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Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009

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Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009

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Commencement Orders

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

OffencesE+W+S+N.I.

139Offence of contravening byelaws or ordersE+W+S+N.I.

(1)It is an offence for a person to contravene—

(a)any byelaw made under section 129 or 132(1);

(b)any order made under section 134 or 136(1).

(2)A person who is guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)In this section “contravene” includes fail to comply.

(4)Proceedings for an offence under this section may be taken, and the offence may for all incidental purposes be treated as having been committed, in any part of England and Wales.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I1S. 139 partly in force; s. 139 in force for specified purposes at 12.1.2010 see s. 324(2)(b)(i)

140Offence of damaging etc protected features of MCZsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person is guilty of an offence under this section if—

(a)the person without lawful excuse does a prohibited act,

(b)at the time of doing that act, the person knows, or ought to have known, that the feature to which the act relates is in, or forms part of, an MCZ, and

(c)the act has significantly hindered, or may significantly hinder, the achievement of the conservation objectives stated for the MCZ.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1), a person does a prohibited act if the person—

(a)intentionally or recklessly kills or injures any animal in an MCZ which is a protected feature of that MCZ,

(b)intentionally picks or collects, or intentionally or recklessly cuts, uproots or destroys, any plant in an MCZ which is a protected feature of that MCZ,

(c)intentionally or recklessly takes anything from an MCZ which is, or forms part of, a protected feature of that MCZ, or

(d)intentionally or recklessly destroys or damages any habitat or feature which is a protected feature of an MCZ.

(3)For the purposes of determining whether anything done by a person in relation to a protected feature is a prohibited act for the purposes of subsection (1), it is immaterial whether the person knew, or ought to have known, that the feature was a protected feature.

(4)A person who is guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £50,000;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(5)In determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on a person convicted of an offence under this section, the court must in particular have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to the person in consequence of the offence.

(6)Proceedings for an offence under this section may be taken, and the offence may for all incidental purposes be treated as having been committed, in any part of the United Kingdom.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I2S. 140 partly in force; s. 140 in force for specified purposes at 12.1.2010 see s. 324(2)(b)(i)

141Exceptions to offences under section 139 or 140E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person is not guilty of an offence under section 139 or 140 if the act which is alleged to constitute the offence—

(a)was done in accordance with section 125(2) by a public authority;

(b)was expressly authorised by an authorisation granted in accordance with section 126, or was necessarily incidental to such an act;

(c)was done in accordance with—

(i)a permit issued under section 129(5) or 134(4), or

(ii)a permit issued by the appropriate authority;

(d)was necessary in the interests of national security or the prevention or detection of crime, or was necessary for securing public health;

(e)was necessary for the purpose of securing the safety of any vessel, aircraft or marine installation;

(f)was done for the purpose of saving life.

(2)Subsection (1)(e) does not apply where the necessity was due to the fault of the person or of some other person acting under the person's direction or control.

(3)A person is not guilty of an offence under section 139 by reason of doing anything that is an offence under section 140.

(4)It is a defence for a person who is charged with an offence under section 140 to show that—

(a)the act which is alleged to constitute the offence was—

(i)an act done for the purpose of, and in the course of, sea fishing, or

(ii)an act done in connection with such an act,

and

(b)the effect of the act on the protected feature in question could not reasonably have been avoided.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order amend this section so as to remove, or restrict the application of, the defence provided by subsection (4).

(6)Until the coming into force of the first Order in Council made under section 41 (the exclusive economic zone), nothing in section 140 applies to anything done in relation to an MCZ lying beyond the seaward limits of the territorial sea by a person on a third country vessel.

(7)In this section—

  • act” includes omission;

  • third country vessel” means a vessel which—

    (a)

    is flying the flag of, or is registered in, any State or territory (other than Gibraltar) which is not a member State, and

    (b)

    is not registered in a member State.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I3S. 141 partly in force; s. 141 in force for specified purposes at Royal Assent see s. 324(1)(c); s. 141 in force for further specified purposes at 12.1.2010 see s. 324(2)(b)(i)

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