Section 563: Timing of certain grants of options where related disposals occur later
2207.This section provides that certain grants of options are to be treated as having taken place after other transactions. The purpose is to allow loss relief arising on the grant of an option to be set against a later profit. The section is based on paragraph 4 of Schedule 5AA to ICTA.
2208.Subsection (1) sets out the general rule. There are three conditions that must be satisfied for the rule to apply.
2209.Subsections (2) to (4) set out these three conditions. There must be a number of related transactions designed to produce a guaranteed return of which one is the grant of an option. At least one of the other transactions should be entered into after the grant and should be a disposal that is not a grant of an option.
2210.Subsection (5) then provides that the grant of the option is deemed to take place at the same time as the next one of the transactions referred to in subsection (4) takes place. As a result, a loss on the grant of an option will coincide with any profit arising on the later transaction. Because losses under Schedule 5AA to ICTA are allowable against Schedule D Case VI profits they may be carried forward against other Schedule D Case VI profits arising in a later year or set off against other Schedule D Case VI profits of the same year, but not carried back. Since the Schedule D Case VI set-off rule is rewritten, this section allows that later profit to be reduced by a loss which, but for this section, could arise in a later year than that profit.
2211.Subsection (6) consequently requires that the two timing rules in sections 144(2) and 144A(2) of TCGA, should they apply, take precedence over the timing rule in this section. But in most cases the two rules will give the same result. (Sections 144(2) and 144A(2) of TCGA treat grants of options and transactions by the grantor to fulfil his obligations as a single transaction.) The purpose of this is to allow the sum received on the grant to fall within the same capital gains computation as arises when the option is exercised, etc. Where it applies for this Chapter, the timing rules in these two sections of TCGA will generally achieve the same results as this section. But the rules in sections 144(2) and 144A(2) of TCGA will not always apply because certain transactions within this Chapter fall outside them.