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An Act to make provision about promoting the sustainability of local communities; and for connected purposes.
[23rd October 2007]
Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
(1)The principal aim of this Act is to promote the sustainability of local communities.
(2)In this Act references to promoting the sustainability of local communities, in relation to a local authority, are references to encouraging the improvement of the economic, social or environmental well-being of the authority's area, or part of its area.
(3)In this section “ ” includes participation in civic and political activity.
(4)It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to assist local authorities in promoting the sustainability of local communities in the ways specified in this Act.
(1)The Secretary of State must invite local authorities to make proposals which they consider would contribute to promoting the sustainability of local communities.
(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), a proposal may include a request for a transfer of functions from one person to another.
(3)A local authority may not include a request under subsection (2) unless it has consulted—
(a)the person whose functions it relates to, and
(b)the person to whom the local authority considers the functions should be transferred.
(4)A local authority must have regard to the matters specified in the Schedule before making a proposal.
(5)The Secretary of State must issue the first invitation under this section within the period of one year beginning with the day on which this Act is passed.
(1)Before inviting proposals under section 2, the Secretary of State must appoint a person (the “selector”) to consider the proposals and, in co-operation with the Secretary of State, draw up a short-list of proposals in accordance with regulations under section 5.
(2)The selector must be a person who represents the interests of local authorities.
(3)On receiving the short-list from the selector, the Secretary of State must decide which of the proposals on the short-list should be implemented.
(4)Before making a decision under subsection (3) the Secretary of State must consult the selector and try to reach agreement.
(1)The Secretary of State must publish—
(a)the decision under section 3(3) and the reasons for it, and
(b)with the decision, a statement of the action the Secretary of State proposes to take with a view to the implementation of any proposal.
(2)A statement published under subsection (1)(b) is referred to in this section as an action plan.
(3)The Secretary of State must publish and lay before Parliament a report, describing the progress which has been made in relation to any action plan, within the period of one year following the publication of the action plan and at intervals of not more than one year thereafter.
(4)Subsection (3) does not apply in relation to an action plan if the action plan has been implemented.
(1)The Secretary of State must make regulations about the procedure to be followed in relation to proposals under section 2.
(2)Before making regulations the Secretary of State must consult—
(a)the selector, and
(b)such other persons who represent the interests of local authorities as the Secretary of State thinks fit.
(3)Regulations may, in particular—
(a)specify, or authorise the selector to specify, steps to be taken by a local authority before making proposals;
(b)specify steps to be taken by the selector in considering the proposals and drawing up a short-list;
(c)require the selector to prepare, and give to the Secretary of State, a report on the proposals.
(a)require a local authority, before making any proposal under section 2, to establish or recognise a panel of representatives of local persons and consult it about the proposal;
(b)require a local authority to try to reach agreement about proposals with the panel or other persons consulted under paragraph (a); and
(c)require a local authority to have regard to any guidance issued under subsection (5).
(5)The Secretary of State must issue guidance to local authorities about making proposals, which—
(a)must include guidance about the inclusion among representatives of local persons (for the purposes of subsection (4)(a)) of persons from under-represented groups, and
(b)may include other guidance about establishing and consulting a panel of representatives of local persons.
(6)Before issuing or revising guidance under subsection (5) the Secretary of State must consult—
(a)local authorities, or
(b)persons who represent the interests of local authorities.
(7)For the purposes of subsection (2) or (6) any consultation undertaken before the day on which this Act is passed is as effective as it would have been if undertaken after that day.
(8)In this section—
“local person” means, in relation to a proposal by a local authority under section 2, a person who is likely to be affected by, or interested in, the proposal;
“panel” means a panel constituted in accordance with regulations;
“representative” means, in relation to local persons, a person who appears to the local authority to be representative of the local persons;
“under-represented groups” has the meaning given by regulations.
(9)Regulations under this section—
(a)must be made by statutory instrument, and
(b)are subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
(1)For the purpose of assisting in promoting the sustainability of local communities, the Secretary of State must make arrangements for the production, by the Secretary of State or another person, of local spending reports.
(2)A local spending report is a report on expenditure by such authorities, in such area, and over such period, as are determined in accordance with the arrangements.
(3)The authorities may be—
(a)a local authority;
(b)a government department;
(c)any other person exercising public functions.
(4)The area must be—
(a)one or more local authority areas;
(b)one or more parts of a local authority area; or
(c)any combination of those.
