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Corporation Tax Act 2009

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 20 Chapter 1 Crossheading Employee-benefit-contributions:

  • S 1217N(3) modified by 2010 c. 4 s. 357UI (as inserted) by 2015 c. 21 s. 1

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Employee benefit contributionsU.K.

1290Employee benefit contributionsU.K.

(1)This section applies if, in calculating for corporation tax purposes the profits of a company (“the employer”) of a period of account, a deduction would otherwise be allowable for the period in respect of employee benefit contributions made or to be made (but see subsection (4)).

(2)No deduction is allowed for the contributions for the period except so far as—

(a)qualifying benefits are provided, or qualifying expenses are paid, out of the contributions during the period or within 9 months from the end of it, or

(b)if the making of the contributions is itself the provision of qualifying benefits, the contributions are made during the period or within 9 months from the end of it.

(3)An amount disallowed under subsection (2) is allowed as a deduction for a subsequent period of account so far as—

(a)qualifying benefits are provided out of the contributions before the end of the subsequent period, or

(b)if the making of the contributions is itself the provision of qualifying benefits, the contributions are made before the end of the subsequent period.

(4)This section does not apply to any deduction that is allowable—

(a)for anything given as consideration for goods or services provided in the course of a trade or profession,

(b)for contributions under a registered pension scheme or under a superannuation fund to which section 615(3) of ICTA applies,

(c)for contributions under a qualifying overseas pension scheme in respect of an individual who is a relevant migrant member of the pension scheme in relation to the contributions,

(d)for contributions under an accident benefit scheme,

(e)under Chapter 1 of Part 11 (share incentive plans),

(f)under section 67 of FA 1989 (qualifying employee share ownership trusts), or

(g)under Part 12 (other relief for employee share acquisitions).

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4)(c) “qualifying overseas pension scheme” and “relevant migrant member” have the same meaning as in Schedule 33 to FA 2004 (see paragraphs 4 to 6 of that Schedule).

(6)See also—

  • section 1291 (making of “employee benefit contributions”),

  • section 1292 (provision of qualifying benefits),

  • section 1293 (timing and amount of certain qualifying benefits),

  • section 1294 (provision or payment out of employee benefit contributions),

  • section 1295 (profits calculated before end of 9 month period),

  • section 1296 (interpretation of sections 1290 to 1296),

  • section 1297 (some special rules for companies carrying on a life assurance business).

1291Making of “employee benefit contributions”U.K.

(1)For the purposes of section 1290 an “employee benefit contribution” is made if, as a result of any act or omission—

(a)property is held, or may be used, under an employee benefit scheme, or

(b)there is an increase in the total value of property that is so held or may be so used (or a reduction in any liabilities under an employee benefit scheme).

(2)For this purpose “employee benefit scheme” means a trust, scheme or other arrangement for the benefit of persons who are, or include, present or former employees of the employer [F1or persons linked with present or former employees of the employer].

[F2(3)Section 554Z1 of ITEPA 2003 applies for the purposes of subsection (2) but as if references to A were to a present or former employee of the employer.

(4)So far as it is not covered by subsection (2), “employee benefit scheme” also means—

(a)an arrangement (“the relevant arrangement”) within subsection (1)(b) of section 554A of ITEPA 2003 to which subsection (1)(c) of that section applies, or

(b)any other arrangement connected (directly or indirectly) with the relevant arrangement.]

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 1291(2) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 61 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 45(2)

F2S. 1291(3)(4) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 61 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 45(3)

1292Provision of qualifying benefitsU.K.

(1)For the purposes of section 1290 qualifying benefits are provided if there is—

(a)a payment of money, or

(b)a transfer of assets,

which meets condition A, B, C or D.

(2)Condition A is that the payment or transfer gives rise both to an employment income tax charge and to an NIC charge.

(3)Condition B is that the payment or transfer would give rise to both charges if—

(a)the duties of the employment in respect of which the payment or transfer was made were performed in the United Kingdom, and

(b)the person in respect of whose employment the payment or transfer was made met at all relevant times the conditions as to residence or presence in Great Britain or Northern Ireland prescribed under section 1(6) of the Contributions and Benefits Act.

(4)Condition C is that the payment or transfer is made in connection with the termination of the recipient's employment with the employer.

(5)Condition D is that the payment or transfer is made under an employer-financed retirement benefits scheme [F3and the payment or transfer—

(a)gives rise to an employment income tax charge under Chapter 2 of Part 6 of ITEPA 2003 or under Part 9 of that Act, or

(b)is an excluded benefit as defined in section 393B(3) of that Act.]

