Section 562: When disposal of futures or options occur: general
2198.Tax is charged under this Chapter on the profits and gains arising from a disposal of a future or option. This section explains when there is a disposal. It is based on paragraph 4 of Schedule 5AA to ICTA.
2199.Subsection (1) refers to the relevant sections of TCGA which decide whether and when a disposal occurs. Section 143(5) and (6) of TCGA treat as disposals futures contracts which are closed out by entering into another contract or which are settled by payment. Section 144 of TCGA treats as disposals grants and abandonments of options (but not the exercise of an option). Section 144A of TCGA provides that the exercise of an option which is settled by cash is treated as a disposal both in respect of the grantor of the option and the grantee. These last two sections also provide rules as to when a future or option in these circumstances has been disposed of.
2200.The assumptions that apply in interpreting subsection (1) are set out in subsections (2) to (4).
2201.Subsection (2) requires, for the removal of doubt, that all futures are to be considered as assets in applying the TCGA sections. (Options are already listed as chargeable assets in section 21(1) of TCGA.)
2202.Subsection (3) requires section 143(5) and (6) of TCGA to be read without the words “in the course of dealing in commodity or financial futures” since the range of futures transactions covered by this Chapter extends beyond commodity and financial futures as defined in section 143 of TCGA.
2203.Subsection (4), by requiring references to a financial option in section 144 of TCGA to exclude only listed options, extends the provisions of that section to cover options that would otherwise be excluded under the definition in subsection 144(8) of TCGA. (Section 144 of TCGA provides for the grant and abandonment of options to be treated as disposals and for premiums to be included in the computation of the gain or loss.) These listed options are referred to as “traded options” in paragraph 4 of Schedule 5AA to ICTA. The context demands that the listing should be at the time of disposal and this has been added for clarification.
2204.Subsection (5) provides a cross-reference to sections 563 (timing of certain grants of options where related disposals occur later) and 564 (deemed disposal where futures run to delivery or options are exercised).
2205.Section 563 provides timing rules for deemed disposals where futures run to delivery or option contracts are exercised. Section 564 provides that futures running to delivery and options exercised are treated as disposals for the purposes of this Chapter if they would not otherwise be.
2206.This section does not rewrite paragraph 4(1) of Schedule 5AA to ICTA. That subparagraph explains that a disposal is a disposal of futures or options if it is the disposal of one or more futures or one or more options or both combined. Because a taxpayer is charged on a disposal of a future or option and more than one future or option may already be taken into account in ascertaining whether there is a guaranteed return (see section 561), it is considered that this sub-paragraph adds nothing but simply serves to confuse.