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Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008

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Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008, Cross Heading: Repatriation of prisoners is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 21 March 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Repatriation of prisonersE+W+S+N.I.

93Delivery of prisoner to place abroad for purposes of transfer out of the United KingdomE+W

In section 2(1) of the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (c. 47) (transfer out of the UK), for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)The effect of a warrant under section 1 providing for the transfer of the prisoner out of the United Kingdom shall be to authorise—

(a)the taking of the prisoner to any place in any part of the United Kingdom, his delivery at a place of departure from the United Kingdom into the custody of an appropriate person and his removal by that person from the United Kingdom to a place outside the United Kingdom; or

(b)the taking of the prisoner to any place in any part of the United Kingdom, his removal from the United Kingdom and his delivery, at the place of arrival from the United Kingdom, into the custody of an appropriate person.

(1A)In subsection (1) “appropriate person” means a person representing the appropriate authority of the country or territory to which the prisoner is to be transferred.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 93 in force at 14.7.2008 by S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 37

94Issue of warrant transferring responsibility for detention and release of an offender to or from the relevant MinisterE+W

After section 4 of the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (transfer into the United Kingdom) insert—

Transfer of responsibility for detention and release of offender present outside the country or territory in which he is required to be detainedE+W
4AIssue of warrant transferring responsibility for detention and release of offender

(1)This section enables responsibility for the detention and release of a person to whom subsection (2) or (3) applies to be transferred between the relevant Minister in the United Kingdom and the appropriate authority in a country or territory outside the British Islands.

(2)A person falls within this subsection if that person—

(a)is a person to whom section 1(7) applies by virtue of—

(i)an order made in the course of the exercise by a court or tribunal in any part of the United Kingdom of its criminal jurisdiction; or

(ii)any of the provisions of this Act or any similar provisions of the law of any part of the United Kingdom; and

(b)is present in a country or territory outside the British Islands.

(3)A person falls within this subsection if that person—

(a)is a person to whom section 1(7) applies by virtue of —

(i)an order made in the course of the exercise by a court or tribunal in a country or territory outside the British Islands of its criminal jurisdiction; or

(ii)any provisions of the law of such a country or territory which are similar to any of the provisions of this Act; and

(b)is present in the United Kingdom.

(4)Terms used in subsection (2)(a) and (3)(a) have the same meaning as in section 1(7).

(5)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where—

(a)the United Kingdom is a party to international arrangements providing for the transfer between the United Kingdom and a country or territory outside the British Islands of responsibility for the detention and release of persons to whom subsection (2) or (3) applies,

(b)the relevant Minister and the appropriate authority of that country or territory have each agreed to the transfer under those arrangements of responsibility for the detention and release of a particular person to whom subsection (2) or (3) applies (in this Act referred to as “the relevant person”), and

(c)in a case in which the terms of those arrangements provide for the transfer of responsibility to take place only with the relevant person's consent, that consent has been given,

the relevant Minister shall issue a warrant providing for the transfer of responsibility for the detention and release of the relevant person from that Minister (where subsection (2) applies) or to that Minister (where subsection (3) applies).

(6)The relevant Minister shall not issue a warrant under this section providing for the transfer of responsibility for the detention and release of a person to the relevant Minister unless—

(a)that person is a British citizen;

(b)the transfer appears to the relevant Minister to be appropriate having regard to any close ties which that person has with the United Kingdom.

(7)The relevant Minister shall not issue a warrant under this section where, after the duty in subsection (5) has arisen, circumstances arise or are brought to his attention which in his opinion make it inappropriate that the transfer of responsibility should take place.

