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Planning Act 2008

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53Rights of entryE+W+S

This sectionnoteType=Explanatory Notes has no associated

(1)Any person duly authorised in writing by the Commission may at any reasonable time enter any land for the purpose of surveying and taking levels of it in connection with—

(a)an application for an order granting development consent, whether in relation to that or any other land, that has been accepted by the Commission,

(b)a proposed application for an order granting development consent, or

(c)an order granting development consent that includes provision authorising the compulsory acquisition of that land or of an interest in it or right over it.

(2)Authorisation may be given by the Commission under subsection (1)(b) in relation to any land only if it appears to the Commission that—

(a)the proposed applicant is considering a distinct project of real substance genuinely requiring entry onto the land,

(b)the proposed application is likely to seek authority to compulsorily acquire the land or an interest in it or right over it, and

(c)the proposed applicant has complied with section 42 in relation to the proposed application.

(3)Subject to subsections (9) and (10), power conferred by subsection (1) to survey land includes power to search and bore for the purpose of ascertaining the nature of the subsoil or the presence of minerals or other matter in it.

(4)A person authorised under subsection (1) to enter any land—

(a)must, if so required, produce evidence of the person's authority, and state the purpose of the person's entry, before so entering,

(b)may not demand admission as of right to any land which is occupied unless 14 days' notice of the intended entry has been given to the occupier, and

(c)must comply with any other conditions subject to which the Commission's authorisation is given.

(5)A person commits an offence if the person wilfully obstructs a person acting in the exercise of power under subsection (1).

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(7)Where any damage is caused to land or chattels—

(a)in the exercise of a right of entry conferred under subsection (1), or

(b)in the making of any survey for the purpose of which any such right of entry has been conferred,

compensation may be recovered by any person suffering the damage from the person exercising the right of entry.

(8)Any question of disputed compensation under subsection (7) must be referred to and determined by the Lands Tribunal.

(9)No person may carry out under subsection (1) any works authorised by virtue of subsection (3) unless notice of the person's intention to do so was included in the notice required by subsection (4)(b).

(10)The authority of the appropriate Minister is required for the carrying out under subsection (1) of works authorised by virtue of subsection (3) if—

(a)the land in question is held by statutory undertakers, and

(b)they object to the proposed works on the ground that execution of the works would be seriously detrimental to the carrying-on of their undertaking.

(11)In subsection (10)—

  • the appropriate Minister” means—

    (a)

    in the case of land in Wales held by water or sewerage undertakers, the Welsh Ministers, and

    (b)

    in any other case, the Secretary of State;

  • statutory undertakers” means persons who are, or who are deemed to be, statutory undertakers for the purposes of any provision of Part 11 of TCPA 1990.

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