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Finance Act 2006

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Valid from 19/07/2006

Surpluses of mutual and former mutual businessesE+W+S+N.I.

5(1)After section 444AE of ICTA insert—E+W+S+N.I.

Surpluses of mutual and former mutual businessesE+W+S+N.I.

444AFDemutualisation surplus: life assurance business

(1)This section applies in relation to a period of account of an insurance company (“the relevant period”) if—

(a)at any time in the relevant period the company carries on life assurance business that is not mutual business,

(b)the company has an amount of undistributed demutualisation surplus for the relevant period (see subsection (7)), and

(c)there is a reduction in the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus over the relevant period (see section 444AI).

(2)Where this section applies in relation to the relevant period, there shall be deemed for the purposes of section 83(2) of the Finance Act 1989 to be brought into account for the relevant period as an increase in the value of the assets of the company's long-term insurance fund whichever of the following amounts is the smallest—

(a)the amount of the reduction mentioned in subsection (1)(c) above;

(b)the amount of the company's undistributed demutualisation surplus for the relevant period;

(c)the amount of the company's relevant receipts reduction for the relevant period (see section 444AJ).

(3)If the company prepares for the relevant period one or more such separate revenue accounts as are mentioned in section 83A(2)(b) of the Finance Act 1989—

(a)subsection (2) above shall apply separately in relation to each separate revenue account which is recognised for the purposes of section 83 of that Act; and

(b)for that purpose, any amount that falls to be determined in order to determine—

(i)whether that subsection applies in relation to any such separate revenue account, and

(ii)if so, the amount to be brought into account under that subsection in relation to that account,

shall be determined using only amounts or items which relate to the separate revenue account concerned.

(4)In applying subsection (2) above in relation to a revenue account or separate revenue account which—

(a)is recognised for the purposes of section 83 of that Act, and

(b)is one in relation to which sections 432C and 432D apply,

that subsection shall have effect as if for “smallest” there were substituted “ smaller ” and as if paragraph (c) were omitted.

(5)This section shall have effect—

(a)for the purposes of computing in accordance with the provisions of this Act applicable to Case I of Schedule D the profits of the company's life assurance business, and

(b)for the purposes of so computing the profits of any category of the company's life assurance business chargeable to tax under Case VI of Schedule D.

(6)But for the purposes mentioned in subsection (5)(b) above, this section and section 444AG have effect subject to the modification in section 444AH; and the Corporation Tax Acts have effect accordingly (so that there may, in particular, be a difference between—

(a)the amount deemed to be brought into account by virtue of subsection (2) above for a period of account for those purposes, and

(b)the amount so deemed to be brought into account for that period of account for the purposes mentioned in subsection (5)(a) above).

(7)For the purposes of this section, the undistributed demutualisation surplus of an insurance company for the relevant period is—

(a)an amount equal to (UDSP – AD + DTSI – DTSO); or

(b)if that amount is a negative amount, nil.

For this purpose—

  • UDSP is the undistributed demutualisation surplus of the company for the period of account immediately preceding the relevant period,

  • AD is any amount deemed under this section to be brought into account for the period of account immediately preceding the relevant period as an increase in the value of the assets of the company's long-term insurance fund,

  • DTSI is the total amount of any demutualisation transfer surpluses accruing to the company during the relevant period (see section 444AG),

  • DTSO is the total amount of any demutualisation transfer surpluses accruing to any other company (or companies) during the relevant period on a transfer (or transfers) of life assurance business by the company to that other company (or companies).

444AGSection 444AF: “demutualisation transfer surplus”

(1)For the purposes of section 444AF and this section, a demutualisation transfer surplus accrues to an insurance company where—

(a)life assurance business is transferred to the company by a person (“the transferor”),

(b)after the transfer, the company carries on the transferred business otherwise than as mutual business, and

(c)the condition in subsection (2) below is satisfied in relation to the transfer.

(2)The condition is that—

(a)immediately before the transfer, the transferor carried on the transferred business as mutual business, or

(b)where paragraph (a) above does not apply, some or all of the transferred business was carried on by an insurance company as mutual business at a time on or after 1st January 1990 and before the transfer (“former mutual business”).

(3)The demutualisation transfer surplus accrues to the company on the date of the transfer.

(4)The amount of the demutualisation transfer surplus is given by subsection (5) or (6) below.

