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National Health Service Act 2006

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 18

SCHEDULE 3Primary Care Trusts

Part 1Constitution and membership

Status

1Each Primary Care Trust is a body corporate.

2(1)A Primary Care Trust must not be regarded as the servant or agent of the Crown or as enjoying any status, immunity or privilege of the Crown.

(2)A Primary Care Trust’s property must not be regarded as property of, or property held on behalf of, the Crown.

Membership

3The members of a Primary Care Trust are—

(a)a chairman appointed by the Secretary of State,

(b)officers of the Primary Care Trust, and

(c)a number of persons who are not officers of the Primary Care Trust.

4(1)Regulations may make provision about—

(a)the appointment of the chairman and other members of a Primary Care Trust (including any conditions to be fulfilled for appointment),

(b)the tenure of office of the chairman and other members of a Primary Care Trust (including the circumstances in which they cease to hold office or may be removed or suspended from office),

(c)how many persons may be appointed as members of a Primary Care Trust and how many of those members may be officers (a minimum and maximum number may be specified for both purposes),

(d)the appointment and constitution of any committees of a Primary Care Trust (which may include or consist of persons who are not members of the Primary Care Trust),

(e)the appointment and tenure of office of the members of any committees of a Primary Care Trust,

(f)the procedure to be followed by a Primary Care Trust, and by any committee of the Primary Care Trust, in the exercise of its functions,

(g)the circumstances in which a person who is not an officer of the Primary Care Trust must be treated as if he were such an officer.

(2)The power to make provision under paragraphs (c) and (f) of sub-paragraph (1) includes power to make regulations about the number of persons who may be appointed and the procedure to be followed during the preparatory period (within the meaning of paragraph 14(2)).

(3)Any regulations under this paragraph may, in particular, make provision to deal with cases where the post of any officer of a Primary Care Trust is held jointly by two or more persons or where the functions of such an officer are in any other way performed by more than one person.

5Any reference in this Schedule to a committee of a Primary Care Trust includes a reference to sub-committees of, and joint committees and joint sub-committees including, the Primary Care Trust.

6The validity of any proceedings of a Primary Care Trust, or of any of its committees, is not affected by any vacancy among the members or by any defect in the appointment of any member.

Staff

7(1)A Primary Care Trust may employ such officers as it considers appropriate.

(2)A Primary Care Trust may—

(a)pay its officers such remuneration and allowances, and

(b)employ them on such other terms and conditions,

as it considers appropriate.

(3)A Primary Care Trust must—

(a)in exercising its powers under sub-paragraph (2), and

(b)otherwise in connection with the employment of its officers,

act in accordance with regulations and any directions given by the Secretary of State.

(4)Before making any regulations under sub-paragraph (3), the Secretary of State must consult such bodies as he may recognise as representing persons who, in his opinion, are likely to be affected by the regulations.

8(1)The Secretary of State may direct a Primary Care Trust—

(a)to make the services of any of its officers available to another Primary Care Trust, or

(b)to employ any person who is or was employed by another Primary Care Trust and is specified in the direction.

(2)Before he gives a direction under sub-paragraph (1), the Secretary of State must—

(a)consult the person whose services will be made available or who will be employed,

(b)satisfy himself that the Primary Care Trust has consulted that person, or

(c)consult any such body as he may recognise as representing that person.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) does not apply in relation to a direction under sub-paragraph (1)(a) if the Secretary of State—

(a)considers it necessary to give the direction for the purpose of dealing temporarily with an emergency, and

(b)has previously consulted bodies recognised by him as representing the person whose services will be made available about the giving of directions for that purpose.

9In addition to making provision in relation to Strategic Health Authorities or Special Health Authorities, regulations under paragraph 7(8) of Schedule 2 or under paragraph 3(8) of Schedule 6 may also provide—

(a)for the transfer of officers of one Primary Care Trust to another, and

(b)for arrangements under which the officers of a Primary Care Trust are placed at the disposal of another Primary Care Trust or a local authority.

10(1)Sub-paragraph (3) applies where the registration of a dental practitioner in the dentists register is suspended—

(a)by an interim suspension order under section 32 of the Dentists Act 1984 (c. 24) (interim orders), or

(b)by a direction or an order of the Health Committee, the Professional Performance Committee or the Professional Conduct Committee of the General Dental Council under any of sections 27B, 27C or 30 of that Act following a relevant determination that that practitioner’s fitness to practise is impaired.

