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Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009

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Chapter 1E+W+S+N.I.Enforcement officers

Marine enforcement officersE+W+S+N.I.

235Marine enforcement officersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Chapter “marine enforcement officer” means—

(a)any person appointed as such an officer by the MMO;

(b)any person appointed as such an officer by the Welsh Ministers;

(c)any person who is a commissioned officer of any of Her Majesty's ships;

(d)any person in command or charge of any aircraft or hovercraft of the Royal Navy, the Army or the Royal Air Force.

(2)The carrying out of any functions of a marine enforcement officer by a person appointed under this section by the MMO or the Welsh Ministers (a “civilian marine enforcement officer”) is subject to any limitations specified by the MMO or (as the case may be) the Welsh Ministers in relation to that person.

(3)Until the coming into force of section 1, any power conferred on the MMO by this section is exercisable by the Secretary of State.

Any reference in this Chapter to a marine enforcement officer includes a reference to any person appointed by the Secretary of State as a marine enforcement officer by virtue of this subsection.

236Enforcement of marine licensing regimeE+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act, a marine enforcement officer has—

(a)the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act;

(b)the power conferred by section 263.

This is subject to subsection (2).

(2)A marine enforcement officer does not have the powers referred to in subsection (1) for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act so far as relating to—

(a)any activity in Wales or the Welsh inshore region concerning or arising from the exploration for, or production of, petroleum;

(b)anything done in the course of taking installation abandonment measures in any other part of the relevant enforcement area.

(3)Subject to subsection (8), the powers which a marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act may be exercised—

(a)in the relevant enforcement area (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in that area);

(b)in relation to any vessel or marine structure outside the UK marine area which was loaded within the relevant enforcement area;

(c)in relation to any British vessel, British aircraft or British marine structure outside the UK marine area;

(d)in Scotland or the Scottish inshore region, in relation to an offence which the officer reasonably believes has been committed—

(i)within the relevant enforcement area, or

(ii)outside the UK marine area and in circumstances where a vessel, aircraft or marine structure referred to in paragraph (b) or (c) was involved in the commission of the offence;

(e)in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in the Scottish offshore region which has been pursued there in accordance with subsection (4).

(4)A vessel, aircraft or marine structure is pursued in accordance with this subsection if—

(a)immediately before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure commences, the vessel, aircraft or structure is in the relevant enforcement area,

(b)before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure commences, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(c)the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure is not interrupted.

(5)The signal referred to in subsection (4)(b) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the vessel, aircraft or structure in question.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4)(c), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the vessel or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(7)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a marine enforcement officer may have under international law.

(8)The powers which a civilian marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(9)In this section—

  • installation abandonment measures” means any measures taken in connection with the abandonment of—

    (a)

    an offshore installation or submarine pipeline, within the meaning of Part 4 of the Petroleum Act 1998 (c. 17), or

    (b)

    a carbon storage installation, within the meaning of section 30 of the Energy Act 2008 (c. 32),

    whether or not the measures are taken in pursuance of an abandonment programme;

  • abandonment programme” means—

    (a)

    an abandonment programme under Part 4 of the Petroleum Act 1998;

    (b)

    an abandonment programme under that Part, as it applies by virtue of section 30 of the Energy Act 2008;

  • the relevant enforcement area” means the area that consists of—

    (a)

    England and Wales and Northern Ireland, and

    (b)

    the UK marine licensing area, excluding the Scottish offshore region.

(10)Any term used in this section and in Part 4 of this Act has the same meaning in this section as it has in that Part.

237Enforcement of nature conservation legislationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of enforcing the nature conservation legislation, a marine enforcement officer has the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act.

(2)In this section “the nature conservation legislation” means—

(a)sections 1 and 2 of the Conservation of Seals Act 1970 (c. 30), and any orders made under section 3 of that Act;

(b)sections 1, 5 to 7, 9, 11, 13, 14 and 14ZA of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (c. 69);

(c)regulations 37C, 39, 41 and 43 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/2716);

(d)any byelaws or orders made by virtue of regulation 28 or 36 of those Regulations;

(e)the Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/1842);

(f)any byelaws made under section 129 or 132 of this Act;

(g)any orders made under section 134 or 136 of this Act;

(h)section 140 of this Act.