(5)Where subsection (2)(a) above applies, the amount of the demutualisation transfer surplus is—

(a)where the whole of the transferor's life assurance business was transferred to the company under the transfer, the aggregate of—

(i)the unappropriated surplus of the transferor at the end of the period of account of the transferor ending immediately before the transfer, and

(ii)the amount of any added surplus accruing to the company in connection with the transfer (see subsection (10));

(b)otherwise, a just and reasonable portion of that aggregate amount, having regard to how much of the transferor's life assurance business was transferred to the company under the transfer.

(6)Where subsection (2)(b) above applies, the amount of the demutualisation transfer surplus is—

(a)where the whole of the transferor's life assurance business was transferred to the company under the transfer and all of the transferred business is former mutual business, the former mutual surplus of the transferor on the transfer date (see subsection (7));

(b)otherwise, so much of that former mutual surplus as it is just and reasonable to attribute to the company, having regard in particular to—

(i)how much of the transferor's life assurance business was transferred to the company under the transfer, and

(ii)how much of the transferred business is former mutual business.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (6) above, the former mutual surplus of the transferor on the transfer date is—

(a)the amount given by subsection (8) below, or

(b)if less, the amount given by subsection (9) below.

(8)The amount given by this subsection is the total amount of any demutualisation transfer surpluses accruing to the transferor—

(a)on or after 1st January 1990, and

(b)on or before the date of the transfer.

(9)The amount given by this subsection is the lowest amount of unappropriated surplus of the transferor at the end of any period of account ending—

(a)on or after the date of the last occasion on which a demutualisation transfer surplus accrued to it as mentioned in subsection (8) above, and

(b)on or before the date of the transfer.

(10)For the purposes of this section, added surplus accrues to the company in connection with the transfer if—

(a)an amount of assets is received by the company in connection with the transfer, no later than six months after the date of the transfer,

(b)the amount is not brought into account by the company,

(c)the amount is added to the unappropriated surplus of the company, and

(d)the amount does not derive from any unappropriated surplus of the transferor;

and the amount of the added surplus is the amount referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d) above.

444AHModification of section 444AG etc for Case VI businesses

(1)The modification in this section has effect for the purposes mentioned in section 444AF(5)(b) only.

(2)In relation to any demutualisation transfer surplus accruing to a company in a post-2002 period of account—

(a)the references in section 444AG(5) to the unappropriated surplus of the transferor at the end of the period of account of the transferor ending immediately before the transfer shall be taken to be references to—

(i)the amount of that unappropriated surplus, or

(ii)if less, the unappropriated surplus of the transferor at the end of the period of account immediately preceding the first post-2002 period of account of the transferor; and

(b)the references in sections 444AF and 444AG to the amount of any demutualisation transfer surplus are to have effect accordingly.

(3)In this section “post-2002 period of account”, in relation to an insurance company, means a period of account of the company beginning on or after 1st January 2003 and ending on or after 9th April 2003.

444AISection 444AF: “reduction in company's unappropriated surplus”

(1)For the purposes of section 444AF—

(a)there is a reduction in the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus over the relevant period if CUS is less than (OUS + TSI – TSO);

(b)the amount of that reduction is the amount by which CUS is less than (OUS + TSI – TSO).

(2)In this section—

  • CUS is the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus at the end of the relevant period,

  • OUS is the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus at the end of the period of account immediately preceding the relevant period,

  • TSI is the total amount of any transfer surpluses accruing to the company during the relevant period (see subsections (3) to (7)),

  • TSO is the total amount of any transfer surpluses accruing to any other company (or companies) during the relevant period on a transfer (or transfers) of life assurance business by the company to that other company (or companies).

(3)For the purposes of this section, a transfer surplus accrues to an insurance company where life assurance business is transferred to the company by a person (“the transferor”).

(4)The transfer surplus accrues to the company on the date of the transfer.

(5)The amount of the transfer surplus is equal to so much of the unappropriated surplus of the transferor at the end of the period of account of the transferor ending immediately before the transfer as is transferred to the company under the transfer.

(6)But if, immediately before the transfer, the transferor carried on the transferred business as mutual business, the amount of the transfer surplus is the aggregate of—

(a)the amount given by subsection (5) above, and

(b)the amount of any added surplus accruing to the company in connection with the transfer.

(7)Subsection (10) of section 444AG applies for the purposes of subsection (6) above as it applies for the purposes of that section.