(8)The relevant Minister shall not issue a warrant under this section (other than one superseding an earlier warrant) unless he is satisfied that all reasonable steps have been taken to inform the relevant person in writing in his own language—

(a)of the substance, so far as relevant to the case, of the international arrangements in accordance with which it is proposed to transfer responsibility for his detention and release;

(b)of the effect in relation to the relevant person of the warrant which it is proposed to issue under this section;

(c)in the case of a person to whom subsection (2) applies, of the effect in relation to his case of so much of the law of the country or territory concerned as has effect with respect to transfers under those arrangements of responsibility for his detention and release;

(d)in the case of a person to whom subsection (3) applies, of the effect in relation to his case of the law relating to his detention under that warrant and subsequent release (including the effect of any enactment or instrument under which he may be released earlier than provided for by the terms of the warrant); and

(e)of the powers of the relevant Minister under section 6;

and the relevant Minister shall not issue a warrant superseding an earlier warrant under this section unless the requirements of this subsection were fulfilled in relation to the earlier warrant.

(9)A consent given for the purposes of subsection (5)(c) shall not be capable of being withdrawn after a warrant under this section has been issued in respect of the relevant person; and, accordingly, a purported withdrawal of that consent after that time shall not affect the validity of the warrant, or of any provision which by virtue of section 6 subsequently supersedes provisions of that warrant, or of any direction given in relation to the prisoner under section 4B(3).

(10)In this section “relevant Minister” means—

(a)the Scottish Ministers in a case where the person who is the subject of the proposed transfer of responsibility is—

(i)a person to whom subsection (2) applies who is for the time being required to be detained at a place in Scotland; or

(ii)a person to whom subsection (3) applies, if it is proposed that he will be detained at a place in Scotland;

(b)the Secretary of State, in any other case.

4BTransfer of responsibility from the United Kingdom

(1)The effect of a warrant under section 4A relating to a person to whom subsection (2) of that section applies shall be to transfer responsibility for the detention and release of that person from the relevant Minister (as defined in section 4A(10)) to the appropriate authority of the country or territory in which he is present.

(2)Subject to subsections (3) to (6), the order by virtue of which the relevant person is required to be detained at the time such a warrant is issued in respect of him shall continue to have effect after the transfer of responsibility so as to apply to him if he comes to be in the United Kingdom at any time when under that order he is to be, or may be, detained.

(3)If, at any time after the transfer of responsibility, it appears to the relevant Minister appropriate to do so in order that effect may be given to the international arrangements in accordance with which the transfer took place, the relevant Minister may give a direction—

(a)varying the order referred to in subsection (2); or

(b)providing for the order to cease to have effect.

(4)In subsection (3) “relevant Minister” means—

(a)the Scottish Ministers, where Scotland is the part of the United Kingdom in which the order referred to in subsection (2) has effect; and

(b)the Secretary of State in any other case.

(5)The power by direction under subsection (3) to vary the order referred to in subsection (2) includes power by direction—

(a)to provide for how any period during which the detention and release of the relevant person is, by virtue of a warrant under section 4A, the responsibility of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom is to be treated for the purposes of the order; and

(b)to provide for the relevant person to be treated as having been released or discharged as mentioned in any paragraph of section 2(4)(b).

(6)Except in relation to any period during which a restriction order is in force in respect of the relevant person, subsection (2) shall not apply in relation to a hospital order; and, accordingly, a hospital order shall cease to have effect in relation to that person—

(a)at the time of the transfer of responsibility, if no restriction order is in force in respect of him at that time; and

(b)if at that time a restriction order is in force in respect of him, as soon after the transfer of responsibility as the restriction order ceases to have effect.

(7)In subsection (6) “hospital order” and “restriction order” have the same meaning as in section 2(6).

(8)References in this section to the order by virtue of which a person is required to be detained at the time a warrant under section 4A is issued in respect of him include references to any order by virtue of which he is required to be detained after the order by virtue of which he is required to be detained at that time ceases to have effect.

4CTransfer of responsibility to the United Kingdom

(1)The effect of a warrant under section 4A relating to a person to whom subsection (3) of that section applies shall be to transfer responsibility for the detention and release of that person to the relevant Minister (as defined in section 4A(10)) and to authorise—

(a)the taking of that person in custody to such place in any part of the United Kingdom as may be specified in the warrant, being a place at which effect may be given to the provisions contained in the warrant by virtue of paragraph (b); and

(b)the detention of that person in any part of the United Kingdom in accordance with such provisions as may be contained in the warrant, being provisions appearing to the relevant Minister to be appropriate for giving effect to the international arrangements in accordance with which responsibility for that person is transferred.

