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Finance Act 2008

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Plant and machinery: qualifying expenditure

71Thermal insulation of buildings

(1)Section 28 of CAA 2001 (thermal insulation of industrial buildings) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1)—

(a)for “consisting of a trade” substitute “other than an ordinary property business or an overseas property business”,

(b)for “an industrial” substitute “a”, and

(c)for “the trade” substitute “the qualifying activity”.

(3)In subsection (2), for “an industrial” substitute “a”.

(4)After that subsection insert—

(2A)Subsection (2) is subject to section 35 (expenditure on plant or machinery for use in dwelling-house not qualifying expenditure).

(2B)This section does not apply to expenditure within subsection (2) if a deduction for that expenditure is allowable—

(a)under section 31ZA of ICTA, or

(b)under section 312 of ITTOIA 2005,

(deductions for expenditure on energy-saving items).

(2C)For the purposes of subsection (2B), whether such a deduction is allowable is to be determined without regard to subsection (1)(e) of the section in question.

(5)Omit subsection (3).

(6)In the heading, omit “industrial”.

(7)In section 23(2) of CAA 2001 (expenditure unaffected by sections 21 and 22), in the entry for section 28, omit “industrial”.

(8)The amendments made by this section have effect—

(a)for corporation tax purposes, in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 1 April 2008, and

(b)for income tax purposes, in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 6 April 2008.

72Expenditure on required fire precautions

(1)In CAA 2001, omit section 29 (expenditure on required fire precautions).

(2)In section 23(2) of that Act, omit “section 29 (fire safety);”.

(3)In consequence of the amendment made by subsection (1)—

(a)in the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 (c. 21), omit paragraph 96 of Schedule 1, and

(b)in the Fire and Rescue Services (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1254 (N.I. 9)), omit paragraph 24 of Schedule 3 (and the entry relating to CAA 2001 in Schedule 4).

(4)The amendments made by subsections (1) and (2) have effect—

(a)for corporation tax purposes, in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 1 April 2008, and

(b)for income tax purposes, in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 6 April 2008.

73Integral features

(1)In section 23 of CAA 2001 (expenditure unaffected by sections 21 and 22)—

(a)in subsection (2), after the entry for section 33 insert—

section 33A (integral features);, and

(b)in subsection (4), in List C—

(i)in item 2, omit “Electrical systems (including lighting systems) and cold water,”,

(ii)omit item 3, and

(iii)in item 6, for “Lifts, hoists, escalators and moving walkways.” substitute “Hoists.”

(2)After section 33 of that Act insert—

Expenditure on integral features
33AExpenditure on provision or replacement of integral features

(1)This section applies where a person carrying on a qualifying activity incurs expenditure on the provision or replacement of an integral feature of a building or structure used by the person for the purposes of the qualifying activity.

(2)This Part (including in particular section 11(4)) applies as if—

(a)the expenditure were capital expenditure on the provision of plant or machinery for the purposes of the qualifying activity, and

(b)the person who incurred the expenditure owned plant or machinery as a result of incurring it.

(3)If the expenditure is qualifying expenditure, it may not be deducted in calculating the income from the qualifying activity.

(4)If the expenditure is not qualifying expenditure, whether it may be so deducted is to be determined without regard to this section.

(5)For the purposes of this section each of the following is an integral feature—

(a)an electrical system (including a lighting system),

(b)a cold water system,

(c)a space or water heating system, a powered system of ventilation, air cooling or air purification, and any floor or ceiling comprised in such a system,

(d)a lift, an escalator or a moving walkway,

(e)external solar shading.

(6)The items listed in subsection (5) do not include any asset whose principal purpose is to insulate or enclose the interior of a building or to provide an interior wall, floor or ceiling which (in each case) is intended to remain permanently in place.

(7)The Treasury may by order—

(a)provide that subsection (5) does not include a feature of a building or structure specified in the order, expenditure on which would (if not within subsection (5)) be qualifying expenditure other than special rate expenditure, and

(b)add to the list in subsection (5) a feature of a building or structure expenditure on the provision of which would not (apart from the order) be expenditure on the provision of plant or machinery.

(8)An order under subsection (7) may make such incidental, supplemental, consequential and transitional provision as the Treasury thinks fit.

33BMeaning of “replacement” in section 33A

(1)Expenditure to which this section applies is to be treated for the purposes of section 33A as expenditure on the replacement of an integral feature.

(2)This section applies to expenditure incurred by a person on an integral feature if the amount of the expenditure is more than 50% of the cost of replacing the integral feature at the time the expenditure is incurred.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where—

(a)a person incurs expenditure (“initial expenditure”) on an integral feature which is not more than 50% of the cost of replacing the integral feature at the time it is incurred, but

(b)in the period of 12 months beginning with the initial expenditure being incurred the person incurs further expenditure on the integral feature.

(4)If the aggregate of—

(a)the amount of the initial expenditure, and

(b)the amount (or the aggregate of the amounts) of the further expenditure,

is more than 50% of the cost of replacing the integral feature at the time the initial expenditure was incurred, this section applies to the initial expenditure and the further expenditure.

(5)Where section 33A applies because of subsection (4), all such assessments and adjustments of assessments are to be made as are necessary to give effect to that section.

(3)In section 74(1) of ICTA (general rules as to deductions not allowable), after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)any expenditure to which section 33A(3) of the Capital Allowances Act (expenditure on provision or replacement of integral features) applies;.

(4)In Chapter 4 of Part 2 of ITTOIA 2005 (rules restricting deductions from trade profits), after section 55 insert—

Integral features
55AExpenditure on integral features

Section 33A(3) of CAA 2001 provides that no deduction is allowed in respect of certain expenditure on an integral feature of a building or structure (within the meaning of that section).

(5)In the table in section 272(2) of ITTOIA 2005 (provisions of Part 2 applicable to profits of property business), after the entry relating to section 55 insert—

section 55Aexpenditure on integral features

(6)The amendments made by this section have effect—

(a)for corporation tax purposes, in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 1 April 2008, and

(b)for income tax purposes, in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 6 April 2008.

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