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Corporation Tax Act 2009

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 5 Chapter 12 Crossheading Deeply-discounted-securities-connected-companies-and-close-companies:

  • S 1217N(3) modified by 2010 c. 4 s. 357UI (as inserted) by 2015 c. 21 s. 1

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

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Deeply discounted securities: connected companies and close companiesU.K.

406IntroductionU.K.

(1)The following sections deal with deeply discounted securities—

(a)sections 407 and 408 (deeply discounted securities where companies have a connection),

(b)sections 409 to 411 (deeply discounted securities of close companies), and

(c)section 412 (persons indirectly standing in the position of creditor).

(2)In this section and sections 407 to 412 “deeply discounted security” has the same meaning as in Chapter 8 of Part 4 of ITTOIA 2005 (profits from deeply discounted securities) (see section 430 of that Act).

(3)In sections 407 to 412 “the discount” means the difference between—

(a)the issue price of the security, and

(b)the amount payable on redemption.

(4)The provisions of Chapter 8 of Part 4 of ITTOIA 2005 apply for the purposes of this section and sections 407 to 412 for determining the difference between the issue price of a security and the amount payable on redemption as they apply for the purposes of section 430 of that Act.

407Postponement until redemption of debits for connected companies' deeply discounted securitiesU.K.

(1)This section applies as respects any accounting period (“the relevant period”) if—

(a)a debtor relationship of a company (“the issuing company”) is represented by a deeply discounted security issued by it,

(b)at any time in the relevant period another company [F1(“the creditor company”)] stands in the position of a creditor as respects the security,

(c)there is a connection between those companies for the relevant period,

(d)the period is not the accounting period in which the security is redeemed, F2...

(e)credits representing the full amount of the discount which is referable to the relevant period are not brought into account for the purposes of this Part in respect of the corresponding creditor relationship for any accounting period (see section 412(2)) [F3, and

(f)the condition in subsection (1A) is met.]

[F4(1A)The condition is that the creditor company is—

(a)resident for tax purposes in a non-qualifying territory at any time in the relevant period, or

(b)effectively managed in a non-taxing non-qualifying territory at any such time.]

(2)The debits to be brought into account for the purposes of this Part in respect of the loan relationship by the issuing company are to be adjusted so that any debit relating to the amount of the discount which is referable to the relevant period—

(a)is not brought into account for the relevant period, but

(b)is brought into account for the accounting period in which the security is redeemed.

(3)The amount of the discount which is referable to the relevant period is the amount of it which would be brought into account for that period apart from this section.

(4)For the meaning of “standing in the position of a creditor” and the meaning of “corresponding creditor relationship” where a company indirectly stands in that position, see section 412.

(5)Whether there is a connection between companies for the purposes of this section is determined in accordance with section 408.

[F5(6)For the purposes of this section—

(a)non-qualifying territory” has the meaning given by [F6section 173 of TIOPA 2010],

(b)a non-qualifying territory is “non-taxing” if companies are not under its law liable to tax by reason of domicile, residence or place of management, and

(c)resident for tax purposes” means liable, under the law of the non-qualifying territory, to tax there by reason of domicile, residence or place of management. ]

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 407(1)(b) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 6(2)(a)

F2Word in s. 407(1)(d) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 6(2)(b)

F3S. 407(1)(f) and word inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 6(2)(c)

F4S. 407(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 6(3)

F5S. 407(6) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 6(4)

F6Words in s. 407(6)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 381(1) of the amending Act) by Taxation (International and Other Provisions) Act 2010 (c. 8), s. 381(1), Sch. 8 para. 130 (with Sch. 9 paras. 1-9, 22)

408Companies connected for section 407U.K.

(1)For the purposes of section 407 there is a connection between two companies for an accounting period if condition A or B is met.

(2)Condition A is that there is a time in the period when one of the companies has control of, or a major interest in, the other.

(3)Condition B is that there is a time in the period when both companies are under the control of the same person.

(4)Section 472 (meaning of “control”) applies for the purposes of this section.

(5)For the meaning of “major interest”, see section 473.

409Postponement until redemption of debits for close companies' deeply discounted securitiesU.K.

(1)This section applies for any accounting period (“the relevant period”) if—

(a)a debtor relationship of a close company (“the issuing company”) is represented by a deeply discounted security it has issued,

(b)at any time in the period there is a person [F7("C") ] who stands in the position of a creditor as respects the security and is—

(i)a participator in the issuing company,

(ii)an associate of such a participator,

(iii)a company of which such a participator has control,

(iv)a person who controls a company which is such a participator,

(v)an associate of a person within sub-paragraph (iv), or

(vi)a company controlled by a person within sub-paragraph (iv),

(c)the period is not the accounting period in which the security is redeemed, and

(d)this section is not disapplied by section 410

[F8and, where it applies, the non-qualifying territory condition is met. ]

(2)The debits which are to be brought into account for the purposes of this Part by the issuing company in respect of the loan relationship are to be adjusted so that debits relating to the amount of the discount that is referable to the relevant period (“relevant debits”)—

(a)are not brought into account for the relevant period, but

(b)are brought into account for the accounting period in which the security is redeemed.

(3)If there is a person within subsection (1)(b) for only part of the relevant period, subsection (2) applies only to the appropriate proportion of the relevant debits.

(4)In subsection (3) “the appropriate proportion” means the proportion that the part of the relevant period for which there is such a person bears to the whole of that period.

(5)The amount of the discount that is referable to the relevant period is the amount of it which would be brought into account for the purposes of this Part for the relevant period in the case of the issuing company, apart from subsections (2) and (3).