(3)Subject to subsections (8) and (9), the powers which a marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing the nature conservation legislation may be exercised—

(a)in the relevant enforcement area (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine installation in that area);

(b)in relation to any British vessel or British marine installation outside the UK marine area;

(c)in Scotland or Northern Ireland, or the Scottish or Northern Ireland inshore region, in relation to an offence which the officer reasonably believes has been committed—

(i)within the relevant enforcement area, or

(ii)outside the UK marine area and in circumstances where a British vessel or British marine installation was involved in the commission of the offence;

(d)in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine installation in the Scottish offshore region which has been pursued there in accordance with subsection (4).

(4)A vessel, aircraft or marine installation is pursued in accordance with this subsection if—

(a)immediately before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or installation commences, the vessel, aircraft or installation is in the relevant enforcement area,

(b)before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or installation commences, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(c)the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or installation is not interrupted.

(5)The signal referred to in subsection (4)(b) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the vessel, aircraft or installation in question.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4)(c), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the vessel or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(7)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a marine enforcement officer may have under international law.

(8)The powers which a civilian marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing the nature conservation legislation may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(9)The powers which a marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing the nature conservation legislation may not be exercised in relation to any vessel within subsection (10) unless—

(a)in the case of a third country vessel, other than a vessel falling within paragraph (b) or (c) of that subsection, the United Kingdom is entitled under international law to exercise those powers without the consent of the flag state, or

(b)the Commissioners have given authority to exercise those powers.

(10)The vessels are—

(a)a third country vessel;

(b)a warship that is being used by the government of a State other than the United Kingdom;

(c)any other vessel that is being used by such a government for any non-commercial purpose.

(11)The Commissioners may give authority under subsection (9)(b) only if the flag state has consented to the United Kingdom exercising those powers (whether generally or in relation to the vessel in question).

(12)In giving such authority, the Commissioners must impose such conditions or limitations on the exercise of the powers as are necessary to give effect to any conditions or limitations imposed by the flag state.

(13)In this section—

  • British vessel” means any vessel which—

    (a)

    is registered in the United Kingdom under Part 2 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21),

    (b)

    is, as a Government ship, registered in the United Kingdom in pursuance of an Order in Council under section 308 of that Act,

    (c)

    falls within section 1(1)(d) of that Act (small ships),

    (d)

    is exempt from registration under section 294 of that Act (general power to dispense),

    (e)

    is a British warship, or

    (f)

    is registered under the law of Gibraltar;

  • Government ship” has the same meaning as in the Merchant Shipping Act 1995;

  • the relevant enforcement area” means the area that consists of—

    (a)

    England and Wales, and

    (b)

    the UK marine area, excluding—

    (b)
    (i)

    the Scottish inshore region,

    (ii)

    the Scottish offshore region, and

    (iii)

    the Northern Ireland inshore region.

238Enforcement of fisheries legislationE+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of enforcing the fisheries legislation, a marine enforcement officer has—

(a)the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act;

(b)the powers conferred by sections 264, 268, 269, 279 and 284.

(2)In this section “the fisheries legislation” means—

(a)any enactments relating to sea fishing, including any enactment relating to fishing for shellfish, salmon or migratory trout (but see subsection (3));

(b)any enforceable EU restrictions and enforceable EU obligations relating to sea fishing.

(3)The fisheries legislation” does not include—

(a)the Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Act 1975 (c. 51);

(b)the Salmon Act 1986 (c. 62);

(c)byelaws made by the Environment Agency under Schedule 25 to the Water Resources Act 1991 (c. 57);

(d)the Scotland Act 1998 (Border Rivers) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/1746);

(e)byelaws made by an inshore fisheries and conservation authority under section 155.

(4)Subject to subsection (9), the powers which a marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing the fisheries legislation may be exercised—

(a)in the relevant enforcement area (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine installation in that area);

(b)in relation to any vessel, vehicle, aircraft or marine installation in any other area within the United Kingdom or the UK marine area which has been pursued there in accordance with subsection (5);

(c)in relation to any relevant British fishing boat in the Scottish zone or the Northern Ireland zone;

(d)in relation to any British vessel or British marine installation outside British fishery limits, other than a Scottish or Northern Ireland fishing boat.

