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Companies Act 2006

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Companies Act 2006, Cross Heading: Required indications for limited companies is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 22 November 2017. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Changes and effects

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  • Act amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/373 reg. 11(1) by S.I. 2013/1971 reg. 9(a) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Amending Regulations revoked (1.10.2013) without ever being in force by S.I. 2013/2224, reg. 2)
  • Act amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/373 reg. 3(4) by S.I. 2013/1971 reg. 4 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Amending Regulations revoked (1.10.2013) without ever being in force by S.I. 2013/2224, reg. 2)

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Required indications for limited companiesE+W+S+N.I.

58Public limited companiesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The name of a limited company that is a public company must end with “public limited company” or “p.l.c.”.

(2)In the case of a Welsh company, its name may instead end with “cwmni cyfyngedig cyhoeddus” or “c.c.c.”.

(3)This section does not apply to community interest companies (but see section 33(3) and (4) of the Companies (Audit, Investigations and Community Enterprise) Act 2004 (c. 27)).

59Private limited companiesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The name of a limited company that is a private company must end with “limited” or “ltd.”.

(2)In the case of a Welsh company, its name may instead end with “cyfyngedig” or “cyf.”.

(3)Certain companies are exempt from this requirement (see section 60).

(4)This section does not apply to community interest companies (but see section 33(1) and (2) of the Companies (Audit, Investigations and Community Enterprise) Act 2004).

60Exemption from requirement as to use of “limited”E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A private company is exempt from section 59 (requirement to have name ending with “limited” or permitted alternative) if—

(a)it is a charity,

(b)it is exempted from the requirement of that section by regulations made by the Secretary of State, or

(c)it meets the conditions specified in—

  • section 61 (continuation of existing exemption: companies limited by shares), or

  • section 62 (continuation of existing exemption: companies limited by guarantee).

(2)The registrar may refuse to register a private limited company by a name that does not include the word “limited” (or a permitted alternative) unless a statement has been delivered to him that the company meets the conditions for exemption.

(3)The registrar may accept the statement as sufficient evidence of the matters stated in it.

(4)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 60 wholly in force at 1.10.2009; s. 60 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 60 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 60 otherwise in force at 1.10.2009 by S.I. 2008/2860, art. 3(e) (with arts. 5, 7, 8, Sch. 2) (as amended by S.I. 2009/1802, art. 18)

61Continuation of existing exemption: companies limited by sharesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies to a private company limited by shares—

(a)that on 25th February 1982—

(i)was registered in Great Britain, and

(ii)had a name that, by virtue of a licence under section 19 of the Companies Act 1948 (c. 38) (or corresponding earlier legislation), did not include the word “limited” or any of the permitted alternatives, or

(b)that on 30th June 1983—

(i)was registered in Northern Ireland, and

(ii)had a name that, by virtue of a licence under section 19 of the Companies Act (Northern Ireland) 1960 (c. 22 (N.I.)) (or corresponding earlier legislation), did not include the word “limited” or any of the permitted alternatives.

(2)A company to which this section applies is exempt from section 59 (requirement to have name ending with “limited” or permitted alternative) so long as—

(a)it continues to meet the following two conditions, and

(b)it does not change its name.

(3)The first condition is that the objects of the company are the promotion of commerce, art, science, education, religion, charity or any profession, and anything incidental or conducive to any of those objects.

(4)The second condition is that the company's articles—

(a)require its income to be applied in promoting its objects,

(b)prohibit the payment of dividends, or any return of capital, to its members, and

(c)require all the assets that would otherwise be available to its members generally to be transferred on its winding up either—

(i)to another body with objects similar to its own, or

(ii)to another body the objects of which are the promotion of charity and anything incidental or conducive thereto,

(whether or not the body is a member of the company).

