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Armed Forces Act 2006

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Armed Forces Act 2006, Cross Heading: Community punishments is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 07 December 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 9 Chapter 2 Crossheading Community-punishments:

  • specified provision(s) transitional provisions for effects of commencing SI 2009/812 by S.I. 2009/1059 Order

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

  • Pt. 12A inserted by 2016 c. 21 s. 7
  • s. 50(2)(ca) inserted by 2011 c. 18 Sch. 4 para. 3(3) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 4 para. 3(3) repealed (8.3.2015) without ever being in force by 2014 c. 12, Sch. 11 para. 82(2); S.I. 2015/373, art. 2(g)(ii))
  • s. 270A 270B inserted by 2008 c. 4 Sch. 25 para. 27 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 25 para. 26(3)(4) repealed (2.4.2012) by 2011 c. 18, Sch. 3 para. 20(3), Sch. 5; S.I. 2012/669, art. 4(d)(f) (with art. 13))
  • s. 270B(6)(aa) inserted by 2009 c. 25 Sch. 17 para. 9(2) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 17 para. 9 repealed (2.4.2012) without ever being in force by 2011 c. 18, Sch. 5; S.I. 2012/669, art. 4(f))
  • s. 270B(10) word repealed by 2009 c. 25 Sch. 23 Pt. 5
  • s. 270B(10)(a) words inserted by 2009 c. 25 Sch. 17 para. 9(3)(a) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 17 para. 9 repealed (2.4.2012) without ever being in force by 2011 c. 18, Sch. 5; S.I. 2012/669, art. 4(f))
  • s. 270B(10)(b) words substituted by 2009 c. 25 Sch. 17 para. 9(3)(b) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 17 para. 9 repealed (2.4.2012) without ever being in force by 2011 c. 18, Sch. 5; S.I. 2012/669, art. 4(f))
  • s. 270B(10)(c)-(e) inserted by 2009 c. 25 Sch. 17 para. 9(3)(c) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 17 para. 9 repealed (2.4.2012) without ever being in force by 2011 c. 18, Sch. 5; S.I. 2012/669, art. 4(f))
  • s. 304B inserted by 2016 c. 21 s. 8
  • s. 304C inserted by 2016 c. 21 s. 9
  • s. 304D inserted by 2016 c. 21 s. 10
  • s. 304E inserted by 2016 c. 21 s. 11
  • s. 304F-304H inserted by 2016 c. 21 s. 12
  • Sch. 1 para. 14A inserted by 2019 c. 17 s. 67(2)
  • Sch. 1 para. 16A inserted by 2019 c. 17 s. 67(3)
  • Sch. 1 para. 21-24 inserted by 2019 c. 17 s. 67(4)
  • Sch. 2 para. 12(az) inserted by 2018 c. 5 Sch. 12 para. 28

Community punishmentsU.K.

270Community punishments: general restrictions etcU.K.

(1)A court must not award a community punishment in respect of an offence unless it is of the opinion that the offence, or the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it, was serious enough to warrant such a punishment.

(2)Where a court awards a community punishment—

(a)the particular requirement (or requirements) included in the order must be such as the court considers the most suitable for the offender; and

(b)the restrictions on liberty imposed by the order must be such as in the opinion of the court are commensurate with the seriousness of the offence, or the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it.

[F1(2A)Subsection (2) is subject to section 177(2A) of the 2003 Act (community orders: punitive elements) as applied by section 178(3) and section 182(3A).]

(3)In forming any such opinion as is mentioned in subsection (1) or (2)(b), a court must take into account all such information as is available to it about the circumstances of the offence and any associated offence, including any aggravating or mitigating factors.

(4)In forming an opinion for the purposes of subsection (2)(a) the court may take into account any information about the offender which is before it.

(5)In determining the restrictions on liberty to be imposed by a community punishment in respect of an offence, the court may have regard to any period for which the offender has, since being charged with the offence or any related offence, been kept in service custody in connection with the offence or any related offence.

(6)In subsection (5) “related offence” has the meaning given by section 247.

[F2(6A)The fact that by virtue of any provision of this section—

(a)a community punishment may be awarded in respect of an offence, or

(b)particular restrictions on liberty may be imposed by a community punishment,

does not require a court to award such a punishment or to impose those restrictions.]

[F3(7)Subsections (1) and (2)(b) are subject to section 270A.]

Textual Amendments

F3S. 270(7) substituted for s. 270(7)(8) (2.4.2012) by Armed Forces Act 2011 (c. 18), s. 32(3), Sch. 3 para. 20(1); S.I. 2012/669, art. 4(d)

Commencement Information

I1S. 270 in force at 28.3.2009 for specified purposes by S.I. 2009/812, art. 3(a)(b) (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059)

I2S. 270 in force at 31.10.2009 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

[F4270AException to restrictions on community punishmentsU.K.

(1)If the conditions in subsection (2) are met, the power to award a community punishment in respect of an offence (“the current offence”) may be exercised even though the court would not otherwise regard—

(a)the current offence, or

(b)the combination of the current offence and one or more offences associated with it,

as serious enough to warrant a community punishment (despite the effect of section 238(1)(b)).

(2)The conditions referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)that the offender was aged 16 or over when convicted of the current offence;

(b)that on three or more previous occasions the offender has been awarded a relevant financial penalty; and

(c)that the court, having regard to all the circumstances, considers that it would be in the interests of justice to award a community punishment.

(3)In subsection (2)(b) a “relevant financial penalty” means a sentence consisting only of a fine—

(a)passed on the offender in respect of a service offence, or member State service offence, committed by the offender when aged 16 or over;

(b)passed on the offender on conviction by a civilian court in the British Islands of an offence so committed; or

(c)passed on the offender on conviction by a civilian court in another member State of a relevant offence so committed.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (2)(b) it is immaterial whether the offender has on other previous occasions been awarded a sentence other than a relevant financial penalty.

(5)The circumstances which must be had regard to under subsection (2)(c) include—

(a)the nature of the offences for which the relevant financial penalties were awarded;

(b)the relevance of those offences to the current offence; and

(c)the time that has elapsed since those penalties were awarded.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (3), none of the following forms part of an offender's sentence—

(a)a service compensation order;

(b)a compensation order under—

(i)section 130 of the Sentencing Act;

(ii)section 249 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995; or

(iii)Article 14 of the Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 1994;

(c)a surcharge under section 161A of the 2003 Act [F5;

(d)an unlawful profit order under section 4 of the Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013.]

(7)This section does not limit the extent to which a court may, in accordance with section 238, treat previous convictions of the offender as increasing the seriousness of an offence.

(8)In this section—

(a)member State service office” means an offence which—

(i)was the subject of proceedings under the law governing all or any of the naval, military or air forces of a member State other than the United Kingdom; and

(ii)would constitute a service offence or an offence under the law of any part of the United Kingdom if it were committed in any part of the United Kingdom, by a person subject to service law, at the time of the conviction of the current offence;

(b)relevant offence” means an offence which would constitute an offence under the law of any part of the United Kingdom if it were committed in any part of the United Kingdom at the time of the conviction of the current offence.]

Textual Amendments

F5S. 270A(6)(d) inserted (15.10.2013 for E., 5.11.2013 for W.) by Prevention of Social Housing Fraud Act 2013 (c. 3), s. 12, Sch. para. 31; S.I. 2013/2622, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2861, art. 2

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