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Corporation Tax Act 2009

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Chapter 3U.K.OEICs, unit trusts and offshore funds

IntroductionU.K.

487Overview of ChapterU.K.

(1)This Chapter provides for the Corporation Tax Acts to apply in some circumstances to holdings in open-ended investment companies, unit trust schemes and offshore funds as if they were rights under a creditor relationship (see section 490).

(2)That treatment depends on the company, scheme or fund failing the qualifying investments test.

(3)Sections 493 to 496 deal with when that test is met.

(4)For the meaning of “open-ended investment company” and “offshore fund” in this Chapter, see sections 488 and 489 respectively.

488Meaning of “open-ended investment company” etcU.K.

(1)[F1Sections 613 and 615(3) of CTA 2010] (meaning of “open-ended investment company” and “company” and application to parts of umbrella companies) apply for the purposes of this Chapter as they apply for the purposes of [F2Chapter 2 of Part 13 of that Act].

(2)In this Chapter “umbrella company” has the meaning given by [F3section 615 of CTA 2010].

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 488(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 627(2)(a) (with Sch. 2)

F2Words in s. 488(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 627(2)(b) (with Sch. 2)

F3Words in s. 488(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 627(3) (with Sch. 2)

[F4489Meaning of “offshore fund” etcU.K.

[F5Sections 355 to 363 of TIOPA 2010] (meaning of “offshore fund” and application to parts of umbrella funds and classes of interests in offshore funds) apply for the purposes of this Chapter as they apply for the purposes of [F6Part 8] of that Act.]

Textual Amendments

F4Words in s. 489 substituted (with effect in accordance with art. 1(2)(3) Sch. 1 of the amending S.I.) by The Offshore Funds (Tax) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/3001), regs. 1(1), 131(2)

F5Words in s. 489 substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 381(1) of the amending Act) by Taxation (International and Other Provisions) Act 2010 (c. 8), s. 381(1), Sch. 8 para. 172(a) (with Sch. 9 paras. 1-9, 22)

F6Words in s. 489 substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 381(1) of the amending Act) by Taxation (International and Other Provisions) Act 2010 (c. 8), s. 381(1), Sch. 8 para. 172(b) (with Sch. 9 paras. 1-9, 22)

Holdings in OEICs, unit trusts and offshore funds treated as creditor relationship rightsU.K.

490Holdings in OEICs, unit trusts and offshore funds treated as creditor relationship rightsU.K.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)at any time in an accounting period of a company it holds—

(i)any shares in an open-ended investment company,

(ii)any rights under a unit trust scheme, or

(iii)[F7an interest] in an offshore fund, and

(b)there is a time in the period when that company, scheme or fund fails to meet the qualifying investments test (see section 493).

(2)The Corporation Tax Acts have effect for the accounting period in accordance with subsections (3) and (4) as if the relevant holding were rights under a creditor relationship of the company.

(3)The credits and debits to be brought into account for the purposes of Part 5 in respect of the company's relevant holdings are to be determined on the basis of fair value accounting.

(4)But a credit relating to distributions of an open-ended investment company or authorised unit trust which become due and payable in an accounting period is only to be brought into account for that period if they are interest distributions.

(5)In subsection (4) “interest distributions” has the meaning given by regulations made under section 17(3) of F(No.2)A 2005.

(6)In this section and sections 491 and 492 “relevant holding” means a holding within subsection (1)(a).

(7)[F8But the following are not treated as such a holding—

(a)arrangements] that are investment bond arrangements for the purposes of Chapter 6 of this Part or are within section 48A of FA 2005 (alternative finance arrangements: alternative finance investment bond: introduction) [F9, and

(b)a holding in an offshore fund (including a unit trust which is also an offshore fund) if the income arising to the fund is treated as the income of the company]

(8)See section 18(2)(c)(i) of F(No.2)A 2005 (section 17(3): specific powers) for the power to modify “relevant holding” for the purposes of this section and section 492 by regulations under section 17(3) of that Act (regulations about authorised unit trusts and OEICS).

Textual Amendments

F7Words in s. 490(1)(a)(iii) substituted (with effect in accordance with art. 1(2)(3) Sch. 1 of the amending S.I.) by The Offshore Funds (Tax) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/3001), regs. 1(1), 131(3)

F8Words in s. 490(7) substituted (27.5.2011) (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Offshore Funds (Tax) (Amendment) Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/1211), regs. 1(1), 45(a)

F9Words in s. 490(7) substituted (27.5.2011) (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Offshore Funds (Tax) (Amendment) Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/1211), regs. 1(1), 45(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 490 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2006/694, reg. 69Z64 (as inserted (1.9.2009) by The Authorised Investment Funds (Tax) (Amendment) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2036), regs. 1, 24)

491Holding coming within section 490: opening valuationsU.K.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a relevant holding is held by a company both—

(i)at the end of one accounting period (“the first period”), and

(ii)at the beginning of the next (“the second period”), and

(b)section 490 applies to the holding for the second period but not the first period.

(2)For the purposes of section 490(3), the opening value of the holding as at the beginning of the second period is taken to be equal to its market value for the purposes of TCGA 1992 immediately before the end of the first period (see section 272 of that Act).

492Disregard of investments made and liabilities incurred with avoidance intention etcU.K.

(1)In determining the credits and debits in respect of a company's relevant holdings under section 490(3), amounts relating to any investment or liability of the open-ended investment company, unit trust scheme or offshore fund must be left out of account if—

(a)the investment was made, or the liability was incurred, with the relevant avoidance intention, or

(b)any transaction or series of transactions was entered into in relation to the investment or liability with that intention.

(2)The relevant avoidance intention is the intention of—

(a)eliminating or reducing the credits to be brought into account for the purposes of Part 5 or this Part as respects the company's relevant holdings, or

(b)creating or increasing the debits to be so brought into account.

