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Childcare Act 2006

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Prospective

Chapter 3E+WRegulation of later years provision for children under 8

Requirements to registerE+W

52Requirement to register: later years childminders for children under eightE+W

(1)A person may not provide later years childminding in England for a child who has not attained the age of eight unless he is registered in Part A of the general childcare register as a childminder.

(2)The Secretary of State may by order provide that, in circumstances specified in the order, subsection (1) does not apply in relation to later years childminding.

(3)The circumstances specified in an order under subsection (2) may relate to one or more of the following matters (among others)—

(a)the person providing the later years childminding;

(b)the child or children for whom it is provided;

(c)the nature of the later years childminding;

(d)the premises on which it is provided;

(e)the times during which it is provided;

(f)the arrangements under which it is provided.

(4)If it appears to the Chief Inspector that a person has provided later years childminding in contravention of subsection (1), the Chief Inspector may serve a notice (“an enforcement notice”) on the person.

(5)An enforcement notice may be served on a person—

(a)by delivering it to him, or

(b)by sending it by post.

(6)An enforcement notice has effect until it is revoked by the Chief Inspector.

(7)A person commits an offence if, at any time when an enforcement notice has effect in relation to him and without reasonable excuse, he provides later years childminding in contravention of subsection (1).

(8)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (7) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

53Requirement to register: other later years providers for children under eightE+W

(1)A person may not provide for a child who has not attained the age of eight—

(a)later years provision on premises in England which are not domestic premises, or

(b)later years provision on domestic premises in England which would be later years childminding but for section 96(9),

unless he is registered in Part A of the general childcare register in respect of the premises.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to later years provision for a child if—

(a)the provision is made at any of the following schools as part of the school's activities—

(i)a maintained school,

(ii)a school approved by the Secretary of State under section 342 of the Education Act 1996 (c. 56) (approval of non-maintained special schools), or

(iii)an independent school,

(b)the provision is made by the proprietor of the school or a person employed to work at the school, and

(c)the child is a registered pupil at the school or, if the provision is made for more than one child who has not attained the age of eight, at least one of the children is a registered pupil at the school.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order provide that, in circumstances specified in the order, subsection (1) does not apply in relation to later years provision.

(4)The circumstances specified in an order under subsection (3) may relate to one or more of the following matters (among others)—

(a)the person providing the later years provision;

(b)the child or children for whom it is provided;

(c)the nature of the later years provision;

(d)the premises on which it is provided;

(e)the times during which it is provided;

(f)the arrangements under which it is provided.

(5)A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse, he provides later years provision in contravention of subsection (1).

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Process of registrationE+W

54Applications for registration: later years childmindersE+W

(1)A person who proposes to provide later years childminding in respect of which he is required by section 52(1) to be registered may make an application to the Chief Inspector for registration as a later years childminder.

(2)An application under subsection (1) must—

(a)give any prescribed information about prescribed matters,

(b)give any other information which the Chief Inspector reasonably requires the applicant to give, and

(c)be accompanied by any prescribed fee.

(3)The Chief Inspector must grant an application under subsection (1) if—

(a)the applicant is not disqualified from registration by regulations under section 75, and

(b)it appears to the Chief Inspector that any requirements prescribed for the purposes of this subsection (“the prescribed requirements for registration”) are satisfied and are likely to continue to be satisfied.

(4)The Chief Inspector must refuse any application under subsection (1) which subsection (3) does not require him to grant.

(5)The prescribed requirements for registration may include requirements relating to—

(a)the applicant;

(b)the premises on which the later years childminding is to be provided;

(c)the arrangements for later years childminding on those premises;

(d)any person who may be caring for children on those premises;

(e)any other person who may be on those premises.

55Applications for registration: other later years providersE+W

(1)A person who proposes to provide on any premises later years provision in respect of which he is required by section 53(1) to be registered may make an application to the Chief Inspector for registration as a later years provider in respect of the premises.

(2)An application under subsection (1) must—

(a)give any prescribed information about prescribed matters,

(b)give any other information which the Chief Inspector reasonably requires the applicant to give, and

(c)be accompanied by any prescribed fee.

(3)The Chief Inspector must grant an application under subsection (1) if—

(a)the applicant is not disqualified from registration by regulations under section 75, and

(b)it appears to the Chief Inspector that any requirements prescribed for the purposes of this subsection (“the prescribed requirements for registration”) are satisfied and are likely to continue to be satisfied.

(4)The Chief Inspector must refuse any application under subsection (1) which subsection (3) does not require him to grant.

(5)The prescribed requirements for registration may include requirements relating to—

(a)the applicant;

(b)the premises on which the later years provision is to be provided;

(c)the arrangements for later years provision on those premises;

(d)any person who may be caring for children on those premises;

(e)any other person who may be on those premises.

56Entry on the register and certificatesE+W

(1)If an application under section 54(1) is granted, the Chief Inspector must—

(a)register the applicant in Part A of the general childcare register as a later years childminder, and

(b)give the applicant a certificate of registration stating that he is so registered.

(2)If an application under section 55(1) is granted, the Chief Inspector must—

(a)register the applicant in Part A of the general childcare register as a later years provider other than a childminder, in respect of the premises in question, and

(b)give the applicant a certificate of registration stating that he is so registered.

(3)A certificate of registration given to the applicant in pursuance of subsection (1) or (2) must contain prescribed information about prescribed matters.

(4)If there is a change of circumstances which requires the amendment of a certificate of registration, the Chief Inspector must give the registered later years provider an amended certificate.

