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Housing and Regeneration Act 2008

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Chapter 8General

Interpretation

270Officer

The Table gives the meaning of “officer” in relation to registered providers.

Registered providerMeaning of “officer”
Registered charity which is not a registered companyTrustee, secretary or treasurer
Industrial and provident society“Officer” within the meaning given by section 74 of the Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965 (including a person co-opted to serve on the society’s committee)
Registered company“Officer” within the meaning given by section 1173 of the Companies Act 2006
271Subsidiary and associate

(1)A company is a “subsidiary” of a person if any of the following conditions is satisfied.

(2)Condition 1 is that the person—

(a)is a member of the company, and

(b)has power, independent of any other person, to appoint or remove all or a majority of the board of directors.

(3)Condition 2 is that the person holds more than half in nominal value of the company’s equity share capital.

(4)Condition 3 is that the company is a subsidiary, within the meaning of the Companies Act 2006 (c. 46) or the Friendly and Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1968 (c. 55), of a company which is a subsidiary of the person by virtue of Condition 1 or 2.

(5)In relation to a company which is an industrial and provident society a reference to the board of directors is a reference to the committee of management.

(6)“Associate” of a provider means—

(a)a body of which the provider is a subsidiary, and

(b)any other subsidiary of that body.

272Family

(1)For the purposes of this Part one person is a member of the family of another if—

(a)they are, or live together as if they were, spouses or civil partners, or

(b)one is the parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece of the other.

(2)For those purposes—

(a)a relationship by marriage or civil partnership shall be treated as a relationship by blood (and, in particular, P’s stepchild shall be treated as P’s child), and

(b)a relationship by half-blood shall be treated as a relationship by whole blood.

273Disposal

(1)In this Part a reference to disposing of property is a reference to—

(a)selling it,

(b)leasing it,

(c)mortgaging it,

(d)making it subject to a charge, and

(e)disposing of it, or of any interest in it, in any other way.

(2)Granting an option to require a disposal shall be treated as making a disposal.

274Charities that have “received public assistance”

(1)For the purposes of this Part a registered charity has received public assistance if at least one of the following conditions is satisfied.

(2)Condition 1 is that the charity has received financial assistance from the HCA under section 19.

(3)Condition 2 is that the charity has received financial assistance under section 24 of the Local Government Act 1988 (c. 9) (assistance for privately let housing accommodation).

(4)Condition 3 is that the charity has had housing transferred to it pursuant to—

(a)a large scale disposal, within the meaning of section 34 of the Housing Act 1985 (c. 68), for which consent was required under section 32 or 43 of that Act, or

(b)a qualifying disposal that was made under section 135 of the Leasehold Reform, Housing and Urban Development Act 1993 (c. 28).

(5)Condition 4 is that the charity has received a grant or loan under—

(a)section 18 of the Housing Act 1996 (c. 52) (social housing grants),

(b)section 22 of that Act (assistance from local authorities),

(c)section 58 of the Housing Associations Act 1985 (c. 69) (grants or loans by local authorities),

(d)section 50 of the Housing Act 1988 (c. 50), section 41 of the Housing Associations Act 1985 or any enactment replaced by that section (housing association grant),

(e)section 51 of the Housing Act 1988 (c. 50) or section 54 or 55 of the Housing Associations Act 1985 (c. 69) (revenue deficit grant or hostel deficit grant),

(f)section 79 of the Housing Associations Act 1985 (loans by Housing Corporation),

(g)section 31 of the Housing Act 1974 (c. 44) (management grants), or

(h)any enactment mentioned in paragraph 2 or 3 of Schedule 1 to the Housing Associations Act 1985 (pre-1974 grants and certain loans).