(2)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1), a “relevant determination” that a practitioner’s fitness to practice is impaired is a determination which is based solely on—

(a)the ground mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of section 27 of the Dentists Act 1984 (deficient professional performance),

(b)the ground mentioned in paragraph (c) of that subsection (adverse physical or mental health), or

(c)both those grounds.

(3)The suspension does not terminate any contract of employment made between the dental practitioner and a Primary Care Trust, but a person whose registration is so suspended must not perform any duties under a contract made between him and a Primary Care Trust which involves the practice of dentistry within the meaning of the Dentists Act 1984.

Remuneration, pensions etc of members

11(1)A Primary Care Trust may pay the chairman and any other members of the Primary Care Trust such remuneration and such travelling and other allowances as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

(2)A Primary Care Trust may pay the chairman or any person who has been chairman of the trust such pension, allowance or gratuity as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

(3)A Primary Care Trust may pay the members of any committee of a Primary Care Trust such travelling and other allowances as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

(4)If, when a person ceases to be chairman of a Primary Care Trust, the Secretary of State determines that there are special circumstances which make it right that that person should receive compensation, the Primary Care Trust must pay to him a sum by way of compensation of such amount as the Secretary of State may determine.

Trust funds and trustees

12(1)The Secretary of State may by order provide for the appointment of trustees for a Primary Care Trust to hold property on trust—

(a)for the general or any specific purposes of the Primary Care Trust (including the purposes of any specific hospital or other establishment or facility which is managed by the Trust), or

(b)for any purposes relating to the health service.

(2)The order may—

(a)make provision as to the persons by whom trustees must be appointed and generally as to the method of their appointment,

(b)make any appointment subject to such conditions as may be specified in the order (including conditions requiring the consent of the Secretary of State),

(c)make provision as to the number of trustees to be appointed, including provision under which that number may from time to time be determined by the Secretary of State after consultation with such persons as he considers appropriate,

(d)make provision with respect to the term of office of any trustee and his removal from office.

(3)Where trustees have been appointed for a Primary Care Trust under sub-paragraph (1), the Secretary of State may by order provide for the transfer of any trust property from the Primary Care Trust to the trustees.

Part 2PCT orders

13(1)A PCT order must specify—

(a)the name of the Primary Care Trust, and

(b)the operational date of the Primary Care Trust.

(2)The operational date of a Primary Care Trust is the date on which functions exercisable by it may be undertaken fully by the Primary Care Trust.

14(1)A PCT order may provide for the establishment of a Primary Care Trust with effect from a date earlier than the operational date.

(2)During the period beginning with that earlier date and ending with the day immediately preceding the operational date (referred to in this Schedule as the preparatory period), the exercise of any functions by the Primary Care Trust must be limited to such exercise as may be specified in the PCT order for the purpose of enabling it to begin to operate satisfactorily with effect from the operational date.

(3)A PCT order may require a Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the area of a Primary Care Trust to meet costs of the Primary Care Trust performing its functions during the preparatory period by doing either or both of the following—

(a)discharging such liabilities of the Primary Care Trust as may be incurred during the preparatory period and are of a description specified in the order,

(b)paying the Primary Care Trust sums to enable it to meet (or to contribute towards its meeting) expenditure of a description specified in the order.

(4)A PCT order may require an NHS trust, or a Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the area of a Primary Care Trust, to make available to the Primary Care Trust during the preparatory period—

(a)premises and other facilities of the NHS trust or Strategic Health Authority,

(b)staff of the NHS trust, or

(c)officers of the Strategic Health Authority.

Part 3Powers and duties

General

15(1)A Primary Care Trust may do anything which appears to it to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of or in connection with its functions.

(2)In particular it may—

(a)acquire and dispose of property,

(b)enter into contracts, and

(c)accept gifts of property (including property to be held on trust, either for the general or any specific purposes of the Primary Care Trust or for any purposes relating to the health service).

Rights and liabilities

16(1)Any rights acquired, or liabilities (including liabilities in tort) incurred, in respect of the exercise by a Primary Care Trust of any function exercisable by it by virtue of section 7, 19 or 15 are enforceable by or against that Primary Care Trust (and no other body).