(5)A vessel, vehicle, aircraft or marine installation is pursued in accordance with this subsection if—

(a)immediately before the pursuit of the vessel, vehicle, aircraft or installation commences—

(i)the vessel, vehicle, aircraft or installation is in the relevant enforcement area, or

(ii)in the case of a vessel, aircraft or marine installation operating together with one or more other vessels, aircraft or marine installations to carry out a single activity, any of those vessels, aircraft or installations is in that area,

(b)before the pursuit of the vessel, vehicle, aircraft or installation commences, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(c)the pursuit of the vessel, vehicle, aircraft or installation is not interrupted.

(6)The signal referred to in subsection (5)(b) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the vessel, vehicle, aircraft or installation in question.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (5)(c), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the vessel, vehicle or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(8)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a marine enforcement officer may have under international law.

(9)The powers which a civilian marine enforcement officer has for the purposes of enforcing the fisheries legislation may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(10)In this section—

  • British vessel” means any vessel which—

    (a)

    is registered in the United Kingdom under Part 2 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21),

    (b)

    is wholly owned by persons qualified to own British ships for the purposes of that Part,

    (c)

    is, as a Government ship, registered in the United Kingdom in pursuance of an Order in Council under section 308 of that Act, or

    (d)

    is a British warship;

  • enforceable EU obligation” means an obligation to which section 2(1) of the European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68) applies;

  • enforceable EU restriction” means a restriction to which section 2(1) of that Act applies;

  • Government ship” has the same meaning as in the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21);

  • relevant British fishing boat” means a fishing boat, other than a Scottish or Northern Ireland fishing boat, which—

    (a)

    is registered in the United Kingdom under Part 2 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995, or

    (b)

    is wholly owned by persons qualified to own British ships for the purposes of that Part;

  • the relevant enforcement area” means the area that consists of—

    (a)

    England and Wales, and

    (b)

    the sea within British fishery limits, excluding the Scottish zone and the Northern Ireland zone.

239Marine enforcement officers as British sea-fishery officersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 7 of the Sea Fisheries Act 1968 (c. 77) (sea-fishery officers) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1)—

(a)after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca)persons appointed as marine enforcement officers under section 235 of the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009;;

(b)in paragraph (d), omit “of the Secretary of State or”.

(3)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)A person falling within paragraph (b), (c) or (ca) of subsection (1) above may not exercise the powers or perform the duties of a British sea-fishery officer in any case where the person may, in the person's capacity as a marine enforcement officer, exercise the common enforcement powers conferred by the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (see Chapter 1 of Part 8 of that Act).

(4)In subsection (5) (definition of “the appropriate Minister”), omit paragraph (a).

Other enforcement officersE+W+S+N.I.

240Marine licensing: oil and gas and other reserved mattersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Secretary of State may appoint persons for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act, so far as relating to—

(a)any activity in the Scottish offshore region falling within section 113(3) (activities relating to certain reserved matters);

(b)any activity in Wales or the Welsh inshore region concerning or arising from the exploration for, or production of, petroleum;

(c)anything done in the course of taking installation abandonment measures in any other part of the relevant enforcement area.

(2)For the purposes referred to in subsection (1), a person appointed under this section has—

(a)the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act;

(b)the power conferred by section 263.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), the powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes referred to in subsection (1) may be exercised—

(a)in the relevant enforcement area (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in that area);

(b)in relation to any vessel or marine structure outside the UK marine area which was loaded within the relevant enforcement area;

(c)in relation to any British vessel, British aircraft or British marine structure outside the UK marine area;

(d)in Scotland or Northern Ireland, or the Scottish or Northern Ireland inshore region, in relation to an offence which the person reasonably believes has been committed—

(i)within the relevant enforcement area, or

(ii)outside the UK marine area and in circumstances where a vessel, aircraft or marine structure referred to in paragraph (b) or (c) was involved in the commission of the offence.

(4)The powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes referred to in subsection (1) may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(5)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a person appointed under this section may have under international law.