444AJSections 444AF and 444AK: “relevant receipts reduction”

(1)For the purposes of sections 444AF and 444AK, the amount of the company's relevant receipts reduction for the relevant period is to be calculated by—

(a)determining, in the case of each with-profits fund of the company, the amount given by subsection (2) or (6) below for the relevant period, and

(b)aggregating each of those amounts.

(2)The amount, in the case of a fund other than a policy holder participation fund, is—

(a)where the gross transfer to non-technical account for the fund for the relevant period (see subsections (3) and (4)) is greater than the post-policy holder surplus for the fund for the relevant period (see subsection (5)), the amount of the difference;

(b)otherwise, nil.

(3)In this section “the gross transfer to non-technical account” means the amount shown in line 13 of Form 58 for the fund.

(4)But if—

(a)there is a transfer from a with-profits fund of the company to another fund of the company (“the initial transfer”) which is shown in (or included in an amount shown in) line 14 of Form 58 for the with-profits fund,

(b)there is a transfer from a fund of the company (whether or not the other fund mentioned in paragraph (a) above) to the non-technical account which is shown in (or included in an amount shown in) line 13 of Form 58 for that fund, and

(c)the transfer to the non-technical account can reasonably be regarded as connected with the initial transfer,

the amount of the gross transfer to non-technical account for the relevant period given by subsection (3) above in the case of the with-profits fund is to be increased by the amount transferred to the non-technical account.

(5)In this section “post-policy holder surplus” means an amount equal to—

where—

SA is—

  • (a) the amount shown in line 34 of Form 58 for the fund (surplus arising since last valuation), or

  • (b) if that amount is a negative amount, nil;

TAP is the amount shown in line 46 of Form 58 for the fund (total allocated to policy holders).

(6)The amount, in the case of a policy holder participation fund, is—

(a)where TAP is greater than SA, the amount of the difference;

(b)otherwise, nil;

and for this purpose “SA” and “TAP” have the same meaning as in subsection (5) above.

(7)References in this section to Form 58 are references to that Form in the periodical return of the company for the relevant period.

(8)In this section “policy holder participation fund” means a fund in the case of which an amount equal to the amount shown in line 34 of Form 58 for the fund is allocated to policy holders for the relevant period.

444AKMutual surplus: Case VI categories of life assurance business

(1)This section applies if at any time in a period of account of an insurance company (“the relevant period”)—

(a)the company carries on life assurance business as mutual business, and

(b)the company carries on one or more categories of life assurance business chargeable to tax under Case VI of Schedule D.

(2)If there is a reduction in the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus over the relevant period, there shall be deemed for the purposes of section 83(2) of the Finance Act 1989 to be brought into account for the relevant period as an increase in the value of the assets of the company's long-term insurance fund—

(a)the amount of that reduction, or

(b)if less, the amount of the company's relevant receipts reduction for the relevant period (see section 444AJ).

(3)But subsection (2) above shall have effect only for the purposes of computing in accordance with the provisions of this Act applicable to Case I of Schedule D the profits for the relevant period of any category of the company's life assurance business chargeable to tax under Case VI of Schedule D.

(4)If the company prepares for the relevant period one or more such separate revenue accounts as are mentioned in section 83A(2)(b) of the Finance Act 1989—

(a)subsection (2) above shall apply separately in relation to each separate revenue account which is recognised for the purposes of section 83 of that Act; and

(b)for that purpose, any amount that falls to be determined in order to determine—

(i)whether that subsection applies in relation to any such separate revenue account, and

(ii)if so, the amount to be brought into account under that subsection in relation to that account,

shall be determined using only amounts or items which relate to the separate revenue account concerned.

(5)In applying subsection (2) above in relation to a revenue account or separate revenue account which—

(a)is recognised for the purposes of section 83 of that Act, and

(b)is one in relation to which sections 432C and 432D apply,

that subsection shall have effect as if paragraph (b) and the word “or” before it were omitted.

(6)For the purposes of this section, there is a reduction in the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus over the relevant period if—

(a)CUS is less than OUS, and

(b)CUS is less than UUS.

(7)The amount of that reduction is—

(a)the amount by which CUS is less than OUS, or

(b)if OUS is greater than UUS, the amount by which CUS is less than UUS.

(8)In this section—

  • CUS is the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus at the end of the relevant period,

  • OUS is the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus at the end of the period of account immediately preceding the relevant period,

  • UUS is the amount of the company's unappropriated surplus at the end of the period of account immediately preceding the first period of account of the company to begin on or after 1st January 2003 and to end on or after 9th April 2003.

