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Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009

The core and additional entitlements

Section 45: Duties in relation to the core and additional entitlements

110.This section inserts four new sections (sections 17A, 17B, 17C, 17D) into the Education Act 1996. It places responsibility for securing the core entitlement and the additional entitlement (defined in section 17A(7)) for all young people who are over compulsory school age but under 19, on local education authorities (rather than the Learning and Skills Council, where the responsibility currently lies).

111.The core entitlement is to a course of study in mathematics, English and information and communications technology.

112.The additional entitlement is to a course of study in a diploma entitlement area specified by the Secretary of State.

113.New section 17A(1) and (2) places a duty on the local education authority to exercise its functions with a view to securing that the core entitlement and courses of study within all the additional entitlement areas are made available in relation to young people in their area who are over compulsory school age but under 19. The intention is that the additional entitlement refers to the diploma entitlement. In securing the additional (diploma) entitlement, local education authorities are able to take into account whether providing a particular course would involve disproportionate expenditure, in which case the requirement to secure the course would not apply (subsection (3)). The entitlement does not entitle a young person to follow a course of study within a particular additional (diploma) entitlement area or to follow more than one course of study within different (diploma) entitlement areas (subsection (5)). A local education authority may satisfy the entitlement by securing that courses of study are available either within or outside their local education authority boundaries (subsection (4)).

114.Subsection (8) defines “course of study” for the purposes of the core and additional (diploma) entitlements. It does so by reference to the resulting qualification, and enables the Secretary of State to specify by order (subject to the negative resolution procedure) both the type and the level of the qualification. Local education authorities must have regard to statutory guidance issued by the Secretary of State in exercising their functions under this section (subsection (6)). Subjection (9) sets out that these entitlements do not apply to young people who are subject to a detention order. However, new section 18A(2)(e) of the Education Act 1996 (inserted by section 48) makes clear that as part of its responsibilities to secure suitable education and training for young people in juvenile custody, a local education authority must take into account the desirability of the core entitlement and the additional entitlement being satisfied in relation to persons over compulsory school age but under 19 who have elected for them.

115.New section 17B describes the entitlements. Young people who are over compulsory school age but under 19 may elect for either or both of the core entitlement and the additional (diploma) entitlement.

116.New section 17C defines the core entitlement, which is to follow courses of study in mathematics, English and information and communications technology. The entitlement is satisfied if a course of study in each of the subjects is made available to a young person. The entitlement will cease if a course of study is made available but not begun before a person’s 19th birthday.

117.New section 17D provides that the additional entitlement is to follow a course of study in an entitlement area. Additional entitlement areas refer to diploma lines which will be specified by the Secretary of State. The entitlement is satisfied if a course of study in one of the entitlement areas is made available to a young person. The entitlement will cease if a course of study is made available but not begun before a person’s 19th birthday.

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