paragraph 4

          Part 2: Other exceptions

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

          4. Institutions with a religious ethos: paragraph 5

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          5. Benefits dependent on marital status, : paragraph 6

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          6. Child care: paragraph 7

            1. Effect

            2. Background

            3. Example

      30. Schedule 13: Education: reasonable adjustments

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      31. Schedule 14: Educational charities and endowments

        1. Educational charities: paragraph 1

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

          4. Effect

      32. Schedule 15: Associations: reasonable adjustments

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      33. Schedule 16: Associations: exceptions

        1. Single characteristic associations: paragraph 1

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

        2. Health and safety: paragraph 2

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

      34. Schedule 17: Disabled pupils: enforcement

        1. Part 1: Introductory

        2. Jurisdiction: paragraph 3

          Part 2: Tribunals in England and Wales

          1. Time for bringing proceedings: paragraph 4

          2. Powers: paragraph 5

          3. Procedure: paragraph 6

        3. Part 3: Tribunals in Scotland

        4. Part 4: Admissions and exclusions

          1. Background

          2. Examples

      35. Schedule 18: Public sector equality duty: exceptions

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      36. Schedule 19: Public authorities

        1. Effect

      37. Schedule 20: Rail vehicle accessibility: compliance

        1. Paragraphs 1 to 4

          1. Rail vehicle accessibility compliance certificates: paragraph 1

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          2. Regulations as to compliance certificates: paragraph 2

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          3. Regulations as to compliance assessments: paragraph 3

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          4. Fees in respect of compliance certificates: paragraph 4

            1. Effect

            2. Background

        2. Paragraphs 5 to 12

          1. Penalty for using rail vehicle that does not conform with accessibility regulations: paragraph 5

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          2. Penalty for using rail vehicle otherwise than in conformity with accessibility regulations: paragraph 6

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          3. Inspection of rail vehicles: paragraph 7

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          4. Supplementary powers: paragraph 8

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          5. Penalties: amount, due date and recovery: paragraph 9

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          6. Penalties: code of practice: paragraph 10

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          7. Penalties: procedure: paragraph 11

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          8. Penalties: appeals: paragraph 12

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          9. Forgery, : paragraph 13

            1. Effect

            2. Background

          10. Regulations: paragraph 14

          11. Interpretation: paragraph 15

            1. Effect

            2. Background

      38. Schedule 21: Reasonable adjustments: supplementary

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      39. Schedule 22: Statutory provisions

        1. Statutory authority: paragraph 1

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Protection of women: paragraph 2

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Educational appointments, : religious belief: paragraphs 3 and 4

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        4. Crown employment, : paragraph 5

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      40. Schedule 23: General exceptions

        1. Acts authorised by statute or the executive: paragraph 1

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        2. Organisations relating to religion or belief: paragraph 2

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Communal accommodation: paragraph 3

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        4. Training provided to non-EEA residents, : paragraph 4

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Example

      41. Schedule 24: Harmonisation: exceptions

        1. Effect

      42. Schedule 25: Information society services

        1. Effect

        2. Background

        3. Examples

      43. Schedule 26: Amendments

        1. Effect

        2. Local Government Act 1988: paragraphs 1 to 4

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

        3. Equality Act 2006: paragraph 13

          1. Effect

          2. Background

          3. Examples

      44. Schedule 27: Repeals and revocations

        1. Effect

      45. Schedule 28: Index of defined expressions

        1. Effect

  4. Hansard References

  • Explanatory Notes Table of contents

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Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

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