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Welfare Reform Act 2007

Section 18: Disqualification

113.Section 18 provides that in certain circumstances, similar to those which exist now at section 171E of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, a person can be disqualified from receiving an employment and support allowance for a period of up to six weeks. This may be because someone is limited in their capability for work because of their own misconduct, because they remain someone who has limited capability for work through failure, without good cause, to follow medical advice, or because they fail, without good cause, to observe specified rules of behaviour. The regulations will specify the circumstances and the matters which are to be taken into account when making such a decision, including the considerations to be taken into account in deciding whether or not the person concerned had good cause for the failure.

114.Subsection (4) of this section provides that unless regulations specify otherwise, a person shall be disqualified for receiving contributory employment and support allowance for any period where he is undergoing imprisonment or detention in legal custody, or is absent from Great Britain. This is similar to section 113(1) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 which applies to incapacity benefit currently.

115.This provision with a range of regulations will allow such a person to continue to be entitled to employment and support allowance whilst disqualified from payment. This is because once the period of disqualification has ended it is intended that awards will be resumed where it is appropriate to do so without the need to re-claim.

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