(6)For the meaning of other expressions used in this section, see—

(a)section 411 (interpretation of this section), and

(b)section 412 (persons indirectly standing in the position of creditor).

Textual Amendments

F7Word in s. 409(1)(b) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 7(a)

F8Words in s. 409(1) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 7(b)

410Exceptions to section 409U.K.

(1)Section 409 does not apply for any accounting period (“the relevant period”) if any of the following conditions are met—

(a)the corresponding creditor relationship conditions (see subsection (2)),

(b)the CIS-based close company conditions (see subsection (3)), or

(c)the CIS limited partnership conditions (see subsection (4)).

(2)The corresponding creditor relationship conditions are that—

(a)at all times in the relevant period when there is a person within section 409(1)(b), that person is a company, and

(b)credits representing the full amount of the discount that is referable to the period are brought into account for the purposes of this Part for any accounting period in respect of the corresponding creditor relationship (see section 412(3)).

(3)The CIS-based close company conditions are that—

(a)the issuing company is a CIS-based close company,

(b)at no time in the relevant period when there is a person within section 409(1)(b) is that person resident [F9for tax purposes] in a non-qualifying territory, and

(c)the issuing company is a small or medium-sized enterprise for the relevant period.

(4)The CIS limited partnership conditions are that—

(a)the debt is one which is owed to, or to persons acting for, a CIS limited partnership,

(b)no member of that partnership is resident [F10for tax purposes] in a non-qualifying territory at any time in the relevant period when there is a person within section 409(1)(b),

(c)the issuing company has received written notice from the partnership containing information from which it appears that the condition in paragraph (b) is met, and

(d)the issuing company is a small or medium-sized enterprise for the relevant period.

[F11(4A)The non-qualifying territory condition applies if C is a company; and the non-qualifying territory condition is that C is—

(a)resident for tax purposes in a non-qualifying territory at any time in the relevant period, or

(b)effectively managed in a non-taxing non-qualifying territory at any such time.]

(5)In this section—

  • CIS-based close company” means a company that would not be a close company apart from the rights and powers of one or more partners in a CIS limited partnership being attributed to another of the partners under [F12section 451(4) to (6) of CTA 2010 because of section 448(1)(a) of that Act],

  • CIS limited partnership” means a limited partnership—

    (a)

    which is a collective investment scheme, or

    (b)

    which would be a collective investment scheme if it were not a body corporate,

  • issuing company” has the same meaning as in section 409 (see subsection (1)(a) of that section),

  • non-qualifying territory” has the meaning given by [F13section 173 of TIOPA 2010] (provision not at arm's length),

  • [F14resident for tax purposes” means liable, under the law of the non-qualifying territory, to tax there by reason of domicile, residence or place of management, and ]

  • small or medium-sized enterprise” has the meaning given by [F15section 172 of TIOPA 2010].

[F16(5A)For the purposes of this section, a non-qualifying territory is “non-taxing” if companies are not under its law liable to tax by reason of domicile, residence or place of management.]

(6)For the meaning of “corresponding creditor relationship”, see section 412 (persons indirectly standing in the position of creditor).

Textual Amendments

F9Words in s. 410(3)(b) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 8(2)

F10Words in s. 410(4)(b) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 8(2)

F11S. 410(4A) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 8(3)

F12Words in s. 410(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 613 (with Sch. 2)

F13Words in s. 410(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 381(1) of the amending Act) by Taxation (International and Other Provisions) Act 2010 (c. 8), s. 381(1), Sch. 8 para. 131(2) (with Sch. 9 paras. 1-9, 22)

F14Definition in s. 410(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 8(4)

F15Words in s. 410(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 381(1) of the amending Act) by Taxation (International and Other Provisions) Act 2010 (c. 8), s. 381(1), Sch. 8 para. 131(3) (with Sch. 9 paras. 1-9, 22)

F16S. 410(5A) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 20 para. 9 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2009 (c. 10), Sch. 20 para. 8(5)

411Interpretation of section 409U.K.

(1)Section 472 (meaning of “control”) applies for the purposes of section 409 and this section.

(2)A person who is a participator in a company which controls another company is treated for the purposes of section 409 as being a participator in that other company also.

(3)Subject to that, in section 409 and this section “participator”, in relation to a company, means a person who is a participator in the company [F17within the meaning given by section 454 of CTA 2010], but not a person who is [F18such a participator] just because of being a loan creditor of the company.

(4)In determining whether a person who carries on the trade of banking is a participator in a company for the purposes of section 409 and this section, securities of the company acquired by the person in the ordinary course of the person's business are ignored.

Textual Amendments

F17Words in s. 411(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 614(a) (with Sch. 2)

F18Words in s. 411(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 614(b) (with Sch. 2)

412Persons indirectly standing in the position of creditorU.K.

(1)For the purposes of sections 407(1)(b) and 409 a person is treated as standing in the position of a creditor if the person indirectly stands in that position by reference to a series of loan relationships or relevant money debts.

(2)If a company (“C”) is so treated for the purposes of section 407(1)(b), the reference in section 407(1)(e) to the corresponding creditor relationship is a reference to C's creditor relationship.

(3)If a person (“P”) is so treated for the purposes of section 409, the reference in section 410(2)(b) to the corresponding creditor relationship is a reference to P's creditor relationship.

(4)In subsection (1) “relevant money debt” means a money debt which would be a loan relationship if a company directly stood in the position of creditor or debtor.

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