Terminology describing marine areas
Renewable Energy Zone/ UK pollution zone
33.The Renewable Energy Zone was declared under section 84 of the Energy Act 2004. It extends up to a maximum of 200 nautical miles from the baseline. The UK has claimed exclusive rights in this area with respect to production of energy from water or winds, within an area to be designated by Order in Council. The UK has also claimed rights in relation to a similar area (the UK pollution zone) in relation to the protection and preservation of the marine environment, under the Merchant Shipping (Prevention of Pollution) (Law of the Sea Convention) Order 1996. As in the case of British fishery limits, the Act amends this legislation so that these zones are designated by reference to the exclusive economic zone as declared under Part 2 of the Act.