(2)A provision shall not be contained by virtue of subsection (1)(b) in a warrant under section 4A unless it satisfies the following two conditions, that is to say—

(a)it is a provision with respect to the detention of a person in a prison, a hospital or any other institution; and

(b)it is a provision which at the time the warrant is issued may be contained in an order made either—

(i)in the course of the exercise of its criminal jurisdiction by a court in the part of the United Kingdom in which the person is to be detained; or

(ii)otherwise than by a court but for the purpose of giving effect to an order made as mentioned in sub-paragraph (i).

(3)Section 3(3) applies for determining for the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above what provisions are appropriate for giving effect to the international arrangements mentioned in that paragraph in a relevant person's case as it applies for the purposes of section 3(1)(c) in the case of a prisoner who is to be transferred into the United Kingdom.

(4)Subject to subsection (6) and Part 2 of the Schedule to this Act, a provision contained by virtue of subsection (1)(b) in a warrant under section 4A shall for all purposes have the same effect as the same provision contained in an order made as mentioned in sub-paragraph (i) or, as the case may be, sub-paragraph (ii) of subsection (2)(b).

(5)A provision contained by virtue of subsection (1)(b) in a warrant under section 4A shall take effect with the delivery of the relevant person to the place specified in the warrant for the purposes of subsection (1)(a).

(6)Subsection (4) shall not confer any right of appeal on the relevant person against provisions contained by virtue of subsection (1)(b) in a warrant under this section.

(7)Part 2 of the Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the operation of certain enactments in relation to provisions contained by virtue of subsection (1)(b) in a warrant under section 4A.

(8)For the purposes of determining whether at any particular time any such order as is mentioned in subsection (2)(b) could have been made as so mentioned, there shall be disregarded both—

(a)any requirement that certain conditions must be satisfied before the order is made; and

(b)any restriction on the minimum period in respect of which the order may be made.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I2S. 94 in force at 14.7.2008 by S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 38

95Powers to arrest and detain persons believed to fall within section 4A(3) of Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984E+W

After section 4C of the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (c. 47) (as inserted by section 94) insert—

Persons believed to fall within section 4A(3): powers of arrest and detentionE+W
4DArrest and detention with a view to establishing whether a person falls within section 4A(3) etc.

(1)The Secretary of State or the Scottish Ministers may issue a certificate stating that the issuing authority—

(a)considers that there are reasonable grounds for believing that a person in the United Kingdom is a person falling within section 4A(3), and

(b)has requested written confirmation from the country or territory concerned of the details of that person's case.

(2)The issuing authority may send the certificate (with any other documents appearing to the authority to be relevant) to the appropriate judge with a view to obtaining the issue of a warrant under subsection (3).

(3)The appropriate judge may, on receiving the certificate, issue a warrant for the arrest of the person concerned if the judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person falls within section 4A(3).

(4)The warrant may be executed anywhere in the United Kingdom by any designated person (and it is immaterial whether or not he is in possession of the warrant or a copy of it).

(5)A person arrested under this section shall, as soon as is practicable—

(a)be given a copy of the warrant for his arrest; and

(b)be brought before the appropriate judge.

(6)The appropriate judge may order that a person before him who is the subject of a certificate under this section is to be detained from the time the order is made until the end of the period of seven days beginning with the day after that on which the order is made.

(7)The purpose of an order under subsection (6) is to secure the detention of the person concerned while—

(a)written confirmation is obtained from a representative of the country or territory concerned of the details of his case;

(b)it is established whether he is a person falling within section 4A(3); and

(c)any application for an order under section 4E(6) is made in respect of him.

(8)Subject to subsection (9), a person detained under such an order may be released at any time during the period mentioned in subsection (6) and shall be released at the end of that period (if not released sooner).