62Continuation of existing exemption: companies limited by guaranteeE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A private company limited by guarantee that immediately before the commencement of this Part—

(a)was exempt by virtue of section 30 of the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6) or Article 40 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6)) from the requirement to have a name including the word “limited” or a permitted alternative, and

(b)had a name that did not include the word “limited” or any of the permitted alternatives,

is exempt from section 59 (requirement to have name ending with “limited” or permitted alternative) so long as it continues to meet the following two conditions and does not change its name.

(2)The first condition is that the objects of the company are the promotion of commerce, art, science, education, religion, charity or any profession, and anything incidental or conducive to any of those objects.

(3)The second condition is that the company's articles—

(a)require its income to be applied in promoting its objects,

(b)prohibit the payment of dividends to its members, and

(c)require all the assets that would otherwise be available to its members generally to be transferred on its winding up either—

(i)to another body with objects similar to its own, or

(ii)to another body the objects of which are the promotion of charity and anything incidental or conducive thereto,

(whether or not the body is a member of the company).

63Exempt company: restriction on amendment of articlesE+W+S+N.I.

(1)A private company—

(a)that is exempt under section 61 or 62 from the requirement to use “limited” (or a permitted alternative) as part of its name, and

(b)whose name does not include “limited” or any of the permitted alternatives,

must not amend its articles so that it ceases to comply with the conditions for exemption under that section.

(2)If subsection (1) above is contravened an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

For this purpose a shadow director is treated as an officer of the company.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale and, for continued contravention, a daily default fine not exceeding [F1one-tenth of level 5 on the standard scale][F1one-tenth of the greater of £5,000 or level 4 on the standard scale].

(4)Where immediately before the commencement of this section—

(a)a company was exempt by virtue of section 30 of the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6) or Article 40 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6)) from the requirement to have a name including the word “limited” (or a permitted alternative), and

(b)the company's memorandum or articles contained provision preventing an alteration of them without the approval of—

(i)the Board of Trade or a Northern Ireland department (or any other department or Minister), or

(ii)the Charity Commission,

that provision, and any condition of any such licence as is mentioned in section 61(1)(a)(ii) or (b)(ii) requiring such provision, shall cease to have effect.

This does not apply if, or to the extent that, the provision is required by or under any other enactment.

(5)It is hereby declared that any such provision as is mentioned in subsection (4)(b) formerly contained in a company's memorandum was at all material times capable, with the appropriate approval, of being altered or removed under section 17 of the Companies Act 1985 or Article 28 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6)) (or corresponding earlier enactments).

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Amendments (Textual)

64Power to direct change of name in case of company ceasing to be entitled to exemptionE+W+S+N.I.

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that a company whose name does not include “limited” or any of the permitted alternatives—

(a)has ceased to be entitled to exemption under section 60(1)(a) or (b), or

(b)in the case of a company within section 61 or 62 (which impose conditions as to the objects and articles of the company)—

(i)has carried on any business other than the promotion of any of the objects mentioned in subsection (3) of section 61 or, as the case may be, subsection (2) of section 62, or

(ii)has acted inconsistently with the provision required by subsection (4)(a) or (b) of section 61 or, as the case may be, subsection (3)(a) or (b) of section 62,

the Secretary of State may direct the company to change its name so that it ends with “limited” or one of the permitted alternatives.

(2)The direction must be in writing and must specify the period within which the company is to change its name.

(3)A change of name in order to comply with a direction under this section may be made by resolution of the directors.

This is without prejudice to any other method of changing the company's name.

(4)Where a resolution of the directors is passed in accordance with subsection (3), the company must give notice to the registrar of the change.

Sections 80 and 81 apply as regards the registration and effect of the change.

(5)If the company fails to comply with a direction under this section an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale and, for continued contravention, a daily default fine not exceeding [F2one-tenth of level 5 on the standard scale][F2one-tenth of the greater of £5,000 or level 4 on the standard scale].

(7)A company that has been directed to change its name under this section may not, without the approval of the Secretary of State, subsequently change its name so that it does not include “limited” or one of the permitted alternatives.

This does not apply to a change of name on re-registration or on conversion to a community interest company.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

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