(6)In this section—

  • installation abandonment measures” means any measures taken in connection with the abandonment of—

    (a)

    an offshore installation or submarine pipeline, within the meaning of Part 4 of the Petroleum Act 1998 (c. 17), or

    (b)

    a carbon storage installation, within the meaning of section 30 of the Energy Act 2008 (c. 32),

    whether or not the measures are taken in pursuance of an abandonment programme;

  • abandonment programme” means—

    (a)

    an abandonment programme under Part 4 of the Petroleum Act 1998;

    (b)

    an abandonment programme under that Part, as it applies by virtue of section 30 of the Energy Act 2008;

  • the relevant enforcement area” means the area that consists of—

    (a)

    England and Wales, and

    (b)

    the UK marine licensing area, excluding the Northern Ireland inshore region.

(7)Any term used in this section and in Part 4 of this Act has the same meaning in this section as it has in that Part.

241Marine licensing: Northern IrelandE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland may appoint persons for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act.

(2)For the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act, a person appointed under this section has—

(a)the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act;

(b)the power conferred by section 263.

This is subject to subsection (3).

(3)A person appointed under this section does not have the powers referred to in subsection (2) for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act so far as relating to—

(a)any activity in Wales or the Welsh inshore region concerning or arising from the exploration for, or production of, petroleum;

(b)anything done in the course of taking installation abandonment measures in any other part of the relevant enforcement area, other than Northern Ireland and the Northern Ireland inshore region.

(4)Subject to subsection (9), the powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act may be exercised—

(a)in the relevant enforcement area (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in that area);

(b)in Scotland or the Scottish inshore region, in relation to an offence which the person reasonably believes has been committed within the relevant enforcement area;

(c)in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in the Scottish offshore region which has been pursued there in accordance with subsection (5).

(5)A vessel, aircraft or marine structure is pursued in accordance with this subsection if—

(a)immediately before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure commences, the vessel, aircraft or structure is in the relevant enforcement area,

(b)before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure commences, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(c)the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure is not interrupted.

(6)The signal referred to in subsection (5)(b) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the vessel, aircraft or structure in question.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (5)(c), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the vessel or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(8)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a person appointed under this section may have under international law.

(9)The powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(10)In this section—

  • installation abandonment measures” means any measures taken in connection with the abandonment of—

    (a)

    an offshore installation or submarine pipeline, within the meaning of Part 4 of the Petroleum Act 1998 (c. 17), or

    (b)

    a carbon storage installation, within the meaning of section 30 of the Energy Act 2008 (c. 32),

    whether or not the measures are taken in pursuance of an abandonment programme;

  • abandonment programme” means—

    (a)

    an abandonment programme under Part 4 of the Petroleum Act 1998;

    (b)

    an abandonment programme under that Part, as it applies by virtue of section 30 of the Energy Act 2008;

  • the relevant enforcement area” means the area that consists of—

    (a)

    England and Wales and Northern Ireland, and

    (b)

    the UK marine licensing area, excluding the Scottish offshore region.

(11)Any term used in this section and in Part 4 of this Act has the same meaning in this section as it has in that Part.

242Marine licensing: enforcement in Scottish offshore regionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scottish Ministers may appoint persons for the purposes of enforcing Part 4 of this Act, except so far as relating to any activity falling within section 113(3) (activities relating to certain reserved matters).

(2)For the purposes referred to in subsection (1), a person appointed under this section has—

(a)the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act;

(b)the power conferred by section 263.

(3)Subject to subsection (8), the powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes referred to in subsection (1) may be exercised—

(a)in the Scottish offshore region (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in that region);

(b)in any area within the United Kingdom or the UK inshore region, in relation to an offence which the person reasonably believes has been committed within the Scottish offshore region;

(c)in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine structure in any other area within the UK marine area which has been pursued there in accordance with subsection (4).

(4)A vessel, aircraft or marine structure is pursued in accordance with this subsection if—

(a)immediately before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure commences, the vessel, aircraft or structure is in the Scottish offshore region,

(b)before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure commences, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(c)the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or structure is not interrupted.

(5)The signal referred to in subsection (4)(b) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the vessel, aircraft or structure in question.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4)(c), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the vessel or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(7)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a person appointed under this section may have under international law.

