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(1)In this section—
(a)“the Supplementary Fund Protocol” means the Protocol of 2003 to the Fund Convention (which among other things establishes the Supplementary Fund for pollution damage claims and provides for contributions to, and payments of compensation by, that Fund); and
(b)“the Liability Convention” and “the Fund Convention” have the same meaning as in section 172 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21).
(2)Her Majesty may by Order in Council make such provision as She considers appropriate for the purpose of giving effect to—
(a)the Supplementary Fund Protocol;
(b)any international agreement relating to compensation for oil pollution from ships which modifies, or replaces the whole or any part of, the Liability Convention, the Fund Convention or the Supplementary Fund Protocol.
(3)An Order in Council may not make provision taking effect before ratification by the United Kingdom of the international agreement to which it relates unless the provision appears to Her Majesty to be necessary to enable the United Kingdom to meet a requirement imposed on a state wishing to ratify the agreement.
(4)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2), an Order in Council may in particular—
(a)require contributions to be paid to an international compensation fund in accordance with the international agreement to which the Order relates;
(b)authorise the Secretary of State to make an order by statutory instrument;
(c)provide for the delegation of functions exercisable by virtue of the Order;
(d)create summary offences or offences triable either way (but subject to the limitation that the Order may not authorise the imposition, on conviction on indictment, of a term of imprisonment exceeding two years);
(e)make provision with respect to the extra-territorial operation of the Order;
(f)make provision with respect to the application of the Order in relation to the Crown.
(5)An Order in Council may—
(a)make different provision for different circumstances;
(b)modify or apply (with or without modifications) provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21) or any other enactment or instrument;
(c)make incidental, supplemental, consequential or transitional provision;
(d)make provision extending to any relevant British possession (within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995).
(6)No recommendation may be made to Her Majesty to make an Order in Council unless—
(a)a draft of the Order has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament;
(b)the Order relates only to the Supplementary Fund Protocol; or
(c)the Order extends only to a possession mentioned in subsection (5)(d).
(7)A statutory instrument containing—
(a)an Order in Council which relates only to the Supplementary Fund Protocol (not being an Order which extends only to a possession mentioned in subsection (5)(d)), or
(b)an order made by virtue of subsection (4)(b),
is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
(8)In this section “Order in Council” means an Order in Council under subsection (2).
Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.
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