275General

In this Part, except where the context requires otherwise—

  • “action” includes inaction, proposed action and decision,

  • “assured agricultural occupancy” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of the Housing Act 1988,

  • “assured tenancy” has the same meaning as in that Part,

  • “the Charity Commission” means the Charity Commission for England and Wales,

  • “committee”, in relation to an industrial and provident society, means the committee of management or other directing body of the society (including any person co-opted to serve on the committee, whether a member of the society or not),

  • “consent” means written consent,

  • “constitution” includes rules,

  • “conveyance” includes grant, assignment and any other instrument,

  • “district valuer” has the meaning given by section 622 of the Housing Act 1985 (c. 68),

  • “dwelling”—

    (a)

    means a house, flat or other building or part of a building occupied or intended to be occupied as a separate dwelling, and

    (b)

    includes any garden, yard, outhouse or other appurtenance belonging to, or usually enjoyed with, the dwelling,

  • “the HCA” means the Homes and Communities Agency,

  • “industrial and provident society” means a society registered under the Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965 (c. 12),

  • “local authority” has the same meaning as in the Housing Associations Act 1985,

  • “local housing authority” has the same meaning as in the Housing Act 1985,

  • “maintenance” includes repair,

  • “mismanagement”, in relation to the affairs of a registered provider, means—

    (a)

    managed in contravention of a provision of this Part or of anything done under this Part, or

    (b)

    otherwise conducted improperly or inappropriately,

  • “non-registrable charity” means a charity which is not required to be registered, in accordance with section 3A of the Charities Act 1993 (c. 10),

  • “notice” means written notice (and to “notify” means to give written notice),

  • “preferential creditor” and “preferential debt” have the same meaning as in the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45),

  • “price” includes premium,

  • “registered charity” means a charity registered under the Charities Act 1993 (c. 10),

  • “registered company” means a company within the meaning of the Companies Act 2006 (c. 46),

  • “rent” includes payments under a licence to occupy accommodation,

  • “representations” means written representations,

  • “secure tenancy” has the same meaning as in Part 4 of the Housing Act 1985 (c. 68),

  • “secured creditor” means a creditor who holds a mortgage or charge (including a floating charge) over—

    (a)

    land held by a registered provider, or

    (b)

    a present or future interest of a registered provider in rents or other receipts from land,

  • “tenant” in relation to social housing includes other occupiers, and

  • “working day” means a day other than—

    (a)

    a Saturday or Sunday,

    (b)

    Christmas Day or Good Friday, or

    (c)

    a day which is a bank holiday in England and Wales under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 (c. 80).

276Index of defined terms

The Table lists expressions defined in this Part.

ExpressionSection
Appointed memberSection 82
AssociateSection 271
Assured agricultural occupancySection 275
Assured tenancySection 275
Charity CommissionSection 275
Committee (industrial and provident society)Section 275
Compensation noticeSection 240
ConsentSection 275
ConstitutionSection 275
ConveyanceSection 275
DisposalSection 273
District valuerSection 275
DwellingSection 275
Enforcement noticeSections 219 to 225
Equity percentage arrangementsSection 70(5)
FamilySection 272
Financial yearSection 104
Fundamental objectivesSection 86
The HCASection 275
Industrial and provident societySection 275
Local authoritySection 275
Local housing authoritySection 275
Low cost home ownership accommodationSection 70
Low cost rental accommodationSection 69
MaintenanceSection 275
MismanagementSection 275
Non-profit organisationSection 115
Non-registrable charitySection 275
NoticeSection 275
OfficerSection 270
Penalty noticeSection 228
Pre-compensation warningSection 242
Pre-penalty warningSection 230
Preferential creditorSection 275
Preferential debtSection 275
PriceSection 275
Profit-making organisationSection 115
Provider (of social housing)Section 80
Received public assistance (charities)Section 274
Registered charitySection 275
Registered companySection 275
Registered provider (of social housing)Section 80
The regulatorSection 81
The Regulator of Social HousingSection 81
RentSection 275
RepresentationsSection 275
Secure tenancySection 275
Secured creditorSection 275
Shared ownership arrangementsSection 70(4)
Shared ownership trustSection 70(6)
Social housingSection 68
SubsidiarySection 271
TenantSection 275
Working daySection 275

Miscellaneous

277Consequential amendments

Schedule 9 (which contains amendments of enactments) has effect.

278Transitional

(1)The regulator shall include in the register under section 111 on its establishment anyone—

(a)who was registered under section 1 of the Housing Act 1996 (c. 52) (register of social landlords) immediately before section 61 came into force, and

(b)in relation to whom the Relevant Authority was the Housing Corporation (in accordance with section 56 of that Act).

(2)A person registered under this section shall be designated as a non-profit organisation.

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