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Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008

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9Purposes etc. of sentencing: offenders under 18E+W

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)After section 142 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44) insert—

142APurposes etc. of sentencing: offenders under 18

(1)This section applies where a court is dealing with an offender aged under 18 in respect of an offence.

(2)The court must have regard to—

(a)the principal aim of the youth justice system (which is to prevent offending (or re-offending) by persons aged under 18: see section 37(1) of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998),

(b)in accordance with section 44 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933, the welfare of the offender, and

(c)the purposes of sentencing mentioned in subsection (3) (so far as it is not required to do so by paragraph (a)).

(3)Those purposes of sentencing are—

(a)the punishment of offenders,

(b)the reform and rehabilitation of offenders,

(c)the protection of the public, and

(d)the making of reparation by offenders to persons affected by their offences.

(4)This section does not apply—

(a)to an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law,

(b)to an offence the sentence for which falls to be imposed under—

(i)section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968 (minimum sentence for certain firearms offences),

(ii)section 29(6) of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (minimum sentences in certain cases of using someone to mind a weapon), or

(iii)section 226(2) of this Act (detention for life for certain dangerous offenders), or

(c)in relation to the making under Part 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983 of a hospital order (with or without a restriction order), an interim hospital order, a hospital direction or a limitation direction.

(2)In section 142 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (purposes of sentencing in relation to offenders aged 18 or over at the time of conviction)—

(a)in the heading, at the end insert “ : offenders aged 18 or over ”, and

(b)in subsection (2)(a) omit “at the time of conviction”.

(3)In section 44 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12) (general considerations) after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Subsection (1) is to be read with paragraphs (a) and (c) of section 142A(2) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (which require a court dealing with an offender aged under 18 also to have regard to the principal aim of the youth justice system and the specified purposes of sentencing).

(1B)Accordingly, in determining in the case of an offender whether it should take steps as mentioned in subsection (1), the court shall also have regard to the matters mentioned in those paragraphs.

(4)In section 42(1) of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c. 37) (interpretation of Part 3 of Act), after the definition of “local authority” insert—

offending” includes re-offending;.

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