(6)None of the conditions is met if the payment or transfer is by way of loan.

[F4(6ZA)In determining whether condition A or B is met, any payment treated as made under section 226B of ITEPA 2003 (deemed payment for employee shareholder shares) is to be ignored.]

[F5(6A)For the purposes of section 1290 qualifying benefits are also provided if—

(a)a relevant step within the meaning of Part 7A of ITEPA 2003 is taken, and

(b)Chapter 2 of that Part applies by reason of the step.]

(7)In this section—

  • the Contributions and Benefits Act” means—

    (a)

    the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (c. 4), or

    (b)

    the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 (c. 7),

  • employment income tax charge” means a charge to tax under ITEPA 2003 (whether on the recipient or on someone else), and

  • NIC charge” means a liability to pay national insurance contributions under section 6 (Class 1 contributions), section 10 (Class 1A contributions) or section 10A (Class 1B contributions) of the Contributions and Benefits Act.

Textual Amendments

F3Words in s. 1292(5) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 62 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 46(2)

F4S. 1292(6ZA) inserted (1.9.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 23 paras. 34, 38; S.I. 2013/1755, art. 2

F5S. 1292(6A) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 46(3)

1293Timing and amount of certain qualifying benefitsU.K.

[F6(1)If the provision of a qualifying benefit takes the form of a payment of money, the benefit, so far as Chapter 4 of Part 2 of ITEPA 2003 applies to the money, is provided for the purposes of section 1290 when the money is treated as received for the purposes of that Chapter (applying the rules in section 18 of that Act (receipt of money earnings)).]

[F7(1A)Except so far as subsection (1) applies to the provision of the qualifying benefit, if the provision of a qualifying benefit is a chargeable relevant step, for the purposes of section 1290—

(a)the benefit is provided when A's employment with B starts if the chargeable relevant step is taken before then, or

(b)otherwise, the benefit is provided when the chargeable relevant step is taken.]

(2)If the provision of a qualifying benefit takes the form of a transfer of an asset [F8which meets condition A, B, C or D in section 1292], the amount provided for the purposes of section 1290 is the total of—

(a)the amount (if any) spent on the asset by a scheme manager, F9...

(b)in a case where the asset was transferred to a scheme manager by the employer, the amount of the deduction that would be allowable as mentioned in subsection (1) of that section in respect of the transfer [F10, and

(c)if the transfer is a chargeable relevant step, the cost of the relevant step so far as not covered by paragraph (a) or (b)]

(3)But if the amount given by subsection (2) is more than the amount that—

(a)is charged to tax under ITEPA 2003 in respect of the transfer, or

(b)would be so charged if condition B in section 1292 were met,

the deduction allowable under section 1290(2) or (3) is limited to that lower amount.

[F11(4)If the provision of a qualifying benefit is a chargeable relevant step which does not involve a sum of money (see section 554Z(10) of ITEPA 2003) and is not covered by subsection (2), the amount provided for the purposes of section 1290 is the cost of the relevant step (subject to subsection (5)).

(5)If the provision of a qualifying benefit is a chargeable relevant step which is not covered by subsection (2) (whether or not it involves a sum of money), the amount provided for the purposes of section 1290 is not to exceed the amount that—

(a)is charged to tax under ITEPA 2003 in relation to the relevant step (whether under Part 7A of that Act or otherwise), or

(b)would be charged had not A been non-UK resident in any tax year.

[F12(5A)In determining for the purposes of subsections (3) and (5) the amount that is, or would be, charged to tax under ITEPA 2003, any payment treated as made under section 226B of that Act (deemed payment for employee shareholder shares) is to be ignored.]

(6)In this section—

(a)chargeable relevant step” means a relevant step within the meaning of Part 7A of ITEPA 2003 by reason of which Chapter 2 of that Part applies (and references to A and B are to be read accordingly), and

(b)references to the cost of a chargeable relevant step are to be read in accordance with section 554Z3(6) of that Act.]

Textual Amendments

F6S. 1293(1) substituted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 63 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 47(2)

F7S. 1293(1A) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 47(3)

F8Words in s. 1293(2) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 47(4)(a)

F9Word in s. 1293(2)(a) omitted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 47(4)(b)

F10S. 1293(2)(c) and word inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 47(4)(c)

F11S. 1293(4)-(6) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 47(5)

1294Provision or payment out of employee benefit contributionsU.K.