(2)This paragraph does not apply in relation to the joint exercise of any functions by a Primary Care Trust with another body under section 19(2)(c).

Powers of Primary Care Trusts to enter into externally financed development agreements

17(1)The powers of a Primary Care Trust include power to enter into externally financed development agreements.

(2)For the purposes of this paragraph, an agreement is an externally financed development agreement if it is certified as such in writing by the Secretary of State.

(3)The Secretary of State may give a certificate under this paragraph if—

(a)in his opinion the purpose or main purpose of the agreement is the provision of facilities or services in connection with the discharge by the Primary Care Trust of any of its functions, and

(b)a person proposes to make a loan to, or provide any other form of finance for, another party in connection with the agreement.

(4)If a Primary Care Trust enters into an externally financed development agreement it may also, in connection with that agreement, enter into an agreement with a person who falls within sub-paragraph (3)(b) in relation to the externally financed development agreement.

(5)“Another party” means any party to the agreement other than the Primary Care Trust.

(6)The fact that an agreement made by a Primary Care Trust has not been certified under this paragraph does not affect its validity.

Research

18(1)A Primary Care Trust may conduct, commission or assist the conduct of research.

(2)A Primary Care Trust may, in particular, make officers available or provide facilities under sub-paragraph (1).

Training

19A Primary Care Trust may—

(a)make officers available in connection with any instruction provided under section 63 of the Health Services and Public Health Act 1968 (c. 46),

(b)make officers and facilities available in connection with training by a university or any other body providing training in connection with the health service.

Specific duties

20(1)As soon as is practicable after the end of each financial year each Primary Care Trust must prepare a report on the Primary Care Trust’s activities during that year and must send a copy of the report to each Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the Primary Care Trust’s area and to the Secretary of State.

(2)The report must give details of the measures the Primary Care Trust has taken to promote economy, efficiency and effectiveness in using its resources for the exercise of its functions.

(3)A Primary Care Trust must prepare and send such other reports, and supply such information, to any Strategic Health Authority whose area includes any part of the Primary Care Trust’s area or to the Secretary of State as it, or he, requires.

21Provision must be made by regulations requiring Primary Care Trusts to publicise—

(a)the Primary Care Trust’s audited accounts,

(b)the Primary Care Trust’s annual reports prepared under paragraph 20,

(c)any report on the Primary Care Trust’s accounts made pursuant to section 8 of the Audit Commission Act 1998 (c. 18) (report of auditor on matter of public interest), and

(d)any other document as may be prescribed,

by taking such steps as may be specified in the regulations.

Compulsory acquisition

22(1)A Primary Care Trust may be authorised to purchase land compulsorily for the purposes of its functions by means of an order made by the Primary Care Trust and confirmed by the Secretary of State.

(2)The Acquisition of Land Act 1981 (c. 67) applies to the compulsory purchase of land under this paragraph.

(3)No order may be made by a Primary Care Trust under Part 2 of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981 (c. 67) in respect of any land unless the proposal to acquire the land compulsorily—

(a)has been submitted to the Secretary of State in the form, and with the information, required by him, and

(b)has been approved by him.

Dissolution

23(1)The Secretary of State may, if a Primary Care Trust is dissolved, by order transfer (or provide for the transfer) to himself or to a Strategic Health Authority, an NHS trust, a Special Health Authority, an NHS foundation trust or another Primary Care Trust any property or liabilities of the dissolved trust.

(2)The liabilities which may be transferred by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) to a Strategic Health Authority, an NHS trust, a Special Health Authority, an NHS foundation trust or another Primary Care Trust include criminal liabilities.

(3)If any consultation requirements apply, they must be complied with before the order is made.

(4)“Consultation requirements” means requirements about consultation contained in regulations.

Part 4Transfer of property

24(1)The Secretary of State may by order (referred to in this paragraph and paragraph 25 as a transfer order)—

(a)transfer (or provide for the transfer of) any of the property and liabilities of a health service authority to a Primary Care Trust,

(b)create or impose (or provide for the creation or imposition of) new rights or liabilities in respect of property transferred or retained.

(2)Any property and liabilities which—

(a)belong to a health service authority other than the Secretary of State or are used or managed by a Strategic Health Authority, and

(b)will be transferred to a Primary Care Trust by or under a transfer order,

must be identified by agreement between the health service authority (or Strategic Health Authority) and the Primary Care Trust or, in default of agreement, by direction of the Secretary of State.

