Section 336: Meaning of “rent receivable in connection with a UK section 12(4) concern”.
1375.This section clarifies:
what is meant by “UK section 12(4) concern”;
what is meant by “rent”; and
when rent is treated as “receivable in connection with” such a concern.
1376.It is based on section 119(1) and (3) of ICTA.
1377.Subsection (1) identifies when rent is receivable in connection with a section 12(4) concern. It uses the language of section 266(1) (meaning of “generating income from land”) to rewrite the phrase “in respect of any land or easement” in section 119(1) of ICTA. Section 266 is based on paragraph 1(1) of Schedule A (section 15(1) of ICTA). That provision identifies the scope of Schedule A. The approach in section 336 assumes that the income taxed by section 119 of ICTA would otherwise be taxed under Schedule A.
1378.The justification for this assumption is that section 119 of ICTA can have no application to income that is already taxed under Schedule D Case VI. Neither is there any question that the rent would go untaxed if it were not for section 119 of ICTA. Rents are clearly annual profits or gains as described in Schedule D Case VI of ICTA. The effect of section 119 of ICTA is to take income that would be taxed under Schedule A and tax it under Schedule D. So in identifying the scope of the charge it is possible to use the ordinary property business definitions and avoid the need to rewrite the complicated definitions of “easement” and “rent” in section 119(3) of ICTA.
1379.The section makes explicit a territorial restriction to the United Kingdom that is implicit in section 119(1) of ICTA. If a section 12(4) concern is located outside the United Kingdom it would be a foreign possession for the purposes of the charge under Schedule D Case V. Any income arising from such a possession would be taxed under Schedule D Case V. Section 119 of ICTA can have no application to income that is already taxed under Schedule D.
1380.Subsection (2) provides that the section applies also to “dead rents”. It is based on section 119(1)(b) of ICTA.
1381.A “dead rent” is usually paid only for the lease of mineral rights. It is a flat rent that is payable whether the minerals are worked or not. The rent is recoverable from the rent due when the minerals are worked. It acts as an economic incentive to work the minerals.
1382.Subsection (3) provides the definition of rent. It is based on section 119(3) of ICTA. As explained in the commentary on subsection (1), this section is based on the assumption that the rents taxed by section 119 of ICTA would otherwise be taxed under Schedule A. This means it is not necessary to reproduce the definition of “rent” in section 119(3) of ICTA.