(5)The period may be or include a future period.
(6)The expenditure to be included in relation to any authority, area or period is to be determined in accordance with the arrangements.
(7)A report may relate to different areas or periods for different authorities.
(8)The Secretary of State may make different arrangements for different reports.
(9)The Secretary of State must make the first arrangements under this section within the period of 18 months beginning with the day on which this Act is passed.
(10)Before making arrangements under this section, the Secretary of State must consult such persons likely to be affected by the arrangements as the Secretary of State thinks appropriate.
(11)For the purposes of subsection (10) any consultation undertaken before the day on which this Act is passed is as effective as it would have been if undertaken after that day.
(1)In each of the enactments mentioned in subsection (2) for “community strategy” substitute “ sustainable community strategy ”.
(2)Those enactments are—
(a)section 4(1), (2) and (3) of the Local Government Act 2000 (c. 22), and
(b)section 19(2)(f), (2)(g) and (7) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5) (local development documents).
(3)In section 4(5) of the Local Government Act 2000 (Wales) at end insert “ , and as if for “sustainable community strategy” there were substituted “community strategy”. ”
(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend any other enactment, whenever passed or made, to convert a reference to a “community strategy” to a reference to a “sustainable community strategy”.
(5)Regulations under subsection (4)—
(a)may amend an enactment only in so far as the enactment applies in relation to England,
(b)must be made by statutory instrument, and
(c)are subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
In this Act—
“” means a county council in England, a district council, a London borough council, the Common Council of the City of London or the Council of the Isles of Scilly;
“region” means a region specified in Schedule 1 of the Regional Development Agencies Act 1998 (c. 45).
There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament—
(a)any sums to be paid by the Secretary of State for or in connection with the carrying out of his functions under this Act; and
(b)any increase attributable to this Act in the sums which are payable out of money so provided under any other Act.
(1)This Act may be cited as the Sustainable Communities Act 2007.
(2)This Act extends to England and Wales only.
1The matters referred to in section 2 are—E+W
(a)the provision of local services,
(b)the extent to which the volume and value of goods and services that are—
(i)offered for sale; or
(ii)procured by public bodies
and are produced within 30 miles (or any lesser distance as may be specified by a local authority in respect of its area) of their place of sale or of the boundary of the public body,
(c)the rate of increase in the growth and marketing of organic forms of food production and the local food economy,
(d)measures to promote reasonable access by all local people to a supply of food that is adequate in terms of both amount and nutritional value,
(e)the number of local jobs,
(f)measures to conserve energy and increase the quantity of energy supplies which are produced from sustainable sources within a 30 mile radius of the region in which they are consumed,
(g)measures taken to reduce the level of road traffic including, but not restricted to, local public transport provision, measures to promote walking and cycling and measures to decrease the amount of product miles,
(h)the increase in social inclusion, including an increase in involvement in local democracy,
(i)measures to increase mutual aid and other community projects,
(j)measures designed to decrease emissions of greenhouse gases,
(k)measures designed to increase community health and well being,
(l)planning policies which would assist with the purposes of this Act, including new arrangements for the provision of affordable housing, and
(m)measures to increase the use of local waste materials for the benefit of the community.
2In this Schedule the following terms shall have the following meanings—E+W
“local services” includes, but is not restricted to, retail outlets, public houses, banks, health facilities, including hospitals and pharmacies, legal services, social housing, post offices, schools, public eating places, leisure facilities and open spaces;
“local food economy” means a system of producing, processing and trading primarily organic forms of food production, where the activity is largely contained in the area or region where the food was produced;
“local jobs” mean—
jobs in companies or organisations that in the opinion of the appropriate authority will spend a significant proportion of their turnover in the locality of the place of operation; and
jobs which are held by people living within 30 miles of that job;
“mutual aid” means actions or initiatives by people in the community to improve services or provisions for themselves and other persons in the community;
“product miles” means the total distance produce is transported from the place of growth or production to the place of consumption;
“” means the opportunity for all people resident in any area to play an equal role in the economic, social and civic life of the area;
“local democracy” means the ability to participate, by means of voting at elections or otherwise, in decision-making that is as local as practicable to people's place of residence; and
“community health and well-being” means the degree to which persons resident in an area identify with that area and receive an increased quality of life as a result of the nature and the environment of the area.
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