(9)Subsection (8) ceases to apply to the detained person if, during that period, an order under section 4E is made in respect of him.

(10)It is immaterial for the purposes of subsection (6) whether or not the person concerned has previously been arrested under this section.

4EArrest and detention with a view to determining whether to issue a warrant under section 4A

(1)The Secretary of State or the Scottish Ministers may issue a certificate stating that the issuing authority—

(a)considers that a person in the United Kingdom is a person falling within section 4A(3), and

(b)has received written confirmation from a representative of the country or territory concerned of the details of that person's case;

and it is immaterial for the purposes of this section whether or not the person concerned has been previously arrested or detained under section 4D.

(2)The issuing authority may send the certificate (with a copy of the written confirmation mentioned in subsection (1)(b) and any other documents appearing to that authority to be relevant) to the appropriate judge with a view to obtaining the issue of a warrant under subsection (3).

(3)The appropriate judge may, on receiving the certificate, issue a warrant for the arrest of the person concerned if the judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person falls within section 4A(3).

(4)The warrant may be executed anywhere in the United Kingdom by any designated person (and it is immaterial whether or not that person is in possession of the warrant or a copy of it).

(5)A person arrested under this section shall, as soon as is practicable—

(a)be given a copy of the warrant for his arrest; and

(b)be brought before the appropriate judge.

(6)The appropriate judge may, on the application of the Secretary of State or the Scottish Ministers, order that a person before the judge who—

(a)is the subject of a certificate under this section, and

(b)the judge is satisfied is a person falling within section 4A(3),

shall be detained from the time the order is made until the end of the period of fourteen days beginning with the day after that on which the order is made.

(7)The purpose of an order under subsection (6) is to secure the detention of the person concerned until—

(a)it is determined whether to issue a warrant under section 4A; and

(b)if so determined, such a warrant is issued.

(8)Subject to subsection (9), a person detained under such an order may be released at any time during the period mentioned in subsection (6) and shall be released at the end of that period (if not released sooner).

(9)Subsection (8) ceases to apply to the detained person if, during that period, a warrant under section 4A is issued in respect of him.

(10)It is immaterial for the purposes of subsection (6) whether or not the person concerned has previously been arrested or detained under section 4D or arrested under this section.

4FSections 4D and 4E: supplementary provisions

(1)This section has effect for the purposes of sections 4D and 4E.

(2)A “designated person” is a person designated by the Secretary of State or the Scottish Ministers.

(3)The appropriate judge is—

(a)in England and Wales, any District Judge (Magistrates' Courts) who is designated for those purposes by the Lord Chief Justice after consulting the Lord Chancellor;

(b)in Scotland, the sheriff of Lothian and Borders; and

(c)in Northern Ireland, any county court judge or resident magistrate who is designated for those purposes by the Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland after consulting the Lord Chancellor.

(4)A designation under subsection (2) or (3)(a) or (c) may be made—

(a)for the purposes of section 4D or 4E (or both); and

(b)for all cases or only for cases (or cases of a description) specified in the designation.

(5)A designated person shall have all the powers, authority, protection and privileges of a constable in any part of the United Kingdom in which a person who may be arrested under section 4D or 4E is for the time being.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I3S. 95 in force at 14.7.2008 by S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 39

96Amendments relating to ScotlandE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The amendments of section 1 of the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (c. 47) made by section 44(2) and (3) of the Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48) (which amend the requirement for the prisoner's consent to any transfer to or from the United Kingdom) apply in relation to cases in which the relevant Minister for the purposes of section 1 is the Scottish Ministers as they apply in other cases.

(2)In section 2(6) of the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (transfer out of the United Kingdom) in the definition of “hospital order”, after “1986” insert “ or a compulsion order under section 57A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 ”.

(3)In section 8(1) (interpretation etc.), before the definition of “international arrangements” insert—

enactment” includes an enactment comprised in, or in an instrument under, an Act of the Scottish Parliament;.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I4S. 96 in force at 14.7.2008 by S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 40

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