1104.This Chapter contains rules for the taxation of premiums, and certain other amounts paid in respect of leases, which would otherwise generally be amounts of a capital nature. It is based on sections 34 to 38 of ICTA.
1105.The effect of section 34 of ICTA is that premiums for leases with an effective duration of 50 years or less, and certain other amounts treated as premiums, are treated wholly or partly as income in the hands of the recipient. Premiums in respect of leases with a duration of one year or less are treated wholly as income. For premiums in respect of leases with a duration of between one and 50 years, the amount treated as income is calculated on a sliding scale according to the duration of the lease. Similar provision is made for amounts treated as premiums under section 34(4) and (5) of ICTA. See sections 277 to 281.
1106.Section 35 of ICTA applies when a lease for 50 years or less is granted for a premium less than market value and is then reassigned at a profit. The assignor is treated as receiving as income an amount calculated on a sliding scale according to the duration of the lease. See sections 282 and 283.
1107.Section 36(1) and (2) of ICTA apply when an estate or interest in land is sold with a condition that it may be required to be sold back to the vendor. The vendor is treated under section 36(4A) of ICTA as receiving as income an amount calculated on a sliding scale according to the earliest date on which the interest could fall to be reconveyed. Section 36(3) makes similar provision where the terms of the sale provide for the grant of a lease to the vendor. See sections 284 to 286.
1108.Section 37 of ICTA contains rules under which:
there may, in certain circumstances, be a reduction in the amount of another receipt under section 34 or 35 of ICTA – see sections 287 to 290; and/or
the tenant under the lease may be entitled to a deduction in calculating the profits of his or her property business – see sections 291 to 294.
1109.A tenant who uses land subject to a lease in respect of which there is a receipt under section 34 or 35 of ICTA in connection with a trade, profession or vocation may be entitled under section 87 of ICTA to a deduction in computing the profits of that trade, profession or vocation. Section 87 of ICTA is rewritten in sections 60 to 65 of this Act.
1110.Section 38 of ICTA contains rules for determining the duration of a lease for the purposes of sections 34 to 36 of ICTA. See sections 303 to 305.