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Energy Act 2008

Energy Act 2008

2008 CHAPTER 32


  • The Authority – Gas and Electricity Markets Authority. A group of executive and non-executive members who govern Ofgem, the regulator of the downstream gas and electricity markets. The Authority determines strategy, sets policy priorities and takes decisions on a range of matters, including price controls and enforcement.

  • CCS Carbon Capture and Storage is the process of capturing carbon dioxide produced during the burning of fossil fuels and its transportation and storage in a secure place (usually under the seabed).

  • CNPA Civil Nuclear Police Authority. This is the independent authority for the Civil Nuclear Constabulary. The CNPA aims to ensure that the Constabulary polices civil nuclear sites effectively.

  • The Crown Estate – land in the UK owned by the monarchy, the income from which is transferred to the Government.

  • DWMP – Decommissioning and Waste Management Programme. Used in the context of the nuclear provisions in the Act, a plan of work for decommissioning new nuclear power stations and the management of the radioactive waste they produce.

  • EA Environment Agency. The leading public body responsible for protecting and improving the environment in England and Wales.

  • ECHR European Convention on Human Rights. Its full name is the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  • EOR Enhanced Oil Recovery. Process by which carbon dioxide can be used to improve the recovery of oil and natural gas.

  • FEPA Food and Environment Protection Act 1985.

  • FIT Feed-in tariff is a mechanism which provides generators with a guaranteed payment for generating electricity.

  • HSE Health and Safety Executive. A statutory body whose role is the enforcement of work related health and safety law under the general direction of the Health and Safety Commission established by the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

  • LNG Liquefied Natural Gas. A natural gas which has been converted to liquefied form, and thereby a much lower volume, for ease of storage and transport.

  • MWh Megawatt hour. A watt is a measure of energy. One watt-hour is the amount of energy expended by a one-watt load in one hour. A megawatt is a million watts.

  • NFPA Non-Fossil Purchasing Agency. An Agency set up in 1990 by the Regional Electricity Companies to act as their agent for the purpose of enabling them to enter into collective arrangements to meet their obligations in contracting a certain amount of their electricity from renewable sources.

  • NII Nuclear Installations Inspectorate. The Health and Safety Executive is the licensing authority for nuclear installations. The Nuclear Safety Directorate of HSE exercises this delegated authority through the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate which is responsible for regulating the nuclear, radiological and industrial safety of nuclear installations in the UK.

  • NWML National Weights and Measures Laboratory is an Executive Agency to the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills and has responsibility for ensuring that all trade measurements are accurate, legal, and fair to buyer and seller.

  • OCNS Office for Civil Nuclear Security. OCNS is part of the Health and Safety Executive and is the security regulator for the UK’s civil nuclear industry. It is responsible for approving security arrangements within the industry and enforcing compliance.

  • Ofgem – Office of Gas and Electricity Markets. The independent regulator of the downstream gas and electricity markets.

  • OREI – Offshore Renewable Energy Installation. Most commonly this is an offshore wind turbine.

  • RHI - Renewable Heat Incentive is a mechanism to provide financial support for renewable heat.

  • RO Renewables Obligation. The RO places an obligation on electricity suppliers in the United Kingdom to source an increasing proportion of electricity from renewable sources. It is the main policy measure for supporting the development of renewable electricity in the UK.

  • ROC Renewables Obligation Certificates. Certificates issued to electricity generators on the basis of them generating electricity from renewable sources.

  • TWh Terawatt hour. A watt is a measure of energy. One watt-hour is the amount of energy expended by a one-watt load in one hour. A terawatt is a trillion (1012) watts.

  • UKCS United Kingdom Continental Shelf. The area of water surrounding the UK where it claims mineral rights, such as for the exploration and exploitation of North Sea oil and gas.

  • UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 is an international agreement which defines the rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the world’s oceans.

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