(5)If the Chief Inspector is satisfied that a certificate of registration has been lost or destroyed, the Chief Inspector must give the registered later years provider a copy, on payment by the provider of any prescribed fee.

57Special procedure for registered early years providersE+W

(1)If a person who is registered in the early years register as an early years childminder gives notice to the Chief Inspector that he proposes to provide later years childminding in respect of which he is required to be registered under this Chapter, the Chief Inspector must—

(a)register the person in Part A of the general childcare register as a later years childminder, and

(b)give the person a certificate of registration stating that he is so registered.

(2)If a person who is registered in the early years register in respect of particular premises as an early years provider other than a childminder gives notice to the Chief Inspector that he proposes to provide later years provision in respect of which he is required to be registered under this Chapter on the same premises, the Chief Inspector must—

(a)register the person in Part A of the general childcare register as a later years provider other than a childminder, in respect of the premises, and

(b)give the person a certificate of registration stating that he is so registered.

(3)Subsections (3) to (5) of section 56 apply in relation to a certificate of registration given in pursuance of subsection (1) or (2) of this section as they apply in relation to a certificate of registration given in pursuance of subsection (1) or (2) of that section.

RegulationE+W

58Conditions on registrationE+W

(1)The Chief Inspector may impose such conditions as he thinks fit on the registration of a later years provider under this Chapter.

(2)The power conferred by subsection (1) may be exercised at the time when the Chief Inspector registers the person in pursuance of section 56 or 57 or at any subsequent time.

(3)The Chief Inspector may at any time vary or remove any condition imposed under subsection (1).

(4)The power conferred by subsection (1) includes power to impose conditions for the purpose of giving effect to regulations under section 59.

(5)A later years provider registered under this Chapter commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse, he fails to comply with any condition imposed under subsection (1).

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

59Regulations governing activitiesE+W

(1)This section applies to—

(a)later years providers providing later years provision in respect of which they are registered under this Chapter, and

(b)later years providers providing later years provision in respect of which, but for section 53(2) (exemption for provision for children at certain schools), they would be required to be registered under this Chapter.

(2)The Secretary of State may, after consulting the Chief Inspector and any other person he considers appropriate, make regulations governing the activities of later years providers to whom this section applies.

(3)The regulations may deal with the following matters (among others)—

(a)the welfare of the children concerned;

(b)the arrangements for safeguarding the children concerned;

(c)suitability of persons to care for, or be in regular contact with, the children concerned;

(d)qualifications and training;

(e)the suitability of premises and equipment;

(f)the manner in which the later years provision is organised;

(g)procedures for dealing with complaints;

(h)the keeping of records;

(i)the provision of information.

(4)The power to make regulations under this section may be exercised so as confer powers or impose duties on the Chief Inspector in the exercise of his functions under this Part.

(5)In particular, it may be so exercised so as to require the Chief Inspector, in exercising his functions under this Part, to have regard to factors, standards and other matters prescribed by or referred to in the regulations.

(6)If the regulations require any person (other than the Chief Inspector) to have regard to or to meet factors, standards and other matters prescribed by or referred to in the regulations, they may also provide for any allegation that the person has failed to do so to be taken into account—

(a)by the Chief Inspector in the exercise of his functions under this Part, or

(b)in any proceedings under this Part.

(7)The regulations may provide—

(a)that a person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with any requirement of the regulations is guilty of an offence, and

(b)that a person guilty of the offence is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

InspectionE+W

60InspectionsE+W

(1)This section applies to later years provision in respect of which the provider is registered under this Chapter.

(2)The Chief Inspector—

(a)must inspect later years provision to which this section applies at any time when the Secretary of State requires the Chief Inspector to secure its inspection, and

(b)may inspect later years provision to which this section applies at any other time when the Chief Inspector considers that it would be appropriate for it to be inspected.

(3)A requirement made by the Secretary of State as mentioned in subsection (2)(a) may be imposed in relation to later years provision at particular premises or a class of premises.

(4)Regulations may make provision requiring the registered person to notify prescribed persons of the fact that later years provision is to be inspected under this section.

61Report of inspectionsE+W

(1)After conducting an inspection under section 60, the Chief Inspector may make a report in writing on such of the following matters as he considers appropriate—

(a)the contribution of the later years provision to the well-being of the children for whom it is provided,

(b)the quality and standards of the later years provision,

(c)how far the later years provision meets the needs of the range of children for whom it is provided, and

(d)the quality of leadership and management in connection with the later years provision.

(2)The Chief Inspector—

(a)may send a copy of the report to the Secretary of State and must do so without delay if the Secretary of State requests a copy,

(b)must ensure that a copy of the report is sent without delay to the registered person,

(c)must ensure that copies of the report, or such parts of it as he considers appropriate, are sent to such other persons as may be prescribed, and

(d)may arrange for the report (or parts of it) to be further published in any manner he considers appropriate.

(3)Regulations may make provision—

(a)requiring the registered person to make a copy of any report sent to him under subsection (2)(b) available for inspection by prescribed persons;

(b)requiring the registered person, except in prescribed cases, to provide a copy of the report to prescribed persons;

(c)authorising the registered person in prescribed cases to charge a fee for providing a copy of the report.

(4)Subsections (2) to (4) of section 11 of the Education Act 2005 (c. 18)(publication of inspection reports) apply in relation to the publication of a report under subsection (2) of this section as they apply in relation to the publication of a report under any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (2) of section 11.

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