(8)The powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes referred to in subsection (1) may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(9)In this section “UK inshore region” means the area of sea within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom.

(10)Any term used in this section and in Part 4 of this Act has the same meaning in this section as it has in that Part.

243Enforcement of MCZs in Scottish offshore regionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Scottish Ministers may appoint persons for the purposes of enforcing section 140 of this Act.

(2)For the purposes of enforcing section 140 of this Act, a person appointed under this section has the common enforcement powers conferred by this Act.

(3)Subject to subsections (8) and (9), the powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes of enforcing section 140 of this Act may be exercised—

(a)in the Scottish offshore region (and in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine installation in that region);

(b)in any area within the United Kingdom or the UK inshore region, in relation to an offence which the person reasonably believes has been committed within the Scottish offshore region;

(c)in relation to any vessel, aircraft or marine installation in any other area within the UK marine area which has been pursued there in accordance with subsection (4).

(4)A vessel, aircraft or marine installation is pursued in accordance with this subsection if—

(a)immediately before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or installation commences, the vessel, aircraft or installation is in the Scottish offshore region,

(b)before the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or installation commences, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(c)the pursuit of the vessel, aircraft or installation is not interrupted.

(5)The signal referred to in subsection (4)(b) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the vessel, aircraft or installation in question.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4)(c), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the vessel or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(7)Nothing in this section affects any right of hot pursuit which a person appointed under this section may have under international law.

(8)The powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes of enforcing section 140 of this Act may not be exercised in relation to any British warship.

(9)The powers which a person appointed under this section has for the purposes of enforcing section 140 of this Act may not be exercised in relation to any vessel within subsection (10) unless—

(a)in the case of a third country vessel, other than a vessel falling within paragraph (b) or (c) of that subsection, the United Kingdom is entitled under international law to exercise those powers without the consent of the flag state, or

(b)the Commissioners have given authority to exercise those powers.

(10)The vessels are—

(a)a third country vessel;

(b)a warship that is being used by the government of a State other than the United Kingdom;

(c)any other vessel that is being used by such a government for any non-commercial purpose.

(11)The Commissioners may give authority under subsection (9)(b) only if the flag state has consented to the United Kingdom exercising those powers (whether generally or in relation to the vessel in question).

(12)In giving such authority, the Commissioners must impose such conditions or limitations on the exercise of the powers as are necessary to give effect to any conditions or limitations imposed by the flag state.

(13)In this section “UK inshore region” means the area of sea within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom.

InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

244Interpretation of this ChapterE+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Chapter—

  • British marine installation” means a marine installation owned by or leased to an individual residing in, or a body corporate incorporated under the law of, any part of the United Kingdom;

  • British warship” means a ship belonging to Her Majesty and forming part of Her Majesty's armed forces;

  • civilian marine enforcement officer” means a person appointed as a marine enforcement officer by the MMO or the Welsh Ministers;

  • the Commissioners” means the Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs;

  • fishing boat” means any vessel that is being used for fishing or for any activity relating to fishing;

  • flag state”, in relation to a vessel, means the State whose flag the vessel is flying or is entitled to fly;

  • marine installation” means any artificial island, installation or structure (other than a vessel);

  • Northern Ireland fishing boat” means a fishing boat which is registered in the United Kingdom under Part 2 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21) and whose entry in the register specifies a port in Northern Ireland as the port to which the boat is to be treated as belonging;

  • petroleum” has the same meaning as in Part 3 of the Petroleum Act 1998 (c. 17) (see section 28(1) of that Act);

  • Scottish fishing boat” means a fishing boat which is registered in the United Kingdom under Part 2 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 and whose entry in the register specifies a port in Scotland as the port to which the boat is to be treated as belonging;

  • third country vessel” means a vessel which—

    (a)

    is flying the flag of, or is registered in, any State or territory (other than Gibraltar) which is not a member State, and

    (b)

    is not registered in a member State.

(2)In this Chapter, except where otherwise provided, any reference to a vessel includes a reference to—

(a)any ship or boat or any other description of vessel used in navigation, and

(b)any hovercraft, submersible craft or other floating craft,

but does not include a reference to anything that permanently rests on, or is permanently attached to, the sea bed.

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