(1)For the purposes of section 1290(2)(a)—

(a)any qualifying benefits provided, or

(b)any qualifying expenses paid,

by a scheme manager after the receipt by the scheme manager of employee benefit contributions are treated as being provided or paid out of the contributions.

(2)The rule in subsection (1) operates up to the total amount of the contributions reduced by the amount of any benefits or expenses previously provided or paid as mentioned in section 1290(2)(a).

(3)For the purposes of section 1290(3)(a) any qualifying benefits provided by a scheme manager after the receipt by the scheme manager of employee benefit contributions are treated as being provided out of the contributions.

(4)The rule in subsection (3) operates up to the total amount of the contributions reduced by the amount of any benefits or expenses previously provided or paid as mentioned in section 1290(2)(a) or (3)(a).

(5)For the purposes of this section no account is taken of any other amount received or paid by the scheme manager.

1295Profits calculated before end of 9 month periodU.K.

(1)This section applies if the income of the period of account mentioned in section 1290(1) is calculated before the end of the 9 month period mentioned in section 1290(2).

(2)It must be assumed, in making the calculation, that any benefits, expenses or contributions which are not provided, paid or made when the calculation is made will not be provided, paid or made before the end of that period.

(3)But if the benefits, expenses or contributions are subsequently provided, paid or made before the end of that period, nothing in this section prevents the calculation being revised and any tax return being amended accordingly.

1296Interpretation of sections 1290 to 1296U.K.

(1)In this section and sections 1290 to 1295—

  • accident benefit scheme” means an employee benefit scheme under which benefits may be provided only by reason of a person's disablement, or death, caused by an accident occurring during the person's service as an employee of the employer,

  • employee benefit contribution” is to be read in accordance with section 1291(1),

  • employee benefit scheme” has the meaning given by section [F131291(2) to (4)],

  • the employer” is to be read in accordance with section 1290(1),

  • employer-financed retirement benefits scheme” has the same meaning as in Chapter 2 of Part 6 of ITEPA 2003 (see section 393A of that Act) [F14 but ignoring section 393B(2)(a) and (c) of that Act],

  • qualifying benefits” is to be read in accordance with section 1292,

  • qualifying expenses” includes any expenses of a scheme manager (other than the provision of benefits to employees of the employer)—

    (a)

    which are incurred in operating the employee benefit scheme, and

    (b)

    which, if incurred by the employer, would be deductible in calculating for corporation tax purposes the employer's profits of any period of account, and

  • scheme manager” means a person who administers an employee benefit scheme (acting in that capacity).

(2)A reference in this section and sections 1290 to 1295 to a company's employee includes the holder of an office under that company, and “employment” is to be read accordingly.

Textual Amendments

F13Words in s. 1296(1) substituted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 61 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 48(a)

F14Words in s. 1296(1) inserted (19.7.2011) (with effect in accordance with Sch . 2 para. 52-59 62 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2011 (c. 11), Sch. 2 para. 48(b)

1297[F15Basic life assurance and general annuity business]U.K.

(1)This section applies if the employer is a company in relation to which [F16the I - E rules apply].

(2)In determining for the purposes of section 1290(1) whether a deduction would otherwise be allowable, the effect of [F17section 79 of FA 2012] (spreading of relief for acquisition expenses) is ignored.

(3)But section 1290(3) is subject to that section if, in accordance with subsection (2) above, an amount is allowed as a deduction for a particular period under section 1290(3).

(4)For the [F18purpose of calculating the adjusted BLAGAB management expenses of the company for the purposes of section 73 of FA 2012], the employee benefit contributions are treated as expenses [F19debited, in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice, in the accounts drawn up by the company for that period].

(5)For the purposes of sections 1290 to 1296—

(a)any reference to a deduction for employee benefit contributions is to be read as a reference to [F20an amount constituting ordinary BLAGAB management expenses of the company for the purposes of section 76 of FA 2012], and

(b)references to deduction are to be read in that light.

Textual Amendments

F15S. 1297 heading substituted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 16 para. 210(6)

F16Words in s. 1297(1) substituted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 16 para. 210(2)

F17Words in s. 1297(2) substituted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 16 para. 210(3)

F18Words in s. 1297(4) substituted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 16 para. 210(4)(a)

F19Words in s. 1297(4) substituted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 16 para. 210(4)(b)

F20Words in s. 1297(5)(a) substituted (17.7.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (c. 14), Sch. 16 para. 210(5)

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