The qualifying investments testU.K.

493The qualifying investments testU.K.

(1)An open-ended investment company, a unit trust scheme or an offshore fund meets the qualifying investments test for the purposes of this Chapter if the market value of the qualifying investments of the company, scheme or fund does not exceed 60% of the market value of all its investments.

(2)References in this section and sections 494 and 495 to investments of an open-ended investment company are references—

(a)except where paragraph (b) applies, to the property subject to the collective investment scheme constituted by the company, and

(b)in a case where under [F10section 615(3) of CTA 2010] part of an umbrella company is regarded as an open-ended investment company, to such of the property subject to the collective investment scheme constituted by the umbrella company as forms part of the separate pool in question,

other than cash awaiting investment.

(3)References in this section and sections 494 and 495 to investments of a unit trust scheme are references to investments subject to the trusts of the scheme, other than cash awaiting investment.

(4)References in this section and sections 494 and 495 to investments of an offshore fund are references to assets of the fund, other than cash awaiting investment.

(5)In this section “collective investment scheme” has the meaning given by section 235 of FISMA 2000.

(6)A person with rights in a part of an umbrella company which is regarded under [F11section 615(3) of CTA 2010] as an open-ended investment company is treated for the purposes of this section as not owning shares in the umbrella company.

(7)For the meaning of references to investments subject to the trusts of the scheme in the case of certain authorised unit trusts, see [F12section 619 of CTA 2010] (umbrella schemes).

Textual Amendments

F10Words in s. 493(2)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 628(2) (with Sch. 2)

F11Words in s. 493(6) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 628(3) (with Sch. 2)

F12Words in s. 493(7) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 628(4) (with Sch. 2)

494Meaning of “qualifying investments”U.K.

(1)In section 493 “qualifying investments”, in relation to an open-ended investment company, a unit trust scheme or an offshore fund, means investments of the company, scheme or fund of any of the following descriptions—

(a)money placed at interest,

(b)securities,

(c)shares in a building society,

(d)qualifying holdings in an open-ended investment company, a unit trust scheme or an offshore fund,

(e)alternative finance arrangements,

(f)derivative contracts whose underlying subject matter consists wholly of any one or more of—

(i)the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e) (other than diminishing shared ownership arrangements), and

(ii)currency,

(g)contracts for differences whose underlying subject matter consists wholly of any one or more of—

(i)interest rates,

(ii)creditworthiness, and

(iii)currency, and

(h)derivative contracts not within paragraph (f) or (g) where there is a hedging relationship between the contract and an asset within paragraphs (a) to (d).

(2)In this section—

  • contract for differences” has the same meaning as in Part 7 (derivative contracts) (see section 582),

  • diminishing shared ownership arrangements” means arrangements to which section 504 applies,

  • hedging relationship” has the meaning given by section 496,

  • qualifying holding” has the meaning given by section 495(1),

  • security” does not include shares in a company, and

  • underlying subject matter” has the same meaning as in Part 7 (derivative contracts) (see section 583).

495Qualifying holdingsU.K.

(1)For the purposes of section 494(1)(d) a holding in an open-ended investment company, a unit trust scheme or an offshore fund is a qualifying holding at any time if—

(a)at that time, or

(b)at any other time in the relevant accounting period,

the company, scheme or fund would itself fail to meet the qualifying investments test, even on the assumption in subsection (2).

(2)The assumption is that investments of the company, scheme or fund are qualifying investments in relation to the company, scheme or fund only if they are within section 494(1)(a), (b), (c), (e), (f), (g) or (h).

(3)In this section “holding”—

(a)in relation to an open-ended investment company, means—

(i)except where sub-paragraph (ii) applies, shares in the company, and

(ii)in a case where under [F13section 615(3) of CTA 2010] part of an umbrella company is regarded as an open-ended investment company, rights in the separate pool in question,

(b)in relation to a unit trust scheme, means an entitlement to a share in the investments of the scheme, and

(c)in relation to an offshore fund, means—

(i)shares in any company by which the fund is constituted, or

(ii)an entitlement to a share in the investments of the fund.

(4)In this section “relevant accounting period” means the accounting period referred to in section 490(1).

Textual Amendments

F13Words in s. 495(3)(a)(ii) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 629 (with Sch. 2)

496Meaning of “hedging relationship”U.K.

(1)For the purposes of section 494, in relation to an open-ended investment company, a unit trust scheme or an offshore fund, there is a hedging relationship between a derivative contract (“the hedging instrument”) and an asset (“the hedged item”) so far as condition A or B is met.

(2)Condition A is that the hedging instrument and the hedged item are designated as a hedge by the company, scheme or fund.

(3)Condition B is that the hedging instrument is intended to act as a hedge of exposure to changes in fair value of a hedged item which is—

(a)a recognised asset which could affect the total net return of the company, scheme or fund, or

(b)an identified part of such an asset which is attributable to a particular risk.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) “the total net return” of a company, scheme or fund means its total net return calculated—

(a)in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice, or

(b)in the case of accounts prepared in a jurisdiction outside the United Kingdom, in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice in that jurisdiction.

Power to change investments that are qualifying investmentsU.K.

497Power to change investments that are qualifying investmentsU.K.

(1)The Treasury may by order amend sections 493 to 496 so as to extend or restrict the descriptions of investments of an open-ended investment company, a unit trust scheme or an offshore fund that are qualifying investments for the purposes of those provisions.

(2)The order may make—

(a)different provision for different cases, and

(b)incidental, supplemental, consequential and transitional provision and savings.

(3)In particular, the order may make such incidental modifications of section 495(2) as the Treasury consider appropriate.

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