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Serious Crime Act 2007

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

34Providers of information society services

This sectionnoteType=Explanatory Notes has no associated

(1)A serious crime prevention order may not include terms which restrict the freedom of a service provider who is established in an EEA state other than the United Kingdom to provide information society services in relation to an EEA state unless the conditions in subsections (2) and (3) are met.

(2)The condition in this subsection is that the court concerned considers that the terms—

(a)are necessary for the objective of protecting the public by preventing, restricting or disrupting involvement in—

(i)in the case of an order in England and Wales, serious crime in England and Wales; and

(ii)in the case of an order in Northern Ireland, serious crime in Northern Ireland;

(b)relate to an information society service which prejudices that objective or presents a serious and grave risk of prejudice to it; and

(c)are proportionate to that objective.

(3)The conditions in this subsection are that—

(a)a law enforcement officer has requested the EEA state in which the service provider is established to take measures which the law enforcement officer considers to be of equivalent effect under the law of the EEA state to the terms and the EEA state has failed to take the measures; and

(b)a law enforcement officer has notified the Commission of the European Communities and the EEA state of—

(i)the intention to seek an order containing the terms; and

(ii)the terms.

(4)It does not matter for the purposes of subsection (3) whether the request or notification is made before or after the making of the application for the order.

(5)A serious crime prevention order may not include terms which impose liabilities on service providers of intermediary services so far as the imposition of those liabilities would result in a contravention of Article 12, 13 or 14 of the E-Commerce Directive (various protections for service providers of intermediary services).

(6)A serious crime prevention order may not include terms which impose a general obligation on service providers of intermediary services covered by Articles 12, 13 and 14 of the E-Commerce Directive—

(a)to monitor the information which they transmit or store when providing those services; or

(b)actively to seek facts or circumstances indicating illegal activity when providing those services.

(7)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a service provider is established in a particular EEA state if he effectively pursues an economic activity using a fixed establishment in that EEA state for an indefinite period and he is a national of an EEA state or a company or firm mentioned in Article 48 of the EEC Treaty;

(b)the presence or use in a particular place of equipment or other technical means of providing an information society service does not, of itself, constitute the establishment of a service provider;

(c)where it cannot be determined from which of a number of establishments a given information society service is provided, that service is to be regarded as provided from the establishment where the service provider has the centre of his activities relating to the service;

and references to a person being established in an EEA state are to be read accordingly.

(8)In this section—

  • “the E-Commerce Directive” means Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market (Directive on electronic commerce);

  • “information society services”—

    (a)

    has the meaning given in Article 2(a) of the E-Commerce Directive (which refers to Article 1(2) of Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations); and

    (b)

    is summarised in recital 17 of the E-Commerce Directive as covering “any service normally provided for remuneration, at a distance, by means of electronic equipment for the processing (including digital compression) and storage of data, and at the individual request of a recipient of a service”;

  • “intermediary services” means an information society service which—

    (a)

    consists in the provision of access to a communication network or the transmission in a communication network of information provided by a recipient of the service;

    (b)

    consists in the transmission in a communication network of information which—

    (i)

    is provided by a recipient of the service; and

    (ii)

    is the subject of automatic, intermediate and temporary storage which is solely for the purpose of making the onward transmission of the information to other recipients of the service at their request more efficient; or

    (c)

    consists in the storage of information provided by a recipient of the service;

  • “recipient”, in relation to a service, means any person who, for professional ends or otherwise, uses an information society service, in particular for the purposes of seeking information or making it accessible; and

  • “service provider” means a person providing an information society service.

(9)For the purposes of paragraph (a) of the definition of “intermediary services”, the provision of access to a communication network and the transmission of information in a communication network includes the automatic, intermediate and transient storage of the information transmitted so far as the storage is for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission in the network.

(10)Subsection (9) does not apply if the information is stored for longer than is reasonably necessary for the transmission.

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