(3)Where a transfer order provides for the transfer of—

(a)land held on lease from a third party, or

(b)any other asset leased or hired from a third party or in which a third party has an interest,

the transfer is binding on the third party despite the fact that, apart from this sub-paragraph, the transfer would have required the third party’s consent or concurrence.

(4)“Third party” means a person other than a health service authority.

(5)In this paragraph and paragraph 25, “health service authority” means the Secretary of State, a Strategic Health Authority, a Primary Care Trust or an NHS trust.

25(1)Stamp duty is not chargeable in respect of any transfer to a Primary Care Trust effected by or under a transfer order.

(2)Where it becomes necessary, for the purpose of a transfer by or under a transfer order, to apportion any property or liabilities, the order may contain such provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate for the purpose.

(3)Where a transfer order transfers (or provides for the transfer of) any property or rights to which paragraph 24(3) applies, the order must contain such provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate to safeguard the interests of third parties (within the meaning of that sub-paragraph), including, where appropriate, provision for the payment of compensation of an amount to be determined in accordance with the order.

(4)A certificate issued by the Secretary of State that—

(a)any specified property,

(b)any specified interest in or right over any property, or

(c)any specified right or liability,

has been vested in a Primary Care Trust by or under a transfer order is conclusive evidence of that fact for all purposes.

(5)“Specified” means specified in the certificate.

(6)A transfer order may include provision for matters to be settled by arbitration by a person determined in accordance with the order.

(7)Paragraph 24 and this paragraph do not affect—

(a)any existing power of a health service authority to transfer property or liabilities to a Primary Care Trust,

(b)the extent of the power conferred by section 272(8).

Part 5Transfer of staff

26(1)The Secretary of State may by order transfer to a Primary Care Trust any specified description of employees to which this paragraph applies.

(2)This paragraph applies to employees of—

(a)a Strategic Health Authority,

(b)a Primary Care Trust,

(c)an NHS trust.

(3)An order may be made under this paragraph only if any prescribed requirements about consultation have been complied with in relation to each of the employees to be transferred.

27(1)The contract of employment of an employee transferred under paragraph 26—

(a)is not terminated by the transfer, and

(b)has effect from the date of the transfer as if originally made between the employee and the Primary Care Trust to which he is transferred.

(2)In particular—

(a)all the rights, powers, duties and liabilities of the body from which an employee is transferred under paragraph 26 under or in connection with his contract of employment are by virtue of this sub-paragraph transferred to the Primary Care Trust to which the employee is transferred under that paragraph, and

(b)anything done before the date of the transfer by or in relation to the body from which he is so transferred in respect of him or the contract of employment is deemed from that date to have been done by or in relation to the Primary Care Trust to which he is transferred.

(3)Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) do not transfer an employee’s contract of employment, or the rights, powers, duties and liabilities under or in connection with it, if he informs the body from which they would be transferred, or the Primary Care Trust to which they would be transferred, that he objects to the transfer.

(4)Where an employee objects as mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) his contract of employment with the body from which he would be transferred is terminated immediately before the date on which the transfer would occur; but he must not be treated, for any purpose, as having been dismissed by that body.

(5)This paragraph does not affect any right of an employee to which paragraph 26 applies to terminate his contract of employment if a substantial change is made to his detriment in his working conditions.

(6)But no such right arises by reason only that under this paragraph the identity of his employer changes, unless the employee shows that, in all the circumstances, the change is a significant change and is to his detriment.

28(1)Where an employee will be transferred by an order under paragraph 26 but will continue to be employed for certain purposes by the transferor, the order may provide that the contract of employment of the employee is, on the date on which the employee is transferred, divided so as to constitute two separate contracts of employment between the employee and the transferor and the employee and the Primary Care Trust in question.

(2)Where an employee’s contract of employment is divided as provided under sub-paragraph (1), the order must provide for paragraph 27 to have effect in the case of the employee and his contract of employment subject to appropriate modifications.

29Where a Primary Care Trust is dissolved, an order under paragraph 23 includes power to transfer employees of the Primary Care Trust and the order may make any provision in relation to the transfer of those employees which is or may be made in relation to the transfer of employees under paragraph 26.

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