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Changes over time for: Cross Heading: Intervention powers

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Intervention powersE+W

45Powers of local authorities over unclaimed landE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)land is registered as common land or a town or village green;

(b)no person is registered in the register of title as the owner of the land; and

(c)it appears to a local authority in whose area the land or any part of it is situated that the owner cannot be identified.

(2)The local authority may—

(a)take any steps to protect the land against unlawful interference that could be taken by an owner in possession of the land; and

(b)institute proceedings against any person for any offence committed in respect of the land (but without prejudice to any power exercisable apart from this section).

(3)In this section “local authority” means—

(a)a county, district or parish council in England;

(b)a London borough council; and

(c)a county, county borough or community council in Wales.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 45 wholly in force at 6.9.2007; s. 45 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 56(1); s. 45 in force for E. at 1.10.2006 by S.I. 2006/2504, art. 2(a) (with art. 3)); s. 45 in force for W. at 6.9.2007 by S.I. 2007/2386, art. 3 (with modifications (temp.) in art. 4(4))

Prospective

46Powers relating to unauthorised agricultural activitiesE+W

(1)This section applies where it appears to the appropriate national authority that—

(a)a person is carrying out, or causing to be carried out by virtue of any arrangements, an agricultural activity on land which—

(i)is registered as common land; or

(ii)is registered as a town or village green and is subject to rights of common;

(b)the activity is unauthorised; and

(c)the activity is detrimental to—

(i)the interests of persons having rights in relation to, or occupying, the land; or

(ii)the public interest.

(2)The appropriate national authority may, subject to the following provisions of this section, serve a notice on the person requiring him to do any one or more of the following—

(a)within such reasonable period as may be specified in the notice to stop carrying out the activity, or stop causing it to be carried out, to the extent that it is unauthorised;

(b)not to carry out, or cause to be carried out, any other unauthorised agricultural activity on the land which would be detrimental to the matters specified in subsection (1)(c)(i) and (ii);

(c)to supply the authority with such information relating to agricultural activities on the land carried out, or caused to be carried out, by him as it may reasonably require.

(3)Before serving a notice under this section the appropriate national authority must, to the extent that it is appropriate and practicable in all the circumstances to do so—

(a)notify the persons specified in subsection (4) of its intention to serve the notice; and

(b)publicise its intention to do so (in such manner as it thinks fit).

(4)The persons referred to in subsection (3)(a) are—

(a)any commons council for the land;

(b)any other person with functions under any enactment which relate to the maintenance or management of the land; and

(c)any person appearing to the authority to own or occupy the land.

(5)Any notification or publication under subsection (3) may specify a period within which representations about the proposed notice may be made.

(6)In deciding whether to serve a notice under this section the appropriate national authority must have regard to—

(a)any criminal or civil proceedings that have been or may be commenced in relation to the activity; and

(b)any steps taken by a commons council in relation to the activity.

(7)If a person on whom a notice is served under this section fails to comply with it—

(a)the appropriate national authority may apply to a county court for an order requiring him to do so; and

(b)the court may make such an order for the purpose of securing compliance with the notice as it thinks fit.

(8)For the purposes of this section, activity is unauthorised if the person carrying it out or causing it to be carried out—

(a)has no right or entitlement by virtue of his ownership or occupation of the land, or pursuant to any right of common, to do so; or

(b)is not doing so with the authority of the person or persons entitled to give such authority.

(9)The reference in subsection (1)(c)(ii) to the public interest includes the public interest in—

(a)nature conservation;

(b)the conservation of the landscape;

(c)the protection of public rights of access to any area of land; and

(d)the protection of archaeological remains and features of historic interest.

(10)Section 123(1) to (5) of the Environment Act 1995 (c. 25) applies in relation to the service of a notice under this section as it applies in relation to the service of a notice under that Act.

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