444ALInterpretation of sections 444AF to 444AK

(1)This section applies for the purposes of sections 444AF to 444AK.

(2)References to mutual business, in relation to any time, include business which at that time is treated for the purposes of section 432E as mutual business.

(3)Unappropriated surplus”, in relation to a period of account of an insurance company, means an unappropriated surplus on valuation as shown in the periodical return of the company for the period of account.

(4)References to the unappropriated surplus of the transferor at the end of the period of account of the transferor ending immediately before the transfer are, where a period of account of the transferor does not end at that time, references to the unappropriated surplus on valuation that would have been shown in a periodical return of the transferor for that period had such a return been drawn up..

(2)The amendment made by this paragraph has effect in relation to periods of account ending on or after 29th September 2005.

(3)In determining for the purposes of section 444AF of ICTA the undistributed demutualisation surplus of an insurance company for the first period of account of the company to end on or after 29th September 2005 and before 22nd March 2006 (“the transitional period”), the value of UDSP in subsection (7) of that section is to be taken to be—

(a)the amount given by sub-paragraph (4), or

(b)if less, the amount given by sub-paragraph (5).

(4)The amount given by this sub-paragraph is the total amount of any demutualisation transfer surpluses accruing to the company—

(a)on or after 1st January 1990, and

(b)before the beginning of the transitional period.

(5)The amount given by this sub-paragraph is the lowest amount of unappropriated surplus of the company at the end of any period of account ending—

(a)on or after the date of the last occasion on which a demutualisation transfer surplus accrued to it as mentioned in sub-paragraph (4), and

(b)before the beginning of the transitional period.

(6)Sections 444AF(3), 444AG, 444AH and 444AL of ICTA apply for the purposes of sub-paragraphs (3) to (5), but section 444AG has effect subject to the following modifications—

(a)in subsection (5)(a), omit—

(i)the words “the aggregate of”,

(ii)sub-paragraph (ii), and

(iii)the word “and” before that sub-paragraph;

(b)in subsection (5)(b), for “that aggregate amount” substitute “ that unappropriated surplus ”;

(c)omit subsection (10).

(7)In determining the value of DTSI for the purposes of section 444AF(7) of ICTA where the relevant period ends on or after 29th September 2005 and before 22nd March 2006, section 444AG of ICTA has effect subject to the modifications specified in sub-paragraph (6).

(8)Where the relevant period ends on or after 29th September 2005 and before 22nd March 2006, section 444AI of ICTA has effect as if subsections (6) and (7) of that section were omitted.

(9)Sub-paragraphs (10) to (12) apply in relation to an insurance company if—

(a)a period of account of the company did not end on or after 29th September 2005 and before 22nd March 2006;

(b)any value of UDSP given by sub-paragraph (3) in relation to the company is lower than it would have been if the words from “but” in sub-paragraph (6) to the end of that sub-paragraph had been omitted; or

(c)any value of DTSI in section 444AF(7) of ICTA for any period of account of the company ending on or after 29th September 2005 and before 22nd March 2006 is, by virtue of sub-paragraph (7), lower than it would have been if that sub-paragraph had been omitted.

(10)In determining for the purposes of section 444AF of ICTA the undistributed demutualisation surplus of an insurance company for the first period of account of the company to end on or after 22nd March 2006 (“the initial period”), the value of UDSP in subsection (7) of that section is to be taken to be—

(a)the amount given by sub-paragraph (11), or

(b)if less, the amount given by sub-paragraph (12).

(11)The amount given by this sub-paragraph is the total amount of any demutualisation transfer surpluses accruing to the company—

(a)on or after 1st January 1990, and

(b)before the beginning of the initial period.

(12)The amount given by this sub-paragraph is the lowest amount of unappropriated surplus of the company at the end of any period of account ending—

(a)on or after the date of the last occasion on which a demutualisation transfer surplus accrued to it as mentioned in sub-paragraph (11), and

(b)before the beginning of the initial period.

(13)Sections 444AF(3), 444AG, 444AH and 444AL of ICTA apply for the purposes of sub-paragraphs (10) to (12).

(14)In relation to any period of account ending before 31st December 2005, the references in section 444AJ(5) and (8) of ICTA to line 34 of Form 58 are to be taken to be references to line 35 of Form 58.

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